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Full text of "The Mayflower descendant : a quarterly magazine of Pilgrim genealogy and history"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00824 3716 



( 



GENEALOGY 
974.4 
M447, 
1902 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/mayflowerdescendv4mass 



. 



THE MAYFLOWER DESCENDANT 

Volume IV 



THE MAYFLOWER 
DESCENDANT 



H ©uarterl? fR>afe35ine 



OF 



Pilgrim Genealogy and Histor 



j 



1 902 



"VOXjTTMIE IV 



BOSTON * 

PUBLISHED BY THE 

MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY OF MAYFLOWER DESCENDANTS 

1902 



19Z7051 



BNtot 
GEORGE ERNEST BOWMAN 

Committee on publication 

MORTON DEXTER JOHN FREMONT HILL 

WINSLOW WARREN FREDERICK WESLEY PARKER 

GEORGE ERNEST BOWMAN 



INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 



Abstracts and Transcripts of Wills and 
Inventories of Second and Later 
Generations, 63, 256 

Alden Research Fund, 62 

Allerton, Isaac, Deposition of, 109 

Allerton Research Fund, 62 

M Anne," the ship, 93, 94 

Arthur — Bradford Query, 64 

Autographs of Mayflower Passengers, 
9S, 256 

Autograph of Phineas Pratt, 132 

Autograph of George Soule, 63, 98 

Barnes, John, Will of, 9S 

Barnstable, Mass., Vital Records, 120, 

221, 256 
Barnstable County, Mass., Index Fund, 

62 
Barnstable County, Mass., Probate 

Records, 4S, 62, 179, 256 
Bass, John, Will and Inventory of, and 

the Petition against the Approval of 

the Will, 202 
Billington Research Fund, 62 
Bird, Thomas, Deed to Edward Tilson, 

S2 
Book Note: Macdonough-Hackstaff 

Ancestry, 64 
Bradford Meerstead, 47, 52 
Bradford Query, 64 
Bradford — Arthur Query, 64 
Bradford — Brewster Query, 64 
Bradford, Gov. William, Letter Book 

of, 256 
Bradford Research Fund, 62, 192 
Bradford, Gov. William, Letter to Gov. 

Winthrop, 256 
Bradford, Major William, Will and 

Inventory of, 143 
Brewster Book, 46, 256 
Brewster, Mass., Records of the First 

Parish in, 242, 2 
Brewster— Bradford Query, 64 
Brewster Research Fund, 62 
Brewster, William, His True Position 

in Our Colonial History, 100 
Brewster, Wrestling, Deed from John 

Doty, 65 
Bridgewater. Mass., Vital Records, 256 
Bristol County Index Fund, 62 
Bristol County Land Records, 62 
Bristol County Probate Records, 62 
Brown, Peter, Children of, 254, 256 
Brown Research Fund, 62 
Browne, James, Deed from John 

Browne, 84 
Browne, John, Deed from Thomas 

WUlett, 83 



Browne, John, Deed to John Browne, 

Jr., 84 
Bunker, George, Deed to Phineas Pratt, 

132 

Cabinet of Massachusetts Society. Do- 
nations to, 46, 56, 127, 251, 255 

Calkins Family Record, 17 * 

Cape Cod Pilgrim Memorial Associa- 
^on, 250 

Chatham, Mass., Vital Records, 182, 
198, 256 

" Charity," the ship, 90 

Chauncy, Charles, Deed from Church 
of Scituate, 85 

Chilton Research Fund, 62 

Church, Richard, Deposition of, 152 

Church Records : 

Brewster, Mass., 242, 256 
Harwich, Mass., 242 
Plymouth, Mass., 212, 256 

Colonial Research Fund, 49, 62, 63, 
128, 192, 239, 254, 256 

Colonial Research Work, 61, 12S 

Committee on Historical Research, 49, 
50, 62 

Committee on Marking Historic Sites, 

47 
Committee on Publication, 1, 50 
Connecticut Society, 51, 58 
Connecticut Society, Members Elected, 

252 
Cook, Elizabeth, Inventory of, 179 
Cook, Josiah, Settlement of the Estate 

of, 179 
Cooke, Francis, and His Descendants, 

47 
Cooke, Jacob, Deed from Elizabeth 

Hopkins, 118 
Cooke, John, Deed from Phineas Pratt, 

129 
Cooke Research Fund, 62 
Cornelius, Lawrence, Commission of, 

84 
Cushman, Thomas, Deed from William 

Paddy and Thomas Willett, 35 
Cushman, Thomas, Deed to William 

Paddy and Thomas Willett, 36 
Cushman, Elder Thomas, Will and 

Inventory of, and the Records of 

his Death, 37 

Dartmouth, Purchasers of, 185 
Dartmouth, Mass., Vital Records, 256 
Deeds. Grantors and Grantees : 

Bird, Thomas, 82 

Brewster, Wrestling, 65 

Browne, James. 84 



VI 



Index of Subjects. 



Deeds, etc. — Continued. 

Browne, John, 83, 84 

Bunker, George, 132 

Chauncy, Charles, 85 

Cooke, Jacob, 118 

Cooke, John, 129 

Cushman, Thomas, 35, 36 

Doty, John, 65 

Hopkins, Elizabeth, 118 

Paddy, William, 35, 36 

Pratt, Phineas, 129, 132, 133 

Scituate, Church of, 85 

Tilson, Edward, S2 

White, Peregrine, $6 

W T hite, Resolved, 86 

Willett, Thomas, 35, 36, 83, 86 * 
Depositions : 

Allerton, Isaac, 109 

Church, Richard, 152 
Diarv of Jabez Fitch, Jr., 46, 148, 234, 

256 
District of Columbia Society, 51 
District of Columbia Society, Members 

Elected, 59, 192, 253 
Doty, John, Deed to Wrestling Brew- 
ster, 65 
Doty, Thomas, Will and Inventory of, 

233 
Duxbury, Mass., Town Records, 48 

Eastham, Mass., North Precinct 

Records, 227 
Eastham and Orleans, Mass., Vital 

Records, 29, 140, 256 

Family Records, 17, 255, 256 

Fitch, Jabez, Jr., Diary of, 46, 14S, 234, 
256 

Forefathers' Day Service of Massa- 
chusetts Society, 3, 47, 55 

Foreign Research Fund, 1 

"Fortune," the ship, 93. 94 

** Friendship," the ship, 109 

Genealogical Research, Co-operation la, 
62 

General Society of Mayflower De- 
scendants, Officers Elected, 51 

General Society of Mayflower De- 
scendants, Triennial Congress of 
1900, 50 

Gorham, Desire (Howland), Estate of, 
217 

Gorham, Captain John, Estate of, 153 

Halifax, Mass., Vital Records, 20, 256 
Harwich, Mass., First Parish Records, 

242, 
Harwich, Mass., Vital Records, 175, 

207, 256 
Holiday Gifts, 254 
Holmes, Israel, and William Sherman, 

Jr., Estates of, 171 



Hopkins, Damaris, Her Portion of her 

Father's Estate, 115 
Hopkins, Deborah, Her Portion of her 

Father's Estate, 115 
Hopkins, Elizabeth, Deed to Jacob 

Cooke. 11S 
Hopkins, Elizabeth, Estate of, 114, 116, 

118 
Hopkins, Ruth, Her Portion of her 

Father's Estate, 116, 117 
Hopkins, Stephen and His Descendants, 

254, 256 
Hopkins, Stephen, the Portions of His 

Daughters and the Estate of Eliza- 
beth 2 Hopkins, 114 

Illinois Society, 51, 5S 

Illinois Society, Members Elected, 59, 
253 

Illinois Society, Orncers Elected, ;S 

Illinois Society, Supplemental Lines 
Filed, 253 ' 

Illustrations : 

Gov. Edward Winslow's Will, 1 
A Calkins Family Record, 18 
John Doty's Deed to Wrestling Brew- 
ster, 65 
George Souie's Autograph, 98 
Phineas Pratt's Will, 129 
Phineas Pratt's Autograph, 132 
Bond of Desire (Howland) Gorham, 

153 

Andrew Ring's Will, 193 
Inventories, see Wills, Inventories etc. 

"Jacob," the ship, 94 

Kemp, William, Inventory of, 75 

Landing of the Pilgrims, Tri-Centennial 

Anniversary of, 49 
Legacy to Massachusetts Society, 46 
Library of Massachusetts Society, 45, 46 
Library of Massachusetts Society, Do- 
nations to, 46, 56, 127, 190, 251 
Little, Thomas, Will and Inventory of, 
and the Will of his son Thomas, 
161 
" Little James," the ship, 64 

Macdonough-Hackstaff Ancestry, Book 

Note, 64 
Maine Society, 60 

Maine Society, Officers Elected, 60 
Marriageable Women and Unidentified 

Wives, 63 
MarshhVid, Mass., Vital Records, 125, 

256 
Massachusetts Society, 3, iS, 43, 45, 47, 

49, 51. 6i r 65, 100, 126, 189, 192, 

25*. 255 
Massachusetts Society, Cabinet of, 46, 

56, 127, 251, 255 



Index of Subjects. 



Vll 



Massachusetts Society, Committees Ap- 
pointed, 55 

Massachusetts Society, Forefathers' 
Dav Service of, 47, 55 

Massachusetts Society, Legacy to, 46 

Massachusetts Society, Library of, 45, 
46,56,127,190.251 

Massachusetts Society, Memoers 
Elected, 56, 127, 190,^252 

Massachusetts Society, Officers Elected, 

Massachusetts Society, Sixth Annual 
Report of George Ernest Bowman, 
Secretary, 43 

Massachusetts Societv, Supplemental 
Lines Filed, 56, 127, 190, 252 

M Mayflower," the name, 256 

44 Mayflower," the ship, 3, 4, 6, 7, 93, 
94, ico 

"Mayflower Descendant," 47, 49, 54, 
256 

Mayflower Genealogies, 43, 4S, 49, 61, 
'128,254,255 

Mayflower Genealogies, Later Genera- 
tions of, 255 

Mayflower Lines, Finding New, 192 

Mayflower Passengers, Autographs of, 
' 9». 256 

Mayflower Passengers, Vital Statistics 
of, 12S 

Mayflower Passengers, Wills and In- 
ventories of, 2, 48 

Michigan Society-, 54^60 

Michigan Society, Officers Elected, 60 

Middleborough, Mass., Vital Records, 
67, 256 

Mitchell, Experience, Will and Inven- 
tory of, 150 

Negro Slave, Two Evils of Sale of a, 

210 
New Jersey Society, 51, 192, 254 
New Jersey Society, Members Elected, 

XT 254 

>>ew \ ork Society, 50, 57 

New York Society, Members Elected, 

57, 5 8 » 191. 252 
>ew \ork Society, Officers Elected, 57 
Notes : 
Brova, Peter, Children of. 234 
Colonial Research Fund, 62, 128, 192, 

254 
Colonial Research Work, 61 
Co-operation in Genealogical Re- 
search, 62 
Finding New Mayflower Lines. 192 
George Soule's Autograph, 63 
Holiday Gifts, 254 

Hopkins, Stephen and His Descend- 
ants, 254 
Later Generations of the Mayflower 

Genealogies, 255 
Mayflower Genealogies, 128 



Notes. — Continued. 

Supply of Back Numbers, 63 
Transcripts and Abstracts of Wills of 

Second and Later Generations, 63 
Unidentified Wives and Marriageable 

Women, 63 

Ohio Society, 51, 59 

Ohio Society, Committees Appointed, 

59. 
Ohio Society, Members Elected, 191 
Ohio Society, Officers Elected, 59 
Orleans and Eastham, Mass., Vital 

Records, 29, 140, 256 

Paddy^ William, Deed from Thomas 
Cushman, 36 

Paddy, William, Deed to Thomas Cush- 
man, 35 

Pennsylvania Society, 51, 53, 12S, 252 

Pennsylvania Society, Members Elected, 
5» 

Pennsylvania Societv, Officers Elected, 

53 
Pilgrim Notes and Queries, 61, 128, 

192, 254, 256 
Pilgrims, Permanent Contributions by, 

to the Cause of Religion, 3 
Plymouth, Mass., First Church Records, 

212, 256 
Plymouth, Mass., Town Records, 48 
Plymouth, Mass., Vital Records, no, 

256 
Plymouth Colony Deeds, 3c, 48, 61, 62, 

82, 256 
Plymouth Colony Index Fund, 62 
Plymouth Colony Records. 48 
Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories, 

48, 61, 62, 75, 16S, 256 
Plymouth County Index Fund, 62 
Plymouth County Land Records, 62 
Plymouth County Probate Records, 62 
Plympton, Mass., Vital Records, 256 
Pratt, Phineas, of Plymouth and Charles- 
town, 87, 129 
Pratt, Phineas, Deed from George 

Bunker, 132 
Pratt, Phineas, Deed to John Cooke, 

129 
Pratt, Phineas, Will and Inventory of, 

x 39 

Purchasers, The, 85, 86, 94, 185 

Queries: 
Arthur — Bradford, 64 
Bradford, 64 
Bradford — Arthur, 64 
Bradford — Brewster, 64 
Brewster — Bradford, 64 
Soule, 64 

Reports from State Societies, 55, 126, 
189, 251, 256 



Vlll 



Index of Subjects. 



Rhode Island, Bounds of Land near, 85 

Rhode Island Society, 54, 12S 

Rhode Island Society, Members Elected, 

192 
Ring, Andrew, Will and Inventory of 

*93 
Robinson, John, Memorial Church, 126, 
1 89 

Scituate, Church of, Deed to Charles 

Chauncy, 85 
Scituate, Mass., Vital Records, 256 
Settlements of Estates, see Wills etc. 
Sherman, William, Jr., and- Israel 

Holmes, Estates of. 171 
Sixth Annual Report of George Ernest 

Bowman, Secretary of the Massa» 

chusetts Society, 43 
Slave, Negro, Two Bills of Sale of, 210 
Soule, George, Autograph of, 63, 9S 
Soule, John, His inventory and the 

Settlement of His Estate, 159 
Soule Query, 64 
" Sparrow," the ship, SS-90 
••Swan," the ship, 90 

Tilson, Edward, Deed from Thomas 
Bird, 82 

Tinkham, Ephraim, Will and Inventory 
of, 122 

Tomson, Lieut. John, His Will and In- 
ventory and the Agreement of his 
Heirs, 22 

Town Records (See also Vital Records) : 
Wellfieet, Mass., 227 

Transcripts and Abstracts of Wills and 
Inventories of Second and Later 
Generations, 63, 256 

Tri- Centennial Anniversary of the Land- 
ing of the Pilgrims. 49 

Triennial Congress Held September 15, 
1900, 50 

Unidentified Wives and Marriageable 
Women, 63 

Vital Records (See also Church 
Records) : 
Barnstable, Mass., 120, 221, 256 
Bridgewater, Mass., 256 
Calkins Family, 17 
Chatham, Mass., 182, 19s, 256 
Dartmouth, Mass., 256 
Eastharn, Mass., 29, 140, 256 
Halifax, Mass., 20, 256 
Harwich, Mass., 175, 207, 256 
Marshfield, Mass., 125, 256 
Middleborough, Mass., 67, 256 
Orleans, Mass., 29, 140, 256 
Plymouth, Mass., no, 212, 256 
Plympton, Mass., 256 
Scituate, Mass., 256 
Yarmouth, Mass., iSS, 256 



Vital Statistics of the Mayflower Pas- 
sengers, 128 

Warren, Joseph, Will and Inventory of, 

M 

Warren, Richard, and His Descendants, 

47 
Wellfieet, Mass., Records of, 227, 256 
White, Pereerine, Deed to Thomas 

Willett, 86 
White, Resolved, Deed to Thomas 

Willett, 86 
" White Angel," the ship, 109 
Wiilett, Thomas, Deed from Thomas 

Cushman, 35 
Willett, Thomas, Deed from Peregrine 

and Resolved White, 86 
Willett, Thomas, Deed to John Browne, 

S3 
Willett, Thomas, Deed to Thomas 

Cushman, 36 
Wilis and Inventories of Second and 

Later Generations, 6^, 256 
Wills, Inventories and Settlements of 
Estates : 

Barnes, John, 9S 

Bass, John, 202 

Bradford, Major William, 143 

Cook, Elizabeth, 179 

Cook, Josiah, 179 

Cushman, Elder Thomas, 37 

Doty, Thomas, 233 

Gorhara, Desire (Howland), 217 

Gorham, Captain John, 153 

Holmes, Israel, 171 

Hopkins, Elizabeth, 114 

Hopkins', Stephen, 114 

Kemp, William, 75 

Little, Thomas, 161 

Little, Thomas, Jr., 161 

Mitchell, Experience, 150 

Pratt, Phineas, 139 

Ring, Andrew, 193 

Sherman, William, 171 

Soule, John, 159 

Swift, William, 168 

Tinkham, Ephraim, 122 

Tomson, Lieut. John, 22 

Warren, Joseph, 14 

Winslow, Edward, I 

Wright, Adam, 239 

Wright, Richard, 165 
Winslow, Gov. Edward, Will of, I 
Wisconsin Society, 54 
Wisconsin Society, ^Members Elected, 

60, 
Wright, Adam, Will and Inventory of, 

239. 

Wright, Richard, Will and Inventory 
of, 165 

Yarmouth, Mass., Vital Records, 18S. 
256 






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1 



GOV. EDWARD WINSLOW's WILL 



T 



he Mayflower 

Descendant 



Vol. IV. JANUARY, J902. No. U 



GOVERNOR EDWARD WIN&LOWS WILL. 

The will of Governor Edward Winslow, which is preserved 
at Somerset House, London, is one of the three existing original 
wills of Mayflower passengers. The others are Mary (Chilton) 
Winslow's and Peregrine White's, both of which we have already 
reproduced. The illustration of Governor Winslow's will facing 
this page is from a photograph made at the expense of the For- 
eign Research Fund and secured by the Hon. Winslow Warren, 
of our Committee on Publication, with the courteous assistance 
of the Rev. Stopford W r . Brooke, of London. 

No mention of Governor Winslow's death is found on the 
Plymouth Colony records, and we learn the date from Nathaniel 
Morton's New England's Memorial, under the year 1655. We 
reprint his account in full, from the Rev. Thomas Prince's copy 
of the first edition (1669), now in the Boston Public Library. 

This year that Worthy and Honourable Gentleman Mr. Edward 
Winslow deceased; of whom I have had occasion to make honourable 
mention formerly in this Discourse. He was the Son of Edward Wins- 
low Esq; of the Town of Draughtwich* in the County of Worcester: He 
travelling into the Lo w- Co un treys, in his Journeys fell into acquaintance 
with the Church of Leyden in Holland, unto whom he joyned, and with 
whom he continued until they parted to come into New- England, he com- 
ing with that part that came first over, and became a very worthy and use- 
ful Instrument amongst them, both in the place of Government and 
otherwise, until his last Voyage for England, being sent on special Im- 
ployment for the Government of the Afassacnusets, as is forementioned 
in this Book: and afterwards was imployed as one of the grand Commis- 
sioners in that unhappy Design against Domingo in Hispaniola. who 
taking grief forthe ill success of that Enterprize; on which, together with 
some other Infirmities that were upon him, he fell sick at Sea betwixt 
Domingo and Jamaica, and died the eighth dav of May, which was about 
the Sixty first year of his life, and his Body was honourably committed to 
the Sea, with the usual Solemnity of the Discharge of Fourty two Piece 
of Ordnance. 

* Droitwich. 



2 Governor Edward Wins low's Will. 

One of the Company who was imployed in taking notice of the Par- 
ticulars of that Tragedy, gave such Testimony of the said Mr. Winslow. 
as followeth in this Poem : 

The Eighth of May, west from 'Spaniola shore, 
God took from us our Grand Commissioner, 

Winslow by Name, a wan in Chief est Trust, 
Whose Life was sweet, and Conversation just ; 
Whose Parts and wisdome most men did excell : 
An honour to his Place, as all can tell. 

While examining- the Marsfftield town records some time 
since, the Editor discovered a vote regarding the disposition of 
the ten pounds bequeathed by Governor Winslow to the poor 
of that town. A literal transcript of this record follows the 
copy of the will. 

I Edward Winslowe of London. Esquio r . being now bound 
in a voyage to sea in the service of the comon welth do make 
publish & declare this to be my last will & testam* touching the 
disposing of my estate, ffirst I doe give will devise & bequeath 
all my lands & stock, in New England & all my possibilities & 
porcons in future allotm ts & divicons to Josia my. onely sonne 
& his heires, hee allowing to my wife, a full third parte thereof 
for her life Also. I give to the poore of the Church of Plymouth 
in new England Tenn pounds. & to the poore of marshfielde 
where the chiefest of my estate lyes Tenn pounds., Also I give 
my lynnen wch I carry wth me to sea. to my daughter Elizabet(h) 
&. the rest of. my goods wch I carry wth mee I give to my 
sonn Josias. hee giving to. each of my brothers a suite of 
apparell. & I make my said son. Josias my executor of this my 
will, and Colonell venables my overseer of my goods in the 
voyage. & my fower frends D r Edmond wilson ; m r John Arthur. 
m r James Shirley & m r Richard ffloyde. overseers for the rest of 
my prsonall estate in England 

witness my hand & Seale the Eighteenth day of December 
In the yeare of our Lord God one Thousand Six hundred fifty 
& flower. 

Sealed & subscribed pr me Edw : Winslow (seal) 

in the presence of 
Jo n Hooper 
Gerard Usher servant to Hen : Colbron 



[Marshfield Records, 1 : 60, under date 3 Nov., 1656.] 

Att y e same Townes meeting it was ordered That m r Thomas 
Bourne and Joseph Beedell should Receave The Ten pounds 



Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 3 

which m r Edward Winslow gave To The poore of This Towne 
by will and y e sayd prtyes so betrusted To Rec : & dispose of 
The stocke in The Townes behalfe have disposed one Cow To 
Edward Bumpus & John Branch one Cow & John Thomas The 
Remainder & These prtyes That is Edward & both The Johns 
To keepe These Cowes & To Returne at y e end of The 
Tea(rme) (as The Towne hath formerly lett out y e poore 
stocke) The princip(al) being living To y e Towne & The Third 
of The Increase The having Two Thirds^of y e Increase Them- 
selves. 



PERMANENT CONTRIBUTIONS BY THE PILGRIMS 
TO THE CAUSE OF RELIGION. 

[An Address Delivered at the Second Annual Forefathers' Day Service of the 
Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, held at Kings Chapel, Boston, 
December 21, i<pos.] 

By Rev. Frederick Baylies Allen. 

This is Forefathers' Day. Two hundred and eighty-one 
years ago, this 21st day of December, the Pilgrims first set foot 
on the shore of Plymouth and chose it as their home. 

It was not the whole company, however, which did this. 
The Mayflower had cast anchor a month before (on the 21st 
day of November), in the harbor of what is now Provincetown, 
at the end of Cape Cod, and had remained there. 

Three successive exploring parties went forth to find a place 
of settlement. It was the third party, composed of ten Pilgrims 
and eight seamen, which struggled into Plymouth Harbor, in a 
small shallop, late in the stormy evening of Friday, December 
1 8th and landed on Clark's Island. 

Bradford's history says that Saturday they dried their stuff, 
rested, gave thanks to God, and, this being the last day of the 
week, they prepared there to keep the Sabbath. 

On Monday, the 21st (the day we are now observing), Brad- 
ford, who was one of the party, says : " They sounded the harbor 
and found it fit for shipping : and marched into the land and 
found divers cornfields and little running brooks : a place, (as 
they supposed) fit for situation ; at least, it was the best they 
could find : and the season and their present necessitie made 
them glad to accept of it. 

"So they returned to their ship again with this news to the 
rest of their people, which did much comfort their hearts." 



4 Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 

That is the original account of the first Forefathers' Day. 

The Mayflower reached Plymouth five days later (on the 
26th). The second landing may be ascribed to December 30th, 
though the company left the ship gradually as houses were pre- 
pared for them, the last of the party going ashore as late as the 
month of April. 

We, their descendants are met here today to commemorate 
by our service of prayer and song, those of whom James Russell 
Lowell said : " Next to the fugitives whom Moses led out of 
Egypt, the little shipload of outcasts who landed at Plymouth 
are destined to influence the future of the world." 

We meet however, not at Plymouth, but at Boston, the 
capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the original seat of 
Puritanism. 

We worship moreover in a building whose early history- is 
indelibly associated with the Church of England. 

King's Chapel was erected (much against the will of the 
Puritans) under the auspices of the Royal Governors, for the 
express purpose of providing for public worship according to 
the liturgy of the English Book of Common Prayer. 

It was, at one time, the only place in New England where 
the forms of the Court Church were used. 

These triple associations of time and place : the Forefathers' 
Day, the Puritan city and the first Episcopal Church in New- 
England have suggested the special theme to which I invite 
your attention : " The Permanent Contributions of the Pilgrims 
to the Cause of Religion : with incidental notice of the respec- 
tive attitudes of the Pilgrims and of the Puritans to the Church 
of England." 

I. I ask you to remember first that the Pilgrims were the 
earliest advocates of the separation of Church and State. 

The Puritans when they crossed the ocean claimed loyal 
devotion to the National Church of England. 

At the end of Queen Elizabeth's reign, through the popular 
antagonism of the people to the papacy, the great bulk of the 
country gentlemen and of the wealthier traders, of whom Parlia- 
ment was chiefly composed, had become Puritans, Largely 
upon political grounds these Puritans acquired a bitter antag- 
onism to those ceremonies which seemed to them allied to 
Roman Catholicism. Though called Non-Conformists, or as 
they preferred to call themselves Reformists, they felt them- 
selves to be devoted members of the National Church. Owing 
to the personal antagonism of Elizabeth and James I. to Puri- 
tanism, it came about from the Union of Church and State that 



Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 5 

many of the appointees to the Church were persons practically 
destitute of religion. The spectacle of cruel and worldly eccle- 
siastics, performing the holiest rites of the church, stimulated 
the revolt against the liturgy. 

This antagonism would have been comparatively feeble had 
the same ritual been administered by devout and earnest men. 

It is generally conceded that if the demands of the Puritans 
had been met in a conciliatory spirit, they would have been con- 
tent with moderate concessions. ^ 

The signers of the Millenary Petition, presented to King 
James at the beginning of his reign, asked for no change in the 
organization of the Church; but only "a reform of its courts, 
the removal of superstitious usages from the Book of Common 
Prayer, the disuse of lessons from the apocryphal books of 
Scripture, a more rigorous observance of Sundays and the pro- 
vision and training of ministers who could preach to the people." 
How modest a request apparently. 

In contemptuous scorn of these demands, three hundred 
Puritan clergymen who refused rigid conformity with the ru- 
brics, were, in the spring of 1605, driven from their livings. 
The popular revolt deepened as they saw the church used as 
a machine to enforce slavish obedience to the royal will. 

The very eagerness of the Puritans, however, to reform from 
within the Church of which they counted themselves the most 
loyal members, made them hate the Separatists, who looking 
deeper at the principles involved, withdrew, for conscience sake, 
from the Church. 

Says John Richard Green : " To the zealot whose whole 
thought was of the fight with Rome, the position of those who 
rejected the very notion of a national Church and. asserted the 
right of each congregation to perfect independence of faith and 
worship, seemed the claim of a right to mutiny in the camp, a 
right of breaking up Protestant England into a host of sects, 
too feeble to hold Rome at bay." 

That explains the significance of the words of Francis Hig- 
ginson, the Puritan minister of Salem, when he cried : " We will 
not say, as the Separatists were wont to say, at their leaving of 
England, Earewel Babylon ! Farewel Rome ! But we will say, 
Farewel Dear England ! Farewel the Church of God in Eng- 
land, and all the Christian friends there! We do not go to 
New England as Separatists from the Church of England; 
though we cannot but separate from the corruptions in it. But 
we go to practise the positive part of church reformation, and 
propagate the Gospel in America." 



6 Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 

And Governor Winthrop's Puritan company, as they sailed 
for America, spoke of themselves : 

"As those who esteem it our honor to call the Church of 
England from whence we rise, our dear Mother ; and cannot 
part from our native countrie where she specially resideth, 
without much sadness of heart and many tears in our eyes." 

Turn' now to the Pilgrims. We notice first that they were 
a very small company of men. Instead of the 20,000 who in 
less than a score of years came t« Massachusetts Bay, they 
were but a few hundred in all. Only one hundred came over 
in the Mayflower and the portion of their company left behind 
in Holland was probably not more than twice as large. 

But this small community were more homogeneous, more 
completely moulded into one spirit, than the mass of Puritans. 
They had been for thirteen years schooled and disciplined under 
many adversities by one man of singular force of character. 

That man was their pastor in Ley den the Reverend John 
Robinson. 

He had been the minister of the little congregation which 
under the fostering hospitality of William Brewster, had wor- 
shipped at Scrooby Manorhouse, England. 

A man of rare piety, wisdom and thoughtfulness, he had, 
in the face of the tyranny and irreligion of the authorities, come 
to believe in the principle of the entire separation of Church and 
State. He states their position thus : 

"As the Lord's free people, this congregation joined them- 
selves, by a covenant of the Lord, into a church estate, in the 
fellowship of the Gospel, to walk in all His ways made known, 
or to be made known unto them, according to their best 
endeavors, whatever it should cost them ; the Lord assisting 
them." 

It cost them first their country, for in 1607 they were 
driven by the fierceness of the persecution to migrate to 
Holland, the only country in Europe where there was entire 
freedom of belief. For twelve years they dwelt there under 
the benign and penetrating influence of their noble pastor. It 
was he whose spiritual insight, wise leadership, and singular 
sagacity bred in these men that temper which for nearly a 
century characterized the Plymouth Colony. 

At last in 1620, as the twelve years' truce between Holland 
and Spain approached its termination, as they found themselves 
in danger of losing their nationality in a foreign land ; as they 
saw their children growing up under hardships and temptations 
which endangered both their health and their character, they 



Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 7 

came to the conclusion that it was their duty to remove, as 
they said, to "those vast and unpeopled countries of America, 
where they might at least lay the foundation for propagating 
and advancing the Gospel of the Kingdom of Christ." 

We know well the story of that voyage across the ocean, 
the succession of obstacles which delayed it, the unspeakable 
hardships of the first winter and the gradual establishment upon 
r.rm foundations of the colony upon our shore. 

The central element in the positional" the Pilgrims as Sep- 
aratists, was their repudiation of any official union of Church 
and State. The church polity called Independency or Con- 
gregationalism, though it was equally their faith, was another 
and distinct feature. 

I shall confine what I have to say here to their protest 
against the mingling of the two spheres of religion and politics 
— the government of the Church with the administration of the 
State. 

It was the enormities practised by the prelates of that day 
which forced the issue and drove them to deep and thorough 
searching of ultimate principles. 

Had the Church of England been what it is now, Robinson 
and Brewster and Bradford would have gladiv remained in her 
communion. But when a Bishop, by virtue of his office, could 
defy all legal restraints, and in the name of the king, who was 
the head of the Church, could cram the prisons of London with 

(good Christians, who according to all modern ideas were per- 
fectly innocent of any crime ; clear thinking began to drive 
Robinson and Brewster into questioning the right of any such 
union of civil and religious functions. 

This, then, was their conclusion : while they were never 
captious or controversial ; while they said they would obey the 
king and his officers, and even his bishops in all secular mat- 
tcrs — the things of man's deeper life, his faith in God, his 
privileges of worship were matters apart ; which, with their con- 
sent, were never to be under the control of the State. 

How consistently they adhered to this principle is manifest 
from the fact that when the ocean was crossed, unlike the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, they never made church member- 
ship a condition of the franchise. So far as is known, even 
Myles Standish never joined the church, and some have believed 
that, at least nominally, he was a Roman Catholic. And these 
non-church members were from the beginning, regular legal 
members of the colony, who according to the compact signed 
on the Mayflower, had combined themselves into a civil (or 



8 Permanent Cofitribntions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 

secular) body politic. These two functions went on simply and 
naturally, side by side, just as they do today throughout our 
land. But they were the pioneers to first test this great 
principle. < . 

When the Massachusetts Colony voted by its General 
Court — "That for time to come noe man shall be admitted to 
the freedom of this body polliticke, but such as are members 
of some of the churches within thermits of the same." [Mor- 
ton, p. 308.] — the Plymouth Colony dared to be true to its 
colors. A few of their number who had little in common with 
their noble leaders were still allowed equal political rights 
and absolute secular equality ; and the time came when the 
strong, proud Massachusetts Bay Colonists were compelled to 
follow the lead of their humbler brethren to the south and 
absolutely sever Church and State. 

We are all Separatists now! There is not one of us here 
who is not thankful that throughout the length and breadth 
of the land there is no established church. 

It is largely because Protestants and Roman Catholics and 
Jews are all on precisely the same political level, in the sight of 
the law, that so kindly and charitable a spirit prevails between 
those of different faiths. 

Let us never forget however, that we owe this benign result 
to our forefathers, who, when the title Separatist was a term 
of obloquy and reproach, exposing its bearer to persecution 
and loss, dared to be faithful to this fundamental principle. 

II. The second tenet which we owe to the Pilgrims is 
their recognition of the laity as an integral part of the Church. 

Robinson contended that " It is given to ministers to feed, 
guide and govern the Church, but not themselves to be the 
Church." * 

In another place he says : " The officers of a church are not, 
by themselves, the Church. While there are many things in 
the settled and well ordered state of the Church which one 
would willingly leave to the administration of the officers 
thereof, they are or can be rightly and orderly done, but with 
the people's privity and consent." 

The Pilgrims could not yield this point. " If," said they, 
"we should let the true practice of the gospel go, posterity 
after us, being brought into bondage, might justly blame and 
curse us, that we did not stand for the rights of the people in 
that which we acknowledge to be their due." 

. *These quotations from Robinson's writings are taken from "The Pilgrim 
Fathers of New England," by Rev. John Brown, J). D. 



Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 9 

Robinson repeatedly asserts this root idea, though with a 
reasonableness and insight that shows how carefully he had 
studied the problem. 

He says : " Wise men writing on this subject have approved 
as good and lawful three kinds of politics — monarchical, aris- 
tocratical and democratical, and all these three forms have their 
place in the Church of Christ. In respect of Christ the head, 
it is a monarchy ; in respect of its officer^ it is an aristocracy ; 
and in respect of its body, a popular state. The governors of 
the Church must be in and of the church they govern, but they 
arc not the Churchy 

Without endorsing the precise forms in which he applied 
this principle, its essence — that is, the representative character 
of the church and the rights of the laity to be duly considered 
in its administration is now acknowledged by all Protestant 
communions. We are so familiar with it, so assured of its 
justice and its wisdom, that it is hard for us to realize what an 
utter novelty it seemed in that day. 

It had scant recognition at first in the Massachusetts Bay 
Colony. The eminent John Cotton of Boston, writing in 1636 
to lx>rd Lay, declares: "Democracy I do not conceive that ever 
G<xi did ordain as a fit government, either for church or com- 
monwealth. If the people be governors, who shall be the gov- 
erned ? " Yet the day came when the Plymouth idea conquered 
the conservatism of the Puritan Colony. 

Mow profound and far reaching has been the practical 
development of this germinal principle which our Pilgrim an- 
cestors so fearlessly adopted. 

Granting all the perverse and unlovely excesses to which 
it has often led in ignorant or untrained communities, it has 
now come to be recognized as an axiom, as a necessary and just 

. ** c ^ by us as of priceless value. It may require both in- 
telligence and piety for its best exercise, but it has now taken 
Its due place as an essential and just requirement. 

The laity are an integral part of a true church, fully entitled 
to a voice and due representation both in legislation and in the 
administering of its affairs. 

III. Another Pilgrim principle, distinctive enough to merit 
notice, is the emphasis which they laid upon character as the 
supreme goal and test of religion. 

At a time when Protestantism everywhere was suffering 
from an intense spirit of controversy, when every conceivable 
point of doctrine and church polity and ritual had been wrangled 
over until those who had forsaken the Church of Rome had 



IO Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 

become subdivided into multiplied warring sects and trifles had 
received more attention than essentials ; it is wonderful what 
uniform stress was laid by the Pilgrims upon that which is cen- 
tral, upon personal religion and upon conduct. 

This estimate of values was in one respect urged by Pilgrim 
and Puritan alike, when they both insisted that the church 
should not open wide her doors and offer her holiest rites and 
privileges to all men, utterly irrespective of character. 

They both held that religion* was something deeper than an 
external alliance with an institution. It was at its heart a mat- 
ter of righteousness and purity and personal loyalty to the Lord. 
They were shocked that in the Church of England, men of 
notorious immorality and scandalous lives should be not only 
invited, but driven to the Holy Communion. 

Robinson complains of England : " That all the natives there 
and subjects of the kingdom, although never such strangers 
from the show of true piety and goodness, and fraught never 
so full with many most heinous impieties and vices, are without 
difference compelled and enforced by most severe laws, civil 
and ecclesiastical, into the body of that church." 



"Every subject of the kingdom dwelling in this or that 
parish, whether in city or country, whether in his own or other 
man's house, is thereby, ipso facto, made legally a member of 
the same parish in which that house is situated, and bound, will 
he nill he, fit or unfit, as with iron bounds, and all his with him, 
to participate in all holy things (and some unholy also), in that 
same parish church." 

In this protest Pilgrims and Puritans, as I have said, shared 
alike ; but where the former differed from the latter, was that 
their supreme reverence for goodness made them less critical 
and censorious than the Puritans as to irrelevant and secondary 
matters. 

I believe the poet rightly judged them when he sung of the 
Pilgrims : 

What did they want, whom high and low 
Despised and persecuted so ? 
Little, when understood — 
They wanted to be good. 

To worship God in their own way ; 
To read their Bibles and to pray, 
And save their souls! Poor men — 
But poorer England then. 



Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion, 1 1 

They proved the beauty and integrity of their religion by 
their example ; by the lives they led before all men. Says 
Robinson : " God is not partial as men are ; nor regards that 
church and chamber religion towards Him which is not ac- 
companied in the house and in the streets with lovingkindness 
and mercy and all goodness towards men." 

Nor was this theory merely. 

Governor Bradford, recalling the days when they lived in 
Lcydcn, says : "Such was the true piety, the humble zeal and 
fervent love of this people towards God and his ways, and the 
single heartedness and the sincere affection one towards an- 
• ther, that they came as near the primitive pattern of the first 
Churches as any other Church of these later times have done 
according to their rank and quality." 

He says in another place : " Though many of them were 
p<>or, yet there was none so poor but if they were known to be 
of that congregation, the Dutch (either bakers or others) would 
trust them in any reasonable matter when they wanted money. 
Because they had found by experience how careful they were 
to keep their word, and saw them so painful and diligent in 
their callings ; yea, they would strive to get their custom and 
to employ them above others in their work, for their honesty 
and diligence." 

This same high sense of honor and tenderness of conscience 
and charity towards others they carried with them into the new 
world. They made religion beautiful and attractive by their 
integrity and their cheerful kindness. 

When in their sore need during one of their first explora- 
tions they took a store of corn which they found buried by the 
Indians, they diligently sought for the owners, and discovering 
them long months after, they scrupulously made them ample 
restitution. 

1 he practical character of their religion is nowhere better 
illustrated than by their uniform fairness towards the Indians, 
for half a century. 

Now it is not merely the fact that they were good men 
which is worthy of notice, but that their goodness was of so 
wholesome and pure a strain; so free from cant, and contro- 
versy, and perpetual argument and fault-finding. They got on 
amicably with all kinds of people, which was more than the so- 
called saints always did. They knew what was central in 
religion and lived it ; and about the things which divided good 
people from one another, they were not disposed to be per- 
petually quarrelling. 



12 Perma?ient Contributions by the Pi/grims to Religion. 

Love towards God, purity of character, charity toward 
man — that was the pith of the Pilgrim faith. 

IV. That brings me naturally to the remaining trait which 
I mention at this time, their religious tolerance. 

The Pilgrims had enjoyed one advantage over the Puritans. 
They had sojourned for thirteen years in Holland and had seen 
in actual practice there, the fullest religious liberty granted to 
all faiths and to all nationalities. 

But their practice of this principle had deeper root. Their 
charity to all sorts and conditions of men grew out of an open- 
ness of mind which they had learned at the feet of John Robin- 
son. They had been taught by him to believe that they were 
not in the possession of all truth and that they might rind 
something to learn from those who differed from them most 
fundamentally. 

The memorable passage in which this hospitality to new 
light is enjoined, was quoted by Governor Bradford from the 
counsel given by John Robinson in 1620, upon the departure 
of the Pilgrims to America. 

Familiar though it be, it can hardly be too often repeated, 
as it is the key to that consistent policy of religious tolerance 
practiced by the Plymouth Colony. 

" He charged us," says Winslow, " before God and his 
blessed angels, to follow him no further than he followed 
Christ ; and if God should reveal anything to us by any other 
instrument of His, to be as ready to receive it, as ever we were 
to receive any truth by his Ministry. For he was very con- 
fident the Lord had more truth and light yet to break forth out 
of His Holy Word." 



" But withal he exhorted us to take heed what we received 
for truth : and well to examine and compare, and weigh it with 
other Scriptures of truth before we received it." 

" For," saith he, " it is not possible the Christian world 
should come so lately out of such thick anti-Christian darkness ; 
and that full perfection of knowledge should break forth at 
once." 

Here we see how it was that these men who remembered 
and cherished their pastor's words were always so charitable to 
those of other faiths. 

" Church of England people and Baptists dwelt continuously 
in Plymouth in peace, except such as openly sought to overturn 
the Independent Churches. Visitors of all beliefs and no belief 



12 Permanent Contributions by the Pilgri?ns to Religion. 

Love towards God, purity of character, charity toward 
man — that was the pith of the Pilgrim faith. 

IV. That brings me naturally to the remaining trait which 
I mention at this time, their religious tolerance. 

The Pilgrims had enjoyed one advantage over the Puritans. 
They had sojourned for thirteen years in Holland and had seen 
in actual practice there, the fullest religious liberty granted to 
all faiths and to all nationalities. 

But their practice of this principle had deeper root. Their 
charity to all sorts and conditions of men grew out of an open- 
ness of mind which they had learned at the feet of John Robin- 
son. They had been taught by him to believe that they were 
not in the possession of all truth and that they might find 
something to learn from those who differed from them most 
fundamentally. 

The memorable passage in which this hospitality to new 
light is enjoined, was quoted by Governor Bradford from the 
counsel given by John Robinson in 1620, upon the departure 
of the Pilgrims to America. 

Familiar though it be, it can hardly be too often repeated, 
as it is the key to that consistent policy of religious tolerance 
practiced by the Plymouth Colony. 

" He charged us," says Winslow, " before God and his 
blessed angels, to follow him no further than he followed 
Christ ; and if God should reveal anything to us by any other 
instrument of His, to be as ready to receive it, as ever we were 
to receive any truth by his Ministry. For he was very con- 
fident the Lord had more truth and light yet to break forth out 
of His Holy Word." 



" But withal he exhorted us to take heed what we received 
for truth : and well to examine and compare, and weigh it with 
other Scriptures of truth before we received it." 

" For," saith he, " it is not possible the Christian world 
should come so lately out of such thick anti-Christian darkness ; 
and that full perfection of knowledge should break forth at 
once." 

Here we see how it was that these men who remembered 
and cherished their pastor's words were always so charitable to 
those of other faiths. 

" Church of England people and Baptists dwelt continuously 
in Plymouth in peace, except such as openly sought to overturn 
the Independent Churches. Visitors of all beliefs and no belief 



Permanent Contributions by the Pilgrims to Religion. 13 



: 



were entertained (to their host's subsequent privation), for 
months together, so hospitable were they." 

The French Jesuit Druillette, who came to Boston in 1650, 
improved the opportunity to spend a day at Plymouth. He 
especially mentions Bradford's kindness, and the fact "that, 
the day being Friday, the Governor gave him an excellent 
dinner of fish!' 

At the Lord's table the Pilgrims communed with pious 
KpUcopalian&, with Calvinists of the French and Dutch 
('Lurches, and with Presbyterians, and recognized the spiritual 
fraternity of all who hold the Faith. 

In 1659 Massachusetts Bay forbade keeping "any such day 
a^ Christmas, either by forbearing to labor, or feasting or in 
.my other way," under penalty of five shillings. 

Plymouth never had any such narrow and contemptible 
restrictions, but would have allowed anyone to feast, rest, or 
observe the day as they wished, provided they did not interfere 
with those who did not care to keep it. 

Their administration of law was remarkably mild for the 
standards of their day. At the accession of James I., England 
made thirty-one crimes capital. Massachusetts Bay made thir- 
teen crimes capital ; the Virginia Colony had seventeen (in- 
cluding Unitarianism), Plymouth had only five classes of capital 
crime ; and of these she actually punished but two. 

As Senator Hoar says : " Their good sense kept them free 
from witchcraft delusions. No witch was ever hung there. 
They established trial by jury. They treated the Indians with 
justice and good faith. They held no foot of land not fairly 
obtained by honest purchase. Their tolerance was an example 
to Roger Williams himself. And when at last in 1692 Plym- 
outh was blended with Massachusetts, the days of bigotry 
and tolerance and superstition as a controlling force in Massa- 
chusetts — were over." 

These then were the contributions, well nigh unique in their 
city, which our forefathers made to the cause of religion : 

1. They taught and practiced the separation of Church 
and State. 

2. They claimed that not merely the clergy but the laity 
were an integral part of the Church and entitled to representa- 
tion. 



:d 

h 

Id 
» » 

at 



id 
to 



3. They laid stress upon character as the supreme requisite 
in true religion : 

4- And they practiced with exquisite courtesy the principle 
111 I of religious tolerance. 

ef 



14 Joseph Warren s Will and Inventory, 

There is not one of these four tenets which is not cherished 
and defended today by all our Protestant Churches, — including 
the Protestant Episcopal Church to which I belong. 

Yet for insisting upon these things, our forefathers suffered 
obloquy and persecution. 

They were the pioneers who, through hardship and loss. 
blazed a path which has now become a smooth highway for all. 
We tread it with too little appreciation of the humble heroes to 
whose clear thought, unflinching courage and pious devotion we 
owe our rich privilege. 

If they were not the kind of men whom the world applauds, 
there was One who called them " blessed," for they were poor 
in spirit ; they mourned ; they were meek ; they hungered and 
thirsted after righteousness ; they were merciful ; they were 
pure in heart ; they were peacemakers ; they were persecuted 
for righteousness sake — and great is their reward in heaven. 



JOSEPH 2 WARREN'S WILL AND INVENTORY. 

Literally Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Joseph 2 Warren (Richard 1 ) died at Plymouth and his wife 
Priscilla Faunce survived him eighteen years. The following 
records of their deaths are taken from the Plymouth Town 
Records, Volume I : " Joseph Warren Senior deceased May the 
4 th 1689" [p. 201] — "The Widow pricila Warren Deceased 
on y e 15 of May 1707 being Nea(r) 74 yeares of age " [p. 204] 

Joseph Warren's will and inventory are found in the Plym- 
outh County Probate Records, Volume I, pages 38 and 39. 



To all People to whome these presents shall Come etc : 
Know Ye that I Joseph Warren Sen r of the Town of Plimouth 
in the County of New Plimouth in new-England being weak of 
body through age & Sickness but of perfect and disposing mem- 
ory & Sound understanding Blessed be God. Yet not knowing 
how soone it may please God to Change my Sickness & life to 
death do therefore make and ordaine and by these presents I do 
make & ordaine these presents to be my last will and Testa- 



Joseph Warrens Will and Inventory. 15 

ment to stand good and to Remaine firm and Inviolable for ever 
in manor and forme following : 

Imp" I Will and bequeath my Soul to God that gave it me 
and my body to the dust and to be decently Buried : and for 
that outward estate that God hath given to me I dispose of as 
foil >wcth: Item I wall and bequeath unto my dear and Loving 
wife Pricilla Warren all that my now dwelling house out housing 
uplands & meadow lands that I am now possessed of in the 
1 ,nship of Plimouth. Excepting such Lands as I shall here- 
after dispose of to my Son Joseph, Together with all my house- 
';. >!<] Goods and debts that is owing to me as also four Cows and 
two oxen which she shall have before a division of my Cattell be 
made, all which housing lands debts Goods and Chattels above 
expressed I do Give unto my dear and Loving wife Priscilla 
Warren to be at her disposing and for her Support during the 
time of her widowhoode ; And farther I do give unto my loving 
wife all that my fifty acres of Land Lying at Monament ponds 
in the Township of Plimouth as alsoe Eight acres of upland at 
the Hoope place field So called for her to Rent out or sell if 
necescity Require. And I doe by these presents allow her 
so to doe as alsoe the one half of my uplands & meadow lands 
at Aggawam that is alredy divided together with a fourth part 
of the undivided lands. All which I do give unto my loving 
wife to be at her disposing to doe with it what she will during 
her life or widdowhoode for her Supporte and Comfort and in 
Case she should marrey then my wall is that she shall have my 
best Bed and all furniture thereunto belonging: to be her own 
for ever: Item I Give unto my son Joseph Warren all That my 
fifty acres of upland lying upon Sandwich Road in the Town- 
ship of Plimouth this to have and possess after my decease as 
alsoe the one half of my share of land and meadow at Aggawam 
hat is already divided and after my Wives decease my will is 
and 1 doe by these presents give unto my son Joseph Warren 
my now dwelling house outhousing uplands and meadow land 
that I have in the Township of Plimouth I do give to him and 
his Heires for ever That is begotten of his body. Item I give 
unto my son Benjamin Warren all my lands both uplands and 
meadow land that I have Lying both in Middlebury and Bridg- 
water Townships to belong to him and his heires for ever that 
is Begotten of his Body Item I give unto my daughter Mercy 
Bradford two Cowes. Item and it is my Will that after my 
t W ives decease or marriage againe that then my whole Estate 
both movablles Chattels or debts or whatsoever or wheresoever 
it may be found shall be equally divided amongst four of my 



1 6 Joseph IVarrcfis Will and Inventory. 

Children that is to say Joseph Benjamin Patience and Elizabeth : 
And [p. 39] And lastly I do nominate and appoint my dear and 
loving wife Priscilla Warren to be the sole Executrix of this my 
last will and testament to administer on my s d estate to pay 
Such debts as I owe and to Receive Such debts as is owing to 
me and to se that my body be decently buried and to defray 
the Charges thereof And I do Request my Brother Thomas 
ffaunce to be helpfull to my s d Executrix in the acting and 
disposing of particulars according to the tenor hereof Thus hop- 
ing that this my last Will and Testament will be performed and 
kept Revoaking all other wills Either verball or written I have 
here unto set my hand and Seal on the 4 th of May 1689 : 
Signed Sealed and declared to The Mark of Joseph 

be his last will and Testament Warren Senior and a (seal) 

In presence of 
Ephraim Morton sen r 
Ephraim Morton jun r 
Tho : ffaunce : 

Leiu* Ephraim Morton Thomas ffaunce and Ephraim Morton 
jun r the witnesses herein named appeared before two of the 
Magistrates of this County of Plimouth Viz* William Bradford 
dep* Gov r and John Cushing assistant & made oath that they 
w r ere present and Saw the above named Joseph Warren deceased 
Signe seal & heard him declare this Instrument as his last will 
& testament and that to y e best of their judgment he was of a 
disposing mind & memory when he did y e same. September 
y e 4 th 1689 : 

Attest Sam' 1 , Sprague Clerk 

An Inventory of the Estate of Joseph Warren sen r of Plimouth 

deceased Taken and apprised by us wmose names are under 

written: on the 15 th of May 1689: 

Imp 1 ^ His Wearing apparrell and Books :, 

Item in Silver 

Item in Cattell 4 oxen at 

Item in ten Cowes at 

Item in four three year old Steeres 

Item in two 4 year old Steeres 

Item in two buls and one Steere 

Item in 4 yearlings and two 2 year olde Heiifers 

Item in other Small Cattel and horses and Swine 

Item in Beds and Beding Suitable to them 

Item in Table Linnen and new Cloth 

Item in Pewter and Brass 



1 5 


08 


00 


28 


14 


00 


11 


00 


00 


*9 


00 


00 


07 


00 


00 


04 
06 


00 
10 


00 

00 


06 


10 


00 


02 


01 


00 


3° 
08 


00 

01 


00 
06 


04 03 


00 



OI 


10 


00 


06 


00 


00 


02 


10 


00 


00 


10 


00 


02 


00 


00 


01 


10 


00 


02 


00 


00 



A Calkins Family Record. 17 

Item in Iron pots kittles Hakes and hookes 

Item in amies and Amunition 

Item in Carpenters Tooles Sythes and Sickles 

Item in Earthern Vessels and Glass Bottles 

Item in an old fflock Bed three Blankets & Cushions 

Item in Wooden Vessels & Spinning wheels 

Item in Tables Chaires and Chests 

[p. 40] Item in one paire of Stillyards Iron Hachell 

& Steel trapp 01 

Item in an old Cart and wheels and Plows and Tacklen 

to them 
Item in shingle and Boltes 
Item in Hoes Spade and and Pitchforkes 
Item in 3 Canooes & Cartrope 

Item in Cotton and Linnen Yarne Woolen Yarn flax teere 
Item in Cotton & sheeps wooll 

Item in nailes and Razor and Case of fTleams and 2 Bells 
Item in Wheel timber old Saddle Bridle and Pannell 
Item in Old Cask and other Lumber 
Item in debts due to the Estate 
Item the Estate Indebted 

Ephraim Morton Sen r 

Tho flaunce 

Priscilla Relict Widdow of the above named Joseph Warren 
deceased appeared at Plimouth September the 4 th : 1689 before 
the Magistrates of this County of Plimouth and Made oath 
that the above written is a true Inventory of the Goods & 
Chattels of s d deceased as far as she Knows and that if more 
appear she will Bring it to this Inventory 

Attest Sam' 1 , Sprague Clerk 



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20 









A CALKINS FAMILY RECORD. 

By John Oviatt DeWolf. 

While making some investigations into the DeWolf Gen- 
ealogy, especially in the line of the Mayflower descent, I had 
occasion to trace the family of Stephen Calkins, and in doing so 
fuund an old memorandum book in the possession of my father, 
Austin DeWolf, now of Marion, Indiana, of such value that it 
seems worthy of reproduction in these pages, in the hopes that 
it may prove of interest to others. 



1 8 A Calkins Family Record. 

The book was made by folding and sewing together four 
sheets of paper and has sixteen pages. The first eight pages 
have notes written in ink that, although somewhat faded, is still 
legible. The remaining pages are blank. On the first page 
is this title: "A Record Book January 24 th 1799 Hillsdale 
district county of Columbia & State of New York." 

There is nothing to show the authorship, and there seems to 
be no knowledge regarding it, except the following which I copy 
from a letter written me by my father : " I know but little of 
the old Record Book. After my grandfather's death I went 
carefully through the papers in his desk and found among them 
this old family record, which I put away among my papers, 
where it remained till sent to St. Louis to be photographed. It 
was not written by my grandfather, and I do not know in whose 
handwriting it is." 

Its being sent to St. Louis, as referred to, was to have 
photographs of it taken in connection with the application for 
membership in the Society of Mayflower Descendants by Mr. 
Edwin A. DeWolf of that city, to whom I am indebted for 
certain information regarding my own ancestors. 

The Stephen Calkins referred to married Sarah Calkins, 
daughter of Jonathan Calkins and Sarah Turner, who was 
daughter of Ezekiel Turner, the son of John Turner and Mary 
Brewster, the granddaughter of William Brewster of the May- 
flower. 

Jonathan and Sarah Calkins had a daughter, Lucy, who 
married Simon DeWolf of Lyme, Connecticut. Their son, 
Elisha DeWolf, married Lydia More, also of Lyme, and had a 
son, Simon, born in Lyme in 1776. Simon married Lydia 
Batchelder in 1803, and their son, Almon DeWolf, born at 
Deerfield, Massachusetts, in 1806, and married to Elvira New- 
ton of the same place in 1832, had a son, Austin (my father) 
born at Deerfield, April 29, 1838, and married to Frances 
Ophelia Oviatt at Morris, Connecticut, on October 17, 1866. 

The Edwin A. DeWolf of St. Louis, referred to, is also 
descended from Elisha DeWolf and Lydia More, of Lyme. 

The illustration facing this page shows pages two and three, 
and is of the exact size of the book when open. 

A literal copy of all the entries follows : 

[p. 2] (Ste)phen Colkins was born Sep br 5 th 1701 

Srah Colkins his wife was born July 7 th . 1703 & they was marriaed 

January 2, 1723 
Lucy their first child was born August 6, 1723 
Elisabeth December 29, 1724 



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A Calkins Family Record. 19 

Anna march 15 1727 and died August 1728 

Eunice October 4 1729 

Stephen march 13, 1732 

Sarah July 14 th 1734 

Turner their 7 november 5, 1736 

Hannah February 15, 1739 

Zurviah March 10, 1742 

Ana their 10 Child was born May 9 th 1745 

[p. 3] Stephen Colkins Died February 2 d A D 1753. 

& Hannah Died march 27, 1760 

Eunice Died January 14, 61 

Sarah Colkins the wife of Stephen Colkins Disceast Died December 

3, 1774 and in the 72 year of her age 
Elisabeth Died October 29 1784 

Turner Colkins Died January 27, 1797 & in the 61 year of his age 
Lucy Died Dec br , 1798 

[p. 4] (Tu)rner Colkins was born November 5 1736 
Mercy his wife was born may 31, 1735 and was marriaed may 21 

1757 
Asa their first child was born September 2, 1757 
Absalom march 18, 1759 
Eunice Sep 3, 1761 
Matthew was born February 9, 1764 
Jemima March 16, 1766 
Stephen April 8, 1768 
[p. 5] A Died November 12, 1768 
&: Sarah September 29 1769 
Mercy Colkins wife of Turner Colkins Died October 6, 1771 in the 

36 year of her age 
[p. 6] In the year 1775 January 5 th Turner Colkins was married to 

Phebe Cadman and She was born October 10 1753 
Mercy their first child was born June 26, 1775 
Stephen October 8 1776 
Rebeckah July 2, 1778 
Anna December 23, 1779 
Hannah Sep 14, 1781 

[p. 7] Daniel was born the 4 of October 1783 
Elijah and Elisha the twins was born July 28, 1785 
Turner July 22, 1787 
Sebuary march the 2, 1789 
Absalom September 2, 1790 
Amos December 17, 1792 
William their 13 was born march 8 1796. 
[p. 8] Gallatians Chapter 4, verse 10 & Romans xiv, 5 
False burdens I will cast away and follow that thats good 
The example Set by thousands that gave there Lives for god 
Lam 2, 14 



20 Halifax, Mass., Vital Records. 

HALIFAX, MASS., VITAL RECORDS 

{Continued from Vol. Ill, page 139.) 

[Vol. I, p. 26] Published 

1 7 98. Jan?. i st . Peleg Holmes of Plympton and Eunice Woods of 
Halifax have been Published in Halifax as the law directs 

1798 Jany: 15 th Samuel Vaughan of Carver and Huldah Tomson of 
Halifax have been published in Halifax as the law directs 

1798 June 23 d1 Gamaliel Bolton of Raynham and Susanna Osbourn 
of Halifax have been Published in Halifax according to the 
directions of law 

1798 July 23 rd Joseph Bosworth and Deborah Waterman both of 
Halifax have been published in Halifax According to the direc- 
tions of law. 

[p. 214] November: 1 : 1773 Benjamin Parris of Bridgwater and 
Sarah Parris of Hallifax have Been Lawfully Published in 
Hallifax 

November 15: 1773. Elisha waterman of Hallifax and Martha Ben- 
son Jun r . of Bridgwater have Been Lawfully Published in Halli- 
fax 

November 15 : 1773 Ezra Drew and Betty Holmes Both of Hallifax 
have Been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

January. 31: 1774 Rufus Barney of Taunton and Sarah Holme of 
Hallifax have been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

February: 14 : 1774 Isaac Tomson of Middlebrough and Lucy 
Sturtevant of Hallifax have been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

aprill: 4 th : 1774 the Intention of marriage betwixt Giles Leach and 
Deborah Jackson both of Hallifax have been Lawfully Pub- 
lished in Hallifax 

September 25 th : 1774 the Intention of marriage betwixt Josiah Whit- 
man of Bridgwater and Sarah Sturtevant Jun r of Hallifax have 
been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

December 11 th : 1774 The Intention of marriage betwixt Samuel 
Stafford Sturtevant and Pricilla Palmer both of Hallifax have 
been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

January 21 st : 1775 The Intention of marriage betwixt Peleg Barrow 
Jun r . of Plymton and Jemima Drew of Hallifax have been Law- 
fully Published in Hallifax 

February 11 th : 1775 The Intention of marriage betwixt Joshua Curtis 
and Phebe Waterman both of Hallifax have been Lawf un- 
published In Hallifax 

October: 2 : 1775: John Witherhead of Plymouth and Submit Harlow 
of Hallifax have been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

Nov 1 *: 20: 1775 William Waterman and Deborah Bryant Both of 
Hallifax Have Been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 



Halifax, Mass., Vital Records. 21 

Nov 7 : 27: 1775 the Intentions of marriage Betwixt Joseph Dunbar 
and Hannah Ripley Both of Hallifax have Been Lawfully Pub- 
lished in Hallifax 

Nov r 27: 1775 the Intention of marriage Betwixt Doct r William 
Batcheller of Milton and Joanna Waterman Jun r of Hallifax 
have Been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

Dec*: 18: 1775 tne Intentions of marriage Between David Mahuren 
of Easton and Ruth Dunbar of Hallifax have Been Lawfully 
Published in Hallifax 

Dec' 18 1775 the Intentions of marriage Between Benjamin Dunbar 
and Hannah Hathaway Both of Hallifax have Been Lawfully 
Published in Hallifax 

January 8 : 1776 Jabez Waterman of Hallifax and Hannah Bradford 
of Plymton have been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

[p. 215] January 29: 1776 the Intentions of marriage Between oliver 
Holmes and Lydia Tomson 3 d Both of Hallifax have Been Law- 
fully Published in Hallifax 

January 29 : 1776 the Intentions of marriage Between Benjamin 
Munro of Hallifax and Abigail Munro of Hanover have Been 
Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

February 19 : 1776 the Intentions of marriage Between Samuel Hea- 
ford of Hardwick and Bathsheba Tinkham of Hallifax have 
Been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

March 4: 1776. the Intentions of marriage Between Thomas Drew 
and Lucy Tomson Both of Hallifax Have been Lawfully Pub- 
lished in Hallifax 

July 29 th 1776 The Intention of Marriage Between Asahel Lyon of 
Plimton & Fear Cushman of Hallifax have ben Lawfully 
Published in Hallifax 

Oct r 2i 5t 1776 The Intentions of Marriage Between Ignatius Loring 
of Plimton and Abigail Soule of Hallifax have ben Lawfully 
Published in Hallifax 

Nov* - 4 lh 1^76 The Intentions of Marriage Between Samuel Whitman 
of Bridgwater and Sarah Waterman of Hallifax have Lawfully 
Published in Hallifax 

Nov*. 4 1776 ^e Intentions of Marriage Between Joseph Water- 
man Jun r of Hallifax and Lucy Josling Munro of Hanover has 
Wn Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

March 17 1777 The Intention of Marriage Between Levi Everson 
of KJn-ston and Eunice Briggs of Hallifax has been Lawfully 
Published in Hallifax 

March 18 th 1777 The Intention of Marriage Between Doc r Thomas 
Sturtevant of Middlebor . and Sarah Soule of Hallifax has been 
Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

24 th 1777 The Intention of Marriage betwen Jonathan Cortis 
and Moley Faxon both of Hallifax have been Lawfully Pub- 
lished in the Town of Hallifax 



22 Lieutenafit John Tomson s Will and Inventory. 

June 23 : 1777 Charles Sturtevant JurT. of Rochester and Ruth 
Bearce of Hallifax have been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

July 14: 1777 James Faunce and Mary Cushman Both of Hallifax 
have Been Lawfully Published in Hallifax 

(To be continued?) 



LIEUTENANT JOHN TOMSON'S WILL AND INVEN- 
TORY AND THE AGREEMENT OF HIS HEIRS. 

Literally Transcribed from the Original Recordt 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Lieutenant John Tomson died at Middleborough 16/26 
June, 1696, in the eightieth year of his age.* His wife, Mary 2 
Cooke (Francis 1 )!, survived him, and the agreement between the 
heirs regarding her share of the property is of especial interest, 
since it supplies the given names of the husbands of two of the 
daughters, Thomas Taber who married Mary Tomson, and Wil- 
liam Read who married Esther Tomson. 

The will, inventory and agreement are found in the Plym- 
outh County Probate Records, Volume I, pages 241-245. 

The spelling " Tomson" is taken from an autograph on a 
document which we hope to illustrate at an early date 



[p. 241] Know all men to whome these presents shall Come that 
I John Tomson sen r of y e Township of Middlebury Being at this 
present very weak in Body through may Infirmities and diseases 
that are upon me but of Sound and perfect understanding & 
memory Do make and ordaine this to be my last will and Testa- 
ment to Continue for Ever firm and Inviolable. Imprimis I 
Will and Bequeath unto Mary Tomson my Beloved Wife y e use 
of one half of my house during her Widdowhoode which half 
she pleaseth. And y e use of all my house hold Goods During 
her Widdowhoode And Six Cows and a score of Sheep And 
three or four Acres of land lying by my house All these to have 
and to use During y e time of her Widdowhoode And also my 
Will is that y e Executors shall se that y e said land shall be 
Improved for her And they shall be paid out of y e Estate And 
Also I will leave her one hundred pounds in money to dispose 
to her children as she shall se Cause but if in Case she should 

* Mfr. Desc, II : 43. t Mfr. Desc., Ill : 105. 



Lieutenant John Tomsori s Will and Inventory. 23 

die Intestate my will is that this said hundred pound shall be 
equally divided among them all Sons and Daughters that is my 
own children & hers Also my will is that she shall have a Cow 
or a stear yearly for her provisions And if she Can not spare it 
out of that Stock of Cattell then it shall be provided for her out 
of y e Estate Also my Will is that whatsoever provisions and 
doathing is left at my Decease shall belong to y e family 
And my wife shall have a double part of it at her disposing. 
And whereas I Gave unto my son John half a share of land 
formerly And he hath nothing to show for it I now Give it him 
bv will and he shall have fifty Acres of land where his house 
standeth taking it up the whole length. Also I Give and Be- 
queath unto my son Jacob the House wherein he Dwelleth And 
y e fourth part of y e upland that is of y e two hundred Acres of 
upland And also I do give and Bequeath unto my sons Thomas 
and Peter The one half of my house wherein I do dwell during 
their mothers life Conditionally that they will agree to keep 
together and maintain their mothers stock of Cattell aforesaid 
And they shall have the Increase both of Cattell and sheep So 
that they maintain & make good y e principle And if they should 
Come to some extraordinary losses so that they are like to be 
loosers by it they shall be Considered in y e estate And my will 
is that there shall be meadow set apart to keep those Cattell 
during their mothers life. And I do Give and Bequeath unto 
my Son Thomas all my house and the Barn and y e orchard and 
y* lands Adjacent thereabout after his mothers decease that will 
amount to a fourth part of two hundred acres onely if my son 
Peter have not land enough fenced and Broaken up he shall 
have y« use of two or three acres of land for two years if he 
lesire it. And also I do give and bequeath unto my son Peter 
1 hat my fifty Acres of upland that I bought of John Morton 
V.*i whereas I have Given to my sons John and Jacob and 
'. '., rTn * tnre Quarters of this two hundred Acres of upland my 
Kill is that in y e division the fourth part be left so as to be 
: sutably divided amongs them all four Also I Give unto 
rm four sons aforesd A third part of land that was purchased 
by Captain, Joseph lathrop and [p. 242] M r Barnabas lothrop 
and myself. And also I Give unto my four Sons above written 
y* one half of that third part of upland that was purchased by 
Captain Church and my Self the one half of that third part next 
to Snipetuit pond and my one sixteene shilling purchase and 
that which I bought of John Irish And that Tract of land at 
Assawamset that I bought of ffelix y e Indian And that which 
I Bought of William Clarke formerly Called y e Majors purchase 



24 Lieutetiant John Tomsoris Will and Inventory. 

lying BetwLxt the two paths. A fifth part of that Tract All 
which I Give to them to divide Equally Amongst themselves 
And also I Give unto my four sons aforesaid all that my two 
hundred Acres of upland lying Between Monponset pond and 
the little Herring pond with my four Acres of meadow and my 
two shares and half in y e Great Sedar Swamp And my two 
shares and half in y e undivided lands All which shall be Equally 
Divided Among my four sons aforesaid Also my Will is that my 
four sons shall Have All my Tooles of all Sorts for Carpentry 
or Husbandry and also all my Armes All to be Equally divided 
among them. Also I Give unto my Son Peter Twenty pounds 
in money towards y e Building of him a house besides four or 
five thousand foote of Boards and plank Also I do Give unto 
my Daughter Mary Tabor thirty and five pounds besides w 1 is 
due to me from her husband Also I do Give unto my Daugh- 
ter Esther Read thirty and three pounds besides what is Due 
unto me from her husband likewise I do Give unto my Daughter 
Elizabeth Swift twenty and five pounds And also to my Grand- 
son Thomas Swift ten pounds when he Cometh to y e age of one 
and twenty years And if he should dye before then it shall be 
forthwith paid unto his mother Also I Give unto my Daughter 
Sarah Tomson forty pounds Also I Give unto my Daughter Lidia 
Soul Thirty and four pounds Besides what she hath had already. 
Also I do Give unto my Daughter Mercy Tomson forty pounds 
likewise I do Give unto my son Jacob a yoak of steers of four 
years old or upwards or y e value of them. Also I Give unto 
my son Thomas a yoak of steers and two Cows or y e value of 
them Also I Give to my son Peter a yoak of steers and two 
Cows or y e value of them Also my will is that my four sons 
John and Jacob and Thomas and Peter Tomsons shall be my 
executors Who shall Receive what is due unto me and shall pay 
all my just debts And shall Se that my Body be Decently 
Buryed And out of my estate to defray y e charges And whatso- 
ever is left after my and my wifes decease when all charges is 
cleared shall be equally divided Amongst them all my children 
Sons and Daughters Thus hoping that this my last will and 
Testament will be kept and Performed according to y e true 
Intent of y e same I commit my Body to y e Dust and my soul to 
God that Gave it me In witness whereof I Set unto my hand 
& Seal this Twenty third day of Aprill one thousand Six hun- 
dred ninety and six. 

Witness John Tomson (seal) 

Jonathan Shaw sen r 
Joseph King his JK mark 
Anne Waterman her 5T> mark 



Lis2iteTiant John Tomsoris Will and Inventory. 25 

Memorandum y e 8 th day of July 1696 That Jonathan Shaw 
Joseph King and Anne Waterman the Witnesses hereto Sub- 
scribing made oath all of them that they were present and Saw 
and heard John Tomson y e Testator here named Sign Seal and 
declare the above Written to be his last will and Testament. 
And that to y e best of their judgment he was of sound dispos- 
ing mind and memory when he did y e same. 

Before W m Bradford Esq r Judge. 
Attest Sam 1 Sprague Regist r 

[p. 243] William Bradford Esq r Commissionated &c for y e 
Granting of probate of Wils and letters of Administration 
within y e County of plimouth. To all to whome these pres- 
ents shall Come or may Concern Greeting. Know ye that on 
the eighth day of July 1696 Before me in Duxborough the 
Will of John Tomson late of Middleborough deceased to these 
presents Annexed was Proved Approved and allowed who hav- 
ing while he lived and at y e time of his death Goods Chattels 
Rights and Credits The said deceased and his said will in any 
maner Concerning was Committed unto his four sons viz* John 
Jacob Thomas and Peter Executors in y e same will named well 
and truly to Administer y e same And to make a true and perfect 
Inventory of all & Singular the Goods Chattels Rights and 
Credits of y e said deceased and the same to exhibit into y e 
Registers office of the said County according to law Also to 
Render a true and Plain account of their said Administration 
•upon oath In Testimony whereof I have here unto set my hand 
and y e Seal of y e said office. William Bradford 

Dated at Plimouth y e 8 th day of July 1696 : 
Sam 1 Sprague Regist r . 

Know all men by these presents that whereas our Honoured 
ffather John Tomson Sen r of Middleborough deceased Hath 
made his last will and Testament Bearing date the twenty third 
day of Aprill one thousand six hundred ninty and Six wherein 
divers particulars Seemed not to be plainly expressed Wherefore 
to prevent future difference we his children whose names are 
under written Have Joyntly agreed and Concluded to Rectifie 
the same as followeth that is to say That whereas in y e said will 
there was one hundred pounds in money Given to our loving- 
mother onely for her to dispose among her children now we 
have Agreed that the same shall be hers as her own Proper 
Estate to use & Improve as she shall Se Cause. And whereas 



26 Lieutenant John To?nsoris Will and Inventory. 

in said Will our said mother is to have Six Cows & a Score of 
sheep And that Thomas Tomson & Peter Tomson are to keep 
and maintain y e said stock Good for her during her widdowhood 
& they to have y e Increase And that she was to have a Cow or 
a Steer yearly for her provision We now Agree that y e said 
Cow or steere Shall be allowed to her yearly by the said 
Thomas and Peter And at her decease the abovesaid Stock 
is to Return to y e said Thomas and Peter And whereas there is 
no mention made in said Will of a horse for our said mothers 
own use we do now Agree that there shall be a horse allowed 
her out of y e estate in Generall which said Horse is to be kept 
and provided for by the said Thomas Tomson During her life to 
be for her own proper use & whereas there is Severall Tracts 
of meadow which did belong to our said ffather lying at Winne- 
tuxet and no mention is made thereof in said Will we do now 
Agree that all y e said meadow Shall be equally divided among 
his four sons namely John Tomson Jacob Tomson Thomas Tom- 
son and Peter Tomson to them and their heirs and Assigns for 
ever. Always provided that there shall be meadow set apart 
out of y e whole for y e keeping of our mothers said stock during 
her life. And whereas in y e said Will our father gave out the 
severall parcels of land which he [p. 244] was possessed of unto 
his four sons and no mention made of their heirs we do now 
agree that all y e said lands which our father dyed possessed of 
shall belong to y e said four sons namely John Tomson Jacob 
Tomson Thomas Tomson and Peter Tomson to them and their 
heirs and Assigns for ever And whereas in said Will It is 
expressed that our said mother should have y e use Of three or 
four Acres of y e Improved land during her Widdowhood And 
that y e executors of said Will should Se that y e said land Should 
be Improved for her we do now Agree that y e said executors 
Shall Improve the said land for her own proper use during her 
naturall life And whereas we are Informed that it was our 
fathers mind that John Tomson Jacob Tomson and Peter Tom- 
son should have thirty pounds in money a peece & ye same not 
being expressed in y e Will We do now Agree that they shall 
have y e same And as for what monies doth Remain after leg- 
acies are paid We do now Agree that it shall be equally divided 
forthwith amongst us all namely to y e four sons and y e Six 
daughters & their heirs or Assigns And also for what legacies 
are to be paid with y e Remaining part of y e Estate which by 
will is to be divided unto y e six daughters shall be to them and 
their heirs & Assigns though not so fully expressed in v e will. 
In Testimony whereof we whose names are under written have 



Lieutenant John Tomsori s Will and Inventory. 27 

here unto set our hands and seals this nineteenth day of June 
one Thousand six hundred ninety and six. 

Signed & Sealed The mark () of John Tomson (seal) 

in y e presence of us Elizabeth Swift(seal) Jacob Tomson (seal) 
The Mark J K of Sarah Tomson (seal) Thomas Tomson(seal) 
Joseph King James Soul (seal) Peter Tomson (seal) 

Margaret Price The mark | [ | of Thomas Tabor (seal) 

Marcy Tomson (seal) William Read (seal) 



Memorandum that on y e first day of July 1696. 

The Widdow Mary Tomson & Relict of m r John Tomson 
late of Middlebury deceased Did declare her Consent unto and 
acceptation of y e particulars above written to her full Satisfac- 
tion In Testimony hereof y e said Widdow Mary Tomson hath 
hereunto set her hand and seal on y e day and year above men- 
tioned. 

Si^med & Sealed in y e presence The ]T mark of y e Widdow 
of John Trasie Mary Tomson (seal) 

John Soul. 

Memorand y e 8 th day of July 1696 y e within named John 
Tomson Jacob Tomson Thomas Tomson and Peter Tomson all 
of them Came personally before me y e Subscriber Judge of Pro- 
Kite and owned and acknowledged the within written Instru- 
ment of Agreement to be their act & deed And that y e same 
shall be good & binding to themselves and their Severall heirs 
f<>r Ever 

William Bradford 

Memorand y e same 8 th day of July 1696 Joseph King one of 
y* Witnesses to y e within written Instrument appeared and 
nack rath Before me y e Subscriber Judge of Probate that he 
WiS present and saw y e within Named John Tomson Jacob 
T m* n Thomas Tomson Peter Tomson Thomas Tabor William 
Read Elizabeth Swift Sarah Tomson James Soul and Mercy 
Tomson Every of them sign & seal the within written Instru- 
ment of Apeement as their act & deed. And y* Mary y e wife 
tif Thomas Tabor and Lidia y e wife of James soul were present 
at y* doing of y c same And that he said King Subscribed as a 
witness to said agreement and that he then saw Margaret Price 
> e other witness Subscrib with him as a witness also 

William Bradford 



28 



Lieutenant John Tomsori s Will and Inventory. 



[p. 245] An Inventory of y e estate of Lieu* John Tomson late 
of Middlebury deceased 

Taken and Apprised by us whose names are under written 
on y e first of July 1696. 



£ 

.20 

61s 

.2 

*3 

7 
6 



Imp r s To his wearing Apparrel and purse 

Item In Cash 

Item In Books 

Item In Armes and Ammunition 

Item In Bedding one Bed in y e Parlour and furniture 

Item In one Bed in y e Little parlour and furniture 

Item In one Bed in y e kitching chamber & furniture 

Item In two Beds in y e Parlour Chamber and furniture 

Item In one pillow and pillowbeers 

Item In sheets 

Item In Table Linnen 

Item In pewter 

Item In Brass and Iron 

Item In Linnen and woollen yarn 

Item In Remnants of New Cloth and Stuff 

Item In Trunks chests chairs and Little Table 

Item In wheeles and Cards 

Item In sheeps wooll 

Item In Wooden Vessels Cask and old Lumber 

Item In Provision Come Malt and Meat 

Item In Meal Baggs 

Item In Money Scales and Looking Glass 

Item In Drest Leather 

Item In Tobacco 

Item In a Compass 

Item In Tooles for Carpentrey and Husbandrey work 

Item In Boards and plank 

Item In Cedar Boults and Claveboard 

Item In Neat Cattell 

Item In sheep 

Item In Swine 

Item In Horse kind and furniture 

Item In Bees 

Item In y e farm on w ch y e housing stands on w* all > 

his Interest of meado on Winnatuxet River ) 

Item In his two hundred Acres of land at a place ) 

Called y e herring pond w lh all his Rights in y e >- . 50 

Majors Purchasse ) 

Item In y e fifty Acres of land Bought of John Morton . 10 
Item In y e land Bought of William Clarke of Duxbury > 

deceased ) * " S 

Item In y e land in partnership with y e Lothrops .20 



s 

12 



2 

6 
2 

97 
6 

3 

10 



400 



6 

4 

2 
1 
2 
5 • 

5 •• 

6 .8 



*5 

10 

•5 
1 3 



•7 



12 
10 
J S 

•5 
11 

14 
10 



18 

10 



Eastham and Orleans, Mass., Vital Records. 29 

Item In his Rights in Lands purchassed by Capt ^ 

Church & himself of Tuspaquin and his son at a > .40 
place Called Snepetuit pond. ) 

Item In Two Rights in y e Sixteen Shilling purchase^ 
with his Rights in Assawamset neck and lands 
bought of ffelix Indian in s d neck & Right in 
lands purchassed by Henry wood 

Item In Debts due to y e Estate by Bills .46 16 . 

Item In Debts due to y e Estate by Booke .13 16 1 

Item due from y e Estate for ffunerall Charges . . 3 

The sum totall of y e Estate is 1559 . . 9 
y e sum Totall of Debts due to y e estate is . . 3 

John Trasie John Soul Thomas fTaunce 

The executors of y e last will & Testament of Lieu 4 John Tomson 
above said deceased Namely John Tomson Jacob Tomson Thomas 
Tomson & Peter Tomson made oath July y e 8 th 1696 before W m 
Bradford Esq r Judge of Probate that y e above written is a true Inven- 
tory of y e goods chattells Rights & Credits of y e said deceased so far 
as they know & that if more shall Come to their knowledge they will 
discover it 

Attest Sam 1 Sprague Register 



EASTHAM AND ORLEANS, MASS*, VITAL RECORDS. 

{Continued from Vol. Ill, p. 231.) 

[Vol. I, Pt. II, p. 15] Jonnathan Bangs and Mary Mayo weare 

maried the 16 th Day of July in the yeare 1664 
Eadward Bangs the sonne of Jonnathan Bangs was borne the last 

Day of September in the yeare 1665 
Rebeckah Bangs the Daughter of Jonnathan Bangs was borne the 

first Day of feburarie in the yeare 1667 
Jonnathan bangs the sonne of Jonnathan Bangs was borne the last 

Day of aprill in the yeare 1670 
Jonnathan Bangs the sonne of Jonnathan Bangs Deasessed the? 1 1^^ 

Day of May 1670 
Mary Bangs the Daughter of Jonnathan Bangs was borne the 14 th 

of Aprill 167 1 
Jonathan Bangs the sonn of Jonathan Bangs Was borne the 4 th day 

of May 1673 
Hannah Bangs the daughter of Jonathan Bangs was borne the four- 
tenth of March 1676 
Thamoson Banges the daughter of Jonathan Banges was borne in 

May in the yeare: 1678 : 



30 East ham and Or/cans, Mass., Vital Records. 

Samuel Banges the sonne of Jonathan Banges was borne the: 12 th : 

of July in the yeare : 1680 
Mercie Banges the daughter of Jonathan Banges was borne the: 7 th . 

of Jennuarie in the yeare : 1682 
Elizabeth Bangs the daughter of Jonathan Bangs was borne the 15 

day of May in the year 1685 
Sarah Banges the daughter of Jonnathan Banges was born in Agust 

in the year. 1689 : 
lydia Banges the daughter of Jonnathan Banges was born the Second 

day of October in the year. 1689 : 
(worn) Ridley and Mary* Strout were Married by (M r ) Sarnuell 

Treat the third day of august Anno dom 1708 
(D)aniel Hamilton and Sarah Snow were married by (M r ) Sarnuell 

Treat on the fifth day of august anno dom 1708 

[p. 16] Georg godfraie the son of georg godfraie was borne the 2 d of 
Jenuarie in the yeare: 1662 

Samuel godfraie the son of george godfraie was borne the 27 th 
of Jenuarie 1664 

Moses godfraie the son of george godfraie was borne the 27 th of 
Jenuar(y) 1667 

Hannah godfraie the daughte of george godfraie was borne the 25 th 
of aprill. 1669 : 

Mary godfraie the daughter of george godfraie was borne the 2 nd of 
June in the year. 1672 

Ruth godfraie the daughte of georg godfraie was borne the first day 
of Jenuarie : 1675 

Richard godfraie the son of george godfraie was b©rne the 11 th of 
June: 1677 

Jonnathan godfray the son of george godfray was borne the 24 th of 
June: i632 

Elizabeth godfrie the daughter of georg godfrie was borne the tenth 
day of September ; 16SS 

Sarah Mayo the daughter of James and Sarah mayo was Born at 
Eastham the fourteent(h) day of Januarie 1702/3 

Henry Mayo the son of James and Sarah ma(yo) was Born at East- 
ham the 3 d day of may 1705 

John Mayo the son of James and Sarah Mayo (was) Born at East- 
ham the fourteenth day of October 1707 

[p. 17] Thomas Crosby the sonne of M r Thomas Crosby was borne 

the seventh day of Aprill in the year. 1663 
Simon Crosbe the sonne of M r Thomas Crosbe was borne the 5 th 

Day of July in the yeare 1665 
Sarah Crosbe the Daughter of M r Thomas Crosbe was borne the 24 th 

of March in the yeare 1667 
Joseph Crosbe the sonne of M r Thomas Crosbe was borne the 27 th 

of Jennuarie in the yeare 1668 



Eastham a?id Orleans, Mass., Vital Records. 31 

M r Thomas Crosbe two sonns borne at a bearth named John borne 

the 4th Day of December in the yeare 1670 
John Crosbe the sonne of M r Thomas Crosbe Deseased which was 

one of the children borne at a beirth : buried the n enth Day of 

feburarie 1670 
William Crosby the sonne of M r Thomas Crosby was borne in march 

in the year. 1673 
Ebenezer Crosby the sonne of M r Thomas Crosby was borne the 

twenty eight day of March in the year. 1675 : 
anne and mercy Crosby the daughters of M r Thomas Crosby and a 

sonne that died named Increase all three at a bearth borne aprill 

the fourtenth an fif tenth in the year. 1678 : 
Eliezer Crosby the sonne of M r Thomas Crosby was borne the one 

and thirtieth of March in the year : 1680 : 
Samuell Baker and Patience Berrie were married by Nathaniel fTree- 

man Esqu r the Eleventh day of Januarie 1709/10 
Ebenezer Severence and (*) Tomlin were married by Nathan 11 

ffreeman Esqu r febuary y e 14 th 1709/10 
Samuell Robins and Desire chase were married by Joseph Doane 

Esqu er on y e 18 th day of June anno Dom 17 13 

[p. 18] Thomas paine junior and hannah shaw wear maried the : 5 : 

of august : 1678 
hannah paine the daughter of Thomas paine was borne the : 6 : of 

aprill: 1679 
hugh paine the sonn of Tho : paine : jun : was borne the : 5 th : day 

of July: 1680 
hannah paine the daughter of Tho : paine jun : died the : 17 th : of 

November: 1681 
hugh paine the sonne of Tho : paine jun : died the : 29 th : of Novem- 
ber: 1681 
Thomas paine the sonne of Tho: paine jun: was borne the: 28 th : 

day of feburarie in the yeare : 168 1/2 
Thomas paine junior another daughter Named Hannah: borne the: 

12 th : day of May: 1684 
Jonathan Paine the Sone of Thomas, and Hannah Paine Jun was 

borne the first Day of febuary : 1685 : 86 
Abygaile Paine the Daughter of Thomas and Hannah Paine was 

borne the fourth day of march: 1687 : Zd» ad Shee dyed the 

twenty fist day of January : 1688 : 9 
Thomas Paine had another daughter named Abygaile borne: the 

tenth day of november : 1689 
Phebee Paine the daughter of Tho : and Hannah Paine was borne 

the fourtheenth day of march : 1690 : 91 
Elkenah Paine the son of Thomas and Hannah Paine was borne : 

the first Day of febuary : 1692 : 95 

•The given name was omitted. 



32 East ham and Orleans, Mass., Vital Records. 

Moses Paine the Son of Thomas and Hannah Paine was Borne the 

twenty eighth day of September In the yeare 1695 
Phebe Paine the Daughter of Thomas and Hannah Paine Dyed the 

21 day of January : i6q£ 
Joshua Paine the Son of Thomas and Hannah Paine was Borne the 

twenty eighth day of august: in the year: 1697 
Thomas and Hannah Paine had another daughter named Phebe 

borne : the eleaventh day of (*) in the year: 169I 
Lidia Paine the Daughter of Thomas and Hannah Paine was borne 

at Eastham the fourth day of december in the year 1700 
Barnabas Paine the son of Thomas and Hannah Paine was Born y e 

13 th day of November anno 1705 

[p. 19] Joshua Bangs and Hannah skuder weare Maried the first 

Day of December in the yeare 1669 
The Children of Jabez snow recorded 
Jabez snow a son Named Jabez : borne the : 6 th day of September in 

the yeare 1670 
Jabez snow a son Named Edward borne the: 26 th : of March: 1672 : 
Jabez Snow a daughter Named Sarah borne the: 26 th : of feburarie : 

1673 
Jabez Snow a daughter Named grace borne the first day of febu- 
rarie: 1675 
Thomas Snow the son of Jabiz Snow dyed the secund day of april in 

the year 1697 * 

Liu*: Jabiz Snow dyed the seaven and twentieth day of december: 

in the year 1690 : 
Samuell Treat Ju r and Joanna Vickery were married by m r Sam 11 

Treat the twenty-seventh day of October Ann(o) Dom 1708 
Richard Stevens and Abigaile Treat were married m r Samuel Treat 

the twenty-seventh day of October Anno dom 1708 
William Dyer and Hannah Strout were Married by m r Sam u Treat 

the fifteenth day of april 1 Anno dom 1709 
Thomas Smith Jun r and Joanna Mayo were married by m r Sam 11 

Treat November y e 3 d Anno dom 1709 

[p. 20] Nathaniel Mayo and Elizabeth Wixam wear maried the 28 th 

of Jenuarie 1678 
Nathaniel mayo the son of nathaniel mayo was borne the 7 th of July : 

1681: 
Bathsuah mayo the daughter of Nathanell mayo was borne the 23 th 

of September : 1683 
Nathanel Mayo a daughter borne named alis the. 29 : day of aprill in 

the year : 1686 
Nathanel Mayo a sonne borne Named Ebenezer the : 13 th : of July 

in the year : 1689 

* This appears to be " february " altered to January, but may be the reverse. 



Eastham and Orleans, Mass., Vital Records. 33 

Nathanel Mayo a daughter Named Hannah borne the sixtenth day 

of June in the year 1692 
Elisha mayo the son of Nathanel and Elizebeth mayo was Borne the 

twenty eight day of april In the year 1695 
Robert Mayo the Son of Nathanael and Elizebeth Mayo was borne 

the three and twentieth day of march : 169^ 
Nathanael Mayo Sen r and Mercy young were Married by Nathanal 

flreeman Esqu r the tenth day of June anno dom 1708 
Elisabeth Mayo the wife of Nathanael Mayo dyed in december 1799 * 
Bathshebe Mayo the wife of Thomas flreeman and Daughter of 

Nathanael Mayo dyed the ninth day of January 1706 
Robert Young and Joanna Hix were Marryed the twenty secund day 

of march In the year 1693 : 4 
Robert Young the son of Robert Young was borne the Eleventh day 

of april in the year 1695 and dyed the 23 rd of June following 
Robert and Joanna Young had another Son named Robert borne the 

eleventh day of December in the yeare 1696 
Lidia Young the Daughter of Robert and Joanna Young was Borne 

at Eastham the nine and twentyeth day of May : 1699 : 
Joannah Young the daughter of Robert and Joannah Young was 

Born at Eastham the first day of June in the year 1703 
Jennet Young the daughter of Robert and Joannah Young was Born 

at Eastham the twenty second Day of may 1708 
Robert Mayo the son of Nathanael Mayo dyed on the 26 th day of 

July 1707 
Ebenezer Mayo the son of Nathanael Mayo dyed on y e ninth day of 

November 1709 
Nathanael Mayo Sen r dyed on y e 30 th day of November : 1709 

[p. 21] John Smith and Hannah Williams weare Maried the 24 th of 

May in the yeare 1667 
Elizabeth Smith the Daughter of John Smith was Borne the 24 th 

of feburarie in the yeare 1668 
John Smith a daughter borne named Sarah the 27 th day of March in 

the yeare 167 1 ales 1672 
William Xicherson and Mary Snow wear Maried the 22 th of Jenu- 

ary : 1690 
William Nicherson a daughter borne March the 17 th : i6|^ Named 

Mercy 
Nicholas Nicherson the son of William Nicherson was born the 

Nintenth day of March in the year : 169^ : 
Thankfull Paine the daughter of Nicholas and Hannah Paine was 

borne at Eastham : the fourteenth day of march in (the) year 

one thousand six hundred ninety n(ine) alias seven hundred : 

1699/700 
Prisilla Paine the daughter of Nicholas and Hannah Pain(e) was 

born the sixteenth day of October Anno 1701 

* This is plainly a mistake for 1699. 



34 Eastham and Orleans, Mass., Vital Records. 

Phillip Paine the son of Nicholas and Hannah Paine was born at 

Eastham on y e eighteenth day of November : 1704 
Lois Paine the daughter of Nicholas and Hannah Paine was Born at 

Eastham the twenty ninth day of September Anno Dom 1705 
Abigaile Paine the Daughter of Nicholas and Hannah Paine was 

Born at Eastham august y e 3 d 1707 
Hannah Paine the Daughter of Nicholas and Hannah Paine was 

Born at Eastham the twenty fourth day of September Anno 

. . I7 °9. 
Philip Paine the Son of Nicholas and Hannah Paine dyed on the 

tenth day of april anno dom 1725 

M re Hannah Paine wife of M r Nicholas Paine Died the 24 day of 

January 1731/2 

[p. 22] Steven Twinning and Abigael younge weare Maried the : 3 d : 
day of Jeriuarie in the yeare of our lord : 1683 : 

Steven Twining a sonne Named Steven borne the : 30 th : of decem- 
ber in the year 1684 

Eliazer Twining the sonne of Steven Twinning was borne the : 26 of 
November 1686 

Nathanel Twining the sonne of Steven Twining was borne the 27 th 
day of March 1689 

Steven Twining a daughter Named Mercy* borne the eight day of 
September in the year : 1690 

John Twining the sonne of Steven Twinning was borne the fifth day 
of March : 1695 

Sarah Rich the daughter of Richard and Anne Rich was born in 
Eastham January the 2 2 d 1695/6 

Richard Rich the Son of Richard and Anne Rich was Born in East- 
ham febuary the 28 th 1698/9 

Rebeckah Rich the daughter of Richard and Anne Rich was Born at 
Eastham June the 15 th 1701 

Zaccheus Rich the son of Richard and Ann Rich was Born at East- 
ham the 2 nd day of april Anno domini 1704 

Obadia Rich the son of Richard and Anne Rich was Born at East- 
ham the fifteenth day of July : 1707 

Priscilla Rich the Daughter of Richard and Anne Rich was Born at 
Eastham febuary y e 5 lh 1709/10 

Huldah Rich the Daughter of Richard and anne Rich was Born 
at Eastham in the month of July anno Domini : 17 12 

Joseph Rich the son of Richard and Anne Rich was Born at East- 
ham on the fifth day of October anno domini : 17 15 : 

Prissilla Rich the Daughter of Richard and Anne Rich Dyed in the 
beginning of July anno domini 17 16 

Silvanus Rich the son of Richard and anna Rich was Born at East- 
ham on y e fourth day of September ano dom 1720 

(To be continued!) 



Plymouth Colony Deeds. 35 



PLYMOUTH COLONY DEEDS. 

{Continued from Vol. Ill, p. 228.) 

[Vol. II, Pt. I, p. 3 1] 

1653 Bradford Gov r 192.7051 

The 20 th of October 1653 
Memorand : That Captaine Thomas Willett of the Towne of 
Plymouth in the Jurisediction of New Plymouth in New Eng- 
land in america and M r Willam Paddy of the Towne of Boston 
in the Jurisdiction of the Massachusetts marchant Doe both 
acknowlidg that for and in consideration of the summe of 
seaventy and five pounds to them in hand paied by M r Thomas 
Cushman of the Towne of Plymouth in the Jurisdiction of Plym- 
outh aforsaid yeoman wherwith they Doe acknowlidge them- 
selves satisfyed contented and fully paied and therof and of 
every prte and prcell therof Doe acquite and Discharge the 
said Thomas Cushman hee his heires executors adminnestrators 
and assignes for ever by these p r sents They have freely and 
absolutly barganed allianated and sould enfeofed and confeirmed 
and by these p r sents Doe bargaine sell enfeofe and confeirme 
from them the said capt : Willett and Willam Paddy and theire 
heires to him the said Thomas Cushman and his heires and 
assignes forever All that theire house and land lying and being 
Scittuate att Joanses River in the Towneshipp of Plymouth afor- 
said which they the said capt : Willett and Willam Paddy bought 
of M r Edmond ffreeman of Sandwidge as appeers in the court 
records ; which was formerly the house and land of M r Thomas 
Prence somtimes of Plymouth aforsaid ; and Originally was the 
house and land of M r Isaak Allerton ; being bounded with the 
lands of M is ffuller on the one side and of Clement Briggs and 
Christopher Winter on the other side ; the nether end abutting 
upon the river aforsaid and soe extending itselfe in the length 
up into the woods with all the meddow land either mersh or 
upland adioyneing and belonging therunto with all the out- 
houses barnes stables fences and all other appurtenances be- 
longing therunto with all the additions and enlargements either 
of upland or meddow nearer hand or further of att any time 
added graunted or any way appertaining unto the said house 
and land with all the said capt : Willett and Willam Paddy their 
right title and enterest of and into the said p r mises or any prte 
or prcell therof: To have and to hould The said house and 
land soe bounded as aforsaid with all the outhouses barnes 



2,6 Plymouth Colony Deeds. 

stables meddowes orchyards enlargrnents and additions both 
of upland and meddow nearer hand or further of with all and 
singulare the privilidges apurtenances and emunities belonging 
unto the said p r mises or any prte or prcell therof unto the said 
Thomas Cushman his heires and assignes forever ; The said 
p r mises with all and singulare the appurtenances therunto be- 
longing to appertaine and belonge unto the onely proper use 
and behoofe of him the said Thomas Cushman his heires and 
assignes forever ; 

The Day and year abovewritten m is Mary Willett the wife 
of the said capt : Willet gave her free and full consent unto the 
sale of the house and lands and theire severall appurtenances 
abovewritten ; 

[p. 83] 1653 Bradford Gov r 

The 20 th of October 1653 
Memorand : That M r Thomas Cushman of the Towne of 
Plymouth in the Jurisdiction of New Plymouth in New Eeng- 
land in america yeoman Doth acknowlidge that ffor and in 
consideration of the summe of seaventy and seaven pounds to 
him in hand paied by capt : Thomas Willett of the Towne of 
Plymouth in the Jurisdiction of Plymouth and M r Willam 
Paddy of the Towne of Boston in the Jurisdiction of the Massa- 
chusetts marchant wherwith hee Doth acknowlidge himselfe 
satisfyed contented and fully paied and therof and of every prte 
and prcell therof Doeth acquite and Discharg the said capt : 
Willett and M r Paddy them theire heires exequitors admin- 
istrators and assignes forever by these p r sents ; hee hath 
freely and absolutly barganed ailianated and sould enfeofed and 
confeirmed and pr these p r sents Doth bargaine sell enfeofe 
and confeirme from him the said Thomas Cushman and his 
heires to them the said captaine Willett and Willam Paddy 
them and theire and ever)- of theire heires and assignes forever 
All that his prte portion or share of land both upland and 
meddow belonging unto him as purchaser lying and being att 
Sowamsett Secunke and place or places adiacent together with 
all and singulare the appurtenances privilidges and emunities 
therunto belonging with all the said Thomas Cushman his 
right title and enterest of and into the said p r mises or any prte 
or prcell therof, To have and to hold the said whole prte por- 
tion purchase or share of land both upland and meddow ; To- 
gether with all and singulare the Timbers woods underwoods 
swamps and all other privilidges & appurtenances and emunities, 
in upon or any way, belonging unto the said whole prte or 



Elder Thomas Cushman s Will and Inventory. 37 

share of upland and meddow or any prte or prcell therof unto 
the said captaine Willett and Willam Paddy theire heires and 
assignes forever ; The said p r mises with all and singulare the 
privilidges and appurtenances belonging therunto ; To apper- 
taine unto the onely proper use and behoofe of them the said 
capt : Willett and Willam Paddy theire and every of theire 
heires and assignes forever ; 

The Day and yeare abovewritten m is Mary Cushman the 
wife of the said m r Thomas Cushman gave her free and full 
consent unto the sale of the land abovewritten with all and 
singulare the appurtenances belonging therunto ; 

( To be continued!) 



ELDER THOMAS CUSHMAN'S WILL AND INVEN- 
TORY, AND THE RECORDS OF HIS DEATH. 

Literally Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Elder Thomas Cushman died at Plymouth on 10/20 or 
1 1/2 1 December, 1691. The town records give the earlier 
date. This is also given on his gravestone, which was erected 
by the church about twenty-four years after his death. I have 
been unable to determine which date is correct. His will and 
inventory are found in the Plymouth County Probate Records, 
Volume I, pages 129-132. 

Thomas Cushman's widow, Mary (Allerton) Cushman, 
daughter of Isaac and Mary (Norris) Allerton, was the last 
female passenger to die, and the record of her death is here 
printed in full. 



on the 10 th day of december 1691 That precious and Emi- 
nant servant of god deceased The Elder Thomas Cushman being 
Entered into the 84 yeare of his age [Plym. T. R., 1 : 202] 

The Aged Widow Mary Cushman deceassed November The 
28 th day 1699. [Plym. T. R., 1 : 203] 

It pleased God to seize upon our good Elder, M r Thomas 
Cushman by sicknesse & in this yeare to take him from us, He 



38 Elder Thomas Cushman' s Will and Inventory. 

was chosen & ordained Elder of this chh, April, 6: 1649: 
he was neere 43 yeares in his office, his sicknesse lasted about 
1 1 weekes ; he had bin a rich blessing to this chh scores of 
yeares. he was grave,' sober, holy & temperate very studious & 
sollicitous for the peace & prosperity of the chh & to prevent 
& heale all breaches ; He dyed, December, 1 1 : neere the end 
of the 84 th yeare of his life; December, 16: was kept as a 
day of Humiliation for his death, the Pastor prayed & preached, 
M r Arnold & the Pastors 2 sons asisted in prayer ; much of 
Gods prescence went away from this chh when this blessed 
Pillar was removed. [Plym. Ch. Reds., I: II: 17, under year 
1691] 

Elder Thomas Cushman dyed, December, 1 1 : having within 
two moneths finished the S4 th yeare of his life ; He was ordained 
Ruling Elder of this church, April, 6: 1649: he was neere 43 
yeares in his office. [Plym. Ch. Reds., I : V : 22] 



[Plymouth County Probate Records, 1 : 129-132] 
[p. 129] To all People to whome these presents shall Come etc. 
Know ye that I Thomas Cushman sen r of the Town of Plimouth 
in New England being through Gods mercy and Goodness unto 
me at this present in some measure of Good health of Body and 
of sound understanding and strength of memory yet considering 
my frailty and uncertainty of my abiding in this vale of tears 
Do make this to be my last will and Testament And by these 
presents I do make this to be my last will and Testament to 
Remain firme and Inviolable for ever as followeth. Imprimis 
I Give and bequeath my Soul to God that Gave it and my Body 
to y e dust & to be decently Buried in hopes of y e Grace of God 
through Jesus Christ to Enter into a joyfull Resurrection — 
And for my outward Estate I dispose of as followeth viz* I will 
and bequeath unto my Dear and loving wife Mary Cushman All 
my house and housing together with all my uplands and meadow 
lands I am now possessed of in the Township of New Plimouth 
to be for her use and support during y e time of her naturall life 
Excepting such parcels as I do in this my will Give to my 
children: Item I Give unto my Son Thomas Cushman two 
twenty acre lots lying upon the Southerly side of m r Joseph 
Bradfords land as also y'- enlargements at y e head of those lots 
And also twenty acres of upland more or less lying upon the 
Easterly Side of Jones River by the Bridge with a skirt of 
meadow lying by said River And also one third of my meadow 



Elder Thomas Cushmaris Will and Inventory. 39 

at Winnatuxet And also a parcell of salt marsh meadow from 
our spring unto a Creek westerly of a salt hole and so down to 
y e River which said parcel of 1 meadow is to be his after our 
decease. All y e abovesaid Parcels of upland and meadows I do 
by these presents Give and Bequeath unto my son Tho : Cush- 
man to him and his heirs for Ever. Item I Give unto my son 
Isaac Cushman one twenty acre lot with y e addition at y e head 
lying on the northerly side of Samuel ffullers land in y e Town- 
ship of Plimouth and also the one half of my land lying at 
Namasket Pond in y e Township of Middleborough as Also y e 
one- half of my Right in the Sixteen shilling Purchase so Called 
in the Township abovesaid and also one third part of my meadow 
at Winnatuxet in Plimouth All which parcels of uplands and 
'meadows last above expressed I do by these presents Give & 
bequeath unto my Son Isaac Cushman and to him & his heirs 
for ever together with all the priviledges thereunto belonging. 
Item I do Give unto my son Elkanah Cushman one twenty acre 
lot with the addition at the head lying on the Northerly side of 
y e land I now Improve But in Case my Son Thomas's now 
dwelling house be upon part of this lot my will is my Son 
Thomas Enjoy y e land his house now Standeth on without 
molestation. As also I Give to my Son Elkanah Cushman the 
one half of my land lying at Namasket Pond as also y e one half 
of the Sixteen shilling Purchase above Expressed as also one 
third of my meadow at Winnatuxet All the abovesaid Parcels of 
lands and meadows last above Expressed with all the priveledges 
thereunto belonging I do by these presents Give unto my Son 
Elkanah Cushman and to his heires for Ever Item I do Give 
unto my Son Eleazer Cushman The Rest of my lands both 
uplands and meadow lands not above disposed of in Plimouth 
and duxborough as also my now dwelling house and outhousing 
which house and lands I do by these [p. 1 30] Presents Give and 
bequeath unto my Son Eleazer Cushman to him and his heires 
for ever to enjoy after I and my wife are deceased And my will 
is that my four Sons Thomas Isaac Elkanah & Eleazer Shall 
Each of them allow twenty shillings to their Sisters that is to 
say Sarah Hoaks and Lidiah Harlow As also my will is that 
if any of my Sons Se cause to make sale of their land I have 
Given them in Plimouth that they do let their Brothers that do 
Reside in Plimouth have the said' lands as they shall be valued 
by Indifferent men as also my will is and I do by these presents 
Give and bequeath unto my three Grandchildren in Lin the 
Children of my daughter Mary Hutchinson deceased to each of 
them twenty shillings to be paid unto them out of my Estate 



40 Elder Thomas Cushmaris Will and Inventory. 

Soone after my decease And I do Constitute and appoint my 
Dear and loving wife Mary Cushman to be the sole Executrix 
of this my last will and Testament my debts legacies and fu- 
nerall charges being first paid my will is that what ever other 
Estate is found of mine in Goods Chattels or debts Either in 
Plimouth or Else where shall be for y e support of my wife Dur- 
ing her naturall life And my will is that what Remains of my sd 
estate at my wifes decease the one half I do Give to my Son 
Eliaz Cushman and the other half unto my two daughters to 
Sarah Hoaks and Lidiah Harlow to be equally divided between 
them And my will is And I do by these presents appoint my 
two sons Thomas Cushman & Isaac Cushman and Thomas 
ffaunce to be y e Supervisors of this my last will and Testament 
much confiding in their love and faithfullness to be helpfull to 
my Sd Executrix in the acting and disposing of Particulars 
according to the tenour thereof thus hoping that this my last 
will and Testament will be performed and Kept Revoaking all 
other wills either written or verball I have in Witness thereof 
Set to my hand and Seal on the 22 d of October 1690 
Signed Sealed and declared Thomas Cushman sen r 

to be his last will and and a (seal) 

Testament In presence 
of us Witnesses 

James Warren 

Thomas ffaunce. 

James Warren and Thomas ffaunce the witnesses here 
named made oath before the County Court at Plimouth March 
y e 16 th : 169J- that they were present and saw the above named 
m r Thomas Cushman Signe and Seal and heard him declare the 
above written to be his last will and Testament And that to y e 
best of their judgment he was of sound mind and memory when 
he so did. 

Attest Sam 1 Sprague Clerk 

[p. 131] An addition to y e last will of Thomas Cushman sen r 
which is as followeth Whereas in my last will which was in 
sixteene hundred & ninety That I then left out a certain peece 
of land undisposed of which was one hundred acres of land lying 
in the Township of Plimouth upon a Brooke comonly called 
Colchester Brooke on both sides of y e Sd Brooke which I 
Reserved to sell for my Support or my wifes after my decease 
My will is therefore That my Son Thomas Cushman and my 
Son Isaac Cushman shall have the abovesd hundred acres of 



Elder Thomas CtisktnatCs Will and Inventory. 41 

land to be divided equally beUveen them to them and their 
heires and Assigns for ever Provided that they equally shall pay 
or cause to be paid ten pounds in currant Silver money to me 
abovesaid Thomas Cushman sen r or my wife Mary Cushman 
after my decease or after decease to be paid equally to my to 
daughters Sarah Hauks and Lidia Harlow Also I the abovesaid 
Thomas Cushman do" will and bequeath to my four sons Thomas 
Cushman and Isaac Cushman and Elkanah Cushman and Elea- 
zer Cushman all my Books equally to be divided among them 
onely two small Books to my Daughter Lidiah Harlow And my 
best Bible to my loving wife Mary Cushman likewise also I 
do Give and bequeath unto my Son Elkanah Cushman one 
acre of meadow which was Granted unto me lying at Doteis 
meadows. 

This Addition is to the last will of me Elder Thomas Cush- 
man of Plimouth being now in perfect understanding : Aprill : 
1 : 1691 

Signed Sealed and delivered Thomas Cushman sen r (seal) 

in presence of us witnesses 
Jonathan Shaw sen r 
Persis Shaw 
her P mark 

Jonathan Shaw one of y e witnesses here named made oath 
before y s County Court at Plimouth March 16 th 169* that he 
was Present and saw Elder Thomas Cushman above named 
Signe seal & heard him declare the above written Codicil to be 
his will, and an addition to his former will And that he y e Sd 
Shaw Subscribed to it as a witness and that he saw Persis his 
Wife Subscribe with him as a witness alsoe. 

Attest Sam 1 Sprague Clerk 

March 16 th 169* M 5 * 5 Mary Cushman Relict widdow of Elder 
Thomas Cushman late of Plimouth deceased Coming personally 
before y e County Court then held at Plimouth did freely ac- 
knowledge y« she hath Received fifty two shillings and Six 
pence of Isaac Cushman her Son in part of y e five pounds 
which y e Sd Isaac is to pay for his part of y e 100 acres of land 
at Colchester abovesaid : 

Attest Sam 1 Sprague Clerk : 

Memorandum that 
Persis Shaw y e other witness made oath Before W m Bradford 
Esq r Judge of Probate that She also was present and saw and 



42 Elder Thomas Citshmaris Will and Inventory. 

heard y e within named Elder Cushman Sign Seal & declare this 
within written Codicill as an Addition to his Will And that he 
was of Sound mind and memory when he did y e Same to the 
best of her judgment. 
Sep 1 25 th 1 70 1. Attest Sam 1 Sprague Register 

[p. 132] An Inventory of the Estate of M r Thomas Cushman 
Sen r late of Plimouth deceased taken and apprized by us whose 
names are here unto Subscribed on y e 17 th day of Decemb r 
1691 : 

Imprimis his wearing Apparell both linnen and woollen 

Item in Books at 

Item in Cash 

Item in two Beds and Bedding to them 

Item in Pewter and Brass 

Item in Iron pots & Kettles hakes & other jron vessels 

Item in Tables and Chests and chaires 

Item In Cotton & Sheeps wooll & linnen yarn & flax 

Item in Saddle Bridie and Pillion 

Item in Linnen wheel and old lumber 

Item in Iron wedges and Glass Bottels 

Item in Cart tacklen 

Item in Indian and English Come 

Item in Neat Cattell 

Item in sheep 

Item in Swine 

Item in a Loome 



£ 


s 


a 


04 


02 


00 


04 


00 


OO 


01 


02 


00 


10 


00 


00 


02 


I 5 


00 


01 


12 


00 


01 


16 


00 


01 


°3 


00 


01 


05 


00 


00 


J 5 


00 


00 


°5 


00 


00 


10 


00 


04 


01 


00 


1 3 


10 


00 


01 


00 


00 


00 


18 


00 


01 


°5 


00 




00 


08 


00 



Item in Debts due from y e Estate 

Thomas Cushman 
Isaac Cushman 
Thomas ffaunce. 

M re Mary Cushman Relict widdow of Elder Thomas Cush- 
man late of Plimouth deceased Made oath before y e County 
Court at Plimouth March 16 th 169] that y e above written is a 
true Inventory of the Goods and Chattels of her Sd late hus- 
band So far as she yet Knoweth and that if more shall be 
discovered to her she will make it Known. 

Attest Sam 1 Sprague Clericus 



Sixth Report of George Ernest Bowman, Secretary. 43 



SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT OF GEORGE ERNEST 
BOWMAN, SECRETARY OF THE SOCIETY OF 
MAYFLOWER DESCENDANTS IN THE COM- 
MONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

Read at the Sixth Annual Meeting, at Boston, Mass., 21 November, 
1901, and Printed by Order of the Society. 

In presenting my sixth annual report as Secretary of the 
Society of Mayflower Descendants in the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts, I have thought that a brief review of the 
Society's work since it was organized would be of interest and 
value, showing what important results can be obtained by doing 
thoroughly systematic work in accordance with a carefully de- 
veloped plan. We can say without fear of contradiction that 
the work which this Massachusetts Society of Mayflower De- 
scendants has begun is not only the most ambitious, but the 
most important genealogical work ever attempted. 

Before describing the special work which we have under- 
taken in connection with the publication of The Mayflower 
Descendant and the compilation of The Mayflower Genealogies, 
I will briefly outline the general history of the Society. 

On Saturday afternoon, 28 March, 1896, sixteen of the 
thirty ladies and gentlemen whose signatures to the articles of 
association I had secured met at the Hotel Vendome in this 
city and organized a Society of Mayflower Descendants. We 
were able to fill every one of the fifteen offices, something 
which no other State Society has been able to do at the date of 
its organization. 

Our Membership Committee has approved seven hundred 
and sixty-nine preliminary applications, and at a meeting of the 
lizard of Assistants held this afternoon our six hundred and 
ninety-third member was elected. There have been twenty-five 
deaths, twenty-seven resignations (the greater number resigning 
because they had become charter members of new State Soci- 
eties), and fonr members have been dropped from the roll (one 
because his line of descent was found to be incorrect, three for 
non-payment of annual dues). Our present membership is, 
therefore, six hundred and thirty-seven, distributed as follows : 
in Massachusetts, 457; New York, 33; Maine, 21; Rhode 
Island, 15; Iowa, 12; Michigan, n ; Ohio, n; Calif ornia, 9 ; 
Wisconsin, 8; Illinois, 7; New Hampshire, 7; Pennsylvania, 



44 Sixth Report of George Ernest Bowman, Secretary. 

7 ; Connecticut, 5 ; Colorado, 4 ; Minnesota, 4 ; Maryland, 3 ; 
New Jersey, 3 ; District of Columbia, 2 ; Kentucky, 2 ; Mis- 
souri, 2 ; Vermont, 2 ; Florida, 1 ; Indiana, 1 ; North Carolina, 
I ; Oregon, 1 ; Texas, 1 ; Virginia, 1 ; Hawaii, 1 ; British 
Columbia, 1 ; Nova Scotia, 1 ; Russia, 1 ; Switzerland, 2. 

We have elected eleven members who were over ninety 
years of age. Four of them still survive, Mrs. Nathaniel B. 
Hall of Hyannis, Mass., aged ninety-six years, two months, 
twenty-two days ; Mrs. Isaac Curtis of Lynn, Mass., aged 
ninety-two years, three months, ten days ; Mr. Joshua Delano 
of Kingston, Mass., aged ninety-one years, five months, fifteen 
days ; Mr. Daniel Cushman of Kingston, Mass., aged ninety-one 
years, three months, eleven days. 

Mrs. Mary Russell (YVinslow) Bradford of Cambridge, 
Mass., sixth in descent from James Chilton and fifth in 
descent from Mary (Chilton) YVinslow, was born 9 June, 1793, 
was elected on her one hundred and fifth birthday, 9 June, 
189S, and deceased 27 August, 1899, at the age of one hundred 
and six years, two months and eighteen days. 

Mr. Joseph Davis Jones of Boston, seventh in descent from 
John Howland, was born 31 December, 1797, was elected 29 
August, 189S, and passed away 12 January, 1899, aged one 
hundred and one years and twelve days. 

The most interesting case of longevity on our records is 
that of Mrs. Nathaniel B. Hall and her twin sister Mrs. James 
Smith, of Barnstable, seventh in descent from John Howland. 
They were born 30 August, 1805, signed their pedigree papers 
on their ninety-third birthday, 30 August, 1898, and were 
elected three days later. Mrs. Smith died 24 March, 1899, 
aged ninety-three years, six months and twenty-five days. Mrs. 
Hall, as before stated, is now living at Hyannis. 

The ages at death of the other four were as follows : Mr. 
David Thomas, ninety-three years, eleven months, six days ; 
Mr. Freeman Foster, ninety-three years, nine months, twenty- 
six days ; Mrs. Thomas E. Keely, ninety-three years, one month, 
fifteen days; Miss Zeruah Soule, ninety-two years, four months, 
sixteen days. 

From the earliest days of the Society your Secretary has 
urged the members who are descended from more than one 
Mayflower ancestor to file supplemental papers showing such 
descent. No fee is required when supplemental lines of de- 
scent are filed, as it is the policy of this Society to encourage in 
every possible way search for Mayflower lines. 

Every line of descent accepted by this Society, whether 



Sixth Report of George Ernest Bowman, Secretary. 45 

original or - supplemental, is recorded in The Mayflower De- 
scendant, and those who have supplemental claims not yet filed 
are again requested to present them as early as possible. 
. The 693 members elected have filed 1547 different lines of 
descent. Mr. Frederick Alonzo Turner, Jr. is descended from 
twenty-two Mayflower passengers. Mrs. Alonzo B. Bray has 
twenty different lines of Mayflower descent. She has eight 
different lines from Governor Bradford. Mr. Edwin S. Cran- 
don has proved descent from ten different Mayflower families. 
The first column of figures in the following table shows the 
number of members of the Massachusetts Society descended 
from each Mayflower passenger. The second column shows 
the number of different lines of descent from each passenger 
already filed by our members. Every passenger from whom 
descent can be proved is represented in the Massachusetts 
Society. 



John Alden 


181 


230 


Dr. Samuel Fuller 


23 


23 


Isaac Allerton 


45 


45 


Stephen Hopkins 


81 


94 


John Billington 


H 


17 


John Howland 


133 


179 


William Bradford 


81 


93 


Degory Priest 


18 


21 


William Brewster 


172 


217 


Thomas Rogers 


33 


37 


Peter Brown 


23 


27 


Henry Samson 


13 


13 


James Chilton 


52 


57 


George Soule 


40 


42 


Francis Cooke 


89 


in 


Myles Standish 


35 


37 


Edward Doty 


22 


24 


Richard Warren 


158 


208 


Francis Eaton 


3i 


31 


William White 


9 


11 


Edward Fuller 


25 


25 


Edward Winslow 


5 


5 



The Society has held twenty-six meetings, including excur- 
sions to Plymouth, Duxbury, Kingston and Squantum. It also 
gave a dinner at the Samoset House at Plymouth, to the dele- 
gates and their friends who attended the first General Congress 
in 1897, and a reception at the same place to those present at 
the extra session held in 1898. 

On 19 October, 1896, when the Society was less than seven 
months old, and had but eighty-four members, the office No. 
623 Tremont Building, Boston, was leased for the Society's 
headquarters. If our work continues to expand as rapidly as it 
has done in the past we shall very soon need more room. 

Soon after the organization of the Society your Secretary 
called attention to the importance of collecting a library, which 
should eventually include everything in print relating to the 
Pilgrims and their descendants and to the towns comprising 
the " Old Colony," also original documents and relics. He at 
the same time began to solicit donations for this purpose. As 



46 Sixth Report of George Ernest Bowman, Seeretary. 

a result we now own 579 bound volumes and pamphlets, of 
which 161 are gifts ; 177 old documents, such as deeds, inven- 
tories, bills of sale, letters etc., of which 150 are gifts; 142 
photographs, of which 69 are gifts ; a high chest of drawers 
about 150 years old, our first legacy ; 4 framed engravings and 
photographs, all gifts ; and other miscellaneous articles. 

In addition to the property just mentioned it was my good 
fortune to secure the deposit, in March, 1897, of the Brewster 
Book * and, later, of the Fitch Diary f with the Society, for 
preservation and publication. The Brewster Book has been 
repaired at the expense of the Society and can now be handled 
without danger of farther damage. 

In June, 1897, a prize of fifty dollars was offered for a 
design for a book-plate, and in January, 1898, this was awarded 
to Mr. Charles E. Heil of Boston. 

Many of our books need rebinding, and the pamphlets 
should be bound at once or they will wear out rapidly. A card 
catalogue of the library and cabinet is also greatly needed, and 
we especially need funds available at short notice for the pur- 
chase of rare volumes which are seldom offered for sale. 

There are many books and pamphlets which we should own, 
and which can be purchased at prices ranging from fifty cents 
upward. Your Secretary will be pleased to give their titles to 
any one who wishes to present books to our library. All gifts 
for any of the purposes mentioned will be acknowledged in The 
Mayflower Descendant. 

Allow me at this point to call your particular attention to 
the chest of drawers already mentioned. This was bequeathed 
to the Society by Miss Harriet Lawrence Adams of Boston, 
seventh in descent from John Alden, who was elected a mem- 
ber 31 December, 1897, and passed away 4 November, 1900. 
The chest once belonged to the great grand-parents of Miss 
Adams, but not in her line of descent from John Alden. It 
was delivered to the Society 12 March, 1901. 

Are there not others who would like to remember the 
Society when planning the future distribution of their estate, 
or who would like to deposit with us for preservation old 
documents or relics ? It may be well to remind our members 
and friends that the Society's office is located in a modern, 
fire-proof building, and that as an additional protection we have, 
since February, 1899, owned a very large safe in which there is 
still room for many valuable gifts and loans. 

On 30 September, 1897, at a special meeting of the Society 

* Mfr. Desc, I : 1. t Ibid, I : 36. 



Sixth Report of George Ernest Bowman, Seeretaty. 47 

held on the spot, Dr. Thomas Bradford Drew of Plymouth, 
since deceased, in behalf of descendants of Governor William 
Bradford, delivered to your Secretary, for the Massachusetts 
Society, a deed of a portion of the estate formerly owned by the 
Governor in that part of Plymouth which is now the town of 
Kingston. Our Committee on Marking Historic Sites has 
since collected from Bradford descendants the necessary funds, 
and has placed on the plot, to which has been given the name 
"Bradford Meerstead," a handsome bronze tablet suitably in- 
scribed and attached to a massive boulder. 

On Friday afternoon, 21 November, 1900, at the Central 
Church in this city, was held our first Forefathers' Day service 
in commemoration of the Landing of the Pilgrims. It has been 
decided to make such a memorial service an important feature 
of our annual programme. 

Before the Society was a year old your Secretary began to 
urge the importance of -doing something towards preserving and 
making readily accessible the vast amount of genealogical and 
historical data buried in the ancient Plymouth Colony records 
and in the various town and county records, and in June, 1897, 
it was decided to make a beginning by printing a literal tran- 
script of the vital records of one of the smaller towns. Before 
your Secretary was able to prepare these records for the printer 
it occurred to him that a quarterly magazine, published by this 
Society and devoted exclusively to Pilgrim genealogy and his- 
tory, would meet the needs of a wider range of searchers, since 
it would allow of the publication of more varied matter and 
enable us to print in installments many different records. 
After a careful study of this project he laid the matter before 
the Board of Assistants, who considered it for several months 
and finally voted to publish such a magazine, choosing your 
Secretary as its Editor. 

After a long period of careful preparatory work the first 
number of "The Mayflower Descendant " was issued on 1 July, 
1 899, and was dated January, 1 899, as it seemed best to have 
the volumes begin with the calendar year. Owing to the Edi- 
tor's continued efforts to supply the demand for genealogies as 
well as transcripts of records, he has been unable to bring the 
issue up to date, but the amount of material already accumu- 
lated warrants the promise that he will do so during the coming 
year. 

We have already begun in The Mayflower Descendant the 
publication of " Francis Cooke and His Descendants " and 
" Richard W r arren and His Descendants " ; of literal transcripts 



48 Sixth Report of George Ernest Bowman, Secretary. 

of the Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories, the Plymouth 
Colony Deeds, and the vital records of the towns of Barnstable, 
Bridgewater, Dartmouth, Eastham and Orleans, Halifax, Har- 
wich, Marshfield, Middleborough, Plymouth, Plympton, Scituate 
and Yarmouth ; and have begun abstracts of the Barnstable 
County Wills and Inventories. 

We have published a literal transcript of every known will 
and inventory of a Mayflower passenger, except Governor 
Edward Winslow's (which will appear in the fourth volume), 
and have begun to publish those of the second generation. 

Before "The Mayflower Descendant " was thought of, your 
Secretary had begun the compilation, as a personal undertaking, 
of "The Mayflower Genealogies," intended to include every 
descendant, in all male and female lines, of every Mayflower 
passenger, and the data already collected by him was turned 
over to the Society when it was decided to publish the maga- 
zine. 

In the compilation of The Mayflower Genealogies, it is in- 
tended to exhaust every available source of information. The 
installments already printed show with what thoroughness the 
records are being searched for every item about each person 
named. Since each one of the twenty-two Mayflower families 
settled first at Plymouth, it is evident that, in order to avoid a 
great waste of time and money, the compilations of the geneal- 
ogies of all these families should be carried on by, or under the 
control of, one organization. If each family is taken up inde- 
pendently, thousands of pages of original records, already in 
many cases very badly worn, must receive an immense amount 
of totally unnecessary handling, and the waste of time and 
money will be enormous. 

In order to avoid going over the same ground many times, 
we have begun the indexing of every name found in the Plym- 
outh Colony Wills, the Plymouth Colony Deeds and the Pro- 
bate and Land Records of Plymouth, Barnstable and Bristol 
Counties. We have also been obliged to re -index the twelve 
printed volumes of Plymouth Colony Records (adding over 
2000 references), the two printed volumes of Plymouth Town 
Records (adding over 1100 references) and the printed volume 
of Duxbury Town Records (adding 1600 references). 

The compilation of the Mayflower Genealogies in the thor- 
ough way in which we are carrying on the work will take a long 
time and will be very expensive, but it will never have to be 
done over again. The progress of this most important work 
will be determined by the amount of the receipts for the Colo- 



Sixth Report of George Ernest Bowman, Secretary. 49 

nial Research Fund. This fund is made up of the fees for 
genealogical searches made, and gifts from those interested in 
the work. The Committee on Historical Research hopes to 
receive in gifts at least $2000 to expend on the genealogies 
during the coming year. Unconditional gifts for the general 
work are especially desired, but contributions for particular lines 
of work will be gratefully received.* 

In addition to the indexes mentioned we have collected a 
great amount of data about the first four or five generations of 
the different families, including hundreds of vital records and 
abstracts of wills and deeds not yet published. The use of this 
large and constantly increasing accumulation of data in supplying 
information to those who are trying to prove Pilgrim descent 
has added somewhat to the Colonial Research Fund during the 
past year. Those who are thinking of having any search made 
in the records of any part of the "Old Colony" are reminded 
that every such search made by this Society adds to our 
material for future use, while the fees received all go to the 
Colonial Research Fund. The Society's work will thus be 
helped in two ways at the same time. 

One year ago, at the suggestion of your Secretary, it was 
voted to set apart each year, from the funds of the Society, the 
sum of twenty-five cents for each member at the date of 
the annual meeting, to form a Tri-Centennial Publication Fund. 
This fund will be allowed to accumulate until 1920, the tri- 
centennial anniversary of the Landing of the Pilgrims, and will 
then be used to defray the expense of a memorial volume or 
volumes. This Society should at that time be in a position 
to publish a series of volumes of Pilgrim genealogy and history 
which will be of incalculable value, and it is none too early to 
begin to make plans for such a work. 

In conclusion I would say that in publishing The Mayflower 
Descendant, the first historical magazine to pay for itself from 
the start ; and in undertaking the compilation of The Mayflower 
Genealogies, the most comprehensive and the most important 
genealogical work ever attempted, the Society of Mayflower 
Descendants in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts has made 
a record unequalled by any other patriotic-hereditary society, a 
record in which it may justly take the greatest pride ; and it 
has accomplished this entirely unaided by any other Society, 
the contributions received from persons not members of the 
Massachusetts Society having amounted to less than eighty 
dollars. 

* For a list of the special Funds see Pilgrim Notes and Queries in this issue. 



50 The Triennial Congress. 

In order that we may continue this great work on which we 
have entered and keep it up to the high standard we have set, 
the Committee on Historical Research, the Committee on Pub- 
lication and the Editor all need your hearty co-operation and 
encouragement. Having that, you may rest assured that they 
will spare no effort to add to the prestige already acquired. 



THE TRIENNIAL CONGRESS HELD SEPTEMBER 15, 

*90(X 

[Explanatory Note. Justice to the Publication Committee and the Editor 
demands a statement of the reasons for the long delay in printing this account. 

At the Congress held at Plymouth on Saturday, September 15, 1900, it was 
voted that the proceedings of the Congress should be published in full in the 
Mayflower Descendant, and sent to every member of the General Society. At 
the meeting of the General Board of Assistants, held at New York on February 8, 
1901, "It was announced that the Congress had ordered that the minutes of the 
Congress be printed in full in the Mayflower Descendant . . . The Secretary 
was ordered to furnish the minutes of Congress and *this meeting for that pur- 
pose."* On July 24, 1901, more than ten months after the Congress had ordered 
the minutes printed, and more than five months after the General Board had 
again ordered them furnished, the Secretary General mailed to the Editor the 
minutes of the Board meeting, prefacing them as follows : " Print account of 
Congress in full, as it appears in the General Book." Said account of the Gen- 
eral Congress is not a complete record of the acts of the Congress, as witness the 
omission of any reference to the vote ordering the publication of the minutes; 
the omission of the names of donors of historic sites, and of other important 
matters. Since it has proved impossible to obtain the minutes of the Congress 
of 1900 for publication, we have finally decided to reprint (with a number of 
corrections) the incomplete account in the General Society's book, together 
with a verbatim copy of the Secretary General's report of the meeting of the 
General Board of Assistants.] 

The Second Triennial Congress was held at Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, September 15, 1900. Deputy Governor Gen- 
eral Lombard, having been designated to act in the absence 
of the Governor General, presided, and the Congress elected 
the Historian General as its secretary pro tempore, in the 
absence of the Secretary General. 

The Rev. Dr. Daniel F. Warren invoked the divine blessing. 

The following were appointed a committee on credentials : 
Frederick W. Parker, Edwin A. Hill and Howland Davis. 
They reported eighty-one delegates present, as follows — New 
York: Richard Henry Greene, John Taylor Terry, Howland 
Davis, William Milne Grinnell, James LeBaron Willard, Walter 
Steuben Carter, John Newel Tilden, John Whittlesey Walton, 

* Minutes of the Board meeting near the end of this article. 



The Triennial Congress. 5 1 

Warren C. Crane, Edward S. Atwood, Linus E. Fuller, Mar- 
shall W. Greene, Mrs. Sylvanus Reed, Cyrus F. Paine, Mrs. 
Stephen V. C. White, Marguerite T. Doane, Frederick N. 
.LeBaron, Mrs. Emma B. Chamberlin, Hamilton B. Tompkins, 
Mrs. R. H. Greene, H. K. Bush-Brown, Cassius M. Wicker, 
Mrs. Albert H. Pitkin, Mrs. Charles H. Terry, Charles Henry 
Wight, Mrs. H. C. Manning, Lewis Deitz, Mrs. F. W. Hopkins, 
and Mrs. James M. McKinlay — twenty-nine. 

Connecticut : William Waldo Hyde, Charles Dudley War- 
ner, Rev. James Gibson Johnson, Percy Coe Eggleston, Nathan 
Holt Smith, Edwin A. Hill, Sylvester C. Dunham, Mrs. Cath- 
erine A. D. Bramble, Mrs. Frances W. B. Dowries and Lucy 
Palmer Butler — ten. 

Massachusetts : Myles Standish, M.D., Frederick W. Par- 
ker, William T. Davis, Frederick S. Vaill, George C. Night- 
ingale, Charles A. Burditt, Edward T. Barker, L. Emery 
Holden, Horace H. Soule, Jr., J. Weston Allen, Alfred S. 
Johnson, Mrs. Edward T. Barker, Susan Barker Willard, Abby 
Louise Allen, Mrs. Nelson V. Titus, Mrs. Charles H. Fisher, 
Mrs. Samuel G. Webber, Mrs. John A. Remick, Maria G. 
Webber, Sarah S. Webber, Mrs. John F. Gaylord, Mrs. Fred- 
erick N. Knapp, Mrs. William S. Kyle, Caroline B. Warren, 
Mrs. James E. Sherman and Mary Russell Hodge — twenty-six. 

Pennsylvania : Josiah Granville Leach, Ashbel Welch, Mrs. 
William H. McCartney, Eben Francis Barker, Lucretia C. 
Lennig, Anne Law Hubbell and A. R. Welch — seven. 

Illinois: Josiah Lewis Lombard, Mrs. E. W. Blatchford 
and Edward Milton Adams — three. 

District of Columbia : William Lowrey Marsh, Algernon A. 
Aspinwall, Mrs. Preston H. Bailhache, Mrs. William H. Chany 
— four. - 

Ohio : Herbert Jenney, William Howard Doane and Ida F. 
Doane — three. 

New Jersey: Rev. Daniel F. Warren, D.D., and Mrs. J. H. 
Oglesby — two. 

The ^ following officers were elected : Governor General, 
Henry E. Rowland ; Deputy Governors General, Charles Dud- 
ley Warner*, Connecticut; Winslow Warren, Massachusetts; 
Francis Olcott Allen, Pennsylvania; Josiah Lewis Lombard, 
Illinois; William Lowrey Marsh, District of Columbia; Her- 
bert Jenny, Ohio; Rev. Daniel F. Warren, D.D., New Jersey; 
Captain General, Myles Standish, M.D. ; Elder General, Rev. 

•Deceased October 20, 1900. Lyman Denison Brewster elected by the Gen- 
eral Board of Assistants February 8, 1901. 



The Triennial Congress. 



& 



Edward Lord Clark, D.D. ; Secretary General, Richard Henry 
Greene ; Treasurer General, James Mauran Rhodes ; Historian 
General, Rodney Macdonough * ; Surgeon General, Orlando 
Brown, M.D. ; Assistants, I lowland Davis, New York; Rev. 
Roderick Terry, D.D., New York; William Waldo Hyde, Con- 
necticut ; George Ernest Bowman, Massachusetts ; Josiah Gran- 
ville Leach, Pennsylvania ; Victor Clifton Alderson, Illinois ; 
Harry Weston Van Dyke, District of Columbia. 

A committee on constitutional revision was named, con- 
sisting of Winslow Warren, William Waldo Hyde, Walter S. 
Carter, L. Emery Holden and Walter M. Howland. 

The committee to publish the book was discharged, and R. 
H. Greene was made chairman of a new committee, with J. 
Granville Leach, Prof. Victor C. Alderson, Jeremiah Richards 
and Dr. Myles Standish. 

Thanks were voted to the donors of historic sites, and 
Lorenzo D. Baker, John B. Perry, Warren W r . Small and Mary 
J. Perry were appointed committee for Corn Hill, and Lorenzo 

D. Baker, William Thomas Davis and Frederick W T esley Parker 
for Truro sites. 

A committee for the reception Saturday evening at the 
Samoset was named, consisting of Marshall W. Greene, Ashbei 
Welch, Mrs. Edward T. Barker, Mrs. S. V. W 7 hite and Mrs. 

E. G. Chamberlin. 

Announcements were made of Brewster and Howland meet- 
ings, and the dedication of Bradford boulder and tablet at 
Kingston on Monday, the presentation to the Massachusetts 
Society to be made by William T. Davis of Plymouth, and 
to be received by Richard Henry Greene of New York. 

Two services were arranged for the Sabbath : in the after- 
noon at Clark's Island, which, on account of the storm, was 
held at the Samoset ; in the evening at the Church of the Pil- 
grimage, where the principal address was made by Rev. Dr. 
James Gibson Johnson — subject : " The Nation's Debt to the 
Pilgrims." The pastor, Rev. D. Melancthon James, Dr. War- 
ren and Mr. Greene also took part in the service. The choir 
was reinforced by delegates under the lead of W. Howard 
Doane, composer of the music of the Mayflower Song, which, 
with Mrs. Hemans' Hymn and other appropriate selections, 
was well rendered. 

Pilgrimages were made on the different days of the week 
to the Winslow Burying-ground and W 7 ebster House, Marshfield ; 
the Alden and Standish houses, cemetery and monument, Dux- 

* Elected by the General Board of Assistants, February S, 1901. 






The Triennial Congress. 53 

bury ; the Howland site at Kingston ; and the many points of 
interest in Plymouth. 

Minutes of the Board Meeting. 

The General Board met at the office Hon. Henry E. How 
land, pursuant to call dated January 7, 1901 on February 8th, 
1901 at 3 o'clock p. m. 

The Governor General in the chair and the following mem- 
bers present : Deputy Governors General Hyde, Lombard, 
Marsh and Warren of New Jersey ; Treasurer General Rhodes ; 
Captain Gen. Standish; Assistants Leach and Terry; and 
Sec. Gen. Greene. 

The minutes were read and approved. 

The Treasurer General made his report which was received 
and placed on file. 

Mr. Marsh moved that the Secretary General notify each 
society which had not paid a charter fee that the same is due. 
Seconded and carried. 

The form of Charter was exhibited and adopted. 

Mr. Leach moved that the form of charter as shown be 
approved and adopted, and the Secretary General be directed 
to have enough prepared to meet the needs of the society. 
Seconded and carried. 

Mr. Lombard moved that whenever doubt is thrown upon 
the eligibility of any member that the society of which he or she 
is a member be advised to require proof to be furnished, and in 
default thereof that such member be dropped from the roll. 
Seconded and carried. 

Rodney Macdonough a member of the Massachusetts So- 
ciety was nominated by Dr. Standish, and seconded by Mr. 
Greene, for the office of Historian General. He was elected. 

Lyman D. Brewster, a member of the Connecticut Society, 
was nominated by Mr. Hyde, for Deputy Gov. General in place 
of Charles Dudley Warner deceased. Dr. Terry seconded the 
nomination, and he was elected. 

The matter of assessments for 1899, 1900 and 1901 referred 
to the board by the congress; and the cost of publication of 
General Book, ordered by the congress and placed in the hands 
of a committee by it, was taken up. 

Mr. Marsh moved that the Treasurer General be instructed 
to credit to the publication fund one dollar per capita for each 
society which had paid the assessment levied for 1898 being 
one half of said assessment. Seconded and carried. 



54 The Triennial Congress. 

Mr. Marsh moved that the committee for publication be 
authorized to proceed with the work at a cost not to exceed the 
sum of four thousand dollars. Seconded and carried. 

Mr. Marsh moved that an assessment be levied on each state 
society on its full membership as of this day at two dollars per 
capita. Seconded and carried. 

Mr. Lombard moved that the Congress be called together 
next September and a committee be appointed to arrange for 
the meeting and select the place. Seconded and carried. 

The chair appointed as such committee Messrs. Lombard 
and Marsh. On motion the Governor General was added and 
made chairman. 

It was announced that the Congress had ordered that the 
minutes of the congress be printed in full in the Mayflower 
Descendant and sent to every member of the society, and that 
the General Society should pay to the Massachusetts Society one' 
hundred dollars therefor. The Secretary was ordered to furnish 
the minutes of congress and of this meeting for that purpose. 

An application was read from residents of the State of Wis- 
consin filed with the Secretary General Dec. 20, 1900, and 
a charter was granted. 

An application was read from residents of the State of 
Rhode Island, filed with the Secretary General Jan. 14, 1901, 
and charter was granted. 

An application was read from residents of the State of 
Michigan, filed with the Secretary General Feb. 4, 1901, and 
charter was granted. 

An application was read from residents of the State of 
Minnesota, filed with the Secretary General, but some of the 
names, though approved by the State Historians were either 
awaiting the action of the Historian General or the report of the 
membership committees. 

On motion duly seconded the matter of granting a charter 
to members in the State of Minnesota was left to the Secretary 
General with power to issue a charter whenever the application 
bears the requisite twenty signatures. 
On motion adjourned. 

Richd. H. Greene, See. Gen. 



Reports from State Societies. 5 5 



REPORTS FROM STATE SOCIETIES. 



MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY. 

The Sixth Annual Meeting and Dinner of the Massachusetts Society 
were held at the Hotel Brunswick, Boston, on Thursday afternoon and 
evening, November zi, 1901. The Secretary's report was ordered printed 
in full in The Mayflower Descendant. 

After the dinner addresses were made by Governor Standish, who 
presided, by Hon. James M. W. Hall, Professor Wilfred H. Munro, 
Professor Albert Bushnell Hart and Mr. J. Henry Sears, and parts of the 
Secretary's report were again read in accordance with a vote of the Society 
at the afternoon meeting. Congratulatory telegrams were sent to and re- 
ceived from the New York, Illinois, Ohio and District of Columbia Soci- 
eties. 

The following officers were elected for the year 1901-1902 : 
Governor, Myles Standish, M.D. 

Deputy Governor, Winslow Warren. 
Captain, Charles Augustus Hopkins. 

Elder, Rev. George Hodges, D.D. 

Secretary, George Ernest Bowman. 

Treasurer, Marcus Morton. 

Historian, Frederick Wesley Parker. 

Surgeon, Samuel Jason Mixter, M.D. 

Assistants, Morton Dexter, Mrs. Burr Porter, Mrs. William Law- 

rie, Henry Southworth Shaw, Sumner Bass Pear- 
main, Horace Homer Soule, Jr., Mrs. C. Peter Clark. 

On Saturday afternoon, December 21, 1901, the Massachusetts Society 
held its Second Annual Forefathers' Day Service, at King's Chapel, Bos- 
ton. The Rev. George Hodges, D.D., the Elder of the Society, conducted 
the devotional services, and the Rev. Frederick Baylies Allen delivered the 
address, which is printed in full in this number. 

The following Standing Committees for the year 1 901 -1902 have been 
appointed by the Board of Assistants : 

Marking Historic Sites : Charles Francis Adams, Gamaliel Bradford, 
Rev. Edward L. Clark, D.D., Myles Standish, M.D., Winslow Warren. 

Historical Research : John Mason Little, F. Apthorp Foster, Boyl- 
ston A. Beat, Rodney Macdonough, George Ernest Bowman. 

Publication : Morton Dexter, Winslow Warren, John F. Hill, Fred- 
erick w. Parker, George Ernest Bowman. 

Library : Theodore S. Lazell, Benjamin F. Stevens, Miss Ellen 
Chase, Mrs. J. Payson Bradley, Rev. Edward H. Rudd. 

Membership : Mrs. John Holmes Morison, Miss Sarah H. Crocker, 
Mrs. Walter M. Farwell, Mrs. Frederic A. Turner, Mrs. Edward T. 
Barker. 

Finance: L. Loring Brooks, George H. Leonard, Henry D. Forbes, 
Joseph H. Goodspeed, Fisher Ames. 

Entertainment : J. Weston* Allen, Miss Harriet A. Shaw, Horace H. 
Soule, Jr., Mrs. John A. Remick, Ray Greene Huling. 



56 Reports from State Societies. 

DONATION'S TO THE LIBRARY AND CABINET. 

" Richard Warren of the Mayflower and Some of His Descendants/' 
from the compiler, Mrs. Washington A. Roebling. 

" Records of the Court of Assistants, Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 
1 630-1692, Vol. I, 1 673-1 692,*' from John Noble, Esq. 

" A Finding List of Genealogies and Local History in the Syracuse 
Public Library, Syracuse, N. Y.," from the Library. 

" Sprague Family Items," from the compiler, D wight H. Kelton, 
LL.D. 

Framed Engraving. i; The Departure of the Pilgrims,*' from Mrs. 
George Agry, Jr. 

'• Supplement to Members and Ascendants of the Massachusetts Soci- 
ety of the Colonial Dames of America, 1898-99,'' from Mrs. Francis P. 
Sprague. 

" History and Genealogy of the Bangs Family in America," from Mr. 
J. Henry Sears. 

" An Index to Taintor's Colchester (Conn.) Records," from the com- 
piler, Mr. James Knox Blish. 

" An Address by Rev. Frank T. Bay ley, D.D., to the Society of Colo- 
nial Wars in Colorado, October 30, 1901," from the Society. 

" Fourteenth Report on Public Records," from Hon. Robert T. Swan. 

Members Elected. 

October 25, 1901. 

682. Mrs. George Herbert Crocker, Fitchburg, eighth from John Alden. 

683. Mrs. Alphonso Livingston Gilkey, Portland, Me., seventh from 

William Bradford. 

684. Mrs. Adams Crocker, Fitchburg, eighth from John Alden. 

685. Mrs. Ira Bliss Keith, Lynn, eighth from Stephen Hopkins, seventh 

from Gyles Hopkins. 

686. Mrs. Frank Melville Breed, Lynn, eighth from John Alden. 

687. Mrs. Frank Albert Higgins, Boston, eighth from John Alden. 

688. George Edward Barnard, Lynn, eighth from Stephen Hopkins, 

seventh from Gyles Hopkins. 

November 21, 1901. 

689. William Burdick Stevens, Boston, eighth from Richard Warren. 

690. Mrs. Theodore Studley Lazell, Boston, ninth from William Brad- 

ford. 

691. Mrs. Monroe Aver, Boston, sixth from John Howland. 

692. Mrs. John Henry Ball. Bridgewater, sixth from John Howland. 

693. Rev. Edward Huntting Rudd, Dedham, ninth from William Brews- 

ter, eighth from Love Brewster. % 

Supplemental Lines Filed. 

October, 1901. 

ill. Miss Amy W. Alden, tenth from John Billington, ninth from Fran- 
cis Billington: ninth from Francis Cooke; tenth from Francis 
Cooke; ninth from Francis Eaton, eighth from Samuel Eaton; 
ninth from Dr. Samuel Fuller; ninth from George Soule. 

208. James M. W. Hall, eighth from Richard Warren. 



Reports from State Societies. , 57 

679. Daniel Cushman, seventh from John Alden ; seventh from Francis 
Cooke : seventh from Stephen Hopkins ; seventh from Myles 
Standish. 

November, 1901. 

571. Mrs. Albert Sauveur, ninth from John Billington, eighth from Fran- 
cis Billington ; eighth from Francis Eaton, seventh from Samuel 
Eaton; eighth from Dr. Samuel Fuller; eighth from Stephen 
Hopkins. 

576. Miss Maria S. Daniels, eighth from John Howland : ninth from 
John Howland. 

591. John A. Daniels, eighth from John Howland. 

638. Fisher Ames, sixth from John Alden ; seventh from John Alden ; 
eighth from William Brewster, seventh from Love Brewster ; 
eighth from James Chilton, seventh from Mary Chilton ; eighth 
from Thomas Rogers ; eighth from Richard Warren. 

674. Mrs. Henry T. Coe, ninth from John Alden ; ninth from Peter 
Brown; ninth from Francis Cooke; ninth from Francis Eaton. 

December, 1901. 

690. Mrs. Theodore S. Lazell, ninth from John Alden ; tenth from John 
Alden; tenth (two lines) from William Brewster; ninth from Love 
Brewster; ninth from Stephen Hopkins: tenth from Thomas 
Rogers ; ninth from Henry Samson ; ninth from Richard War- 
ren. 



NEW YORK SOCIETY. 

The Seventh Annual Meeting and Dinner were held at Delmonico's, 
New York City, on Thursday evening, November 21, 1901. Addresses 
were made by Hon. James M. Beck, Rev. James M. Buckley, D.D., 
LL.D., Rev. Henry Elliott Mott, D.D., Hon. John L. McLaur'in, John 
Foord and Hon. Lyman D. Brewster. Congratulatory telegrams were 
sent to the Massachusetts, Maine and Illinois Societies; and were re- 
ceived from the Massachusetts, Ohio, Illinois and District of Columbia 
Societies. 

The following officers were elected : 
Governor, William Winton Goodrich. 

Deputy Governor, Rev. Roderick Terry, D.D. 
Captain, J. Bayard Backus. 

™er, Rev. Daniel Frederick Warren. D.D. 

Secretary, Charles Waldo Haskins. 

Treasurer, William Lanman Bull. 

Historian, Richard Henry Greene. 

Surgeon, Gorham Bacon, M.D. 

Members Elected. 
October 2, 1901. 

667. Josephine Ward Swann, Princeton, N. J., seventh from Edward 

Winslow. 

November 6, 1901. 

668. Miss Marie E. Ives, New York, eighth from John Howland. 



58 Reports from State Societies. 

669. Joseph Baker Bourne, New York, tenth from John Alden. 

670. Franklin Whetstone Hopkins, New York, ninth from Stephen Hop- 

kins, eighth from Constance Hopkins. 

December 4, 1901. 

671. William Stowell Mills. Brooklyn, eighth from Edward Fuller, 

seventh from Samuel 2 Fuller. 

672. Mrs. Loyd Wheaton. Manila, P. I., seventh from William Bradford. 

673. Mrs. Herbert Turrell, New York, ninth from John Howland. 



CONNECTICUT SOCIETY. 

Mr. William M. Stark of New London was elected Secretary, Decem- 
ber 16, 1901, to succeed Mr. Nathan H. Smith, resigned. 



PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY. 

The Annual Meeting was held at the Hotel Stratford, Philadelphia, on 

Friday, November 22, 1901. The following officers were elected : 

Governor, Charlemagne Tower, Jr. 

Deputy Governor, Francis Olcott Allen. 

Captain, Charles A. Brinley. 

Secretary, George Champlin Mason. 

Historian, J. Granville Leach. 

Surgeon, Charles Peaslee Turner, M.D. 

Assistants, Ashbel Welch, James Crosby Brown, Craige Lippin- 

cott, Eben Francis Barker, George E. Bartoi, Wil- 
liam H. Castle, Edward Clinton Lee. 

Member Elected. 

October 2, 1901. 

136. Louis Barcroft Runk, Philadelphia, eleventh from Thomas Rogers. 



ILLINOIS SOCIETY. 

The Annual Banquet was held at Chicago on Thursday evening, 
November 21, 1901. Rev. William M. Lawrence delivered an address on 
" The Contribution of the Mayiiower Society to the Historic Spirit."' Rt. 
Rev. Charles E. Cheney then presented to the retiring Governor, Mr. 
Walter Morton Howland, a silver loving cup, appropriately engraved, as 
a token of esteem and friendship, from the members of the Society. 

The Annual Meeting was held at Chicago, on Friday, November 22, 
1 901, and the following officers were elected: 
Governor, Dr. James Nevins Hyde. 

Deputy Governor, Professor Victor Clifton Alderson. 
Elder/ Rt. Rev. Charles Edward Cheney. 

Secretary, Mrs. Walter Morton Howland. 

Treasurer, Paul Blatchford. 

Historian, Theron Royal Woodward. 

Captain, Isaac Burrows Snow. 

Surgeon, Dr. Harry Cushman Worthington. 



Reports from State Societies. 59 

Assistants, Miss Cornelia Gray Lunt, Mrs. Nelson C. Gridley, 

Mrs. Henry C. Purmort, Mrs. Albert AntisdeL Mrs. 
Seymour Morris, John Smith Sargent, Solon Tenney 
French. 

Members Elected. 
November 13, 1901. 

86. Louis Brackett Bishop, Chicago, ninth from William Brewster. 

87. Isaac Gross Lombard, Chicago, eighth from Stephen Hopkins, 

seventh from Constance Hopkins. 

88. George McMurtry Ludlow, Chicago, eighth from Edward Doty. 

89. Mrs. Charles Albert Ward, Evanston, ninth from John Alden. 



OHIO SOCIETY. 

The Fourth Annual Meeting was held at Cincinnati, November 21, 
1 90 1, and the following officers were elected : 
Governor, Herbert Jenney. 

Deputy Governor, Mrs. Frank J. Jones. 
Captain, William H. Doane. 

Elder, Rev. John Hugh Ely. 

Secretary, Miss Clara Chipman Newton. 

Treasurer, Henry C. Yergason. 

Historian, William H. Pabodie. 

Surgeon, Dr. Herman J. Groesbeck. 

Assistants, Mrs. Frank R. Ellis, Mrs. Henry M. Curtis, Mrs. 

George Hoadly, Jr., Mrs. Albert H. Chatfield, 
Charles D. Jones, Charles H. Newton. 

The following committees have been appointed : 

Membership : Mrs. Frank J. Jones, Mrs. Henry M. Curtis, Miss 
Ida F. Doane. 

Finance: Dr. Herman J. Groesbeck, William H. Doane, Charles 
Bartlett 

Entertainment and Property : Mrs. Albert H. Chatfield, Miss Fran- 
ces L' H. Jones, Mrs. George Hoadly, Jr. 

Publication : Charles D. Jones, Edward Wyllys Buell, Mrs. Frank R. 
Ellis. 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SOCIETY. 

Members Elected. 
October 8, 1901. 

119. William Sherman Washburn, Washington, tenth from Francis 

Cooke. 

120. Harry Stimson Howard, Burlington, Vt., ninth from Francis Cooke. 

November 12, 1901. 

.121. Henry Myron Kendall. Washington, eighth from William Brewster. 

122. James Fitch Millard, Cleveland, O., seventh from William Bradford. 

November 21, 1901. 

123. Samuel Mitchell Rainey, Hudson, N. Y., ninth from John Howland. 



60 Reports from State Societies. 

WISCONSIN SOCIETY. 
Members Elected. 
November 2, 1901. 

32. Mrs. Edward M. Fuller, Madison, eighth from William Bradford. 

33. Shirley Fuller, Madison, ninth from William Bradford. 

November 29, 1901. 

34. Mrs. Robert A. Williams, Milwaukee, eighth from William Bradford. 

December 6, 1901. 

35. William J. H. Strong, Beloit, eighth from Henry Samson. 
December 16, 1901. 

36. Mrs. Corwin Dewey Harper, Oshkosh, eighth from Richard Warren. 



MICHIGAN SOCIETY. 

The First Annual Meeting and Banquet were held at the Russell 
House, Detroit, Thursday, November 21, 1901. Addresses were made by 
Mrs. Alfred Russell, Mrs. J. E. Emerson, Mrs. W. J. Chittenden. Mrs. 
R. H. Fyfe, Mrs. E. B. Gibbs, Rev. L. S. McCollester, Mr. Alfred Russell 
and Rev. Charles W. Woodcock. 

The following officers were elected : < 

Governor, James Dudley Hawks. 

Deputy Governor, Paul A. L. Doty. 
Secretary, Mrs. Lyman Hayden Baldwin. 

Treasurer, Mrs. Austin Yates Ladue. 

Assistants, Mrs. H. H. H. Crapo-Smith, Mrs. David D. Cady, 

Ralph Stone, Charles Dana Standish. 



MAINE SOCIETY. 



A charter for a Society of Mayflower Descendants in the State of 
Maine was granted September 6, 1901, to the following named members : 
Archie Lee Talbot, John F. Hill, Hiram L. Pichon, Mrs. Emma Hunting- 
ton Nascn, Charles Livingston Cushman, Mrs. Charles Livingston Cush- 
man, Philip Foster Turner, Frederick Sturdivant Vaill, Mrs. Charlotte 
F. S. Vaill, Henry Nathaniel Fairbanks, Mrs. Henry Nathaniel Fairbanks, 
Miss Nora Lucy Fairbanks, Augustus Hatch Babcock, Joseph Parker 
Bass, Willis Ellis Parsons, William Cushing Donnell, Miss Martha Cobb 
Wight, Miss Annabel Stetson, Miss Julia Cornelia Vaill, Edward Gris- 
wold Vaill. 

The Society was organized at the Lithgow Library, Augusta, Novem- 
ber 21, 1901, and the following officers were elected: 
Governor, John* Fremont Hill. 

Deputy Governor, Archie Lee Talbot. 
Captain, Henry Nathaniel Fairbanks. 

Secretary, Frederick Sturdivant Vaill. 

Treasurer, Hiram Leander Pishon. 

Historian, Philip Foster Turner. 

Assistants, Joseph Parker Bass, Willis Ellis Parsons, Mrs. Emma 

Huntington Nason, Charles Livingston Cushman, 
Miss Annabel Stetson. 



Pilgrim Notes and Queries 6 1 



PILGRIM NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

The Colonial Research Work. The attention of our readers is 
called to the report of the Secretary of the Massachusetts Society, on 
pages 43-50 of this number. Since that report was made much has been 
accomplished. The work of abstracting the four volumes of Plymouth 
Colony Wills and Inventories is nearly completed ; and four of the five 
unpublished volumes of Plymouth Colony Deeds have been abstracted. 
The indexing of all the names in these abstracts of both Wills and Deeds 
is nearly finished, so that we are now able to turn quickly to nearly every 
reference to any name in these records. 

In 16S5 Plymouth Colony was divided into three counties, Plymouth, 
Barnstable and Bristol, each with its separate Probate and Land Registry. 
We have begun to abstract and index the records of these three counties, 
but the progress of the work is very slow owing to lack of funds to pay 
for necessary assistance. 

In addition to the re-indexing of printed records and the indexing of 
probate and land records, plans have been made for the preparation of a 
card catalogue of all persons, /// every generation, whose descent from a 
Mayflower passenger we have verified by original records. Each card 
will contain a person's name and residence, the date and place of his or 
her birth, marriage and death, with the names of parents, husband, or wife, 
and children ; also references to the records which prove the facts stated. 
We have already proved thousands of descents, many of them heretofore 
unknown, and are constantly adding to the number. With such a card 
catalogue, when a query as to the possible Mayflower ancestry of a person 
is received, it will take but a moment to see if that name appears in the 
catalogue. If it is found there, the line (or lines) of Mayflower descent, 
with the necessary proofs, can be transcribed very quickly. 

The rapid accumulation of data by the Society makes such a catalogue 
an immediate necessity, and it will be of incalculable value in the future, 
not only in the work of compiling the Mayflower Genealogies, but in our 
work of assisting those in search of Mayflower ancestry and in the pre- 
paration of supplemental lines. 

We have also begun a card catalogue of names and addresses of all 
persons now living who claim Mayflower descent. This will be of value 
in many ways, and we shall be glad to receive lists of such names from 
our readers. 

The work which the Massachusetts Society is carrying on benefits not 
only its own members, but the members of every other State Society, and 
in fact every person having Mayflower ancestry. Several thousands of 
dollars have already been expended on this work, and only about four 
hundred dollars have been contributed by persons not members of the 
Massachusetts Society. 

It is to be hoped that others will come forward and assist us to carry 
on this great undertaking. In order that contributors may have a more 
definite idea of the use to which their gifts are put, sub-divisions of the 



62 Pilgrim Notes and Queries. 

Colonial Research Fund will be established, the name in each case in- 
dicating clearly the purpose of the fund. 

The Committee on Historical Research particularly desires unrestricted 
gifts for the general research work, but gifts for any one or more of the 
special funds can be used to good advantage. 

The special sub-divisions of the Colonial Research Fund will be as 
follows : 

Alden Research Fund, Brewster Research Fund, 

Allerton Research Fund. Brown Research Fund, 

Billington Research Fund, Chilton Research Fund, 

Bradford Research Fund, Cooke Research Fund, 

and so on through the list of families : Doty, Eaton, E. Fuller, S. Fuller, 
Hopkins, Howland, Priest, Rogers, Samson, Soule, Standish, Warren, 
White, Winslow. 
Plymouth Colony Index Fund (To complete Plymouth Colony Wills 

and Deeds), 
Plymouth County Index Fund (County Probate and Land Records), 
Barnstable County Index Fund (County Probate Records), 
Bristol County Index Fund (County Probate and Land Records). 

All contributions should be sent to the Editor, who will return receipts 
and acknowledge the gifts in this department, crediting each to the 
special fund designated by the donor. 

At least $2000 will be needed for the year's work, and a generous and 
prompt response to this appeal for funds is greatly to be desired if the 
work is to continue as heretofore. Bis dat qui cito dat. 

Colonial Research Fund. Contributions to the $2000.00 fund not 
heretofore acknowledged: Edwin S. Crandon, $35.00; Amos R. Little, 
$25.00; Mrs. Abby H. Banlett, $5.00; James K. Blish, $5.00; Mrs. 
Charles R. Brayton, $4.00 : James D. Hawks, $2.00 ; Edward C. Hawks, 
$2.00; Mrs. George F. Arnold, $2.00; Mrs. J.Bolton Winpenny, $2.00; 
Mrs. George R. Stetson, $2.00; George F. Baker, M.D., $2.00; Charles 
A. Clark, $2.00; Frederick C. Seabury, $2.00; Julius E. Soule, $2.00; 
Charles J. North, $2.00 : Mrs. Samuel Lapham, $2.00 ; George E. Bartol, 
$2.00; Mrs. William W. Karr. 52.00; Mrs. A. T. Freedley, $2.00; Miss 
Ann M. Sears, $2.00: Lyman D. Brewster, $2.00; Previously ackowledged 
$439.00; Total, $545.00. The Editor has also presented five hundred sets 
of Bowman's Ancestral Charts and ten copies of the Freeman Genealogy, 
to be sold for the benefit of this fund, in accordance with the extremely 
liberal offers in our advertising pages. 

Co-operation in Genealogical Research. An illustration of the 
way in which both time and money are wasted because of lack of co-oper- 
ation and system in genealogical research has recently come to our notice. 
A gentleman who was anxious to find the names of some unidentified wives 
in his ancestral lines paid for the examination of every page of certain 
voluminous records. This Society must eventually have these records 
examined again, in the same exhaustive manner. In order to avoid the 
necessity of frequent repetitions of such examinations, every name in these 
thousands of pages will be indexed as the work progresses. 

If we had known in advance that the examination mentioned was to be 
made, we could doubdess have arranged to co-operate and by dividing the 



Pilgrim Notes and Queries. 63 

total cost equitably make the expense to each much less. The saving in 
wear and tear of the records themselves would also have been considerable. 

Transcripts and Abstracts of Wills of Second and Later 
Generations. We have printed a literal transcript of ever}' known will 
and inventor)- of a Mayflower passenger, and have begun to do the same 
for the second generation wills. 

Governor Winslow's will completed the series of known wills of May- 
flower passengers. 

The series of wills and inventories of the second generation, begun in 
volume two, will be continued until all have been printed in full, but their 
number is so great it will take several years to complete the series. The 
order in which they will be printed will, therefore, be determined by the 
wishes of contributors to the Colonial Research Fund. 

The wills of the third and succeeding generations are far too numerous 
to think of publishing them in full unless descendants are willing to pay the 
additional expense involved. 

We shall begin in this volume a series of careful abstracts of third 
generation wills and inventories, the order in which they will appear to be 
determined as in the case of the second generation series. 

Contributors to the Colonial Research Fund are invited to indicate to 
the Editor, when making remittances, which wills of the second and third 
generations they desire to see printed first. 

George Soule's Autograph. The Editor has discovered an auto- 
graph of George Soule of the Mayflower, written in 1668. He has never 
heard of the existence of any other specimen of Soule's handwriting, and 
will be very grateful for information concerning others that may be found. 
A half-tone reproduction and a literal transcript of the document to which 
this and other interesting signatures are attached will be given in the April 
number. 

The Supply of Back Numbers. We can no longer supply single 
copies of July; 1899, (Vol. I, No. 3); July, 1900, (Vol. II, No. 3); October, 
1900, (Vol. II, No. 4). The few remaining copies of these numbers will 
be reserved to make up sets and bound volumes. Less than fifty complete 
sets remain unsold. • 

Unidentified Wives and Marriageable Women. Every one 
interested in genealogical research knows of many instances in which 
nothing is known of an ancestor's wife except her given name. On the 
other hand many cases can be pointed out where there is evidence that a 
daughter has been married, but the name of her husband is not mentioned, 
or where there are daughters of proper age, but no record of their mar- 
riage. It is evident that if the records of all unidentified wives named 
Hannah, for example, and of all marriageable women of that name, could 
be brought together, a careful comparison of the known facts about each 
would in many cases result in the identification of many of these wives 
and husbands. 

In order to facilitate this work of identification the Editor has begun a 
card catalogue of Unidentified Wives and Marriageable Women. This 
catalogue will be strictly limited to families of Plymouth, Barnstable and 
Bristol Counties. 



64 Pilgrim Notes and Queries. 

Queries. 

[Queries are inserted for Subscribers only, and are strictly limited to 
Pilgrim lines. Those which can be answered by study of printed records, 
genealogies, &^c, cannot be inserted. Answers should be sent to the Editor, 
for publication in later issues.'] 

44. Bradford-Arthur. In the "Descendants of Nathaniel Ely" 
it is stated that Rheumah Ely married Bradford Arthur, son of Richard 
and Hannah (Bradford) Arthur, that Bradford Arthur was born at Groton, 
Conn., 20 September, 1773, and that his mother, Hannah Bradford, was a 
great grand-daughter of Governor Bradford. Who were her parents ? 
When and where was she born and married ? * * * 

45. Bradford-Brewster. In the Norwich, Conn., records is the 
following record : " Mr. Seabury Brewster of Norwich and Miss Sally 
Bradford of Montville were Married Together on the 25th Day of Decem- 
ber A. D. 1785." Wanted: The ancestry, with all dates, of Sally Brad- 
ford. * * * 

46. Bradford. Who was the wife of Thomas 3 Bradford (William? 
Gov. William 1 ) and when were they married? * * * 

47. Soule. Wanted : The names, with dates of birth, of the chil- 
dren of Nathan Soule, whose marriage, 27 October, 1762, to Sarah Birdsall 
is recorded in the Oblong and Nine Partners, N. Y., Friends records. 

* * * 

Book Note. 

The Macdonough-Hackstaff Ancestry. By Rodney Macdonough. 
Boston, 1 90 1. Limited edition of 300 copies, printed from type on high 
grade paper, wide margins and uncut. Square 8vo. pp. xii -f 526. 
Bound in linen. Price 57.50. For sale by the author at 205 Washington 
St., Boston, Mass. 

One can hardly say too much in praise of the careful work done by Mr. 
Macdonough in the preparation of this valuable contribution to the history 
of the Macdonough, Hackstaff, Hawxhurst, Pratt, Priest, Shaler and allied 
families. Imbued with the true spirit of critical historical research, he has 
not been content to accept the statements of others, but has himself con- 
sulted the original records, and printed literal transcripts of them in many 
cases, giving also full-page reproductions of the documents, or facsimiles of 
the signatures. # 

Mr. Macdonough's researches have brought to light much valuable 
material which will be of especial interest to our readers. His identifica- 
tion of John Pratt of Oyster Bay, Long Island, as the son of Phineas Pratt 
of Plymouth and Charlestown, Mass., by his wife Mary the daughter of 
Degory Priest of the Mayflower, adds hundreds to the number of those 
who can claim Mayflower descent. The numerous descendants of Phineas 
Pratt will be particularly interested in the half-tone reproduction of his will, 
and in the facsimile of his signature. 

A portion of the book which will be of especial value to the general 
public is the article on the author's grandfather, Commodore Thomas 
Macdonough, the hero of Lake Champlain. This article includes a large 
part of an autobiography left by the Commodore which has never been 
made public. 

In addition to the reproductions of documents and autographs the 
volume contains numerous other illustrations, many of them full-page ; and 
its value is greatly enhanced by a carefully prepared full-name index. 



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JOHN DOTY S DEED TO WRESTLING BREWSTER 



q-*HE Mayflower 

Descendant 



VoL IV. APRIL, J902. No. 2. 



JOHN 2 DOTY'S DEED TO WRESTLING BREWSTER. 

The following deed from John 2 Doty (Edward 1 ) to Wres- 
tling 3 Brewster (Love 2 , William 1 ) is copied from the original 
document presented to the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower 
Descendants by Miss Flora L. Brewster of Kingston, Mass. 
This deed is in the handwriting of Rev. Ichabod Wiswall of 
Duxbury, and he with his wife Priscilla 3 Pabodie (Elizabeth 
Alden/Jolui 1 ) signed it as witnesses. It is probable that when 
he began to write the deed he forgot that John Doty's wife had 
died three months earlier. This would account for the blank 
shown in the illustration where the wife's name would ordinarily 
have been inserted. 



To all people to whom these presents shall come John Doty 
of the Towne of plymouth i(n) the County of New plymouth 
within y e province of the Massachusets Baye in New england 
yeom(an) Sendeth Greeting &c. Know yee that I John Doty 
afore s d with y e consent of (*) for (and) in consideration of sixty 
pounds current silver mony in New england payed to me in 
hand before y e seali(ng) and delivery of these presents \>y 
Wrestling Brewster of the Towne of Duxbury in y e County & 
province above named Carpenter wherewith I acknouledge my 
selfe fully and truely contented & payed and thereof and of 
every part and parcell thereof doe hereby absolutly acquitte & 
discharge from me mine Heires exiqutors Adm(ini)strators and 
Assignes the s d Brewster his heires executors administrators 
&c for ever. I (hav)e given granted bargained sold aliened 
enfeoffed and confirmed and by these presents doe fully abso- 
lutly and clearly give grant bargaine sell alien enfeoffe and 
confirme from me the s d John Doty and my heires unto him the 



The name was omitted. 

65 



66 John Dotys Deed to Wrestling Brewster. 

s( d ) Wrestling Brewster his heires & assignes forever, one 
whole Lott of upland being Seaventy acres and five acres of 
salt marsh more or less Lying at the foot of s d seaventy acres 
of upland both lying and being within the Towneshi(p of) Dux- 
bury afore s d . The upland is halfe a mile in Length seventy 
rods in breadth and beginning at the meadow {worn) it and the 
great Creeke or Bay that runeth to Jones river Bridge is 
bounded Southwesterly with y e Land {worn) Wadsworth de- 
ceased and North eastwardly with the Land of John Rogers. 
The salt meadow being of the s(wom) with the upland lyeth at 
the ffoot thereof and thence downe to the salt water of the 
afores d Creeke or Bay. with {wom)gu\a.r the privileges and 
appurtenances to the said Lands both upland and meadow 
belonging or anyway es ap(per)taining (toge)ther with my said 
right title and interest therein and to every part there of. To 
have and t(o hold) above s d upland and Meadow with all my 
right title and Interest in the singular & universall privileges & 
Imun(ities) to the same in any wise belonging or yet accrueing 
unto the s d Wrestling Brewster his Heires & Assignes for 
ev(er) to his and their proper use and behoofe : To be hoiden 
according to the maner of East Greenwich in the County of 
Kent in the Realme of England, in free and comon soccage and 
not in Capite nor by K ts service : the rents and services there- 
out due and of right accustomed free and clear and clearly 
acquitted off and from all other & fo(rmer) guifts grants bar- 
gaines sales Leases mortgadges Joyntures dowries extents uses 
entailes and off and from {worn) singular other titles troubles 
charges demands and incumbrances whatsoever had made 
comitted omitte(d) or done by me the s d John Doty or by my 
heires or assignes or any other person or persons whatsoever 
L(awfully) claiming from by or under me or them or any of 
them. Warranting the title and sale hereof against all per- 
sons) whatsoever in by thro or under me the s d John Doty or 
by my right or title Lawfully clayming any right title" o(r) 
interest of or in the premisses or any part or'parcell thereof 
whatsoever : And that the said Wrestling Brewster his heires 
and assignes and every of them shall and may by virtue of 
these presents from time (to) time and at all times for ever 
hereafter Lawfully peaceably and quietly have hold occupie 
possess and injoy (all) and singular the before granted prem- 
isses with their and every of their rights members and appur- 
teinance(s) have receive and take all the rents issues and profits 
there of to his and their owne proper use and behoofe, (for) 
ever without any Lawfull lett suit trouble deniall interruption 



Midd/eborough, Mass., Vital Records. 67 

eviction or disturbance of me the s d John D(oty) my heires 
or assignes or any other person or persons whatsoever Law- 
fully clayming from by or und(er) (him) or them or any of them 
or by their meanes act consent title interest privitie or procure- 
ment. Allso (zvorn) John Doty doe further covenant and 
promise to and with the s d Wrestling Brewster that it shall 
an(*d may be) Lawfull to and for the s d Wrestling Brewster 
either by himselfe or his Attorney to record and inrolle (or 
cause) to be recorded and inrolled the title and l tenure of these 
presents in his Ma ties Court in New plymouth (worn) or other- 
where according to the usuall order and maner of recording 
and inrolling Deeds and evidences in (such) case made and 
provided for. And for (the tr)ue performance of the premisses 
I the s d John Doty (zvorn) selfe my heires exequtors and 
administrators firmly by these presents. In witness whereof 
I have h(erunt)o set my hand and seale this 24 th of ffebruary 
Anno Domini i6g\ : & Regni Regis Gulielmi & Regina Maria 
magna Britania Galia & Hibernia &c. quinto. 
Signed Sealed and delivered in the John + Doty 

presence of us witnesses underwritten his marke 

Ichabod Wisewalle (seal) 

Priscilla Wisewall 
This Dede was Ackknoleg(ed) Before me John wadsworth being 
one of thare Majestis Justises : feberry. 24 i6o,| 
This above written Deed of sale is Recorded, in the 236 th and 
237 th pages of Plimouth Counties Book of Records for Deeds 
&c. 
March y e 3 d 169* pr Sam 1 Sprague Recorder 



MIDDLEBOROUGH, MASS., VITAL RECORDS. 

{Continued from Vol. Ill, p. 236.) 

[Vol. I, p. 45] Jacob Hayford the son of John hayford : and of Lydia 

his wife was born : October : 24 17 15 
Samuel Hayford the son of John Hayford and of Lydia his wife was 

born: September: 17 1719 
John Tayler the son of John Tayler and of Elisabeth his wife was 

born June the 14 17 19 
Robert Tayler the son of John Tayler and of Elisabeth his wife 

was born * 

* The date was not filled in. 



6S Middlcborough, Mass., Vital Records. 

James Labaron the son of James Labaron and of Martha his Wife : 

was born : decern 1 ": 22 1721 
Jonathan Pierce the son of Thomas Pierce : & of Naomi his Wife 

was born March the : 23. 1721/2 
Joanna Bate the daughter of Joseph Bate and of Joanna his Wife 

was born : May. 28 17 18 
Mercy Bate the daughter of Joseph Bate : and of Joanna his Wife 

was born august 8 1719 
Joseph Bate the son of Joseph Bate and of Joanna his Wife was 

born March : 18 172 1/2 
Nathan Vaughan the son of Georg Vaughan & of Faithfull his wife 

was born Octo 141721 
Amasa Tomson the son of Thomas Tomson. & of Mary his wife : 

was born april : 18 1722 
Jemima Wood the daughter of Elnathan Wood and of Mary his 

Wife: was born July 21 17 12 
Jedidah Wood the daughter of Elnathan Wood and of Mary his 

Wife was born March 27 17 15 
Ephraim Wood the son of Elnathan Wood : and of Mary his wife 

was born May the : S 1 7 1 6 
Mary Wood the daughter of Elnathan Wood and of Mary his wife ^ 

was born : October 5 17 19 
Lydia Wood the daughter of Elnathan W r ood and of Mary his Wife 

was born July the 1 1722 
Sarah Warren the daughter : of Samuel Warren and of Elinor his 

wife was born : February : 9 172 1/2 
Jabez Vaughan : Sz : ) sons of Jabez Vaughan : and of Deborah his 
Ebenezer Vaughan >" Wife were born Twins : September : the 71722 
Jerusha Connant the daughter of Josiah Connant : and of Elisabeth 

his Wife was born : January 181701:2 
Mary Connant the daughter of Josiah Connant : & of Elisabeth his 

wife: was born December 20 1703 
Prudence Connant y* daughter of Josiah Connant : & of Elisabeth 

his wife was born : March : the 3 1707 
Joseph Connant the son of Josiah Connant & of Elisabeth his wife 

was born : August the 30 1709 
Susanna Connant the daughter of Josiah Connant & of Elisabeth his 

wife was born : august the : 7 1 7 1 1 
Josiah Connant the son of Josiah Connant : & of Elisabeth his wife 

was born January 20 1717 : 18 
Timothy Fuller the son of Jonathan Fuller : & of Elinor his Wife 

was born June 29 1721 
Noah Tinkham the son of Isaac Tinkham & of Abijah his Wife was 

born July 25 1722 
Thankfull King the daughter of Ichabod King : and of Judith his 

Wife Was born November: 4 17 18 
Caleb King the son of Ichabod King : and of Judith his Wife was 

born October : 3 1720 



MiddleborougJi, Mass., Vital Records. 69 

Georg King the son of Ichabod King : and of Judith his Wife was 

born : May. iS 1722 
Martha Tinkham the daughter of Samuel Tinkham Junior & of Mary 

his wife was born august 23 1720 
Peter Tinkham the son of Samuel Tinkham Jun r . & of Mary his 

wife Was born May. 16 : 1722 
Thankfull Cob the daughter of James Cob : and of Thankfull his 

wife was born June : 4 1722 
John Richmond the son of John Richmond and of Sarah his wife 

was born April 28 1720 
Dorothy Renolds * the daughter of Isaac Renolds and of Dorothy 

his wife was born : October 29 1708 
Elisabeth Renolds * the daughter of Isaac Renolds & of Dorothy his 

wife was born : January. 28 1709 : 10 
Mary Renolds * the daughter of Isaac Renolds : & of Dorothy his 

wife was born July : 17 : 17 12 
Benjamin Renolds * the son of Isaac Renolds & of Dorothy his wife 

was born June the 4 17 15 
Isaac Renolds * the son of Isaac Renolds and of Dorothy his wife 

was born July the : 17 17 21 
Israel Thomas the son of William Thomas sen r and of Sarah his 

Wife was born January 27 1712 : 13 
Betty Thomas the daughter of William Thomas sen r : & of Sarah his 

wife was born February 20 17 15 : 16 
Ephraim Thomas the son of William Thomas senr : & of Sarah his 

Wife: was born Novem r : 8 17 18 
Elisha Thomas the son of William Thomas sen r : and of Sarah his 

wife was born May the : 11 172 1 
Mary Standish the daughter of Ichabod Standish : & of Phebe his 

Wife was born January 14 1722 : 3 
Hannah Tinkham the daughter of John Tinkham : & of Hannah his 

wife was born April : 10 1723 
Daniel Taylor the son of John Taylor by Elisabeth his wife was 

born December : 17 1720 

[P- 47] Cornelius Wescoat y e son of James and Mary Wescoat his 

Wife was Born y e 4 th Day of February Anno Dom. 1729-30 
Joannah Wescoat y e Daughter of James and Mary Wescoat his Wife 

was Born The 29 th : Day of Augst Anno domi 173 1 
Richard Wescoat y e son of James and Mary Wescoat his Wife was 

Born Augst y e 14 th Anno Domini 1732 
James Wescoat y e son of James and Mary Wescoat his Wife was 

Born y e 4 th Day of February Anno domini 173I 
Joseph Cobb The son of Gershom and Meletiah Cob his Wife was 

born y« 23 d Day of January Anno Domi 1735/6 
Ebenezer Donham the son of Lemuel Donham by Elizabeth his wife 

was born January y e : 4 th : 1737/8 

* Compare the record of this family printed in Vol. Ill, p. 236. 



70 Middleborough, Mass., Vital Records. 

Sarah Miller the Daughter of Elias Miller by Sarah his wife was 

born December the : 23 rd : 1734 : 
Elias Miller the son of Elias Miller by Sarah his wife was born 

January the : 7 th : 1737/8 
Mary Samson and ) Daughters of Obadiah Samson by Mary his wife 
Martha Samson ) were born Twins November : 18 th : 1737 
Zephaniah Wood the son of Thomas Wood by Hannah his wife was 

born April the : 12 th : 1737 
Jacob Tomson the son of Jacob Tomson by Elizabeth his wife was 

born March: 28 th : 1738: 
Joshua Raymond the son of James Raymond by Elizabeth his wife 

was born March the : 19 th : 1735/6 
Ithamar Raymond the son of James Raymond by Elizabeth his wife 

was born June the 21 st 1737 
Joshua Waterman the son of Joseph Waterman by Patience his wife 

was born March the : 16 th : 1737/8 
James Hayford the son of Ebenezer Hayford by Mary his wife was 

born March the : 10 th : 1734/5 
Mary Hayford the Daughter of Ebenezer Hayford by Mary his wife 

was born May the : 4* : 1 737 
Samuel Barrows the son of Ebenezer Barrows by Sarah his wife was 

born April the : 4 th : 173S 
Francis Gayward the son of Francis Gayward by Anna his wife was 

born August the 23 rd 173S 
William Barlow the son of William Barlow by Joanna his wife was * 

born July 12 th : 173S 
William Barrows the son of Samuel Barrows Jun r by Susanna his 

wife was born June the : 16 : 1738 : 
Benjamin Tucker the son of Benjamin Tucker by Sarah his wife 

was born July the : 7 th : 1738 

[P- 53] Middleboro : after lawfull publication 

John Tinkham and Hannah Howland both of Middleboro were mar- 
ried december the n 17 16 

James Rayment and mercy Tinkham both of Middleboro were mar- 
ried december 27 : 17 16 

Nehemiah Washburn of Bridgwater and Mary Elmes of Middleboro 
were Married december the 27 : 17 16 

Moses Seekens of Middleboro: 6c Damaris Thrasher of Taunton 
were married November 7 17 17 

Isaac Tinkham and Abijah Wood both of Middleborough : were 
married : Decern : 12: 1 7 1 7 

Henry Wood and Mary Tinkham both of Middleboro were married 
December : 24 17 17 

John Vaughan and Jerusha Wood both of Middleboro were Married 
February 19 17}^ 

Samuel Tinkham and Patience Cob both of Middleboro were mar- 
ried February 20 17}? 



Middleborough, Mass. y Vital Records. Ji 

Abiel Wood Jun r : & Mercy Hacket both of Middleboro : were 

Married February 25 1 7 { f 
Edward Bumpas of Rochester : & Martha Rayment of Middleboro : 

were married Febryary 28 17 If 
James Cob and Thankful! Thomas both of Middleboro were mar- 
ried March 6 i-j\$ 
Josiah Hascol & Sarah Kanady : both of Middleboro were Married 

March : 26 : 17 18 
Isaac Thayer & Deliverance Parlour : both of Middleboro : were 

married March 27 17 18 
Richard Everson of Plimton : & Penelepe Bumpas of middleboro 

were married : March 31 17 18 
Joseph Williams of Rochester & Margaret Darling of Middleboro 

were married May 6 17 18 
David Thomas of Middleboro & Elisabeth Kannady of Plimton were 

married June 25 17 18 pr me Peter Thacher 
December the: 11 : 17 18 Then Nathanael Smith of Rehoboth and 

Susanna Wood of Middleboro after due publication : were mar- 
ried by me Peter Thacher 
December: 12: 17 18: Then marryed Jeremiah Thomas Jun r : and 

Miriam Thomas both of the town of middleboro : after their 

being Lawfully published by me Peter Thacher 
March : 26 : 17 19 : Then Marryed John Fuller and Hannah Thomas 

both of the town of Middleboro : After lawfull publication : 

Peter Thacher 
Samuel Tinkham Junior and Mary Staples both of the town of mid- 
dleboro were married December the first: 17 19 : by me Peter 

Thacher 
Eleazer Carver and Katherine Elmes both of middleboro. were 

married Decern : 2 : 17 19 by me Peter Thacher 
January: iyff : Then Marryed Jabez Wood and Hannah Nelson 

both of the Town of Middleborough : after Lawfull publication 

and consent of parents by Peter Thacher 
January: 1: 172 . Then married Ebenezer Donham of Plimouth : 

and Abigail Smith of Middleborough : after lawfull publication 

and consent of parents by me Peter Thacher 
January • (*) : 1720 . Then married John Darling and Jemima Lewes 

both of the town of Middleboro : after lawful! publication and 

consent of parents by me Peter Thacher 

[p. 54] February: 4* : 17}}: Then Married Richard Whitaker of 
Rehoboth and Ann Wood of Middleborough after lawfull publi- 
cation attested from each town by me Peter Thacher 

April: 29: 1720 then Married M r Jeremiah Thomas of Middle- 
boro : and Mary Durfe of Freetown : after lawfull publication 
well attested from each town by me Peter Thacher 

* The day of the month was not filled in. 



72 Middleborough, Mass., Vital Records. 

July : ii : 1720 : then : married Edward Thomas Jun r : and Abigail 
Parlour both of the town of Middleborough after lawfull publi- 
cation and consent of parents by me Peter Thacher 

July: 20: 1720: Peter Norton Pedlar: and Rozilla Randal of Mid- 
dleborough were married by me the subscriber after lawfull 
publication Peter Thacher 

Capt Joseph Vaughan and M rs Mercy Fuller both of Middleborough : 
were married December the: 2 nd : 1720 by me Peter Thacher 

December the 23 d : 1720 then Robert Mackfun and Joanna Tink- 
ham both of Middleborough after lawfull publication : were 
married by me Peter Thacher 

May the 4 th : 172 1 Then Nehemiah Bennet & Mercy Tomson both 
of the town of Middleborough : after Law r full publication were 
married by me Peter Thacher 

June 22: 1721 : William Thomas Jun r : & Hannah Turner: both 
of Middleborough after lawfull publication : were married by me 
Peter Thacher 

October : 5 th : 172 1 : Cornelius Holmes of Plimton and Lydia Bennet 
of Middleborough : were Married : after Lawfull publication : 
by me : Peter Thacher 

October: 12 : 172 1 : John Cox and Hannah Smith both of Middle- 
borough : after Lawfull publication were married by me Peter 
Thacner 

October: 17: 172 1. John Darling and Elisabeth Bennet both of 
Middleborough after lawfull publication were married by me 
' Peter Thacher 

Samuel Packard Jun r : and Anne Leach : both of the town of Bridg- 
water : were Married July the third: 1722: by me Jacob 
Tomson Justice of the peace 

Sept: 6: 1722 Thomas Parlour and Hannah King both of Middle- 
borough after legal publication and with consent of Parents were 
married by Peter Thacher 

Joseph Faunce and Martha Soul both of Middleborough : were mar- 
ried February the 14 th 172J: by me Jacob Tomson Justice 
of the peace 

James Barret and Mary Wormall both of the town of Bridgwater : 
were marryed September the : 5 : 1723 : by me Jacob Tomson 
Justice of the peace 

Josiah Wormall and Grace Sprague both of the town of Duxborough 
Were Married: December the Twenty Fifth 1723: by me 
Jacob Tomson Justice of the peace 

October: 24: 1723 John Tomson and Elisabeth Thomas both of 
Middleborough after lawfull publication and consent of parents : 
were married : by me Peter Thacher 

[p. 55] October 29 1723 Thomas Wastcoat of Dighton : and Hannah 
Renolds of Middleborough were married by me Peter Thacher 



Middleborough, Mass., Vital Records. 73 

November 23 d : 1723 Moses Standish of plymton : and Rachel Cob 
of middleborough after Lawfull publication and consent of 
parents : were married : by me Peter Thacher 

November 27 1723: Jonathan Packard of Bridgwater: and Abigail 
Tomson of middleborough : after Lawfull publication : and con- 
sent of parents : were married by me Peter Thacher 

November 30: 1723 Frances Moro : and Mary Morse both of 
Middleborough after lawfull publication were married by me 
Peter Thacher 

January 13 172^ George Hacket and Lydia Thomas both of Middle- 
borough after lawfull publication : and consent of parents were 
married by me Peter Thacher 

March: 12 172^ Jedidiah Thomas and Lois Nelson both of Middle- 
borough after lawfull publication and consent of parents : were 
married : by me Peter Thacher 

Jonathan Inglee and Deborah Morton of Middleborough were Mar- 
ried upon the 27 th day of February*: 1723/4: by me Samuel 
Prince Justice of the peace 

Aaron Seekins and Lydia Hayford : both of the town of Middle- 
borough Were Marry ed January the 12 1724: 5 by me Jacob 
Tomson Justice of the peace 

John Pratt and Hannah Turner both of the town of Middleborough 
were Married February the : 18 th 172^ : by me : Jacob Tomson 
Justice of the peace 

November 18 1724: Joseph Bennet Jun r and Thankfull Sprout: 
both of middleborough after lawfull publication and consent of 
parents were married P r Peter Thacher 

January 17 17 2 j Japheth Turner and Elisabeth Morse both of mid- 
dleborough after lawfull publication and Consent of parents : 
were married : P r Peter Thacher 

March 26 : 1725 Samuel Leach of Bridgwater and- Content Barden 
of middleborough after lawfull publication were married by 
Peter Thacher 

June 8: 1725 -: Jonathan Smith and Sarah Churchill both of Mid- 
dleborough were then married P r Peter Thacher 

John Cob Junior and Mary Connant : both of the town of Middle- 
borough were married August the: 26 1725: by me: Jacob 
Tomson Justice of the peace 

Timothy Mitchell and Deborah Packard both of the town of Bridg- 
water: were married: December the second: 1725: by me 
Jacob Tomson Justice of the peace 

William Ripley and Hannah Bosworth both of the town of plimton 
Were Married February the : 24 th : 1725 : by me Jacob Tomson 
Justice of the peace 

[p. 56] Deacon Ebenezer Tinkham Deceased april the: 8 th : 17 18: 
In the 70 year of his age 



74 Middleborough, Mass., Vital Records. 

Elisabeth Tinkham the wife of Deacon Ebenezer Tinkham Deceased 

april the : 8 th : 1 718 In the (*) year of her age 
Elisabeth Tinkham the Daughter of Deacon Ebenezer Tinkham 

decesed March 27 th : 17 15 In the (*) year of her age 
Jeremiah Tinkham the son of Deacon Ebenezer Tinkham Deceased 

april the : 5 th : 17 15 In the : 34 th : year of his age 
priscilla Tinkham the daughter of Deacon Ebenezer Tinkham De- 
ceased April the : 16 : 17 15 In the (*) year of her age 
Patience Tinkham the Wife of Ebenezer Tinkham Junior Deceased 

March the : 29 : 17 18 In the 37 th year of her age 
Hannah Hacket the Wife of Edward Hacket deceased May the 

ninth 17 15 
Samuel Wood senior Deceased: February the third 17^7- : In the 

70 th year of his age 
Rebeckah Wood Widdow of Samuel Wood Senior Deceased Feb- 
ruary the : 10 17 ji In the 67 th year of her age 
Rebekah Vaughan the wife of Georg Vaughan deceased February 

the: 1: i 7 {| 
Frances Barrows the son of Samuel Barrows deceased : March : 17 : 

i7|f in the 5 th year of his ag(e) 
Mercy Barrows the wife of Samuel Barrows deceased: March 25: 

17 18 in the 44 th year of her age 
Thomas Palmer : Eldest son of Doctour Thomas Palmer and of 

Elisabeth his Wife Deceased July the 18 th 17 19: In the 20 th , 

year of his age 
Sarah Palmer Daughter of Doctor Thomas Palmer and of Elisabeth 

his Wife Deceased Sept : the first 17 19 : In the second year of 

her age 
Zurishaddai Palmer the son of Doctor Thomas Palmer and of Elisa- 
beth his wife Deceased October the 18 th 17 19 : In the 18 th year 

of his age 
Anna Lovel the Daughter of James Lovel Deceased Sept the Sixth : 

1719 
Desire Howland the daughter of Nathan Howland : and of Frances 

his wife Deceased March the. (f) : 17^ : in the fifth year of her 

age 
Esther Wood the daughter of Henry Wood and of Mary his wife 

Deceased May the: 9 th : 1721 : aged three months and nine 

dayes 
Peter Lovel the son of John Lovel and of Mary his Wife : Deceased 

April the 4 th : 1724 In the ninteenth year of his age 
Samuel Eaton Deceased: March the 8 th ': 1723: 4: In the sixty 

first year of his age 
Susanna Smith the wife of Jonathan Smith : Deceased May the : 

11 : 1724 In the thirtieth year of her age 
Mary Reed the daughter of James Reed. Deceased July the 17 th : 

1724 : In the twenty seventh year of her age 

* The age was not filled in. \ The day of the month was not filled in. 



Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 75 

John Hacket the son of John Hacket Deceased : May the 31 st 17 12 : 

aged 44 dayes 
Joanna Cob the Wife of John Cob Junior Deceased November the 

Eleventh 1724 In the thirty second year of her age 
Elisha Vaughan Deceased: May the: 23 d : 1724: In the 44 th year 

of his age 
Thomas Vaughan the son of Elisha Vaughan Deceased March 20 th 

i"l\% In the sixth year of his age 
Joseph Vaughan the son of Capt Joseph Vaughan Deceased april the 

5 th 17 iS In the 28 th year of his age 
Thankfull Hacket the daughter of John Hacket : deceased Febr : 5 : 

172I : aged Ten days 

{To be continued.) 



PLYMOUTH COLONY WILLS AND INVENTORIES. 

{Continued from Vol. I J T, p age 223.) 

[Vol. I, fol. 40] M r Willm Kempe 1641 

Lres of Administracon are graunted to m ris Elizabeth Kempe 
the second of November in the xvii th yeare of the Raigne of our 
Sov r aigne Lord Charles King of England &c. to administer 
upon all the goods cattells and Debts w ch Willm Kemp her 
husband Dyed possessed of or were Due & app r taineing unto 
him at the tyme of his Decease prvided she exhibite a true 
Inventory thereof \v th all convenyent speede. 

A true Inventory of all the goods and Chattells moveable of m r 
Willm Kemp of Duxborrow late Deceased taken by us whose 
names are hereunto sett at the request of m re Elizabeth Kemp 
this 23 th Septemb r in the yeare of o r Lord God 1641. 

In the Inner Chamber 
npris i feather bed and two pillowes 
t 3 white blanketts 
t i blew Ru££ 
t 4 yerds of white fusteon 
t i pillow case 
t 2 remnants of Canvas 
t i remnant of white fusteon 
t i remnant of girth web & 4 buckles 
t 3 paire of traces & a new Rope w th some small ropes 



■11 


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7 6 



Ply mo ut J i Colony Wills and Inveiitories. 



It 4 Iron boxes for cart wheeles & 4 new Iron hoopes 

for wheels 
It i latin water pot for a garden 
It i paire of garden sheares 
It 2 iron washers & 5 iron clouts new & 2 new plow 

slips 
It 2 horse locks & keeyes 
It 2 nibbs and i ring for a sythe 
It 2 paire of hinges 
It 12 harrow teeth 
It 20 Iron staples & 3 iron bolts 
It i bill hooke and 5 old sickles 
It i iron acar staff 
It 2 padlocks «Sc i stock lock 
It i iron baile for a kettle 
It certaine peecs of old iron 
It i pitch fork pronges 
It i red basill 

It 3 q r of a yard of buckrome 
It i smale curtaine & a prceil of fring 
It Curtaine Ringes & sadlers nayles 

It a prceil of Twine 

It i new shooe 

It quarries of glasse 

It i spitt 

It i horse bitt a crupper & i bridle Reane 

It 2 joyned stooies 

It 3 smale Remnants of new cloth 

It i bushell of wheate brann 

It 3 barrells 2 rirkins 2 hogsheads & a half barrell 

It 2 earthern potts 

It 2 sheets of leade 

It 3 cases for guns of list w th other 'lumber 

In the Kitchen Chamber. 
It i flock bedd and two boulsters 
It 2 white blanketts & i old greene Rugg 
It 5 smale peecs of bend leather & 2 shoomaker knives 
It i small pursnett & 2 lines 
It i red basill 
It a prceil of C d nayles 
It i weyer sieve 
It i smale bagg of feathers 
It i sieve 

It i prceil of unthrest beanes 
It i paire of old sheets 
It i hogshead &: a shtife 



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08 



Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 



77 



It i thwart sawe 

It i old tapstry carpett 

It 2 eathern old oyle potts 

It i paire of new hempen sheets 

It vi paire of couse thinn sheets 

It certaine lumber 

It i -great boxe 

In the parlor 
It i paire of bras brandirons 
It i belt and hangers 
It i Dagger 
It i rapier staffe 
It i girdle w th silv r buckles 
It 10 silver spoones 
It i jugg pott tipt w th silv r 
It i cup tipt w th silver 
It i gould ringe 
It 6 thrum queshions 
It 2 old Darnix queshions 

[fol. 41] It i framed table 

It 4 joyned stooles and 2 joyned chaires 

It i old brodred stoole 

It i great chest 

It i smale chest 

It i trunck covered w th seale skins 

It 2 smale old Truncks 

It i Cabbanett 

It 2 old boxes 

It i case of bottles 

It 2 brushes 

It i new hatt 

It 4 hattbands 

It 4 old hatts 

It a remnant silk, bone lace 

It glew and an old black boxe 

It 5 paire of flaxen sheets i paire of new hempen 

It 2 duzzen of fine napkins & 2 table cloathes 

It i sheete 

It 5 holland pillow coats 

It 2 duzzen of Course napkins 

It 3 paire of old pillow coates 

It 7 course towells 

It 3 course table cloathes 

It i hand towell * 

It i remnant of holland 

It 2 short table cloaths 



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78 



Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 



It 2 yerds of white fusteon 

It i wrought holland cubberd cloth 

It i leather hat case 

It i half holland shirt «Sc i holland shirt 

It 6 shirts 

It 7 holland handkerchiefs 

It io capps 

It 13 bands 

It 3 handkercheiffs 

It 3 smale pillowes 

It i paire of linnen bootehose i fusteon wascoate & 

remnant canvas 
It i rubbing brush 
It nutmeggs 
It ginger 
It cloves 

It a remnant of fine holland i yerd of bone lace 
It i spining wheele 
It 3 irish stockings 

It 3 paire of woilen stockings 
It 5 blew curtaines and valler.ee 
It i u of gray threed 
It i buffe coate 
It i cloake 
It i greene Curtaine 
It i leather Dublet w th siiv r buttons 
It i paire of gloves 
It i paire of breeches and a Dubiett 
It i frize jerkine 
It i black suite and gerdle 
It i black cloake 
It 3 horsmans coats 
It i boulster tick 

It 116 bunches of threed buttons 
It i darnix carpett 
It i remnant of broad cloth 
It i long coate 
It i dublet & i Casock 
It 2 yerds of saye 
It 6 yerds \ tarnmey 
It 2 remnants of stuff 
It i feather pillow- 
It 2 greene valiens 
It i paire of linnen drawers 
It bookes and paper 



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23 04 . c6 



Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 



79 



In the outlett Inner Roome 
It 3 blanketts 
It i flockbed & boulster 
It i chaire & i tubb 
It 5 earthen panns i butter pott 

In the Cellor 
It i hogshead & 3 firkins 

In the wash house. 
It 3 cheese fatt i soyle dish 
It 2 latten pans & 2 earthen potts 
It i stone pott i earthen pott 
It 2 dossen trenchers 
It 2 payles i wodden platter i traye 
It i melting ladle 

It i iron pott 2 paire of pott hookes 
It i iron dripping pann 
It i iron kettle 

[fol. 42] In the kitchen 

It i Corslett and headpeece 

It 2 paire of bandiliers 

It i case of pistolls 

It i paire of Wollen sheares 

It 2 swordes 

It 2 Carbines 

It i fowling piece 

It i half pike & a rest 

It i jack and 3 spitts 

It 2 paire of bootes 

It i trowell 

It i bread grater 

It 2 leaden waights 

It i lanthorne 

It i halbert 

It i warmeing pann & i gaily pott 

It 9 platters and a voyder 

It 8 pewter dishes 2 basons i Cullender 

It 6 great porringes 

It 2 pye plates 2 smale plates 

It 3 chamber potts 

It 4 candlesticks 

It i bason 

It i pint pott & a peuter pottle 

It i ewer 

It 4 sawcers 3 salts 4 porringers i tinn copper 

It 2 smale plattes i quart pott 

It 2 plate cov r ings i stewpan 2 tinn candlesticks 



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8o Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 



It i flaggon oo . 02 .00 

It 2 bras candlesticks & i bras ladle 00 . 04 . 00 

It chaffeing dish i scummer i little morter 00 . 09 . 00 

It i bras skellet & i posnett 00 . 05 . 06 

It 3 bras panns 01 . 00 . 00 

It i great bras kettle 01 . 00 . 00 

It i little kettle 00 . 05 . 00 

It i old bras pott 00 . 12 . 00 

It stone jugg i leather bottle \ a pike 00 . 02 . 06 

It 12 trenchers 00 . 00 . 06 

It i salt 00 . 05 : 00 

It i smothing iron 00 . 01 .06 

It i slick stone 2 mackrell lines i melting ladle 00 . 02 . 00 

It i frying pann 00 . 02 . 00 

It i paire of towe cards 00 . 01 .00 

14 . 01 . oS 

It 3 mattocks 00 . 06 . 00 

It 6 hoes 3 axes 00 . 10 . 00 

It 4 wedges 00 . 03 . 00 

It i iron shovell 00 . 03 . 00 

It i lampe 00 . 00 . c6 

It fire pan tonges and Andiron 00 . 04 . 00 

It i paire of bellowes 00 . 01 .00 

It 2 paire of pott hangers 00 . 06 .00 

It an adze 2 frowes i hammer 00 . 05 .^00 

It i gouge 2 chissells i drawing knifle 00 . 03 % oo 
It i handsaw i hatchett a little grafting saw i pr shott 

moulds and i paire pinchers 00 . 06 .00 

It 2 augors i perser 00 . 01 .06 

It i bagg w th bulietts pouder home & moulds 00 . 02 . 00 

It i shott bagg 00 . 00 .02 

02 . 11 02 
Without Doores. 

It i grindlestone 00 . 04 . 00 

It hempe and seede undressed. 00 . 10 . 00 

It garden stuffe 00 . 05 . 00 

It 2 Cocks of hey 02 . 00 . 00 

It 2 ladders 00 . 04 . 00 

It 2 chest of glasse 00 . 15 .00 

03 . 18 00 
In the Cow house 

It 5 goate skins 00 . or . 00 

It i seane nett 00 . 05 . 00 

In the barne 

It \ Steele Mill 00 . 10 . 00 

It sampe morter 00 . 02 . 00 

It i bushell 00 . 03 . 00 



Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 



81 



It i sack cloth and 2 sacks 

It a copper \v th a wodden Curbe 

It 2 hogsheads 2 barrells 

It 4 pitchforks & 2 rakes 

It glasse leade 

It 12-T thrane of Rye 

It 1 2. thrane of sumer wheate 

It peas 

It 4 bushell Indian Come 

It 2 steare Calves 

It 2 yeareling heiffers 

It i yeareling heiifer 

It 2 yearling steers 

It i sow shoate & a barrow shoate 

It 2 oxen 4 yers old 

[fol. 43] It 6 ewe goates 

It 4 ewe lambes 

It i weather 2 yeres old 

It 4 yereling weathers 

It 2 yoakes & two cheanes 

At m r Partich house 
It i fowling peece 
It i smale old fowleing peece 
It i sieve 
It i boxe 
It i boxe 
It i cradle 

It i hanging bedstead 
It 2 cowes & i diseased 
It i heiffer 2 yere old 
It i steare 2 yere old 
It i Coult 
It 6 hoggs 
It i hojro: 
It i Cannow 
It i fann 
It -i weane rope 
It i peck w th pitch in it 
It Indian Corne 1000 hills old & new esteemed 50 

bushell 
It i stillyerd 
It i still 
It i Hutchell 
It i bell 
It i shallop 



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82 Plymouth Coloriy Deeds. 

It i ewe lambe 
It 8 foules 
It a rake head 



This Inventorv- was subscribed by W m Collyer 
his was but, 169 15. 5 : Jonathan Brewster 

tot 172. 9. 5. Christopher Waddesworth 

Comfort Starr. 

more debts oweintr to him and what he owed verte 



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In debts oweins: to M 



VYiilm Kemp at his death 








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It by m r William Collier 

It by Captaine Standish 

It by m r Alden 

It by Christopher Waddesworth 

Corne & i bushel! of Rye 
It by Nicholas Robins 
It by Willm Brett 
It by John Willis 
It by Joseph Biddle 

Debts oweing by m r Kemp at his Death 
It to m r Atwood 5 bushell of Indian corne i bushell of wheate 
It to m r Hanberry 16 bushell of Indian Corne 
It to m r Partrich 4 bushell of Indian Corne & 2 bush wheate & i 

bushell of Rye & 3 s 2 d in money 
It to John Hill of Boston x bushell of Indian Corne 

This Inventor}- was exhibited upon the Oath of m r:s Elizabeth 
Kemp at the Court held the rift of Aprill in the xviii th yeare of the 
now Raigne of o r Sov r aigne Lord Charles King of England &c before 
Willm Bradford gent Gov r Edward Winslow Thomas Prence Willm 
Collyer & Miles Standish gent Assistants &c 

( To be continued.) 



PLYMOUTH COLONY DEEDS. 

{Continued from p. jy.) 

[Vol. II, Pt. I, p.. 84] 

^ The 4 th of October 1653 
Memorand : That Edward Tilson of the Towne of Plymouth 



Ply mo nt Ji Colony Deeds. 83 

Doth acknowlidge that for and in consideracon of the summe 
of ten shillings pr annum to bee paied unto him in currant 
comoditie of the Countrey to bee paied att his house att Plym- 
outh aforsaid by Thomas Byrd of Scittuate hee hath sett and 
to farme lett unto the said Thomas Byrd forty acres of upland 
ground lying att the North river in the liberties of Scittuate 
aforsaid ; lying next the land of the said Thomas Byrd and 
Thomas Rawlins which said land the said Thomas Byrd is to 
have on the tearmes aforsaid the tearme of seaven yeare 
unles the said Edward Tilson either himselfe or any from by 
or under him shall make use of it at any time within the said 
tearme of seaven yeares if soe then the said Thomas Byrd is 
to surrender it againe ; And alsoe the said Edward Tilson re- 
serveth unto himselfe the mersh land belonging unto the said 
upland (zvom)\y The said Thomas Byrd is to have the after 
pasture therof and whatsoever charge the said Thomas Byrd 
shalbee att in Breaking up of the said land incase hee shall not 
bee satisfyed by the use of the land it shalbee put to reference 
of two Indifferent men ; and what they shall Determine in the 
p r mises shalbee prformed 

[p. 85. The first deed on this page, Myles Standish to Thomas 
Willett, we printed in Vol. II, p. 127.] 

The 3 d of November 1653 
Memorand ; That capt : Thomas Willett of the towne of 
Plymouth in the Jurisdiction of new Plymouth in new Eng- 
land in america Doth acknowlidge that for and in consideration 
of the full summe of twenty eight pounds to him alreddy paied 
by m r John Browne of the Towne of Rehoboth in the Jurisdic- 
tion aforsaid Jent : hee hath freely and absolutely barganed 
allianated and sold enfeofed and confeirmed ; and by these 
p r sents Doth bargane sell enfeof e and conf eirme unto the said 
m r John Browne all that his prte and proprietie of land which 
hee lately bought of Experience Michell which Did before the 
said sale belonge unto him as purchaser att Sowamsett Mat- 
tapoisett & places adiacent both upland and meddow with all 
and singulare the appurtenances privilidges and emunities be- 
longing therunto or to any prte or prcell therof ; To have and 
to hold the said prte and portion and proprietie of land both 
upland and meddow att Sowamsett Mattapoisett and places 
adiacent with all and singulare the appurtenances privilidges 
and emunities belonging therunto or to any prte or prcell 
therof; To the said m r John Browne his heires and assignes 
for ever; the said p r mises with all and singulare the appur- 



84 Plymouth Colony Deeds, 

tenances belonging therunto to appertaine unto the onely 
proper use and behoofe of him the said m r John Browne his 
heires and assignes for ever 

Thomas Willett ; 

The 3 d of November 1653 
Memorand : That I John Browne abovemencioned Doe assigne 
give and bequeath unto my two sonnes viz John Browne and 
James Browne all my right title and enterest which I have into 
a prcell or tracts of land which this p r sent Day I have bought 
of my sonneinlaw capt : Thomas Willett lying att Sowam- 
sett Mattapoisett and places adiacent both upland and med- 
dow with all and singulare the appurtenances privilidges and 
emunities belonging therunto or unto any prte or prcell therof ; 
To have and to hold the said land bought of my soninlaw 
aforsaid both upland and meddow att Sowamsett Mattapoisett 
and places adiacent ; which was formerly the propriety and 
portion belonging to Experience Michell as purchaser in the 
said places unto my said two sonnes videlecet John Browne 
and James Browne theire heires and assignes for ever ; the said 
p r mises with all and singulare the appurtenances privilidges and 
emunities belonging therunto or unto any prte or prcell therof 
with all and singulare my right title and enterest into the same 
I Doe heerby freely and absolutly give and make over unto my 
said two sonnes John Browne and James Browne unto them 
and theire heires and assignes for ever ; 

John Browne 

[p. 87] 1653 Bradford Gov r 

A Comission appointed to bee recorded 

To all her Ma ties of Swedens Governors captaines and 
subiectes of what ranke and sort whatsoever ; 

fforasmuch as Lawrance Cornelius one of her Ma tles of 
Swedens subiects, in New Sweden is Desirus with himselfe 
and companie and barque or sloope upon this coast of america 
to trad and traffacke peacably with such as are in alliance with 
the Crowne of Sweden ; this his Desire I found to bee reason- 
able and have given him therfore Comission under my hand 
and seale ; I Doe therfore Desire and entreat all Comaunders 
governors or prsons of what quallitie soever they may bee that 
are in alliance with the Crowne of Sweden aforsaid that they 
will carry respectively and frindly to him and his companie and 
suffer him quietly to pase and repase and to Doe his busines 
quietly without molestacon and to shew him all the favor and 



Plymouth Colony Deeds. 85 

frindshipp they may ; And wee Doe engage ourselves to Doe 
the like unto theires as occation shall p r sent ; 

Dated in New Sweden John Prince 

in the fortt Christina Gov r 

the first of October 1653 his (seale) 

Wheras by an order of court wee were appointed to view 
certaine Lands lyinge over against Road Hand and to lay them 
forth by such bounds as wee saw meet, if wee found them not 
to bee p r judiciall to any And wee haveing Dilligently viewed 
the same Doe Determine the bounds to bee from the valley att 
the uttermost south point of the mersh of Punkatest neare the 
Indian fortt eight miles up into* the countrey ; Easterly from 
the end of the eight mile to range northerly unto the great 
river that cometh from Taunton unto Road Hand ; the salt 
water betwixt Road Hand and the mayne to bee the westerly 
bounds And if any of the lands formerly graunted unto the 
old comers or purchasers shall extend so fare as to fall within 
any prte of these lines then soe much to bee added or made 
good uppon the Northerly prte of the bounds upon the river 
that cometh from Taunton ; soe as the whole quantitie of these 
bounds shalbee to the vallue and quantity of eight mile Square 
and these lands to belonge unto such as are now the Inhabitants 
of the towne of Plymouth ; 

Dated the 26th of June 1653 Myles Standish 

John Browne 

[p. 89] 1653 Bradford Gov r 

Wheras Divers yeares sence there was a greivance that our 
Pastor M r Charles Chauncy was troubled withall which hee 
expressed to our church and bretheren of Scittuate ; the occa- 
tion wherof was this that our Pastor prceived that contrary to 
his expectation som prsons amongst us questioned his enterest 
and proprietie in his now Dwelling house att Scittuate with the 
outhouses and grounds belonging to it ; These are to Testify 
to all men whom these p r sents may conserne that wee Richard 
Sillis and Thomas Ensigne being then Deacons of the said 
church of Scittuate were sent with the consent of M r hatherley 
and all the rest of the bretheren assembled then together to 
consult about the said greivance of our Pastor and the redresse 
of it ; with this message ; to our Pastor m r Charles Chauncy ; 
to this effect that the said church of Scittuate Did emediately 
and freely bestow upon him the said m r Charles Chauncy the 
said Dwelling house outhouses and lands appertaining therunto 



86 Plymouth Colony Deeds. 

bought by m r Timothy hatherley of m r Willam Varssall with 
the addition of another building made att the churches cost ; 
And this wee Tistify of our owne best knowlidge and remem- 
brance ; 

This above written was Testifyed upon oath by Richard 
Sillis and Thomas Ensigne the third Day of October 1653 

before us Thomas Prence 

Myles Standish 
John Browne 

The sixt of December 1653 
Memorand ; That Leiftenant Perigrine White of the towne 
of marshfeild in the Jurisdiction of new Plymouth in New 
England in america Doth acknowlidge that for and in con- 
sideration of the full summe of forty pounds to him in hand 
payed by capt : Thomas Willett of the Towne of Plymouth in 
the Jurisdiction aforsaid wherwith hee Doth acknowlidge him- 
selfe Satisfyed contented and fully payed ; hee hath freely and 
absolutly barganed allianated and sold enfeofed and confeirmed 
and by these Doeth bargane sell enfeofe and confeirme unto 
the said capt : Willett all that his prte and proprietie of land 
which as Purchaser or old comer ; belongeth unto him att So- 
wamsett Mattapoisett and places adiacent both upland and med- 
dow with all and singulare the appurtenances privilidges and 
emunities belonging unto the same ; as alsoe the said Leif- 
tenant White is to Defray all charges ariseing by the Indian 
purchase of the said p r mises ; To have and to hold his said prte 
portion and proprietie of land both upland and meddow which 
as purchaser or old comer belongeth unto him att Sowamsett 
Mattapoisett and places adiacent with all and singulare the 
appurtenances privilidges and emunities belonging therunto or 
to any prte or prcell therof unto the said captaine Thomas 
Willett his heires and assignes forever ; The said p r mises with 
all and singulare the appurtenances therunto belonging to 
appertaine unto the onely proper use and behoofe of him the 
said capt : Willett his heires and assignes for ever ; and alsoe 
the said Leiftenant White heerby covenanteth that his brother 
Resolved White shall give his (worn) and full consent unto 
the sale of the abovesaid premi(ses) 

This sale was acknowlidged before capt : Standish asistant ; 
the Day and yeare above written ; 

( To be continued.} 



Phincas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlcstown. 87 



PHINEAS PRATT OF PLYMOUTH AND 
CHARLESTOWN- 

{Reprinted, with additions, from " The Macdo>wzigh-Hackstaff Ancestry"} 
By Rodney Macdonough. 

The opening up of a new country and the planting of 
settlements therein are usually due to commercial enterprise 
and activity ; occasionally to political or religious expediency. 

New England furnishes no exception to the general rule, 
and these influences will supply a raison d'etre for each of the 
early settlements within her borders. Commercial enterprise, 
the foundation of the colonization idea, was the strongest of the 
three forces and naturally found expression in the establishment 
of numerous plantations dedicated to trade and barter. Among 
the earliest of these was Wessagusset, a neighbor of Plymouth. 
It is not the purpose of the writer to enter into the details of 
the settlement and subsequent history of Wessagusset, but 
to give what facts are known concerning one who was inti- 
mately connected with that plantation and later with Plymouth 
and Charlestown, Phineas Pratt. 

The following brief account of the coming of Phineas and 
his early experiences here shows the hardships, the dangers 
and the sufferings undergone by those who sought new homes 
in a new country, and a recital of these happenings, in whatever 
form presented, can hardly fail to interest his descendants both 
because of a feeling of kinship and because of the attendant 
circumstances of time and place. Phineas himself has left us, 
in his " Declaration," a most interesting account of the affairs 
of the early settlers and his own experiences. The writer has 
quoted freely from this invaluable document, printed in the 
Massachusetts Historical Society Collections (Fourth Series, 
IV, 476), and the quotations will be readily recognized. 

Phineas was one of a small party sent by Thomas Weston, a 
London merchant, and a Mr. Beachamp, in the Sparrow to 
prepare the way for the settlement of a new colony.* This 
party consisted of but six or seven persons. Bradford says 
seven. f WinslOw says six or seven. % Phineas says " we 
being but 10 men," referring to the initial trip of the Sparrow's 

* Bradford's History (London, 1S96), 72. f Ibid., 72, 78. 

X Winslow's "Good Newes from New England" (London, 1624), n. 



88 PJiincas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlestoivn. 

boat to Plymouth, but this number no doubt included the Mas- 
ter's Mate and two or three seamen of the Sparrow, thus leav- 
ing six or seven in Weston's party. It is certain that others of 
the Sparrow's crew besides the Master's Mate accompanied the 
settlers on this trip to take back the boat, for Winslow says 
the party " brought no more prouision for the present than 
serued the Boats gang for their returne to the ship."* Some 
sixty more men were to follow this party later. 

The Sparrow sailed for Massachusetts Bay, " but wanting a 
pilote," writes Phineas, " we Ariued att Damoralls Cove. The 
men y t belong to y e ship, ther fishing, had newly set up a may 
pole & weare very mery. We maed hast to prepare a boat fit 
for costing. Then said Mr. Rodgers, Master of our ship, 

* heare ar Many ships & at Munhigin, but no man y* does 
vndertake to be yo r pilate ; for they say y t an Indian Caled 
Rumhigin vndertook to pilot a boat to Plimoth, but thay all 
lost tha r Lives.' Then said Mr. Gibbs, Mast 1 ^ Mate of our ship, 

* I will venter my Line wth y u \' At this Time of our dis- 
couery, we first Ariued att Sm it he's Hands, first soe Caled by 
Capt. Smith, att the Time of his discouery of New Eingland, 
.... fterwards Caled Hands of Sholes ; ffrom thence to Cape 
Ann .... so Caled by Capt Mason ; • from thence to y e 
Mathechusits Bay. Ther we continued 4 or 5 days. Then we 
pseaued, y* on the south part of the Bay, weare fewest of the 
natives of the Cuntry Dwelling ther. We thought best to be- 
gine our plantation, but fearing A great Company of Salvages^ 
we being but 10 men, thought it best to see if our friends weare 
Living at Plimoth. Then sayling Along the Cost, not knowing 
the harber, thay shot of a peece of Ardinance, and at our com- 
ing Ashore, they entertaned ys wth 3 vally of shotts." 

Phineas and his party reached Plymouth the last of May, 
1622. The month is given by Bradford and the context shows 
the year. He says : — " But about y e later end of may, they 
spied a boat at sea (which at first they thought had beene some 
french-man) but it proued a shalop which came from a ship 
which M r Weston, & an other, had set out a fishing, at a place 
called Damarins-coue .40. leagues to y e eastward of them ; wher 
were y* year many more ships come a fishing. This boat 
brought .7. passengers ; and some letters, but no uitails, nor 
any hope of any."f Bradford does not mention the name of 
the vessel to which the shallop belonged, but this omission is 
supplied by Winslow, who writes : — " This Boat proued to be a 

* Winslow's "Good Xcwes from New England" (London, 1624), n. 
t Bradford's History ( Ixiiidon, 1S96), 72. 



Phineas Pratt of Plymouth and CJiarlcstown. 89 

shallop that belonged to a fishing ship, called the Sparrow, set 
forth by Master TJiomas Weston, late Merchant and Citizen of 
London, which brought six or seuen passengers at his charge, 
that should before haue beene landed at our Plantation, who 
also brought no more prouision for the present than serued 
the Boats gang for their returne to the ship."* 

'The Plymouth colonists being greatly in need of provisions 
at this time, the men of the Sparrow accompanied some of them 
to the fishing fleet at the Damariscove Islands to procure what 
food the ships could spare. Their friends " did what they could 
freely " and the party returned to Plymouth with such neces- 
saries as the fleet could spare from its scanty store. 

It has been thought that after this expedition Phineas and 
his companions returned from Plymouth to the Sparrow 
and there awaited the coming of the rest of Weston's com- 
pany.! The writer does not agree with this view. Phineas 
himself is silent on this point, merely saying, " At this Time, on 
or two of them went wth vs in our vesill to y e place of ffishing 
to bye vicktuals." Weston plainly expected them to stay at 
Plymouth until the rest of the party came, for in a letter to 
Governor Carver delivered by the Sparrow party on their 
arrival he says : — " . . . we haue sent this ship, and these 
pasengers on our owne accounte. Whom we desire you will 
frendly entertaine, & supply with shuch necesaries as you cane 
spare, and they wante &c. . . . To y e end our desire may be 
effected, which I assure my selfe will be also for your good we 
pray you giue them entertainmente in your houses y s time they 
shall be with you. That they may lose no time, but may 
presently goe in hand to fell trees, & cleaue them, to y e end 
lading may be ready and our ship stay not. "J Bradford 
says : — ", . . they tooke compassion of those .7. men. Which 
this ship {which fished to y eastward) had kept till planting 
time was oner, and so could set no corne. And allso wanting 
vitals, (for y e y turned them off w th out any) and indeed wanted 
for them selues) neither was their salt-pan come, so as y e >' could 
not performe any of those things which M r # Weston, had ap- 
pointed ; and might haue starued if y e plantation had not suc- 
coured them, who in their wants, gaue them as good as any of 
their owne."§ The expression "y e y turned them off," used 
by Bradford in connection with their leaving the Sparrow, con- 
tains the implication that they were not expected to return. 

* Winslow's "Good Newes," 11. 

t Phineas Pratt and Some of His Descendants, 19. 

X Bradford's History, 72, 73. § Ibid., 75. 



90 Phineas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlestoivn. 

In a passage already quoted Winslow says the party brought 
no more provisions than would suffice for the return of the 
boat's "gang" to the ship,* thus also indicating that the boat's 
crew were expected to return, but not the settlers. But the 
most conclusive evidence we have that Phineas and his com- 
panions returned to Plymouth with the party who went to the 
fishing fleet for provisions and there (at Plymouth) awaited 
the coming of the Charity and the Swan is Bradford's state- 
ment when he writes, referring to the reception of Weston's 60 
colonists by those vessels : — "So as they had receiued his 
former company of .7. men and vitailed them as their owne 
hitherto, so they also receiued these (being abonte .60. lusty 
men) and gaue housing for them selues, and their goods, and 
many being sicke they had y e best means y e place could aford 
them ; . . . "f But one interpretation can be placed upon the 
words " vitailed them as their owne hitherto " and that is that 
Phineas and his companions had been offered, and had accepted, 
the hospitality of the Plymouth men after leaving the Sparrow 
and that they were living in Plymouth at the time of the arrival 
of the rest of the party in the Chanty and the Swan. 

*' In the end of Iune, or beginning of Iuly, came into our 
harbour two ships of Master Westerns aforesaid, the one called the 
Charitie, the other the Swan, hauing in them some fifty or sixty 
men sent ouer at his owne charge to plant for him."$ There 
is a discrepancy of about a month between the date of the 
arrival of these vessels as given by Winslow and the date given 
by Phineas. The latter says : — "8 or 9 weeks after this, t© 
of our ships Arived att Plimoth." By "this" he refers either 
to the time of the arrival of his party at Plymouth in the latter 
part of May, 1622, or to the subsequent trip to the fishing 
fleet for provisions. In either case "8 or 9 weeks after" 
would bring the Charity and Swan to Plymouth the end of July 
or the first of August, 1622. 

Shortly after the arrival of these two vessels Weston's men 
began the settlement of Wcssagusset. The leading man was 
Richard Greene, a brother-in-law of Weston. He died, how- 
ever, on a subsequent visit to Plymouth and was succeeded 
by John Sanders. For a time all went well. The Wessagusset 
settlers, however, had never experienced the rigors of a New 
England winter and consequently made little or no preparation 
against the severe winter months. Levett says in his " Voyage 
into New England": — "they neither applyed themselues to 
planting of corne nor taking of fish, more than for their present 

» " Good Newes," 11. t Bradford's History, 78, 79. J " Good Xewes," 13. 



P hinc as Pratt of Plymouth and Charlcstozvn. 91 

use, but went about to built Castles in the Aire, and making; 
of Forts, neglecting the plentifull time of fishing. When Win- 
ter came their forts would not keepe out hunger, and they 
hauing no provision beforehand, and wanting both powder and 
shot to kill Deare and Fowle, many were starued to death, 
and the rest hardly escaped. There are foure of his men 
which escaped, now at my plantation, who haue related unto 
me the whole businesse."* 

As the season advanced the situation of the settlers became 
perilous in the extreme. Provisions ran short and many of 
them actually died of starvation. Their loss in numbers, want 
of food and isolated position placed them completely in the 
power of the natives. Late in 1622 (old style) the Indians 
formed a plan to cut off the English both at Wessagusset and 
Plymouth on the same day. Phineas, then about 30 years old, 
learning of the intended massacre, resolved to warn the settlers 
at Plymouth and ask their assistance. No one being willing 
to accompany him, he determined to go alone. 

Waiting for a favorable opportunity, he said good-bye to his 
friends and with considerable difficulty eluded the vigilance of 
the Indians and set out alone on his perilous undertaking. The 
Indians, learning of his escape, pursued him, but without 
success. 

" I Run Southward tell 3 of ye Clock, but the snow being in many places. 
I was the more distresed becaus of my ffoot steps. The sonn being be- 
clouded, I wandered, not knowing my way ; but att the Goeing down of 
the sonn, it apeared Red ; then hearing a great howling of wolfs, I came 
to a River : the water being depe & cold & many Rocks, I pased through 
w* much adoe. Then was I in great distres — ffant for want of flood, 
weary with Running, ffearing to make a frier because of y m y l pshued me. 
Then I came to a depe dell or hole, ther being much wood falen into 
it. Then I said in my thoughts, this is God's providence that heare I may- 
make a fier. Then haveing maed a tier, the stars began to a pear and I 
saw Ursa Magor & the .... pole yet fearing .... beclouded. The 
day following I began to trafell . . . . . but being unable, I went back to 

the tier the day ffal sonn shined & about three of the 

clock I came to that part . . . Plimoth bay wher ther is a Town of Later 
Time .... Duxbery. Then passing by the water on my left hand . . . 
cam to a brock & ther was a path. Haveing but a short Time to Con- 
sider .... ffearing to goe beyond the plantation, I kept Running in the 
path ; then passing through James Ryuer I said in my thoughts, now am 
I as a deare Chased ... the wolfs. If I perish, what will be the Con- 
dish. ... of distresed Einglish men. Then finding a peec of a . . . I 
took it up & Caried it in my hand. Then finding a . . of a Jurkin, I 
Caried them under my arme. Then said I in my ... . God hath giuen 
me these two tookens for my Comfort; yt now he will giue me my live for 
a pray. Then Running down a hill J . .' . an Einglish man Coming in the 

•Baxter's "Christopher Levett, of York," 125, 126. 



92 Phincas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlcstozvn. 

path before me. Then I sat doTV-n on a tree & Rising up to salute him 
said, • Mr. Hamdin, I am Glad to see you aliue.' He said ' I am Glad & 
full of wonder to see you aliue : lett us sitt downe, I see you are weary.' '* 

Bradford says, referring to Phineas' dangerous undertak- 
ing : — "In y e meane time, came one of them from y e Massa- 
chucts with a small pack at his back, and though he knew not 
a foote of y e way yet he got safe hither, but lost his way, which 
was well for him for he was pursued, and so was mist. He 
tould them hear, how all things stood amongst them, and that 
he durst stay no longer, he apprehended they (by what he 
obserued) would be all knokt in y e head shortly."* " This 
mans name" writes Nathaniel Morton, "was Phinehas Pratt, 
who hath penned the particular of his perilous Journey, and 
some other tilings relating to this Tragedy ."f 

Phineas reached Plymouth on March 24, 1622/3. The 
minor dates are given by Winslow and the context gives the 
year. Rewrites: — "The three and twentith of March being 
now come, which is a yeerely Court-day, . . . we came to this 
conclusion, That Captaine Standish should take so many men 
as he thought sufficient to make his party good against all the 
Indians in the JMassachuset-bay ; . . . but on the next day 
before hee could goe, came one of M r . Westons Company by 
land vnto vs, with his packe at his backe, who made a pitiful! 
narration of their lamentable and weake estate. "i 

Two or three days after his coming, according to Phineas, 
and the next day (March 25, 162 3), § according to Winslow, 
Captain Myles Standish and his party started on the expedition 
which resulted in inflicting on the Indians the doom they had 
in store for the English and in saving the remnant of the 
Wessagusset colony. 

It was evidently not Phineas' intention to part from his 
own company entirely, for when he arrived at Plymouth after 
his difficult and dangerous journey, he only asked that "hee 
might there remaine till things were better settled at the other 
plantation." § After Myles Standish rescued the Wessagusset 
party from their perilous position and relieved their immediate 
necessities, a majority of them decided to abandon the settle- 
ment and make their way home, while some of them chose to 
return with Standish and join the Plymouth colony. "Now 
were M r . Westons people resolued to leaue their Plantation and 
goe for Munhiggen, hoping to get passage and returne with 

* Bradford's History, 94. 

t "New England's Memorial " (Boston, 1721), 57. 

\ " Good Newes," 37, 38. § ibid., 39. 



Phineas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlcstown. 93 

the fishing ships. . . . Some of them disliked the choyce 
of the body to goe to Munhiggen, and therfore desiring to goe 
with him to Plimoutfi, he tooke them into the shallop : and 
seeing them set sayle and cleere of the Massachusct bay, he 
tooke leaue and returned to Plhuoitt/i, . . ."■* 

As soon as he was physically able, Phineas rejoined his 
company at Piscataqua. Those of the Wessagusset colony 
who returned to Plymouth with Standish had no doubt told 
Phineas of the plan of the majority of the party to return to 
England, if they could, by way of Monhegan Island, and it is 
quite possible that he, too, went to Piscataqua in the hope of 
securing passage home in one of the fishing fleet. But what- 
ever his plan may have been, he did not return to England 
and we find him a little later engaged in skirmishes with the 
Indians at Dorchester and at Agawam (Ipswich), but he does 
not tell us what took him to those places. "Three times we 
fought with them " he says in his petition to the General Court 
in 1668, referring to the encounters with the Indians at Wessa- 
gusset, Dorchester and Agawam. 

"In the latter end of Iuly and the beginning of August,"! 
1623, according to Winslow, the Anne and the Little James 
arrived at Plymouth. Some time between their arrival and 
the beginning of 1624 (old style) there was a division of land 
at Plymouth among the passengers of the Mayflower, Fortune 
and Anne on the basis of one acre to each person for seven 
years' continual use.t This division must have been after 
August 14, 1623, for William Bradford's wife, Alice Bradford, 
shared therein, and they were married on that date. It was 
probably made late in 1623 (old style), very likely in March, 
just before the April planting of 1624. Phineas is put down 
among the Anne's passengers and was assigned one acre. He 
must, therefore, have returned to Plymouth prior to the division 
and settled there. 

As to why he shared in the division at all, not being a 
passenger by either the Mayflower, Fortune or Anne — it is 
very likely that when he returned to Plymouth and expressed 
a desire to remain there he was received as an inhabitant and 
permitted to share in the subsequent allotment of land. Joshua 
Pratt, with whom he is associated in the list of the Anne's pas- 
sengers, is not known to have been related to him. 

As an inhabitant of Plymouth Phineas' name occurs fre- 
quently in the colony records during his residence there and 
* " Good Newes/' 44, 45. t Ibid., 5:. 
t Mayflower Descendant, 1 : 227-230. 



94 Phineas Pratt of PlymoutJi arid Charlestown. 

after he went to Charlestown. The following extracts are from 
the original records except in one or two cases which are in- 
dicated. It appears that he was a joiner, and he so calls him- 
self in various deeds and in his will. 

1623. Mentioned in a list which follows " The fales of 
their grounds which came over in the shipe called the Anne 
according as their were cast. 1623." * 

This was the division of land among the passengers of the 
Mayflower, Fortune and Anne made probably in March, 1623 
(old style). The probable reason why Phineas was included 
in this division has already been mentioned. 

1627, May 22. Assigned to Francis Cooke's company in 
the division of cattle. 

"To this lot fell the least of the 4 black Heyfers Came in 
the Jacob and two shee goats." 7 

1627. Appears on a list of "The Names of the Pur- 
chasers" of Plymouth. [Court Orders, II: 244] 

1633. Mentioned in a list of "The Names of the ffreemen 
of the Incorporacon of Plymoth in New England An: 1633." 
{Court Orders, I : 1] 

1633, March 25. Taxed nine shillings. [Court Orders, 
I: 9] 

1633, October 28. "Phineas Pratt referred to further 
hearing at the same time about the goods of Godbert God- 
bcrtson & Zara his wife." [Court Orders, 1:35] 

1633, November 11. "At this Court Phineas Prat ap- 
pointed to take into his possession all the goods & chattels of 
Godbert Godbertson & Zarah his wife & safely to preserue 
them according to an Inventory presented upon oath to be 
true & just by m r Joh Done & m r Steph. Hopkins." [Court 
Orders, I: 37] 

Godbert Godbertson was the stepfather of Mary Priest 
(daughter of Degory Priest) whom Phineas married. 

i633/4> January 2. Taxed nine shillings. [Court Orders, 
I: 6l) 

1633/4, March 10. "Whereas Phineas Prat joyner in the 
behalfe of Marah his wife is possessed of thirty Acres of land 
neer unto the high Cliffe the said Phineas & Marah haue 
exchanged the fee simple thereof w th m r Thomas Prence for 
other thirty Acres of land at Wynslows stand and next adjoyn- 
ing to an other portion of land belonging to the said Phineas : 
But whereas there is a brooke w th in the said thirty acres thus 

* Mayflower Descendant, 1 : 230. f Ibid., 1 : 149. 



P June as Pratt of Plymouth and Cliarlestown. 95 

exchanged & acknowledged by mutuall consent whereat John 
Come Gent may freely make use of, It is granted to him his 
hcires or assignes provided he so make use of the said water 
as the said phineas be not annoyed thereby, but cither by con- 
venient inclosure at the Cost of the said Joh. or otherwise shall 
saue harmeles the said phin. & his heires from any detrr or 
annoyance that shall or may befall them the said Phines & 
Marah their heires & assignees] " [Court Orders, 1:57] 

1635/6, March 2. "At the same Court, A Jury of twelue 
being impaniled and charged in the moneth of ffebr foregoing 
to enquire after the death of John Deacon in the behaife of 
our Soveraigne Lord the king, gaue in their verdict as followeth 
in their owne words and under their hands, viz* 

" Having searched the dead body we finde not any blowes 
or wounds or any other bodily hurt. We finde that bodily 
weakenes caused by long fasting & wearines by going to & 
fro w th extream cold of the season were the causes of his death. 

"Their names were John Jenny John Cooke Will Basset 
Joseph Rogers William Hoskins, Thomas Cushman George 
Partridge Stephen Tracy Abraham Peirce Richard Cluffe Tho. 
Clarke Phineas Pratt." [Court Orders, I : 87] 

1635/6, March 14. "At a generall meeting the 14 th of 
March concerning- the hey grownds for Plymoth & Duxbur- 
rough " it was ordered "That Phineas Pratt haue between ffr 
Billington and his owne howse." [Court Orders, I : S3, 89] 

1636, November 7. "At the same time Tristram Clarke 
appointed to haue eight Acres of land fowr in breadth & two 
in length on the south side a porcon allotted formerly to m r 
John Coornbe between Phineas Pratt & widow Billington." 
[Court Orders, I : 96] 

1636/7, January 14. " Januar 14 th 1636 There is graunted 
this day by the Court of Assistants to James Skiffe Tenn acres 
of lands lying next vnto the lands graunted to Thirston Clarke 
(five in length & two in breadth) betweene the lands of Phineas 
Pratt & widdow Billington five acres whereof are part of those 
lands due vnto him for his service Donn to m r Isaack Olerton 
and thother fiue acres are in the right of Peter Talbott for 
service by Indenture prformed to Edward Doty." [Court 
Orders, 1 : 98] 

1 636/7, March 7. His name appears in a list of Plymouth 
freemen. [Court Orders, 1 : 104] 

1636/7, March 20. There is assigned "To Phineas Pratt 
and m r Coomes the hey ground they had the last yeare." 
[Court Orders, 1 : 1 10] 



g6 Phincas Pratt of Plymouth and Charles town. 

1637, July 12. Edward Dotey sells to Richard Derby his 
property at the "high Cliffe" purchased of Joshua Pratt, 
Phineas Pratt and John Shaw. [Plym. Col. Deeds, XII : 20] 

1637, October 2. Is a juryman at the meeting of the 
General Court. [Plym. Col. Judicial Acts, 3] 

1640, June 1. Granted five acres of land.* ["Court Orders, 
I: 236] 

1640, August 3. " fforasmuch as it appeareth by the 
testymony of Josuah Pratt & otherwise that The two acrees 
of vpland lying at Wellingsly brook on the north side of the 
lotts giuen Godbert Godbertson, were giuen by the said God- 
bert Godbertson to John Combe gent & Phineas Pratt in 
marriage w th their wiues his Daughters The Court Doth con- 
tinue the said two acrees vnto the said John Combe & Phineas 
Pratt their heires and assignes for eu r ." [Court Orders, 
I: 241] 

1640, August 5. "Memorand the fift day of August 1640 
That John Combe gent and Phineas Pratt joyner Do acknowl- 
edg that for and in consideracon of the sum of three pounds 
sterl to them in hand payd by John Barnes of new Plymouth 
haue freely and absolutely bargained and sould vnto the said 
John Barnes his heires & Assignes all those two acrees of 
vpland w ch they had of Goodbert Godbertson in marryage w th 
their wiues lyinge on the North side next to the Towneward 
of that parcel! of vpland at Wellingsley brooke w ch fell to him 
by lott in the first Diuisions, and all their right title and in- 
terrest of and into the said two acrees of vpland w th all and 
singuler thapp r tences thereto belonging To haue & to hold the 
said two acrees of vpland w th all and singuler their app r tences 
vnto the said John Barnes his heires Assignes foreuer To 
the onely p r per vse & behoofe of him the said John Barnes 
his heires & Assignes for euer." [Plym. Col. Deeds, 1 : 10 1] 

1640, November 2. Granted six acres of "meddowing in 
the North meddow by Joanes Riuer." [Court Orders, 1 : 249] 

1642, April 5. John Combe sells to Thomas Prence "ail 
those his two acrees of Marsh meddow lying before the house 
of the said Thorn Prence at Joanes Riuer next to the Marsh 
meddow of Phineas Pratt ..." [Plym. Col. Deeds, I : 138] 

1642, May 7. Joshua Pratt sells to Edward Dotey "one 
acre of vpland lying at the heigh Cliff betwixt the lands of 
Phineas Pratt & John Shawe ..." [Plym. Col. Deeds, I : 
142] 

1642, December 31. John Barnes sells to Edward Edwards 

♦ This entry is crossed out in the original records. 



Pkincas Pratt of Plymouth a?id Charles town. 97 

certain property purchased from Thomas Hill and "the two 
acrees of vpland lying at wellingsly brooke lately purchased of 
M r John Combe & Phineas Pratt' ..." [Plvm. Col. Deeds, 
I: 154] 

1643, August. Appears on a list of Plymouth men able to 
bear arms. The same year (no minor dates given) his name, 
crossed out and with interlinear notation "gon," appears on a 
list of Plymouth freemen. [Plvm. Col. Records, VIII: 174, 
187] His name was crossed out and the note made, of course, 
after he left Plymouth. 

1644, June 22. "At a Townes meeting the xxii th June 
1644 

" In case of Alarume in tyme of warr or Danger these 
Divisions of the Towneship are to be observed. & these com- 
panys to repaire together 



At Joanes river 



mr Bradfords famyly one 
mr Princes one 
mr Hanbury one 
mr Rowland one 
I ffrancis Cooke one 
Phineas Pratt 
Gregory Armestrong 
John Winslow 
mr Lee " 

Of the other two companies the first was ordered to as- 
semble "At the Ele river" and the second at Wellingsly. 
[Plym. Town Reds., 1:27] 

1644, October 30. "Edward Edwards sells to Thomas 
Whitney the property which was formerly Thomas Hill's and 
"the two acrees bought of phineas Pratt " by John Barnes and 
sold to him (Edwards) December 31, 1642. [Plym. Col. Deeds, 
I: 154] 

1644, November 5. "The fift of Novemb r 1644 Memorand 
That Thomas Bunting dwelling: w th Phineas Pratt hath w th and 
by the consent of the said Phineas put himself as a servant to 
Dwell w th John Cooke Junio r from the fifteenth Day of this 
instant Novemb r for and During the terme of eight yeares now 
next ensuing and fully to be compleate and ended the said John 
Cooke fynding vnto his said servant meate drink and apparell 
During the said terme and in thend thereof Double to apparell 
him throughout and to pay him twelue bushells of Indian Come. 
The said John Cooke haueing payd the said Phineas for him 



9S George Sonic* s Autograph. 

one melch cowe valued at v !i and fourty shillings in money 
and is to to lead the said Phineaa two loades of hey yearely Dur- 
ing the terme of seauen yeares .now next ensuinge." [Court 
Orders, II : 106] 

(7i? be continued.) 



GEORGE SOULE'S AUTOGRAPH. 

By George Ernest Bowman. 

The only autograph of George Soule of the Mayflower of 
which I have yet learned is his signature as a witness to the will 
of John Barries of Plymouth, and was written 6/16 March, 
1667/8. Soule was the first witness to sign, and fortunately 
"Sen r " was written after his name. This proves conclusively 
that the witness was Geurge Soule of the Mayflower and not 
his son, George-. 

An examination of the half-tone reproduction of the will, 
facing this page, shows that Soule wrote a very good hand, but 
there are evident signs of trembling, which may have been due 
to age. 

The will is preserved in the « Scrap Book " in the Registry 
of Deeds at Plymouth. It is written on the first page of a four- 
page folio, and is in fair condition. The pages are twelve and 
one-fourth inches tail by seven and seven-eighths inches wide. 
The top of the first page has evidently been used in place of 
a copy book. 

The second witness, Samuel Seabury, married for his 
second wife Martha' 5 Pabodie {Elizabeth 2 A/den, John 1 ). 

In this will John Barnes calls Henry Samson's wife (Ann 
Plummer) his cousin. This connection will probably be help- 
ful in finding her ancestry. 

The will was recorded in the Plymouth Colony Wills and 
Inventories, Volume III, Part I, page 31, from which the 
record of the probate is taken. The transcript of the will is 
made from the original document. 



The last Will and Testament of M r John Barnes of Plym- 
outh in New England late Deceased ; exhibited to the court 



JFi \ 



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GEORGE SOULE'S 



s AUTOGRAPH 



George Soule 's Autograph. 99 

held att Plymouth the 29th of October anno Dom 1671 on the 
oathes of M r Samuell Saberry and Samuell hunt as followeth ; 



New Plimoth. New England. 6 th . of March. i6fX 

The Last will & Testament of John Barn's which is as 
follow' s. 

To All whome these may concern. Know you That I John 
Barn's being of my Sound understanding - &c : doe declai re This 
to be my last will and Testament. Knowing not how soon 
y e lord may call me out of this world, doe theirfore labor to 
give noe occasio' of striffe unto those that shall Sum Ye me : 
But that peace may be Among them : 

1. In the first place I doe desire that my body be decently 
buryed all y* all Funeral! charges be Exspended out of my 
psonall Estate 

2. That all Legacys be pay'd, before any division of my 
Estate be may'd 

3. I doe apoynt y* my dear wife Joan Barn's & my Sunn 
Jonathan Barn's be y e Executo rs of this my last will and 
Testament 

4. I doe Bequeath unto my wife Joan Barn's half of Every 
pt and pcell of all my houseing and lands y* I doe now possess 
in y e Township of New Plimoth dureing The Tearm of her 
life. 

5. I doe bequeath unto my unto my Sonn Jonathan the 
other half part of my sayd houseing land's &c : fforEver unles 
my say'd Sonn shall forfitt it on condition's as ffollow's in an 
oyr* pt of this my will. 

6. I doe bequeath all my land lying Near to Road Island 
unto my grandsonn John Marshall, as alsoe y e silver dish y : 1 
doe usually use to Eate in 

7. I doe bequeath to my Cozen y e wife of henery Samso. 
forty shillings out of my Estate to be pay'd Beffore division of 
my Estate. 

8. I doe Bequeath my moveable Estate as follow's one 
third to my wife for EYer in Case she shall not molest any 
pson to whome I have fformerly sould any Land's unto in Case 
she shall soe doe, y n it shall ffall to Sonn, or grandson John 
Marshall. y e Next Third I doe bequeath to my sonn Jonathan 
In Case he doe not demand any pt of That Estate } rt fformerly 
I gave to my daughter Lyddyah. Now deceased, in Case he 

*ThLs is evidently a mistake for "other." The copy in the Colony Records 
reads: "in any one." 



ioo William Brexvster. 

shall Soe doe y n third shall frail unto my grandson John 
Marshall ffor Ever The Next (t)hird I doe bequeath to my 
gr(an)dchildren now in being togeither w*b my Kinswoman 
Ester Rieket to say to Each of y m an Equall pt of y r - my 

Estate : hopeing That my last will may be an Instrument of 
peace ; shall cease waiting for y e Time of my chang, 

9. I doe Further Request and desire Elder Tho 8 : Couch- 
ma L* : Ephraem Morton and Joseph Warren to be the over- 
seers of this my Last will and Testament 
Signed and sealed In his mark 

y e p r sence of John ■£ B Barnes 

George Soule Sen* : (seal) 

Sam 1 : Seabury 
samuell hunt 

This Will is recorded according to order p r me Nathaniel 
Morton Secretary see book of Wills and Inventorys recorded 
begining att 71 ; in folio 31 



WILLIAM BREWSTER. 
His True Position in Olr Colonial History. 

\An Address Delivered before the Massachusetts Socizty of Mayflower Descendants, 
1 j February, IQ02 > at Boston.] 

By Hon. Lyman Denison Brewster. 

The story of the Mayflower and Plymouth Rock is the 
story of the formation of a little Separatist or Congregational 
Church at Scrooby, England, its escape to Holland, its migra- 
tion from thence to Plymouth, and its establishment there as 
the first embodiment in America of freedom in the Church 
and equality in the State. 

William Brewster cradled the church at Scrooby, in his 
own home. He devoted his means to the support of its min- 
isters and the succor of its members. After suffering fine 
and imprisonment and risking his life for this heresy, he helped 
the little flock to Holland, where his duty as elder intrusted 
him especially with the discipline and building up of the Church 
and the preservation therein of soundness of doctrine. This 
duty he successfully performed with great gentleness and equal 



William Brewster. 101 

firmness. While in Leyden his arrest was sought for publish- 
ing Protestant books for circulation in England and Scotland. 

He was in every respect the co-equal and colleague with 
Robinson in all the measures for preparing the voyage to 
America, and shares with Carver and Cushman the honor of 
procuring the requisite London assistance. 

That he drafted the Compact of November 21, 1620, in 
the cabin of the Mayflower seems almost certain. That he 
was the moral, religious and spiritual leader of the Colony 
during its first years of peril and struggle and its chief civil 
adviser and trusted guide until the time of his death is quite 
certain. But for his ecclesiastical position he would have been 
Governor of the Colony. 

So that, while it was perhaps unfortunate, as a matter of 
good taste, that Rev. Ashbel Steele entitled his valuable 
biography " Chief of the Pilgrims : or The Life and Time of 
William Brewster"- — unfortunate, since the modest Eider of 
Plymouth was the last man in the world to institute com- 
parisons with his brethren, it is nevertheless true as a matter 
of history that he was indeed in the fullest sense "The Chief 
of the Pilgrims." And it is also true that having the rare 
felicity to be both the founder of the first free Church in 
America and also the founder of the first free colony in America, 
he was in a sense in which no other man, not even Roger 
Williams (as I shall show) can claim the honor — the first 
Apostle of both civil and religious liberty on this continent. 

In the light of recent research he stands out more clearlv 
than ever, the leading figure of the Mayflower and of Plymouth. 
In the prime of his intellectual vigor, in the 54th year of his 
age, the only reason why the Elder was not chosen the first 
Governor of the Plymouth Colony, says Hutchinson in his 
History, was that " He was their ruling elder, which seems to 
have been the bar to his being their Governor — civil and eccle- 
siastical office, in the same person, being then deemed incom- 
patible." Perhaps an equally cogent reason was that an 
outlawed exile would hardly be "'persona grata" to the officers 
of the Crown. 

Some subsequent historians, not realizing that, as Judge 
Baylies says, " the power of the church was then superior to the 
civil power," or the true reason of the apparent but not real 
subordination of the Elder to the Governors (Carver and Brad- 
ford), have failed to give to the heroic Elder the supremacy 
he deserves over each and all, as the heart, brain and soul of 
the new Plymouth enterprise, without whom it could hardly 



102 William Ih-cwstcr. 

have been attempted, with whom it became the most memorable 
and successful pioneer colonization on the American continent 
after its discovery by Columbus. 

Let me mention some of the admirable qualities of his 
leadership. Not intending in the least to suggest a word in 
derogation or depreciation of the good qualities, nay the grand 
qualities of those superb fellow Pilgrims, Bradford, Winslow, 
Carver and Standish, 1 will state briefly what he was, what 
he accomplished. 

Of gentle birth, educated at Cambridge, a courtier before 
he was twenty years oi age, in high esteem with Her Majesty's 
Secretary of State, treated by him more like a son than a 
servant, soon a member of the English Embassy to Holland, 
after loyally and faithfully serving his patron Davidson who 
was deposed from his high position by the perfidy of the Queen, 
he, after suffering years of persecution in building up the May- 
flower church at Scrooby, left his native land, his position and 
his fortune, to be an exile in Holland and a pilgrim in America. 

A word each on his scholarship, his statesmanship, his 
saintliness and his standing among the Founders of States. 

First, as to his scholarship and ability as a lay preacher. 
It was always known that he was a trained scholar of the 
greatest of English Universities, but it remained for the late 
Dr. Dexter to show the depth and breadth, the fulness and 
ripeness of his learning and wisdom. Dr. Dexter wrote to me 
that he regarded him as the ablest man of the first generation 
of New England colonists, and no man was better qualified to 
give that judgment. While a persecuted refugee in Leyden 
he published and in some instances himself printed and edited 
both popular and erudite theological treatises in Latin and 
English. While living in his log house in Plymouth, built by 
his own hands, he yearly received supplies of newly published 
books in Latin and English, and his library was inventoried 
at his death in 1644 at four hundred volumes. 

Dr. Dexter took the brief headings of the inventory de- 
ciphered by Mr. Winsor and tracing out the books through the 
leading libraries of England and Europe, restored the full 
titles. Sixty-two were in Latin and ninety-eight commentaries 
on or translations of the Bible. Dr. Dexter says : 

" It is my strong impression that it is very doubtful whether, 
for its first quarter-century, New England anywhere else had so 
rich a collection of exegetical literature as this." 

With such a scholar to explain the Scriptures, which was 
the chief function of the pulpit in those days, it is no wonder 



William Brewster. 103 

that when a minister who came over in 1629 was chosen to be 
the Plymouth pastor, the people " finding him to be a man of 
low gifts and parts, they, as providence gave opportunity, im- 
proved others as his assistants." And this scholar worked 
with his own hands to build his House in Plymouth, and after- 
wards in Duxbury, and up to the age of nearly eighty helped 
to cultivate his own farm. And there is nothing to show, says 
one biographer, in the records that he ever asked for or received 
any salary. 

But the crowning glory of this wealth of learning and 
knowledge was this. For thirty years it was devoted con- 
stantly, utterly and superbly to the people with whom he had 
cast his hazardous lot. All he could learn he freely imparted 
to those he taught. 

He was a scholar and preacher from the people, with 
the people, for the people and to the people, and in their close 
companionship of toil and danger the people did indeed hear 
him gladly. Of their place of worship and order of assembling 
De Rasiere, a wise observer from Holland in 1627 gives this 
often repeated but always interesting sketch : 

He says : " Upon the hill they had a large square house, 
with a flat roof, made of thick sawn planks, stayed with oak 
beams, upon the top of which they have six cannons, which 
shoot iron balls of four and five pounds, and command the 
surrounding country. The lower part they use for their church, 
where they preach on Sundays and the usual holidays. They 
assemble by beat of drum, each with his musket or firelock, 
in front of the captain's door ; they have their cloaks on, and 
place themselves in order, three abreast, and are led by a 
sergeant without beat of drum. Behind comes the Governor, 
in a long robe ; beside him on the right hand comes the 
preacher with his cloak on, and on the left hand the captain 
with his side-arms and cloak on, and with a small cane in his 
hand ; and so they march in good order, and each sets his arms 
down near him. Thus they enter their place of worship, con- 
stantly on their guard night and day." 

How much Governor Bradford, the excellent governor of 
the colony for over thirty years, owed not only to the guidance, 
but to the training, teaching and companionship of his old 
neighbor, comrade and life-long friend, his grateful words bear 
full witness. He says of Brewster that " he was foremost in 
our adventure in England and in Holland and here." John 
Brown of Bedford calls him " The Great Heart of their pil- 
grimage." Dr. Griffis says " from the first Brewster was the 
soul of the Plymouth colony." 



104 William Brewster. 

The devout Elder was regarded with the utmost veneration 
and reverence in his later years by the colonists of the eight 
towns into which the little settlement of 1620 had grown. 
Hence I think the popular impression of the old patriarch 
pictures him with the austere severity and rigid narrowness 
of an old iron-sides, rather than with the " sweetness and lisfht " 
of Hampden and Milton. Nothing could be further from the 
truth. Humblest and gentlest of men, his flock almost wor- 
shipped him because they loved him and had reason to love 
him, while that love was returned in full measure, and the 
chronicle says of his death in which he " so sweetly departed 
this life unto a better " : " We did all grievously mourn his loss 
as that of a dear and loving friend." 

Of his personal qualities Bradford says : "He was wise and 
discreet and well spoken, having a grave and deliberate utter- 
ance, of a very cheerful spirit, very sociable and pleasant 
amongst his friends, of an humble and modest mind, of a peace- 
able disposition, undervaluing himself and his own abilities, 
and sometimes overvaluing others ; inoffensive and innocent 
in his life and conversation, which gained him the love of those 

without, as well as those within He was tender-hearted, 

and compassionate of such as were in misery, but especially 
of such as had been of good estate and rank, and were fallen 
unto want and poverty, either for goodness and religion's 

sake, or by the injury and oppression of others In 

teaching, he was moving and stirring of affections, also very 

plain and distinct in what he taught He had a singular 

good gift in prayer, both public and private He always 

thought it were belter for ministers to pray oftener, and divide 
their prayers, than be long and tedious in the same." 

" lie taught twice every Sabbath, and that both powerfully 
and profitably, to the great contentment of his hearers, and their 
comfortable edification; yea, many were brought to God by his 
ministrie. He did more in this behalf in a year, than many that 
have their hundreds a year do in all their lives." Bradford's 
whole eulogy of his beloved friend and pastor is the most pathetic 
and beautiful passage in his History of New Plymouth so lately 
restored to the State of Massachusetts. 

Next 2S a statesman. If the acorn is judged by the oak it 
produces, he had no superior in that age of great statesmen. 
How far-reaching the policy that foresaw that the refugees must 
leave Holland, if they would preserve their English morals with 
their English freedom ! How tersely in the short Social Com- 
pact which we believe he penned, impromptu apparently, in the 



WUHum Brewster. 105 

cabin of the Mayflower is the whole genius of " Liberty, Equality 
and Fraternity " put in a few lines ! Well has it been called 
the "germ of all our American Constitutions and Declarations 
of Right" — u Magna Charta reinforced by the spirit of the 
Dutch Common-wealth." 

Professor Goldwin Smith in his brilliant little book called 
"The United States Political History 1492-1871 " tells us that 
the recital, in the Compact signed on the Mayflower, of the col- 
onists' allegiance and fealty to King James was a great and 
serious mistake and " created a relation false from the begin- 
ning," that in it " lay the fatal seeds of misunderstanding " etc. 
On the contrary the mistake is all on the side of the Professor. 
Not to have acknowledged that fealty and allegiance would have 
been false and if interpreted as seriously intended would have 
been suicidal. It was because they intended to be English 
colonists and English freemen that they left Holland. In all 
the business of procuring their charter that fealty is assumed 
and this allegiance and fealty is reiterated and reaffirmed in the 
Plymouth Code of 1636, of whose drafters the Elder was one. 

How superior the wise, peaceful, just and courageous policy 
of the Plymouth Colony in its treatment of the Indians and its 
fellow colonies ! And the man who always had the last word in 
these important matters — the Joshua and Nestor of the planta- 
tion was Elder William Brewster. Here again see the crowning 
glory of his success as a political philosopher. He put his 
glorious theory of Equality and Fraternity into practice, and 
Liberty could not help being the result. The first Plymouth 
town meeting of equal citizens with equal rights had in it the 
seeds of Yorktown and Gettysburg. It was the first clear 
prophecy of the Republic which was to extend from ocean 
to" ocean. 

Dr. Gregory of Edinburgh in his recent work on Puritanism, 
cool and judicial Scotchman as he is, sums up the consensus of 
historians when he says " It is not too much to say that in a 
very real and profound sense the Mayflower carried with her 
the destinies of the world. Her crew (evidently the doctor 
means her passengers) were not only the pioneers of civil and 
religious liberty, they were the heralds of a faith which tested 
by the heroic men it has formed and heroic actions it has 
produced may indeed challenge comparison with any faith by 
which men have been moulded and inspired. The. struggle 
they were called upon to wage was a struggle for liberty not 
only in the New World but in the old, and but for the planting 
of Puritanism in New England the victory of Puritanism in the 



106 William Brewster, 

Mother Country would have been short lived, and shorn of its 
most characteristic features and products." And in spite of 
all criticism Bancroft states but a fact when he says that " in 
the cabin of the Mayflower humanity recovered its rights and 
instituted government on the basis of equal laws for the general 
good." 

Dr. Gregory in summing up the influence of the Mayflower 
and Plymouth Rock, wisely and justly, it seems to me, merges 
and blends the Pilgrim Separatist and the Massachusetts colony 
Puritans as exerting essentially the same influence after 1630 on 
subsequent history, since all the Puritans of New England soon 
became Separatists. 

Better than all, he was a saint in a church where saint 
worship was abolished. Of his own sincere, devout, spiritual, 
religious faith and practice every day of his exiled life bore 
witness. But what especially distinguished him as a religious 
leader in those days was his breadth, toleration and charity. 
When that sturdy and heroic heretic Roger Williams in Plym- 
outh denounced the Mother Church in England as Anti-Christ, 
pronouncing it sinful to attend its worship or to fellowship with 
it, the more charitable Leader of the Pilgrims refused to go 
with him or to hold to any such nonsense. In fact the spiritual 
descendants of William Brewster and John Robinson were not 
more Jonathan Edwards and the New England Calvinists than 
Phillips Brooks, Horace Bushnell, Henry Ward Beecher and 
Charles Briggs. " The Pilgrims were neither Puritans nor 
Persecutors " was the motto I saw some years ago written over 
the spot across the street from which Elder William built his 
house. But in reality the Pilgrim was, as Dr. Dexter says, 
"The Puritan in the superlative degree." 

John Robinson and Roger Williams are justly praised as the 
fathers and apostles of religious toleration in their age. But 
William Brewster was more Catholic and tolerant than either, 
at an earlier date. 

"Paget " according to Powicke in his recent Life of Henry 
Barrows " says that Robi.ison had * tolerated ' his fellow elder 
' for this long time ' in this practice " and " this practice " was 
the custom of hearing ministers of the Church of England, and 
it is a touching evidence of the Elder's influence on the life 
and belief of his beloved pastor that there was found in the 
study of John Robinson after his decease a treatise on "The 
Lawfulness of Hearing of the Ministers of the Church of 
England." We have already seen how on this very point the 
Elder of Plymouth was more tolerant than Roger Williams in 



William Brewster. 107 

the new colony. The sturdy leader who surpassed both John 
Robinson and Roger Williams in true catholicity and toleration 
before 1620 may well stand for the Pioneer of Religious Liberty 
in New England and America. 

The claim that the Elder was in the slightest degree blame- 
worthy in advising the Plymouth Church to accept Roger Wil- 
liams' petition for a dismissal from that church to the church 
in Salem will hardly pass muster with any student of history 
thoroughly conversant with the " chip on the shoulder " char- 
acteristics of the great Founder of Rhode Island, or who has 
thoughtfully read Bradford's words of tender regret at the 
parting — words which undoubtedly echoed the sentiments of 
the Elder. 

It seems to me that Dr. Gregory's criticism of the unstinted 
laudation of the intrepid Baptist by Mr. Strauss when he puts 
him on a level with Luther and Cromwell is fully justified. 
There seems to be a lack of historical perspective. 

Easily first among the Pilgrims (for Robinson the master 
mind of all was not a Pilgrim as he stayed on the other side of 
the seas and is out of the comparison), how does the scholar, 
teacher and sainted father of the first colony of New England 
stand among the founders of states ? Lord Bacon puts the 
founders of States in the first rank of the Great Men of the 
world. It seems to me that depends on the motive, and method 
of their achievements. Where conquest and greed are the 
motives and treachery and bloodshed the methods, I see nothing 
to admire or respect. But what colony was ever founded on 
loftier aims, with more devoted sacrifice and by more honorable 
methods than that which was started in possession at Plymouth 
two hundred and eight)- two years ago. Its free spirit has taken 
possession of the continent. The man whose thought originated, 
whose spirit pervaded, whose presence stimulated, whose counsels 
preserved that colony in its infancy can well bear comparison 
with any of the famous colonizers of the continent. 

It was no accident that made William Brewster the planter 
of a great church, and pioneer of a great state. The long 
schooling in Holland after the sharp persecution in England 
seems to have educated the Pilgrims and their great leader to a 
more gracious spirit, a more Christian sense of the relations of 
man to man than was possessed by the subsequent New England 
colonists. There was less bigotry, no persecution and little of 
the superstition and narrowness that darkened the history of 
most of the other New England colonies. The bond that kept 
together that immortal band through flood and famine, pesti- 



io8 William Brewster. 

lence and peril, was not commercial or primarily political. It 
was religious and spiritual. It was faith in God and the Gospel 
of the Christ. And their spiritual leader full of that faith him- 
self, inspired his flock with his own zeal and moulded the 
colony not only during his own life but for a whole generation 
after. The very symmetry and perfection of William Brewster's 
character, have in a sense prevented a full and just recognition 
of his services to church and state. 

But to my mind the entire sanity, moderation, self-restraint, 
the grand common-sense of the founder of Plymouth constitutes 
one of his most attractive characteristics. Too often, alas, have 
the reformers of the world, the founders of states and systems 
had the one-sided vehemence of a John the Baptist instead of 
sharing something in the serene dignity and repose of the Mas- 
ter. Patience, humility, indomitable fortitude, unquenchable 
hope, purity of life and purpose, kindliness of heart, sympathy 
for the weak and poor, fidelity to the death for ail that is right, 
absolute abhorrence for all that is wrong, are they not worthy 
human qualities although their possessors forsooth be termed 
Puritans ? But these pilgrims although puritans of the puritans 
in their moral steadfastness, were also free in a large degree 
from the narrowness, intolerance and vulgarity that have else- 
where sometimes characterized those who held the name. How- 
much of this freedom must we fairly attribute to their leader 
and teacher ? See the effectiveness as well as the quality of 
his work ! In England he not only made of his home a Meet- 
ing house, but he provided its pastors and devoted his means 
and his life to his brethren who sought to reform what he and 
they believed the unscriptural practices of the Church established 
by law. When the little flock had gathered again after their 
hazardous flight to Holland, not only did his printing press at 
Leyden furnish to Scotland and England exactly the English 
Protestant literature which the Reformation most needed, but 
his wise eldership contributed no less than the genius of Rob- 
inson to preserve and shape a church worthy of being the 
pioneer church of New England. 

In Plymouth — elder, advisor, Nestor of the little band, Dr. 
Dexter tells us there is every reason to believe the English 
books of his library were openly accessible to all and formed in 
reality the first Public Library of New England. A preacher 
who never had been a priest, a pastor who had never been an 
ordained clergyman, he was the fitting leader of a band of Inde- 
pendents who were to found a Church without a Bishop as well 
as a State without a King. Opposed to all ritualism and format- 



Isaac Allertoiis Deposition. 109 

ism, to any ceremonials not in their opinion plainly enjoined by 
the word of God, the Plymouth Colony, under the Elder's wise 
and able guidance preserved a moderation, sanity and freedom 
from extravagance and superstition not always prevalent in the 
other Puritan Colonies. 

There have been many saints in Old England and in New 
England well beloved we may believe of God and man, but how 
many of his energy and of such influence on the future, who 
were so free from asceticism, fanaticism, ignorance and super- 
stition ? How many unembittered by such persecution, unnar- 
rowed by such isolation ? This " Chief of the Pilgrims " was a 
Puritan of the Puritans in all that makes puritanism a power for 
good, for purity, for piety, for valor, and a terror to evil doers, 
but in nothing else. The sourness, the barrenness, the vul- 
garities of puritanism seemed left out of Elder Brewster's 
composition. 

And it is a pleasant thought, I am sure, for every member 
of our society to realize that the more the records are searched, 
the more clearly it' appears that the spiritual leader of our Pil- 
grim Ancestors — the transplanter of the first New England 
Meeting House, the suggester of the first New England town- 
meeting, was in everything throughout his life, in everything 
we know of his thought and action, a noble Christian gentleman. 



ISAAC ALLERTON'S DEPOSITION. 

Isaacke Allerton of New Plimmouth in New England 
merchant aged about 53 yeares sworne saith that the ship White 
Angell was heretofore in the yeare of our Lord 163 1 bought 
at Bristoll of Alderman Aldworth by this deponent to the use 
of M r . James Sherley M r . Richard Andrewes M r . John Beau- 
champ of London merchants M r . Timothy Hatherley then of 
London feltmaker & this deponent, but this deponent saith 
that the said Timothy Hatherley did afterwards refuse to 
accept of the said bargaine. And this deponent saith that the 
ship Frendship was heretofore hired & victualled by this 
deponent in the yeare aforesaid for the use of the said M r . 
Sherley M r . Andrews M r . Beauchampe M r . Hatherley and all 
the partners & purchasers of the plantation of Plimmouth 
aforesaid. And further this deponent saith that afterwards 
divers losses falling out upon the said ship Friendship the 



HO Plymouth, Mass., Vital Records. 

said M r . Hatherley and this deponent did in the behalf of 
themselves & the said M r . Sherley M r . Andrews & M r . Beau- 
champe agree &. undertake to .discharge & save harmlesse all 
the rest of the said partners & purchasers of & from the said 
losses for two hundred pounds. 

From this deposition, made on 26 September, 1639, we learn that 
Isaac Allerton was born about 15S6, and that he resided in 1639 at 
Plymouth. 

The deposition was made before Thomas Lechford, and is reprinted 
from the American Antiquarian Society's edition of his " Note Book," 
page 189. 



PLYMOUTH, MASS., VITAL RECORDS. 

(Continued from Vol. Ill, page 124..) 

[Vol. I, p. 52] The Children of Elisha Holmes & sarah holmes his 
Wife 

1 Marcy born June y e 26 th 1696 

2 Elisha born January 19 th 1698 

3 Joseph born July 11 th 1700 

4 Elizabeth born March 13 th 1702 

5 Jabiz born January 28 1704 

6 Elnathan born January 19 1705 

7 John born March 27 th 1707 

8 Sarah born in March 1709 

The Children of Elisha holme & Suanna his Wife 

1 Rebecka born Agust 18 th 1720 

2 Nathaniel born Agust 18 1722 

The Children of Micajah Dunham & Elizabeth Dunham his wife 

1 Joshua born on y e 30 th of June 1701 

2 Joseph born on y e 12 th of March 170* 

3 Abigaiel born on y e 19 th of July. 1707 
The Children of John Curtice 

1 flrances born on y e 20 th of May 1696 

2 hannah born on y e 20 th of Aprill 1698 

3 John born on y e 31 of March 1702 

4 Elizabeth born on y e 20 th of May 1704 

The Children of Jacob Tinkcom & Lydia his Wife 

1 Hannah Tinkcom Born Oct r . 31. 1747. 

2 Lydia Tinkcom Born Nov r 15. 1749. 

3 Mary Tinkcom Born. Nov r 28. 1751 

4 Jacob Tinkcom Born, Sep 1 10. 1754 

[p. 53] The Children of helkiah Tincom & Ruth Tincom his Wife 



Plymo&thi Mass., Vital Records. 1 1 1 

i helkiah born August 15 th 1685 

2 Mary born August 13 th 1687 

3 John born March 27 th 1689 

4 Jacob born June 15 th 1691 

5 Caleb born October 12 th 1693 

6 Sarah born on the 30 th of January 1696 Deceased on y e 2 2 d of 

P'ebruary 17]* 

7 Ebenazar born on y e . 3 d of May 1698 

8 Ruth born on y e i$ lh of fFebruary 1701 

9 Peter Tinkcom born April I st . 1706. 

The Children of Solomon Bartlett & Joanna his Wife 

1 Solomon Bartlett Born July 18 th . 175 1. 

2 James Bartlett Born Jan^. 2. 1754 

3 Benjamin Bartlett Born, Nov r . 14 th 1755. 

4 Abigail Bartlett Borne 

The Children of Caleb Cook & Jane his Wife 

1 John born on y e 5 th of ffebruary 1682 

2 Marcy born on y e 21 of ffebruarv i68| ;: Deseased ffebruary 11 th 

i 7 o{2 

3 Ann Cooke born on the 2 1 of August 1686 

4 Jane born on y e 16 th of March i68f 

5 Elizabeth born on y e 30 th of November 169 1 

6 Mary born on y e 20 th : of August 1694 

7 Caleb born on y e 17 th of Aprill 1697 

8 James born on y e 19 th of August 1700 

9 Joseph born on y e 28 of November 1703 

The Children of James howland & Mary his Wife 

1 hannah born on y e 16 th of October 1699 

2 Abigaiel born y e 29 th of October 1702 

3 Elizabeth born on y e 2 d of december 1704 

4 Thankfuli born September 25 th 1709 

5 John Born March 14 th 17 n 

C James born August first 17 13 

[p. 54] The Children of Robert Cushman & Perses his Wife 

1 Robert born on y e 2 d of July 1698 

2 Ruth born on y e 25 of March 1700 

3 Abigaitll born on y e 3 d of July 1701 

4 Hannah born Desember 25^1705 

5 Thomas born ffebruary 14 1706 

6 Joshua born October 14 1707 

7 Jonathan born y« 2S July 17 12 

The Children of peter Tomson & Sarah Tomson his Wife 

1 Sarah born October 30 th 1699 

2 Peter born on y e 30 th of June 1701 

3 James born on the second of ffebruary ifof 

4 Joseph born on the 3 of June 1706 

The Children : of Elish Cobb & Lidiah Cobb his Wife 
1 Elisha born on the 11 th of June 1704 



112 Ply mouthy Mass., Vital Records. 

2 Lemuel born on y e 10 of agust 1706 

3 silvanos born on y e iS of March 1709 

4 Hust born June 20 17 n Deceased March 20 th 17J-J 

5 Lidiah born Apriel 17 1 7 1 3 

6 hanna born November 11 th 1716 

7 John born July 13 17 19 

8 Jabiz born on September: 6 1721 

The Children of James Cobb & patience Cobb his Wife 

1 Mallatiah born -on the 22 d of June 1706 Deseasd augst 20 17 19 

2 James born on y e 13 of June 1708 

3 Girshom born August 17 n Deceased in agust 17 14 

4 Joanna born y e 9 th of february 17 15 Deceased february 16 th iJo{^ 

5 Girshom born March 16 th i7o|f 

6 Martha born on y e 9 th of ffebruary 170^ 

[p. 55] The Child of Jabiz Dunkin & Bethyah his Wife 
1 Samuel born on the 2 2 d of August 1705 

The Children of : Benoney Lucos & of Repentance Lucos his 
Wife 

1 Marey born on y e 4 th of May 1684 

2 Samuel born on y e 24 of July 16S9 

3 Joannah born on y e 9 th of ffebruary 1691 

4 Sarah born on y e 14 of Desember 1692 

5 Elisha born on y e 7 th of ffebruary 1699 

6 Bethyah born on y e 29 th of May 1704 

The Children of John Barrows & Sarah his Wife 

1 hannah born on y e 19 th of ffebruary 1700 

2 Samuel born on y e 1 1 of March 17 of 

3 Ruth born on y e 13 th of June 1705 

The Children of William Torrey & Mary his Wife 
1 Mary Torrey Born, October 26 th . 1749. 

2. William Torrey Born, Oct r . 30. 175 1. 

3. Anna Torrey. Born. Dec r 6 th . 1753 

4. Joseph. Torrey. Born. Nov r . 21 st 1755 Deceased Ap : 25. 1757 

[p. 56] The Children of Thomas howland & Joanna howland his 
wife 

1 Consider born on y e 2S th of august 1700 

2 Joannah born on y e (*) June 1702 She Deceased June 5 th 17 15 

3 Experiance born on y e last of November 1705 

4 Thomas born November 23 1707 

5 Elizabeth born May 23 d 17 10 

6 hannah Born on y e : 19: Day of Desember 17 12 

7 Joanna born on y e 7 th of May 17 16 Dece d 18 10 

8 Joseph born on y c 24 of July 17 18 

The Child of Thomas Dotey & Elizabeth his Wife 
Thomas born on the 26 Day of January : 1704 

* The day was omitted. 



Plymouth, Mass., Vita! Records. 113 

The Child of Edward Stephens Jun r . & Phebe his Wife 

Edward Stephens born Feb'?. 6 th i747/ s - 

The Children of Jobe Gibbs & Juduth Gibbs his Wife 

Elizabeth born on the 15 th of August 1706 

The Child of Benjamin Bartlett Jun r . & Jean his Wife 

Benjamin Bartlett Born Aug 5t . iS. 1752 

[p. 57] The Children of John Faunce and of Abigaill Faunce His 
" Wife 

1 : Nathan iell Born August y e . 27 th 1706. 

2 : John Born May y e 2 d 1709 

3 : Marsey Born 6 , octtober y e 31 : 17 11 

4 : Abigaill Born e May y e 22 : 17 15 

5 jane Borne. May y e 2 1 : 17 17 : 

6. Patience Born: July. y e . 13 th : 172 1 

The Children of Beniamin Soul e . and of. Sarah his Wife 

1 Zachariah Born March y e 21 1694 

2 Hainan Born March y e . iS : 1696 

3 Sarah Born May y e . 9 1699 

4 Deborah Born Aprill y e 23 1702 

5. Beniamin Born Jun e . y e 5 th 1704. 

The Child of Joseph Church & of Juduth Church his wife 

1 Sarah born on y e 4 th of August 1706 

The Children of Xath 1 Warren & Sarah his Wife 

1 Hannah Warren born Jan r - V . 27 th . 1735/6. Deceased March 28 th 

2 (~)born Sep 1 . 6. 1737. Deceased Sep 1 12. 1737 

3 Nathaniel Warren born May 2. 1740. Deceased Sep*. 4 1740 

4 Sarah Warren born Jan r >'! S :h 17! 

5 Hannah Warren born, Mar: 14. 17! 

6. Susannah Warren born, June 8. 1746 

7 John Warren born, Nov 7 . 18. 1748. Deceased. Aug st . 30 1749 
8. Abigail Warren born May 25. 1753 
9 Ruth Warren born Aug st : 30*. 1758 

IP- 5 s ] The Children of John Carver & Mar}- Carver his Wife 

1 John born September: 7 1692 

2 Robert born September 30 th 1694 

3 Mary bom October 4 th 1696 

4 hannah born March 8 1700 

The Children of James Drew, & Mary Drew his Wife 
i Hannah Drew born Nov r . 25. 1751. 

2 James Drew born April r6. 1754. 

3 William Drew. Born Dec r . 29. 1755. Deceas d . Oct 1 ". y e . 6 th . 1757 

4 Mary Drew. Born. Oct r . 8 th . 1757. 

5 William Drew Born Sep 1 . 29 th . 1760 

6 Sarah Drew Born Nov r . 3. 1762 

* Name omitted. t The years were not completed. 



114 The Portions of Stephen Hopkins' Daughters, 

7 Priscilla Drew Born Aug 1 : n*. 1765 Carry d . Down 
The Children of John Andros 

1 Sarah born March: 16 : 169 ,v 

2 Joannah born December 26. 1697 

3 John born October 2 3 d 1699 

4 Mary born January 8 th 1701 

5 Ebenazar born May : 5 : 1704 

The Children of James Clark Jun r . & Susannah his Wife 

Abigail Clark Born Dec 1 " y e . 22. 1752 

John Clark Borne Jan 1 "}'. 5. 1754 

The Children of James Drew & Mary his wife 

8 Lydia Drew bom June 8 th . 1767 

9 Betsey Drew born Sep 1 12 th . 1769 Deceas d July 24 th 1772 
The Children of John Rickard Junior & sarah Rickard his Wife 
1 James born November 15 th 1706 

The Children of Joell Ellice and Elizabeth Ellice his Wife 

1 Joell born on y e 21 st of ffebruary 170: \\ 

2 John born on y e 18 th of September 17 14 

The Chidren of Dennis Sturm ey & Elizabeth his Wife 

1 Rebeckah Sturmey Born Aug st 25 175 1. Deceas d . Oct 1 ". 175 1 

2 Thomas Sturmey Born 13 th of Jan r >'. 1753 New Stile 

K {To be continued?) 



THE PORTIONS OF STEPHEN HOPKINS' 

DAUGHTERS, AND THE ESTATE OF 

ELIZABETH 2 HOPKINS. 

Transcribed from the Original Record : y 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Stephen Hopkins bequeathed all his movable estate, not 
specifically mentioned, to his four daughters, Deborah, Damans, 
Ruth and Elizabeth, to be equally divided between them.* 
The division of this property, made by Caleb 2 Hopkins 
and Myles Standish, is recorded in Plymouth Colony Wills and 
Inventories, Volume I, folios 65 and 66. 

Caleb 2 Hopkins died before 1651,! but no record of the 
settlement of his estate can be found on the Plymouth records. 
It is possible that the land sold by Elizabeth 2 Hopkins to Jacob 2 
Cooke (Francis 1 ) was a part of Caleb's estate. 

The agreement concerning Elizabeth's estate shows that 

* Mfr. Desc, II : 12. t Ibid., I: 13. 



The Portions of Stephen Hopkins Daughters. r i $ 
I 

she had disappeared and that her relatives thought that she was 
probably dead. 



[fol. 65] The sev r all porcons of the children of m r Steven Hop- 
kins Deceased as they were Devided equally by Capt Myles 
Slandish Caleb Hopkins their brother 

J 

To Deborah Damaris Ruth and Elizabeth. 

Debrahs porcon 

/ s d 
Inpris i bed boulster pillowe &: a phillip & cheney petty- 

coate 
j It i silver spoone 

It i wrought cov r in£ and an old blankett 

It 3 sheets 

It i pillow beere 

It i Diapr napkine 

It i great Chest 

It i a Ike my spoone 

It i Iron pott i bras pott i bras skellet & a Kettle 

It 5 trenchers 2 peuter plarters i bason i quart pott 2 ) 

poringers i tinnen candlestick half a pint pot ) 

It i paire of scales and waights 
It Due for hempe 
It more for part of a cloake 



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Damaris porcon 



Inpris i feather bed boulster pillow a stray bed a suite ) 
of cloathes another pettycote and a beaver murTe \ 



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It i silver spoone 00 

It ii checker coverings 00 . 16 

It i peere of linnen sheets 00 . 08 

It i pillow beere 00 

It 2 napkins & 2 table cloths 00 . 

It i chest box and a Case 00 . 08 

I It an Alkemy spoone 00 

I It i great Ciitell OI 

It 5 trenchers 2 pewter platters 1 quart pot i pynt pott ) 

i salt 2 porringers i chamber pott i tin candle- \ 

stick i earthen judg i linke & i sive ) 

It i stoole 00 

It Due for hemp 00 

It for part of a cioake 00 



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1 1 6 The Portions of Stephen Hopkins' Daughters. 

Ruth Hopkins par: 

Inpris i feather bed pillow 6c a cloth growne 

It i silv r spoone 

It i greene rugg & bastable blankett 

It i paire of sheets 

It i pillow beere 

It a table cloth 

It linnen vvheele i wollen wheele i joyned stoole 

It i spoone 

It i Kettle a Churne bellowe tonges fire shovell spitt } 

pot hookes gridiron & an Iron to lav before the > 01 . 02 . 00 
fyre - ) 

It 5 trenchers two platters two porringers a pewter ) 

candlestick i puter cup a chamber pot a beaker V 00 . 1 2 . 00 
i cullender & a tinn funell ) 

It i half bushell i half peck ii hand sawes 3 Iron hoopes 

It for hemp 

It for prt of a cloake 

ffor Elizabeth Hopkins as followeth. 

The agreement betweene Richard Sparrow on thone prt and 
Captaine Myles Standish and Caleb Hopkins on thother prt 
conc r ning Eliz : Hopkins 

Inpris That the said Richard shall have the said Elizabeth 
Hopkins as his owne child untill the tyme of her marryage or 
untill shee be nineteene yeares of age. 

2ly. In consideracon of the weaknes of the Child and her 
inabillytie to prforme such service as may acquite their charges 
in bringing of her up and that shee bee not too much oppressed 
now in her childhood w th hard labour It is agreed that Richard 
Sparrow shall have putt into his hands her whole estate and to 
have the use of yt for the tyme of her continuance w th him. 
Onely one heiffer reserved w ch is now in the hands of Gyles 
Hopkins of Yarmouth 

[the tearmes of this agreement are fully prformed by Richard 
Sparrow *] 

3 It is agreed that if it should so fall out by the prvidence of 
God that Goodwyfe Sparrow should be taken away by Death 
Then Elizabeth Hopkins shalbe free to be Disposed off as 
Captaine Standish & Caleb Hopkins shall think meete Sc like- 
wise her estate. 

4 That if the wyfe of Richard Sparrow be taken away 

* This note is on the margin of the page. 



The Portions of Stephen Hopkins' Daughters, 1 1 7 

by Death w th in three yeares then he is to be allowed twelve 
months tyme to pay the estate back againe : if after three 
yeares till the expiracon of the terme then he is to be allowed 
nine months. 

5 It is agreed that if it should please God to take away the 
said Elizabeth Hopkins by Death then her estate to returne 
to Captaine Standish and Caleb Hopkins to be Disposed of 
amongst the rest of her Sisters according to the Will of m r 
Hopkins provided Richard Sparrow be allowed convenyent tyme 
for the payment of the same namely if in three years then 
twelve months if after then nine months 

6. That whensoev r this estate is to be returned Richard 
Sparrow is to pay it in a Melch Cowe a feather bed and things 
belonging thereto and the remaynder thone half in wheate and 
thother in Indian Come wee meane by the featherbed and 
things belonging to the same valued and worth as now they 
are dehVed. witnes our hands this xxx th of the ix th month 1644. 
The estate to be returned is fifteene pounds one shilling & 
two pence in manner & forme abovesaid 

Witnes our hands Myles Standish 

Willm Paddy Caleb Hopkins 

Thomas Willet Rich. Sparrow. 

[fol. 66] The coppy of note or writing under the hand of the said 
Richard Sparrow for the payment of a part of Ruth hopkins 
porcon This witnesseth That I Richard Sparrow of Plymouth 
have received the half of a Cow from Capt Miles Standish w ch 
is Ruth Hopkins In consideracon of w ch I the said Richard 
Sparrow am to pay to the said Capt Miles Standish in the 
behalf of Ruth Hopkins and for her use : two yeare old heiffers 
or two yeare old Steeres at the expiracon of three yeares or 
sooner, such as shalbe m r chantable witnes my hand this xv th of 
the S lh 1644 

Witnes Rich Sparrow 

Willm Paddy. 

May the 19 th 1647 
These witnesseth that I have received two young steers in 
full Satisfaction for halfe a Cow which was Ruth hopkins which 
Richard Sparrow bought of mee upon such tearmes ; for which 
I had a bill of him but this shalbee for a full Discharge, I say 
received two steers ; 

Myles Standish 



1 1 8 The Portions of Stephen Hopkins' Daughters. 

Elizabeth Hopkins to Jacob Cooke. 

[Plym. Col. Deeds, II : I : 196] 
1657 Prence Gov r : 

The 10 th of October 1657 
Memorandum That Elizabeth hopkins Doth acknowlige that 
for and in Consideration of a valluable sume to her alreddy 
satisfyed and fully paied by Jacob Cooke of the towiie of 
Plymouth planter shee hath fully freely and absolutly bargained 
allianated and sold enfeofed and Confeirmed and by these 
p r sents Doth bargaine sell enfeofe and Confeirme unto the said 
Jacob Cooke all that her portion or prcell of meddow that shee 
hath in the great meddow att Joanses river viz ten acres of 
ffresh meddow bee it more or lesse lying betwixt the meddow 
of Capt : Thomas Willett and m r John Done runing from wood- 
side to woodside To have and to hold the said ten acres of 
meddow bee it more or lesse lying in the meddow Comonly 
Called the great meddow att Joanses river runing and being 
bounded as above expressed with all and singulare the appurte- 
nances and privilidges belonging therunto ; unto the said Jacob 
Cooke his heires and assignes for ever The said p r mises with all 
and singulare the privilidges belonging therunto with all the 
said Elizabeth hopkins her right title and Interest of and into 
the same or any prte or prcell therof to belong and appertaine 
unto the onely proper use and behoofe of him the said Jacob 
Cooke his heires and Assignes for ever ; 



Elizabeth Hopkins' Estate Settled. 

[Plym. Col. Wills, II : I: 90, 91] 

[fol. 90] An Inventory of the estate of Elizabeth hopkins 

which is in the hands of Jacob Cooke taken this 6 th of October 

1659 as likewise what prte of her said estate is in the hands of 

Andrew Ring an Inventory therof likewise taken the Day and 

yeare abovesaid and attested on the oathes of the said Andrew 

ringe and Jacob Cooke before the Court and by the Court 

ordered to be recorded as folioweth 

II s d 

Imp r : one. Cow 03 00 00 

It a yeare and vantage heifer 

It halfe a Cow Calfe of this yeare 

It five ewe sheep 

It one sheep weather 

It one ewe lambe and an halfe 

It one weather lambe and an halfe > 



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The Portions of Stephen Hopkins 1 Daughters. 1 1 9 

It one kittle alt 2 bushells of wheat 

It a quart pot 

It att Gorge Bonums one Cow 

It halfe a yearling heifter 

It halfe a Calfe 

It a rugge one pillow one bedd one blankett and bolster 

It one warming pan one pestle and morter 

It one bras>e Skiilett 

It one bread grater and an Indian Tray 

It 2 old silver spoones ' 

It one garden spott 

It one Cow killed the last yeare 

It woole 

summa 26 14 00 
To some thinges remaining in Gyles hopkins hand with a smale 
matter in M 1 ^ Standishes * hand ; 

Thomas Southworth John Morton; 



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[fol. 91] 1659 Prence Gov r 

(A writing ordered by the Court to bee recorded as followeth ; 
These p r sents Testifyeth that wee whose Names are under- 
written according to our best understanding have vallued the 
Cattle that goeth under the Name of Elizabeth hopkinses 
her Cattle and are in the Custitie of Gyles hopkins and Doe 
vallue the one halfe of three steers and a poor Calfe att eight 
pounds and five shillings and one very smale poor Cow and an 
old Cow being Defective att six pound ; 

the 29 th : 7 m : (59) our hands John ffreeman 

Edward Banges 

Att the Court held att Plymouth the. $ t of October 1659 It 
was ordered by the Court and agreed by Andrew ringe Jacob 
Cooke and Gyles hopkins ; that incase Elizabeth hopkins Doe 
Come Noe more ; that the prticulars of Cattle above expressed 
viz : the one halfe of three steers and a poore Calfe and the 
poor Cow and the old Cow above expressed soe vallued as 
abovsaid ; shalbee the said Gyles hopkins his prte and portion 
of the estate of Elizabeth hopkins and the said Gyles hopkins 
accepted therof soe to bee; and therfore these p r sents Doth 
Declare that the said Gyles hopkins Doth heerby quitt Claime 
unto any more of the said estate of Elizabeth hopkins and that 
neither hee nor his heires are not to Demaund of; or molest the 
said Andrew Ringe or Jacob Cooke in the peacable enjoyment 
of that which they have of the estate of Elizabeth hopkins; 
neither them nor theire heires or assignes for ever ; 

*This is the latest known mention of Barbara Standish. 



120 Barnstable i Mass., Vital Records. 



BARNSTABLE, MASS., VITAL RECORDS. 

(Continued from Vol. Ill, p. 132.) 

[Vol. I, p. 404] Eleazer Crocker and Ruth Chipman Married 7 

April 1682 
Their Son Benoni Born 13 of May 1682 
Their Daughter Bethiah born 23 Sept r 16S3 
Their Son Nathan born y e 27 of April 1685 
Their Son Daniel born y e 23 of March 1686/7 
Sarah Born March 2316S9 
Theophilus born 11 of March 1691 
Eleazer born 3 of August & Ruth also twins 1693 
Abel bom 15 June 1695 

Rebekah his Daughter was born 10 Decem r 1697 
his Wife Ruth Dyed 8 th of April 1698 
his Son Benoni Dyed 3 Feb : 1701 
Richard Childs & Elizabeth Crocker Married 
his son Samuel born 6 of Nov r 1679 

his Daughter Elizabeth 23 Janr? 168 1 6z Died 5 weeks after 
his Son Thomas born Jan 1 "? 10 1682 
his Daughter Hannah born 22 Janr>' 1684 

his Son Timothy was bom 22 Sept r 1686 & 

his Son Ebenezer born March Latter End 1691 as I think 
his Daughter Elizabeth born 6 June 1692 
his Son James born 6 Nov r 1694 
his Daughter Mercy born 7 May 1697 
his Son Joseph born 5 March 1699 1700 
Thankful 15 August 1702 

Deacon Richard Childs Wife Died 17 16 y e 15 th Day of January 
Increase Clap & Elizabeth Goodspeed y e vid : of Nath 11 Goodspeed 

Married In Octo r 1675 
his son John Clap born In Octo r 1676 
their Daughter Charity born In March 1677 
Their Son Thomas Clap born In January 1681 &: Died In January 

1683 
Their Son Thomas born In Decem r 1684 

Isaac Chapman & Rebecca Leonard Married 2 September 1678 
their Daughter Lydia born 15 December 1679 
Their Son John Bom y e 12 of May 1681 
their Daughter Hannah born 26 of Decern 16S2 
Their son James Born 5 August 1685 
Their Daughter Abigail born y e 11 of July 1687 
Their Daughter Hannah Died 6 of July 1689 
Their Daughter Hannah born April ioth 1690 



Barnstable, Mass., Vital Records. 1 2 1 

Their son Isaac born 29 Decern 1692 

Their Son Ralph Born 19 January 1695 

Their Daughter Rebecca born 10 June 1697 

Edward Crowd & Mary Lothrop Married y e 16 of January 1673. 

their Daughter Mary bom of a Lords Day Morning v e 15 of March 

1674 
their Daughter unnamed born y e 14 of March a Tuesday 1676 »\: 

Died of a Lords Day y e 19 of March 1676 
Their Son Yelverton born a Saturday Night February y e 17 th 
their son Joseph born March i st on y e Lords Day * 
Their Son Benjamin born a Thirsday y e 14 of April 
Their Daughter Bathshua born Tuesday y e 26 of June & Dyed In 

y* Spring 1684 
their son Edward born 6 of June 16S5 
1 

[p. 405I The births of y e Children of John Chipman 

his Daughter Hope born 31 of August 1652 

his Daughter Lyciia 25 of Decern 1 1654 

his Daughter Hannah y e 14 Jan^' 165S 

his Son John y e 2 nd of March 1656/7 & Dyed y e 29 May following 

his Son Samuel y e 15 of April 1661 

Ruth born y e Last of December 1663 
\ Bethiah y e 1 of July 1666 

Mercy born ye 6 of Feb 166S 

his son John Born 3 rd of March 1670 

his Daughter Desire born 26 of Feb 1673 
r his Wife Hope Dyed y e S of January 1683 

James Ciagliorn & Abia Lumbard 6 January 1654 

his son James born 29 January 1654 
I his Daughter Mar/ born 26 Octo r 1655 

his Daughter Elizabeth born In April 165S 

his Daughter Sarah 3 Jany 1659 

his son Robert born y e 27 Octo r 1661 
j Shobal not recorded f 

Samuel Chipman & Sarah Cob. Married 27 Dececern 1686 

Their Son Thomas born 17 Nov 1687 

Their Son Samuel born 6 of August 16S9 

Their son John Born Feb 16 169 1 

his Daughter Abigail bom 15 Sept r 1692 

his ^cn Joseph 10 of January 10 1694 

his Son Jacob born 30 August 1695 

his Son Seth born 24 of Feb 1697 

his Daughter Hannah born 24 Sept r 1699 

Sarah Born Nov' 1 1701 

Barnabas born March 24 1702 

Robert Cbghorn his Daughter Abia bom Aug 13 1702 

♦This is in the margin, opposite the preceding entry. 
t This entry is in a different hand. 



122 Ephmim Tinkhcuiis Will and Inventory. 

his Son Joseph born 25 August 1704 
Nathaniel Born 10 of November 1707 
Samuel 23 cf June 17 11 

Shobal Claghorn his son James born In August 1689 
Thomas 20 of March 1692/3 
Shobal 20 of Septem 1- 1696 
Robert 18 of July 1699 
Benjamin 14 of June 1701 
his Daughter Mary born in 1707 
his Daughter Jane In 1709 
Their son Ebenezer born July 30 17 12 

his Daughter Thankful born 1690 30 th January Dyed 1696 In 
January 

( To be continued.) 



EPHRAIM TINKHAM'S WILL AND INVENTORY- 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Ephraim Tinkham died at Plymouth between 17/27 Janu- 
ary, 1683/4, the date of his will, and 20/30 May, 1685, the day 
his inventory was taken. His wife Mary was the daughter of 
Peter Brown of the Mayflower. The record of the will and 
inventory are found in the Plymouth Colony Wills and Inven- 
tories, Volume IV, Part II, pages no and in. 



[p. 1 10] Know all men to whome these p r sents shall Come That I 
Epharim Tincom seni r of the Towne of Plymouth in New 
England being at y e day of y e date hereof but weake of body, 
but blessed be god of sound & perfect & well disposing memory 
not knowing how soon it may please god to Change my Tem- 
porall life to death doe therfore make these p r sents to be my 
last will & Testament to Continue for ever firme & Inviolable in 
manner & forme following : Imp rmis I will & bequeath unto my 
dear & loveing Wife Mary Tincom my now dwelling house & 
housing that is in Plymouth with y & orchyard belonging there 
unto, and all my lands meadowes with y e appurtenances & 
privildges belonging unto them lying & being in y e Townships 
of Plymouth Middlebury Dartmouth or any other place in this 



Ephraim Tinkhams Will and Inventory. 123 

Colony whatsoever that belongs to me Excepting such lands as 
I shall perticulcrly dispose of in this my will, I give them all 
as afforesd unto my wife for her support & Comfort for & 
during her naturall life : Item I will & bequeath unto my Eldest 
son Epharim Tincome that hundred acre lott he lives on in y e 
Township of Middlebury ioyning toy e land of Samuel Wood Item 
I give to mv son Ebenezer Tincom v e other other hundred acre 
lott that ioynes to my son Epharims to them & their heirs for 
I ever, with y e meadow lands belonging to it lying in Middle- 
. burys great meadow, Item, I give & bequeath unto my son 
\ Peter Tincome that share of land he now lives on in y e Town- 
■ ship of Middlebury neer whetstone vynyard brook'e & all y e 
- meadows belonging to it to him & to his heirs for ever, Item : 
\ I give unto my son Elkiah one third part of a share of land 
lying at Dartmouth to him & his heirs for ever Item I give 
unto my two sons John Tincum & Isaack Tincom that my now 
dwelling place housing orchards lands meadows & all y e privi- 
ledges belonging to it after their mothers decease to be equally 
devided between them, I say to them & their heirs for ever 
Item I give & bequeath unto my daughter Mary Tomson fifty 
acres of upland which was given me by y e Towne of Plimouth 
& lyes in y e Township of Plimouth neer y e place that is corn- 
only caled Momponsett, my will is also what my wife shall 
leave at her decease be it good or Chattels that it shall be 
devided amongst my seaven Children my eldest son to have a 
double portion, my six guns they are already disposed of unto 
my six sons who have them for their proper use. Item I will 
& bequeath unto my dear & loveing Wife Mary Tincome my 
debts being first paid all my goods cattle or Chatties & debts 
whatsoever are due & belonging unto me & to pay all debts 
that they lawfully appear that I doe owe, And I doe by these 
presents appoint & make & ordaine my dear & loveing wife 
Mary Tincome to be my sole Executrix of this my last will & 
Testament to administer upon my said estate to pay such debts 
I owe & receive such debts as are due to me. & to make choyce 
of my son Epharim Tincome to be helpfull to her in y e same, 
As also to see my body be decently buried & to defray y e 
Charge thereof, Thus hopeing that this my last will & Testa- 
ment will be performed according to y s Tenure thereof. I 
Comitt my body to y e dust, & my soul to god that gave it By 
these p r sents rattfiing & Confirming my said wife Mary Tin- 
come to be my sole & lawful! Executrix revoking & makeing 
void all other my former wills written or verbail : In witness 
where of I y e aforesaid Epharim Tincom seni r have here unto 



124 Epkraim TinkJiavi s Will and Inventory. 

sett my hand & seal this seventeen day of January one thou- 
sand six hundred eightie three : 

Signed sealed & declared to Ephriam Tincome senio r 

be my last will & Testament. his mark : ET& (seal) 

in presence of 
William Hoskins sen r 
Jonathan Shaw sen r : 

This will was proved in y e Court held at Plymouth y e fifth 
of June 1685 on y e oaths of William Hoskins & Jonathan Shaw 
who testified upon oath that they saw Serieant Tincome sign 
seal & declare this to be his last will & Testament & that he 
was of disposing mind & memory so to doe : 

[p. in] An Inventory of y e estate of Epharim Tincome seni r taken 
& apprised y e 20 day of may 1685 by us whose names ar under 
written 

li s d 

Inp r mis his wearing Clothes & hatt 03 1 7 o 

Item one bible &: other smale books 00 1 7 o 

It in y e inner roome one bed & bolster 1 rug 1 pair blan- 
ketts one pair sheets 06 00 o 

It one bed bolster 1 pair of sheets one pair of blanketts 
one rug 

It 14 yards of Cotton & lining Cloth 

It 2 chests & one smale Trunk 4 meal baggs 

It one great Wheel one little wheel one hatchell 3 pair of 
cards 

It in y e Kitchen one Copper Kettle 

It one smale Table and 4 Chairs 

It one old warming pan and litle brass Kittle 

It 2 Iron potts one Iron Kettle & posnett 

It 3 Tramels & Iron spitt 2 pair pott hooks one pair of 
tongs & gridiron 

It 3 pewter platters one bason & Champer pott 

It 2 old pewter pots one little pewter bottle 7 spoons 

It 5 pewter poringers one salt celler 

It one lanthorne old candlestick & frying pan 

It one earthen pan one stone iug 2 earthen potts 

It 2 wooden boles & Trayes cSz: other dishes 

It one Churne 3 pailes with other smal wooden things 

It in y e Chamber one bed one pair of sheets one pair 
blanketts one rug 

It one pillow 2 pair of pillobees 

It one sifeten trough 2 sives one washing tub on halfe 

bushell & other lumber 010: 

* Either 05 or 07. 



°5 


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01 


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01 


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00 


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01 


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00 


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00 


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Marshfieldi Mass., Vital Records. i 

It also Iron tools 5 sickles 2 sythes & sneath 00 10 

It 4 axes 2 hows one spade 3 forks with severall oilier 

iron tools 
It one Cart & plough & tackling belonging to them 
It as to Catteli 3 yoke of oxen and 2 steers 
It more 8 Calves 1 steer one bull 3 yeeriings 
It 23 sheep and 5 swine 
It 6 guns and one rapier 

It as to his housing & lands in plimouth &: lands in mid- 
dlebury & dartmouth 

the whole sum. is 
Debts due from y e estate 
more Debts due from y e estate 

Nathaniel Southworth 
Thomas Faunce 



~> 



02 


00 





°3 


00 





21 


00 





22 


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09 


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04 


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407 


10 





500 


17 


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01 


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MARSHFTELD, MASS., VITAL RECORDS. 

( Con tin tied from Vol. Ill, p . 189. ) 

[Vol. I, p. 14] Rebeca Snow the Daugter of Josias Sncw & Rebeca 

his wife was Born the 16 day of June 16S5 
Samuel Thomas the son of Samuel Thomas & Marcy his wife was 

born the 7 th day of Desember. 1685 
Deborah The Daughter of Micael fiord and bethiah his wife was 

Born October 24 th 1686 
John Holmes the son of Samuel Holmes & Mary his wife was Born 

the 18 day of Novembr 1686 
Elizabeth the Daughter of John Sumers and Elizabeth his wife was 

born the. 26. day of Desember. 1686. 
Mar)- the Daughter of Samuel! Dogett & Mary his wife was born the 

26 day of Apr ill 1687 
Samuel the son of John Sherman & Jane his wife was Born febuary. 

22. 1686. 
John the son of Jonathan Eames & Hanah his wife was Born the 9 th 

day of May 16S7. 
Mercy the Daughter of Anthony Eames & Mercy his wife was born 

the first of October. 16S7 
Samuel Barker the Son of John Barker & Desire his wife was Born 

April!. 23. 16S6 
John Carver the son of William Carver & Elizabeth his Wife was 

born Desember the first 1683 
William the son of William Carver & Elizabeth his Wife was born 

October 29 th 1685 



126 Reports from State Societies. 

Josiah the son of William Carver & Elizabeth his wife was born 

february the 2 d 16S7 
Abigail the Daughter of Jacob Dingley & Elizabeth his wife was 

born the i6 :h day of July 16S7 , 
Mercy the Daughter of Anthony Eames & Mercy his wife was Bourn. 

October. 1. 16S7 
Elenor the Daughter of Samuel Baker & Patience his wife was born 

April 10 1679 
Josias Baker son of Samuel Baker and Patience his wife was born 

feb. 1. 1685 
Deborah the Daughter of John Sherman & Jane his wife was born 

the 4 th day of Sept 1689 
Anthony Eames & Marcy Sawyer were Married Desember 2 d . 16S6. 
Joseph Otis and Dorothy Thomas were Married the 20 th day of 

November 16SS. by M r Thomas Mighell Minester 
John Dogett and Mehittabell Trewant were Married On the twenty- 
third day of September 1691 
John Croade and Deborah Thomas were Married the first day of 

Desember 1692 by M r Samuel Arnold Minester 
Samuel Little & Sarah Gray were Married before M r Alden May 18 th 

1682 
M r Nathaniel Thomas & M rs Mary Appleton were Maried June the 

20 th . 1694. by M( r ) John Rogers Mines(ter) 
John Sawye(r &) Rebecka Sn(ow) were Conjoyn(ed) in Marriage 

(worn) 23 d 1694 b(y) M r Weld M(inester) 
Samuell Ba (worn) and Sarah (zvorn) were Marr (ivorn) the 27 (worn) 

( To be continued.) 



REPORTS FROM STATE SOCIETIES. 



MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY. 

The twenty-ninth meeting of the Massachusetts Society was held at 
the Hotel Vendome, Boston, on Thursday afternoon, 13 February, 1902. 
Hon. Lyman D. Brewster, the Governor of the Connecticut Society 
delivered an address on "William Brewster. His True Position in our 
Colonial History." Hon. Henry S. Washburn read an original poem 
entitled "The Pilgrim Lovers, A Legend of Cape Cod." Rev. George 
R. W. Scott. D.D., made an appeal for contributions to help pay the 
debt on the John Robinson Memorial Church at Gainsborough, England. 
The Society, by vote, appropriated fifty dollars for this purpose, and a 
committee composed of Mr. Charles A. Hopkins, Rev. Frederick B. 
Allen and Mr. J. Weston Allen, was appointed to solicit additional con- 
tributions from the members. Several songs were given by Mr. Harry 
Goodhue, and the usual informal reception followed. Two hundred and 
fifty-eight members and guests were present. 



Reports from State Societies. 127 

Donations to the Library and Cabinet. 

Photograph of a Portrait of Mrs. Mercy (Hinckley) Prince, from Mr. 
Arthur Harlow. 

Four Photographs of Mr. Daniel Cushman, over ninety years of age, 
from Miss Mary Trow. 

" Ancestors and Descendants of Joseph Wescot Tinker," from the 
compiler, Mr. Frederick James Libbie. 

" Second Congregational Church, Manomet. Mass., Anniversary Cele- 
bration. 173S-1S9S," and " Dying and Behold We Live," both from the 
author, Rev. Haig Adadourian. 

"The Litchfield Family in America, Part I, Xo. 1," from the compiler, 
Mr. Wilford J. Litchfield.' 

44 Elder William Brewster, A Monograph," from the author, Mr. 
William Howell Read. 

" Roger Conant in America as Governor and Citizen," from the 
author, Mrs. Sarah S. Bartlet. 

"Cambridge Concordance" (London, 1698), from Mrs. Godfrey 
Ryder. 

Members Elected. 

February 12, 1902. 

694. Thomas Sedgwick Steele, Boston, eighth from William Bradford. 

695. Mrs. Chalmers Meek Williamson, Jackson, Miss., eighth from 

William Bradford. 

696. Mrs. Donald Purple Hart, Boston, ninth from William Bradford. 

697. Joseph Aldrich Bursley, Fort Wayne, Ind., ninth from John How- 

land. 

698. Mrs. Justice H. Bowman, Toledo, O., eighth from John Alden. 

699. Mrs. Leslie Clark Wead, Brookline, eighth from Henry Samson. 

700. Lawrence Whitcomb, Brookline, eighth from Henry Samson. 

701. William Stearns Simmons, Sharon, ninth from John Alden. 
March 27, 1902. 

702. Miss Ella Agnes Bush, Boston, ninth from Myles Standish. 

703. Mrs. Grant Charles Madill, Ogdensburg, N. Y., ninth from 

William Bradford. 

704. Mrs. Henry Hobart Porter, Jr., Lawrence, Long Island, N. Y., 

tenth from William Bradford. 

705. Mrs. Edward Livingston Davis, Boston, eighth from Stephen 

Hopkins. 

706. Miss Mary Goddard Fuller, Boston, eighth from Edward Fuller, 

seventh from Samuel 2 Fuller. 

707. George Batcheller Perkins, Boston, ninth from William Bradford. 

708. Charles Brooks Perkins, Brookline, ninth from William Bradford. 

709. Mrs. Charles Brooks Perkins, Boston, ninth from William Brewster. 

710. Miss Adeline Amelia Bigelow, Boston, eighth from John Alden. 

Supplemental Lines Filed, 

January, 1902. 

579. Boylston A. Beal, ninth from John Alden: ninth from William 

Brewster ; eighth from George Soule. 
667. George A. Dary, ninth from John Billington, eighth from Francis 

Billington. 



128 Pilgrim Xotes and Queries. 

March, 1902. 

155. Mrs. Burr Porter, seventh from George Soule. 

266. Edwin S. Crandon, ninth from George Soule. 

267. Mrs. Edward Y. Swift, eighth from John Howland ; eighth from 

Richard Warren. 
636. Stephen D. Salmon, ninth from John Alden. 



PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY. 

The Annual Dinner of the Society was held at the Hotel Stratford, 
Philadelphia, on Thursday, January 23, 1902. 

At a meeting held February 6, 1902, the Treasurer, Mr. James 
Mauran Rhodes resigned, and was then elected Second Deputy Governor. 
Mr. James Mauran Rhodes, Jr., was elected Treasurer, to fill the 
vacancy. 



PILGRIM NOTES AND QUERIES. 
Notes. 

The Colonial Research Fund. Our readers are reminded that 
every copy of the " Freeman Genealogy " and " The Ancient Estate of 
Governor William Bradford " and every set of " Ancestral Charts " sold 
by the Massachusetts Society, as stated in our advertising pages, helps 
along the Colonial Research Work, since the entire proceeds are added 
to the Colonial Research Fund. 

The following additional contributions to the $2000.00 Fund have 
been received: Charles S. Cook, 5 100.00 ; The Rhode Island Society of 
Mayflower Descendants, S25.00: Miss Emma C. B. Jones, $2.00; Pre- 
viously acknowledged, $545.00; Total, $672.00. 

The Mayflower Genealogies. In order to bring the magazine up 
to date it has been found necessary to postpone the publication of the first 
installment of " Stephen Hopkins and His Descendants." We now hope 
to have it ready for the October number, which we expect to issue early 
in October. 

Vital Statistics of the Mayflower Passengers. Additional 
data from Original Records. (See Vol. II, pp. 114. 254.) 

Isaac Allerton was born about 1586. 

Sarah {Collier) (Brewster) Parke, double widow of Love Brewster 
and Richard Parke, was born about 161 5, and died at Plymouth 26 
April /6 May, 1691. 

Mary ( — ) Brown, widow of Peter Brown, was living at Plymouth 

2/12 January, 1633/4. 

Hester ( ) Cooke, widow of Francis Cooke, died before 18/2$ 

December, 1675. 

Ann (Plununer) Sa?nson, wife of Henry Samson, was living 24 
December, 1668/3 January, 1669. 

Richard More died at' Salem, after 19/29 March, 1693/4. His first 
wife, Christian (Hunt) More, was born about 161 6, and died at Salem, 
18/28 March, 1676/7. He married, second, Jane' 2 Hollingsworth (Rich- 
ard' 1 ), who was born about 1631 and died at Salem, 8/1 S October, 1686. 



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PHINEAS PRATT'S 



WILL 



I 



Hg Mayflower 

Descendant 



Vol. IV, JULY, 1902. No. 3. 

PHINEAS PRATT OF PLYMOUTH AND 
CHARLESTOWN. 

{Concluded from page gS.) 

1646, September 17. "The .17. of y e .7. month .1646. 
phineas prate came before y e Goue r and acknowledged the sale 
of his house & land, with all y e appurtenances thertoo belong- 
ing ; to John Cooke, according to a deed then exhibited which 
they desired might be recorded Also his wife came before y e 
Gou r and gaue her consente to y e same sale. 

" Allso Samuell Cudberte did y e same day & year aboue 
writen, freely relinquish all y e clairne, title, or Intrest, that he 
euer had, or might pretend to haue, to any parte, or parcell of 
y e lands afforsaid As also from those for which they were 
exchanged with m r prence. And did freely giue, grante, and 
make ouer all ye right, and Intreste that he euer had, or here- 
after, should haue, or at any time might pretend to haue, to 
any parte or parcell of y e lands aforesaid, and those mentioned 
in y e deede Insuing to Phineas Prate, & his heires, & assignes 
for euer ; for his, & their onely proper vse & behoof e. 

William Bradford Gou r " * 

The .26. of August .1646. 

These presents doe witnes that Phineas Prate of Plimoth Joyner, for 
& in consideration of y e same of twenty pounds sterl : to be payed by John 
Cooke Jun of plimoth afforesaid planter, in maner & forme following, that 
5s to say fiue pounds to be payed in cloathing within one month nexte after 
y« date hearof fiue pounds in march next, either in wheat, or comodities, 
fiue pounds in a milch cowe as shee shall be prised by .2. Indifferent men 
chosen by either party one, and y e last .5 U . this time twelfe months. Hath 
freely and absolutiy barganined and sould, & by these presents doth 
bargaine & sell vnto the said John Cooke, all yt his house, & howsing, and 

♦The autograph of Governor Bradford is appended to the original entry. 

129 



130 PJiineas Pratt of Plymouth a?id Charles town. 

gardine place and orchard (excepting y e fruite trees now growing therin, 
or so many of them to be deliured to the said Phineas, or his assignes 
when he shall demande them, so it be in due time) and fit tie acres of 
vpland tow acres of meadow at Joanes riuer, and all and singuler the 
appurtenances thervnto belonging, and all his right, tide, & Interest of 
& into y e same, & euery parte, & parcell thereof ; to haue & to hold the 
said house, housing, garden, and orchard (excepting before excepted) 
the fiftie Acers of vpland, and y e .2. Acres of meadow at Joans riuer, with 
the sixe Acres of vpland meadow, at the great meadow with all, & euery 
their appurtenances, vnto the said John Cooke, his heirs, & assignes, for 
euer. and to the onely proper vse, & behofe of him the said John Cooke, 
his heires and assignes for euer, and with warranties against all people, 
from by or vnder him, claiming any righte, tide, or Interest of, & into 
the said premises or any parte or parcell therof, and espetially against 
Samuell Cudberte his heirs, & assignes for euer by these presents ; And 
the said Phineas Prate doth further Couenante and grant by these 
presents, that it shall & may be lawfull too, & for the said John Cooke 
either by him selfe, or his Atturney to enrole, or recorde the tide or 
tenure of these before the Gouernour for y e time being, according to y e 
vsuall order & manor of enrolling & recording deeds, & euidences in his 
Ma tias Court at plimodi in shuch case made, & prouided In witnes wherof 
the said Phineas Prate hath herevnto sett his hand & seale the day & year 
first aboue writen 

In ye presence of Phineas Prate 

Ral'fe Whoory 
William Pady 
Thomas Willet 
Nathanell Sowther 

And in consideration of ye sume of .2s. 6 d . to y e said Phineas Prate 
in hand paid hath freely, & absolutly bargained & sould vnto y e said John 
Cooke all his right tide & Interest, of & into any lands lying at the head 
or ende, of y e afforesaid bargained premises before the sealing and delivery 
of these presents. [Plym. Col. Deeds, 1 : 224] 

1650, October 24. Thomas Prence sells to John Cooke, 
Jr., " two acars of mersh meddow bee it more or lesse lying 
before the house and land of the Elder Cushman at Joaneses 
riuer next vnto a p r cell of meddow which was samtimes Phenias 
Prats ; " [Plym. Col. Deeds, 1 : 329] 

The same year (no minor dates given) in recording the 
bounds of a grant of land in 1641 to John Cooke, Jr., at 
" Rockey nooke," reference is made to " the lots adioyning 
which the said John Cook hath bought of Phenias Prat ; " 
[Plym. Col. Deeds, I: 350] 

1658, June 5. "June the fift 1658 liberty was graunted 
by the Court vnto Phenias Prat or any for him to looke out 
a p r cell or tract of land to accomodate him and his Posterite 
withall together with other ffreemen ; or alone as hee shall 
think meet and to make reporte of the same vnto the Court ; 
that soe a Considerable proportion thereof may bee Confeirmed 
vnto him;" [Court Orders, III: 139] 



Phineas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlestozun. 1 3 r 

1664, June 8. " In reference vnto the Request of Phineas 
Pratte ; and the Elder Bates in the behalf e of the Children 
of Clement Briggs ; That wheras they the said Phineas Pratt 
and Clement Briggs haue not had theire proportions of land with 
others of this Jurisdiction formerly Called Purchassers or old 
Comers ; That they might haue some Consideration of land 
in that respect in a p r cell or tract of land lying neare vnto the 
line betwixt the massachusetts Jurisdiction and vs neare vnto 
Waymouth ; The Court Doth graunt vnto the said Phineas 
Pratt and vnto two of the said Clement Briggs his sonnes viz : 
Dauid Briggs and Remember Briggs three hundred and fifty 
acrees of the said lands with all and singulare the appurtenances 
thervnto belonging vnto them and theire heires and assignes 
for euer viz : vnto the said Phineas Pratt two p r tes of three 
of the said three hundred and fifty acrees ; and the remainder 
therof vnto the two sonnes of the said Clement Briggs afor- 
named and this to bee layed forth for them by John Jacob of 
hingham and John Whitmarsh of Waymouth and in'case any 
Indian or Indians shall heerafter lay claime vnto the said lands 
That the said Phineas Prat and the Elder Bates stand bound 
to the Court to answare the Charge of the Purchase therof and 
all other nessesary Charges about the said land ; " 

marginal note : — 

"this land was layed out afterwards by order of the court 
by John Whitmarsh and John Jacob and is att the Path that 
leads from Waymouth to Bridgwater ; as it is said a litle 
brooke running through the same" [Court Orders, IV: 75] 

1664, October 4. James Lovell, of Weymouth, desires to 
take up land " neare the place where Phenias Prat and the 
sonnes of Clement Briggs were accomodated ; between theire 
land and the line of the Pattent ; " [Court Orders, IV : 82] 

1665, June 7. "A Certaine p r cell of meddow or such 
swampy ground as tendeth towards meddow is graunted by 
the Court vnto Pheneas Pratt and James Louell lying on the 
westerly side of Phenias Pratts land that was graunted vnto 
him the last June Court neare vnto the line betwixt the Massa- 
chusetts and this Jurisdiction the said p r cell being about foure 
or fiue acrees bee it more or lesse to bee equally Deuided 
betwixt them the said Pheneas Pratt and James Louell to them 
and theire heires and assignes for euer" [Court Orders, IV: 
102] 

1668, October 29. "In Reference vnto the Request of 
James Lovell for to haue an addition of swampey land neare 



132 Phincas Pratt cf Plymouth and Charlestown. 

vnto his land hee hath in the right of m r Nathaniel Souther 
The Court haue ordered that m r Constant Southworth and 
Cornett Studson shall view the said land and alowe him twelue 
acrees therof ; besides that which hee hath alreddy graunted 
vnto him with Phenias Pratt ; " [Court Orders, V : 3] 

1672/3, January 1. Phineas and Mary Pratt, of Charies- 
town, sell to John Shaw, Sr., of Weymouth, the land granted 
by the Court June 8, 1664, and June 7, 1665. [Plym. Col. 
Deeds, III : 271] 

The foregoing records are inter- * 

esting as determining within a com- / f &^%,'\ 4 j&f vdf*a & 
paratively brief period the time of ** r^, v 

Phineas' settling at and leaving Ply- S%/t^f~ ~f*f^- 

mouth, as indicating the part of the f ** / S 

town in which he lived and as show- Frorn his wil1 dated Januarys, i6 77 /s. 
ing that he was regarded as one of the "old comers " or " Pur- 
chasers " of Plymouth. But their chief interest and value is 
in serving to identify his wife and to fix the approximate date 
of his marriage. These two interesting details are dwelt upon 
later. 

From Plymouth he removed to Charlestown, where, on May 
20, 1648, he bought a house and garden from George Bunker. 
It is impossible to say just when he left Plymouth. He sold 
his home there August 26, 1646, and is described in the deed 
as being "of Plimoth." On September 17, three weeks later, 
he and his wife appeared before the Governor, he to ask to 
have the deed recorded and she to give her consent to the sale, 
so they were no doubt still living there at that time. He is 
described in the Charlestown deed as being an inhabitant "in 
the same towne " as the grantor, i. e., Charlestown. He must, 
therefore, have left Plymouth in the interval between the re- 
cording of the Plymouth deed September 17, 1646, and the 
purchase of the Charlestown property May 20, 1648. 

The entry made in the records by John Greene, town clerk, 
concerning the transfer of the Charlestown house and land is 
as follows : — 

A sale of a House and a garden in Charltowne By George Bunker vnto 
Phinias Prat the 20th of the 3 d month 1648. 

Know all men by these presents That I George Bunker Inhabitant in 
Charltowne have sould assigned and set over, and by this declare that I 
doe sell assign and set over unto Phinias Prat Inhabitant in the same 
towne A House or Tenement with a garden to it adioyning : which house 
and garden stands and is scituate in Charltowne in the great through fare 
street which goes from the Neck of land into the market place, this hous 
and garden stands right over against the way that goes up to the windmili 



Phineas Pratt of Plymouth and CJiarlestown. 133 

hill, and that way which goes intoo elbow lane, the house is bounded on 
the front by the street way, or by the west, and the hous and garden is 
bounded East by the back street which goes to the pitt where the Beasts 
drinke, and where the Creek begins w ct » runs on the back syde of the 
maiors garden into Charls River, and it is bounded Northward by samuell 
Howard, and south ward by Thomas Carter senio 1 ": Alsoe I Georg Bunker 
doe acknowledg my selfe to bee fully payd and satisfied for this sayd hous 
and garden, And 1 doe heer by resigne all my Right, Titell, and interest 
vnto the sayd house and garden vnto the sayd Phinias Prat to be his and 



his heigres for ever. 



John Greene. 



[Charlestown Book of Possessions, 117] 

This property was sold April 10, 171.1, to Benjamin Law- 
rence by Phineas' son Joseph who inherited it. [Middlesex Co. 
Deeds, XV: 501] 

On March 1, 1657/8, there was a division of land in ac- 
cordance with " The Returne of the Committee, Apoynted by 
the Inhabitants of Charltowne, for the division, of the wood 
and Commons one Mistick syde," and Phineas drew lot No. 54 
containing 2\ commons and a certain proportion of woodland. 
[Book of Possessions, 87] 

In 1662 he presented to the General Court of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay Colony that interesting and valuable paper which 
he called "A Decliration of the Afaires of the Einglish People 
[that first] Inhabited New Eingland." Either accompanying 
or following this document was a petition on which the General 
Court took the following action May 7 of the same year 
(1662): — 

In Ans r :to. ye petition of. phineas Prat, of charls Toune. who presented 
this Court w* a narrative of the streights & hardships that the first planters 
of this - Colony vnderwent in their endeavors to plant themselves at pli- 
mouth. & since wherof he was. one The Court judgeth it meet to Graunt 
him Three, hundred acres of land where it is to be had not hindering a 
plantation * 

A few years later, June 1, 1665, there is the following 
entry in the Court records : — 

Layd out to Phineas Pratt of Charls Toune three hundred acres of 
land (more or lesse). in the wilderness, on the East of merremack Riuer 
neere the vpper end of Nacooke brooke on the South East of it it begins 
at a great sare Pjne standing anent the midle of nacooke pond & joyneth. 
to the ljne of hue hundred acres of land lately granted to the Toune of 
Billirrikey on the south of it ninety sixe pole & so continues a streight ljne 
two hundred & sixe pole further vnto a white oake bounded w* P from 
thence it turnes vnder the side of a great hill one hundred fifty & two pole 
vnto another white oake marked wth p. which stands on the North side of 
an other great hill. & on the south Comer of a little swampe from thence 

♦ Mass. Eay Reds., IV: 402. 



134 Phineas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlcsto' 



vn. 



it runns neere the west & by south, two hundred pole to a great Red oake 
bounded as before, from thence the closing ljne to the first Pine is two 
hundred & ninety pole, the exact forme of it together w* the rule of 
finding the exact lines is fully demonstrated by this inclosed plott taken 
of the same 20 8mo 1664. 

By Jonathan Danforth. survejo 1 " 
The Court Allows & approoues of this Returne.* 

In October, 1668, Phineas, then about 75 years old, 
presented another petition to the General Court in which, while 
expressing his thankfulness for the grant of land made him 
three years before in answer to his first petition, he refers to 
his physical infirmities and present lack of the actual necessities 
of life and entreats that he may receive some measure of sup- 
port in his old age. " Yet my necessity causeth me farther to 
entreat you," he writes, and there is here an intimation that 
his first petition had not been answered quite as he ex- 
pected — that he had asked for bread and had been given a 
stone in the shape of three hundred acres of land in the 
wilderness. The Court acted unfavorably on the petition now- 
presented, not recognizing his claim to further assistance. This 
paper does not appear in the Court records and a careful search 
fails to find it among the unpublished State Archives. It is 
reprinted here from an article by Mr. Richard Frothingham, 
Jr., in the Massachusetts Historical Society Collections (Fourth 
Series, IV, 487), in which it was printed for the first time from 
the original, then evidently in Mr. Frothingham's hands, with 
the following prefatory note, viz: — "This Petition is printed 
from a manuscript of the date of 1668, as is evident from the 
autograph attestation of Torrey and Pyncheon, though it is so 
unlike the « Declaration,' both in composition and chirography, 
as to make it certain that it is not in the handwriting of Pratt." 

To the Honoured the Generall Court, holden at Boston, this Oct. 1668. 

I acknowledg my self truly thankfull unto the Honoured Court for that 
they gave me at the time I presented an History called, A declaration of 
the affaires of the English people, that first inhabited New England. Yet 
my necessity causeth me farther to entreat you to consider what my service 
hath been unto my dread Soveraign Lord King James of famous memory. 
I am one of that litle number, ten men that arrived in Massachusets Bay 
for the selling of a Plantation, & am the remainder of the forlorn hope sixty 
men. We bought the south part of the Bay of Aberdecest their Sachem. 
Ten of our company died of famine. Then said y e Natives of the Coun- 
trey, let us kill them, whilst they are weak, or they will possesse our 
Countrey, & drive us away. Three times we fought with them, thirty miles 
I was pursued for my life, in time of frost, and snow, as a deer chased 
with wolves. Two cf our men were kill'd in warr, one shot in the shoulder. 
It was not by the wit of man, nor by ye strength of the arme of flesh, that 

♦Ibid., IV: 471. 



Pkineas Pratt of Plymouth and Charles town. 135 

we prevailed against them. But God, that overrules all power, put fear 
in their hearts. And now seeing God hath added a New England to old 
Engl, and given both to our dread Soverg Lord King Charles the second, 
many thousand people enjoy the peace thereof ; Now in times of prosperity, 
I beseech you consider the day of small things ; for I was almost frozen 
in time of our weak beginnings, and now am lame. My humble request is 
for that may be for my subsistence the remaining time of my life. And I 
shall be obliged. 

Your thankfull servant, 

Phinehas Pratt 
The Deputyes Doe not Judge meete to graunt this petition, w th ref- 
ference to the consent of o r Hono ed magis^. hereto. 

William Torrey, Cleric. 
The Magistrates consent \v th their bretheren the Deputy's. 

Jo : Pynchon, P r Curiam. 

Phineas had apparently reached a point where he required 
assistance. He was old and he was lame, a condition which 
materially impaired his ability to provide for himself. The 
Selectmen of Charlestown came to his relief in a most generous 
manner, as the following extracts from the town orders will 
show, and the assistance granted Phineas during his lifetime 
was extended to his widow. 

1668/9, January 25. "Also ordered Counstab le . Jn°. Hay- 
man to supply Phineas Pratt with so much as his p r sent low 
Conditio, may require." [Charlestown Town Orders, III : 96] 

1669, March 26. "This day also m r Rand 11 . Nicholes was 
desired to deliver to Phineas Pratt 200 foote of good bords fitt 
for his use this on the townes Acco". to be repaid him in 
season." [Town Orders, III : 100] 

1677, October 1. "Order to Zech. Johnson Constable to 
pay to y e Necessity of ffather Prat forty shillings in pay as 
sutable as he can & place it to y e townes AccoV [Town 
Orders, III : 205] 

1678, December 4. " Ordered Severall Bills to be graunted 
viz Two of 20 s . Each to Tho : Smith 2d. Counts for keeping 
Swains Childe To Good. wf. Parker a Bill to Goodm : Clew 
for 20 s for her p r s* relief To Goodm Pratt a Bill for 40 s . 

pr J R Recorder"* 

1679, October 6. "Ord r d. y l 20 s . In mony be given 
Phenius. Pratt for his releefe. & this to be payd by Constable. 
Newell 

By y e ord r of y e Selectmen J : N R "f 

1679, December 14. "Ord r d. y t Phenius. Pratt, hath 

twenty shillings In mony allowed for his Releife. payd by J N : 

J:N: R:"t 

* Town Orders, IV : 2. f Ibid., IV: 16. * Ibid., IV : 17. 



136 Phineas. Pratt of Plymouth a?id Charlestown. 

Phineas' wife was Mary, daughter of Degory and Sarah 
(Allerton) (Vincent) Priest. She was born in Leyden, Holland, 
probably within a year or two after the marriage of her parents 
November 4, 1.611. Neither she nor her sister nor mother 
came with Degory Priest in the Mayflower to Plymouth in 
1620. After her husband's death there on January 1, 1620/21, 
the widow married Godbert Godbertson at Leyden November 
13, 1 62 1, and, with her two daughters, Mary and Sarah Priest, 
came with him to Plymouth in the Anne in 1623. 

There Mary Priest met and married Phineas Pratt. It has 
been frequently stated that they were married in 1630. There 
is not a particle of evidence in the Plymouth records to support 
this statement, though it must be admitted that neither is there 
any evidence to disprove it. The most the records prove is 
that they were married after the division of cattle May 22, 
1627, and before Godbert Godbert son's death, which occurred 
prior to October 24, 1633, the date of the inventory of his 
estate. [Mfr. Desc, I: 154] 

The division of land in 1623 contains the names of the 
heads of families only, but the division of cattle May 22, 1627, 
contains the names of all persons in the colony at the time 
(except possibly some of the servants), grouped in families. 
Thus, in the Godbertson family, we find Godbert Godbertson, 
Sarah Godbertson, Samuel Godbertson, Mary Priest and Sarah 
Priest. The order in which the names of the sisters occur 
indicates that Mary was the older, for, in those cases where 
the relative ages of the children are known, the children are 
found arranged in order of birth, the males first. 

Phineas died in Charlestown April 19, 1680, and a stone 
still marks the spot where he is buried in the Old Burying 
Ground. He was born about 1593, as is shown by his deposi- 
tion already printed in this magazine. [II : 46]. His wife 
survived him, dying probably just prior to July 22 y 1689, for 
on that date there is the following entry in the town orders : — 

Then M r Jacob Green Sen*" & M r Eleaz** Phillips were & are Impowered 
to Apprize the goods of Widd. Pratt who lately deed at Tho Barbar. and 
to dispose of the same for the sattisring her Debt to Tho. Barbars wife. & 
as their discretion shall direct them. And so to make returne thereof to the 
selectmen at their next meeting 

By ord r of the selectMen 

Jn° Newell * 

It is evident from this item that the provision in Phineas' 
will for the permanent use by his widow of a room in their 

* Town Orders, IV : 93. 



P June as Pratt of Plymouth and Charlestown. 137 

house had, probably by an agreement between the mother and 
son, either not been carried out or the arrangement had been 
terminated. 

During his long residence in Charlestown Phineas appears 
only once in the land records as grantor and that is on January 
21, 1662/3, when he and his wife Mar}- sold to John Smith a 
wood lot in Charlestown's further common.* On December 
31, 1 68 1, Mary Pratt, Phineas* widow, and her son Joseph sold 
to Solomon and Samuel Phip[p]s a cow common within the 
limits of the Charlestown stinted common on the south side 
of Mystic River.f On January 1, 1681/2, Joseph sold to John 
Simpson a certain piece of land in Charlestown and the deed 
was signed not only by Joseph but also by Mary Pratt, his 
mother, and Dorcas Pratt, his wife, as interested parties, 
although Joseph is the only grantor mentioned in the body 
of the deed. $ On February 14, 16S0/81, there was a division 
"of the Stinted Comon 3 in Charles Towne on this Side Mistick 
river," among the proprietors thereof and Mary and Joseph 
were jointly allotted one common containing an acre and a 
half.§ 

The two following items from the town orders show that 
the aid given Phineas was generously extended to his widow : — 

1683/4, February 5. "Then orderd Twenty. Shill. vnto 
Widow Pratt & Twenty Shill to Wido Davie wch is for their 
releifes." [Town Orders, IV : 56] 

1686/7, March 7. "Then Agreed y* M r Jn° Call Supply 
the Wido Pratt wth what she needs for her releife : Like wise 
to supply Tho Orton & Tho March wth Bread " (Town Orders, 
IV: 84] 

Phineas' will|| was made January 8, i6yy/8, and probated 
June 15, 1680. An inventory]! of his estate was made May 
21, 1680, and presented in Court June 15, 1680. From it we 
learn that the widow had been appointed executrix. For some 
reason the 300 acres of land granted him by the General Court 
in 1662 and laid out in 1665 were not included in the inventory. 
Daniel Fletcher was appointed administrator of this portion of 
the estate December 28, 1722, and on May 6, 1723, Henry 
Farwell, Joseph Blanchard and Thomas Blanchard were ap- 

* Middlesex Co. Deeds, X : 136. t Ibid., VIII : 499. 
I Ibid., IX : 245. § Book of Possessions, 235, 236. 
|| Middlesex Co. Probate Files, First Series, No. 12,762. 



Sam 1 . Pratt of Middlebury Wheel- 
wright William Swan of Camb e . 
< Husbandman Will: Thomas of 



138 Pkineas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlestown. 

pointed to appraise this property. They reported on November 
25, 1723, that they valued it at .£135. One of the most inter- 
esting and valuable papers connected with the settlement of 
the estate is that dated July 31, 1738, and endorsed "Phineas 
Pratts Children."* It is as follows : — 

July 31. 1738. 

The Return of the Commiss rs appointed to apprize & Destribute the 
Real Estate of Phinehas Pratt late of Charlstown Dec'd — (Commission 
wanting) read — present, sundry of the Heirs. 

memorand™ — say To the Children severally (if Liveing) or to their 
Heirs (if Deceas'd) 

& Peter Dead} Er g° — sa y onl y to & tlr Heirs each to g ive Bond to 

refund, &c. 

Each one his share to be allotted to him when he shall have given Bond 

to refund, &c, 

Is p d 5 settlement & 6/ for 6 Bonds. p d by James Pern; 

John Pratt Deed " 

Sam* 

Daniel > Sureties 

Peter Deed Middleborough Gentleman James 

Mary J ^ Perry of Charlestown Chairmaker. 

Joseph y 

Aaron > their shares bought by Dan 1 : Fletcher 

Mercy ) 

Reed, settlement, Recording, Bond &c 14. p d . by Will: Swan. 

charges of settlement advanced 

by Sam. Pratt 26 — 14 — 3 

by W m Thomas 10—03 — o 

by W 1 " Swan 3 — 14 — o 

by James Perry 1 1 — 1 5 — 6 

1/9* whereof is 5 — 16 — 33-. 
Commission not returned. 

The estate was settled in this year (1738). A remarkable 
feature is the unusual period, fifty-eight years, which intervened 
between Phineas' death and the final division. 

The children of Phineas and Mary (Priest) Pratt were : — 
1. John, married Ann (or Anna), daughter of John and 
Anna (Williams) Barker, in or before 1664. The information 
regarding Ann's parents was not secured until after the print- 
ing of the article on her husband, John Pratt, in the third 
volume of this magazine. 2. Samuel. 3. Daniel. 4. Peter. 
5. Mary. 6. Joseph. 7. Aaron. 8. Mercy. 

♦Middlesex Co. Probate Files, First Series, No. 12,762. 



Phineas Pratt of Plymouth and Charlestoivn. 1 39 

WILL.* 

I Phinias Pratt of Charlstown in the Countie of Midellsex Joyner being 
very aged and Crazye of body y.ett in my pfect memory and vnderstanding 
doe make This my last will and Teastamoen 

Item I giue vnto my belouied wife Mary Pratt all my mouabl goods 
and fortie Shillings a year to be payed oute of my land in Charlstowne 
and the use of the gardon for term of hir life : this fortie Shillings is to 
be payed by my sonn Joseph Pratt for and in consideration of the hauing 
of my land and my wif is to haue a conuenient room of my sonn Joseph 
with a chimny in it to hir content to liue in fo r term of hir life. w th °-t 
molestation or trubl ; but If my sonn Joseph doeth not perform this will 
that then my wif Mary Prat shall haue" the one half of the land to hir 
Dispossing fo r hir best comfort: it is to be vnderstod that the one half 
wch the new hous standeth one is giuen to Joseph vpon the condistion of 
prouiding of a conuenient room fo r me and my wife fo r term of our liues 
and this other half fo r the paying of the fortie Shillings a year paying it 
quartterly that is to say ten shllig a quarter in mony and fier wood at 
mony price and If ther be any thing left at the death of my wife it 
shalbe equally deuided a mung all my children. 

this eight of Jeneary 1677 . Phinehas Pratt 

Sealed and deliuerd in the 
presents of L T se 

Walter Alen 

the marke of 

Rebeack Alen 

1 5 : 4 : 80 : Sworn in Court pr Walter Allen 
J:R:C: 

INVENTORY. 

Ann Innvytory of the Estat of Phinias Prat of Charlstown deceased 

a psell of land 18 

n primis in woolen clothes of his 01 

t in linning shirts 00 

t 8 pillober & 5 napkins 00 

t 5 sheetts 01 

t 4 blanckitts & 2 rugs 02 

t a bed boulster & pillo 02 

t a small bed . 00 

t 2 culbards 2 Chests one box 01 

t peuter 02 

t 2 bras Skillitts 5 s a warmg pan 5s 00 

t 2 lorn potts on Skillit 00 

t 2 lorn keettells 01 

t a tramil & fring pan 00 

t a small tabell 2 chayers 00 

t a p r of hose 2 bages 00 

t earthen war 5 trenchers 00 

t wooden ware 00 

t a hachit a houldfast a froue 00 

* See illustration facing page 129. 



00 


CO 


10 


00 


09 


00 


13* 


00 


04 


00 


05 


00 


10 


00 


08 


00 


05 


00 


02 


00 


10 


00 


09 
06 


00 
00 


03 


CO 


05 


00 


04 

02 


00 

06 


02 


00 


05 


00 



140 East ham a??d Orleans , A/ass., Vital Records. 

It lumber 00 16 



It bookes 00 08 



00 1 o 00 



00 



16 16 06 

34 16 06 
thes goods are prized by 
Larenc Dowce & henery Balcom 
the 21 13: 16S0 
15 : 4 : 80 Sworn in Court by the executrix Mar)' Pratt 

as attest, Tho : Danforth. R. 
Added. 4. 12. 81. Cow comon in charlstown stinted comon. 06 00 00 



EASTHAM AND ORLEANS, MASS., VITAL RECORDS. 

{Continued from page 34.) 

[p. 23] Steven Merick and Mercy Bangs weare Maried the 28 th of 

December in the yeare 1670 
Steven Merick the sonn of Steven merick was borne the 26 th day of 

March 1673 
Richard Webber and Sarrah Strout were Married by m r Sam 11 Treat 

march y e 4 th 1707/8 
Nathan 11 Mayo Ju r and Ruth Doane were married by M r Sam 11 Treat 

July y e 13 th 17 10 
Elisabeth Mayo the Daughter of Nathanael and Ruth Mayo was 

born at Eastham on the twenty ninth day of September Anno 

Domini 17 12 
Nathanael Mayo the son of Nathanael and Ruth Mayo was Born at 

Eastham on the twenty fourth day of august anno 1714 
abigaile mayo the daughter of Nathanael and Ruth Mayo was Born 

at Eastham on y e twenty fourth day of September anno domini : 

1716 
Ruth mayo the daughter of Nathanael and Ruth Mayo was Born at 

Eastham on the Seventeenth Day of November anno domini : 

1719 
Abigail mayo the daughter of Nathanael and Ruth Mayo dyed 

March y« 8 th 172^ 
Jeremiah Smith and Hannah atwood was maried the, 3 d . of Jenuarie 

in the year : 1677 
Mercy Smith the daughter of Jeremiah Smith was borne the: 17 th . 

of feburarie -.1678 
Abigaell Smith the daughter of Jeremiah Smith was borne the first 

day of June : 1681 
Jeremiah Smith the sonne of Jeremiah Smith was borne the 18 th of 

Agust 1685 



East ham and Orleans, Mass., Vital Records. 141 

Hannah Smith the daughter of Jeremiah and Hannah Smith was 

Borne at Eastham : about the middle of September in the year 

Sixteen hundred ninety and one : 
Jeremiah Smith Senior dyed on the 29 th day of April Anno Dom 

1706 
Hanah Smith Widdow of Jeremiah Smith Deceased dyed on the 

twenty ninth day of March Anno domini 1729 
George luis the Son of Thomas and Jone lewis was Born at Eastham 

anno Dom 1691 on the sixth day of may 
Nathanael lewis the son of Thomas and Jone lewis was Born at 

Eastham on the 31 th day of march anno Dom : 1696 
Rebecca Lewis the daughter of Thomas and Tone lewis was Born at 

Eastham on the 17 th day of march anno Dom : 169I 
Beniamin Lewis the son of Thomas and Jone lewis was at Eastham 

on the 8 th day of October anno Domini 1700 
Sarah Lewis the daughter of Thomas and Jone lewis was Born at 

Eastham on the 2 nd day of June anno : dom : 1702 
apphia Lewis the Daughter of Thomas and Jone lewis was Born at 

Eastham on the 9 th day of may anno dom 1704 

[p. 23 s ] Eldad attwood and anna Snow weare Maried the : 14 th : of 

feburarie 1683 
Marie attwood the daughter of Eldad attwood was borne the latter 

end of November in the yeare ; 1684 
John Atwood the Son of Eldad and Anne Atwood was born the 

tenth day of August 1686 
Anne Atwood the Daughter of Eldad and Anne Atwood was Born in 

January 1687/8 
Deborah atwood the Daughter of Eldad and Anne Atwood was born 

in March 1690 
Sarah Atwood the Daughter of Eldad and Anne Atwood was Born in 

April 1792 * 
Eldad Atwood the Son of Eldad and Anne Atwood was Born July 

the ninth 1695 
Ebenezer Atwood the Son of Eldad and Anne Atwood was born in 

march 1697/8 
Beniamen Atwood the Son of Eldad and Anne Atwood was born in 

June 1701 
Ralph Smith the Son of Thomas and Mary Smith was Born at East- 
ham the twenty third day of October annodom 1682 
Rebecca Smith the Daughter of Thomas and mary Smith was Born 

at Eastham the last day of march Anno dom 1685 
Thomas Smith the Son of Thomas Smith was Born at Eastham the 

twenty ninth day of Januarie anno dom 1687/8 
David Smith the Son of Thomas and mary Smith was Born at East- 
ham the latter end of march Anno dom 1691 

* This is evidently an error for " 1692." 



142 EastJuzm and Orleans, Mass., Vital Records. 

Jonathan Smith the Son of Thomas and mary Smith was Born at 
Eastham the fifth day of July Anno dom 1693 

Isaac Smith the son of Thomas and mary Smith was Born at East- 
ham the 3 d day of June 1695 - 

Jesse Smith the Son of Thomas and mar}* Smith was Born at East- 
ham the 31 st day of January Anno dom 1703/4 

Isaac Smith the Son of Thomas and mar)- Smith dyed the 26 th day 
of april Anno : 1704 

Maty Smith Widdow and relict of Thomas Smith Dyed on the 22 nd 
day of March anno domini 1726/7 

John Higgins and Hannah Mayo were married by M r Samuell Treat 
on the fifth day of august anno Domini 11713 

John Taylor and abigaile Hopkins were married by M r Samuel 
Treat on the third day of September anno Domini : 17 13 * 

Abiah Harding and Rebecca young were married by M r Samuell 
Treat on the twenty fourth day of September anno Domini 17 13 

[p. 24] John Knowles and Apphiah Bangs weare Maried the 28 th of 

.December in the yeare 1670 
Eadward knowles the sonn of John knowles was borne the 7 th day of 

November in the yeare 1671 
John knowles the sonn of John knowles was borne the 10 th day of 

July in the yeare 1673 
John knowles a daughter named Rebecah borne the second day of 

March in the yeare 1674 ales 75 
William Twining Junior and Ruth Cole wear Maried the 2 I th of 

March : i6|| 
William Twining Junior a daughter borne Named Elizabeth agust : 

25 th 1690 
Thankfull Twining the daughter of William and Ruth Twining was 

Borne the eleventh : day : of January in the year : 1696 : 7 
Ruth : Twining the daugter of William and Ruth Twining was 

Borne at Eastham : the Seaven and twentieth day of august in 

the year 1699 
Hannah the daughter of William and Ruth Twining was born the 2 d 

day of April 1702 
William Twining the Son of William and Ruth Twining was Born at 

Eastham the Secund day of September in the year 1704 
Barnabas Twining the Son of William and Ruth Twining was Born 

at Eastham the twenty ninth day of September in the year of 

our Lord 1705 
Mercy Twining the Daughter of William and Ruth Twining was 

born at Eastham the 20 th day of febuary anno 1707/8 

( To be continued. ) 
* This entry has been crossed out. 



Major William Bradford's Will and Inventory. 143 



MAJOR WILLIAM BRADFORD'S WILL AND 
INVENTORY. 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Major William 2 Bradford (Gov. William 1 ) died at Plym- 
outh on Saturday, 20 February /2 March, 1703/4. His will and 
inventory are found in the Plymouth County Probate Records, 
Volume II, pages 40-43. 



[p. '40] The Last Will & Testament of William Bradford living 
in the Township of Plimouth in the Province of the Massa- 
chusets Bay in New England 

I the s d William Bradford being Exercised with many 
bodily Infirmitys which gives me cause to think the time of 
my dissolution to be near being of a disposeing mind & memory 
do make ordaine & constitute this my last will & Testament as 
followeth. 

Imp r : I Commit my soul to God my Creator & my body 
to the dust of the Earth to be decently buried in hopes of a 
glorious resurection through the meritts of my dear Redeemer 
the Lord Jesus Christ. As to what outward Estate it hath 
Pleased God to bless me with I dispose of the same as followeth 
my debts being all first faithfully fully & truly satisfied and 
paid. 

Imp r : my Will is that my Loving wife Mary Bradford have 
her thirds in my Lands & meadows where I now dwell in the 
Township of Plimouth as also in all my lands or meadow which 
I have Elce where not by me heretofore disposed of dureing 
her naturall life & that she have with David Bradford my son 
the house in which I live with the barn & orchard by it during 
her life & after her decease that my s d son David Bradford 
shall have my s d house barn & orchard to him & his heirs for 
ever saveing that my Will is that my sons Ephraim Bradford 
& Hezekiah Bradford shall have so much Interest in my s d 
house as to have liberty to dwell therein till they can provide 
for themselves otherwise. 



144 Major William Bradford's Will and Inventory. 

ffurther my Will is that my wife before mentioned shall 
have a third part of all my goods & Chattells for her own for- 
ever togather with a bed & sutable furniture to it 

Item to my Eldest son John Bradford I have made over 
tracts of Lands and meadows as p r deed under my hand & 
seal appeareth whereon he now liveth further I give & be- 
queath to him my fathers manuscript viz : a Narrative of the 
begining of New Plimouth Pareus upon the Revelations and 
Barriffs Military discipline. 

Item To my Grandson William Bradford the son of my son 
William Bradford deceased I have given tracts of Land & mea- 
dow as Appear under my hand & seal further I give to him 
when he shall come of age one of M r Perkins his workes. 

Item To my son Thomas Bradford I have given a portion 
in Lands in Norwich (which were the Lands of my brother 
John Bradford) as p r : deed under my hand & seal may Appear. 

Item To my son Samuel Bradford I have given tracts of 
Land under my hand & seal as may appear ; 

Item to my son Joseph Bradford a portion of Lands near 
Norwich aforesaid (which was his Mothers & part I Purchased) 
as may appear under hand & seal also I give to him the 
history of the Netherlands, & a Rapier. 

Item I give & bequeath unto my four sons John Bradford 
Thomas Bradford Samuel Bradford & Joseph Bradford all that 
my Pattent Right which I have to the head of Cape Cod. 

Item I give & bequeath to my son Samuel Bradford my 
right of Commonage or Common Right which I have in the 
Township of Duxbor rough. 

.Item It is my Will that my sons Israel Bradford Ephraim 
Bradford David Bradford & Hezekiah Bradford shall have all 
that my farm or tenement whereon I now dwell togather with 
all the fences orchads trees and fruittrees [p. 41] ffruittrees 
(Except what is above Excepted) standing or growing thereon 
w th all other Lands meadows swamps or right of lands that I 
now have within the Township of Plimouth lying on the 
Northerly side of the brooke Commonly called stony brooke 
with all & singuler the previledges thereof which s d lands 
meadows farme or tenement aboves d I do by these presents 
give bequeath & demise to my s d four sons, (that is to say 
Each of them an Equal part or proportion) to them & their 
heirs for ever not to be sold given or made away either the 
whole or any part thereof Except to Each other or some bear- 
ing the name of the Bradfords decended from me this I give 
& bequeath to them hoping they will show themselves very 



Major William Bradford's Will and Inventory. 145 

Carfull of dutifull & Respectfull to my Loving wife their 
mother dureing her life. 

Item It is my will that whereas my son Israel Bradford 
hath been at charge in building an house upon part of the 
afores d farm or tenement that he the s d Israel shall have & 
Enjoy the s d house for his own togather with an acre of land 
thereunto Adjoining to him & his heirs forever. 

Item I will & bequeath to my s d son Israel Bradford my 
belt & Rapier. 

Item I Give to my son Ephraim Bradford one of my mus- 
quetts & a table with drawrs. 

Item I Give to my son David Bradford my silver Bowl after 
his mothers decease not to be Alienated from the family of the 
Bradfords. 

Item I Give to my son Hezekiah Bradford my gold ring 
& a silver spoone. 

Item I Give to my Grandson John Bradford, Dr Willets 
works on Gensis & Exodus. 

Item I Give to my Grandson William Bradford the son of 
John Bradford my silver wine Cup when he Comes of age. 

Item I give to my daughter Mercy Steel Hannah Riply 
Melatiah Steel Mary Hunt to Each of them beside what portion 
I have already given ten shillings a peice to be paid within a 
year next after my decease 

Item I Give & bequeath to my daughter Alee Fitch a 
wrought Cushion that was her Mothers. 

Item I Give unto my daughter Sarah Baker two of my 
biggest pewter platters & also a China bason. Also a Cow to 
be delivered to her within a year after my decease. 

Item I Give unto my son Samuel Bradford all my Lattin 
bookes, to Encourage him in bringing up one of his sons to 
Learning which said bookes it is my Will that they shall by 
him be given to his s d son whom he shall so bring up. 

Item I Give to Every one of Daughters a good booke 
which they may chose out of my Liberary. 

Item I give to hannah the wife of my son Samuel Bradford 
m r Borroughs upon the Eleventh of Mathew. 

Item It is my will that the rest of my bookes be safely 
keept by my Executors & In Case my son Samuel shall bring 
up one of his sons to Learning to be by s d Executors delivered 
to him when he Comes of age. 

I do Constitute & Appoint my Loving sons John Bradford 
Samuel Bradford & Israel Bradford as Executors of this my 
last Will & Testament to pay such debts as I owe, to Receive 



146 Major "William Bradford 's Will and Inventory. 

my dues and to see my body decently buried, to defray the 
charge thereof, And to see my will (as near as they can) in 
all the perticulers of it performed, thus hopeing that they will 
faithfully perform such a trust Committed unto them I do 
Revoke & make void any former will by me at any time here- 
tofore made. I the s d [p. 42] I the said William Bradford have 
hereunto set my hand & seal this twenty ninth day of June one 
thousand seven hundred & three 1703 

Signed Sealed & Declared to be William Bradford (Seal) 

his Last Will and Testament 
In presents of us 
John Rogers 
Thomas Loring 
Ephraim Little Ju r : 

Memorand : That on the 10 th day of March Annoq : 
Dom : 1 703 the above named Ephraim Little & Thomas 
Loring two of the witnesses to this lustrum* : made oath that 
they were present with Major W rra : Bradford late deceased & 
saw him signe & seal & heard him declare this Instrument to 
be his last will & Testament & that he was then of a disposing 
mind & memory to the best of their Judgments And on the 
29 th day of the same month of march the above named John 
Rogers the other Witness above named made oath to the same 
before me. 

Nathaniel Thomas Judge of Probates 

Pli : ss : Nathaniel Thomas Esq : Appointed & Comisionated 
Judge of the Probate of Wills & Granting letters of administra- 
tion &c : to all unto whome these presents shall Come Greeting 
Know yea that on the twenty ninth day of March in the year 
of our Lord one thousand seven hundred & four Before me at 
Plimouth in the County of Plimouth the Will of Major William 
Bradford late of Plimouth afores d deceased to these presents 
annexed was proved approved & allowed who haveing whilst 
he lived & at the time of his death Goods Chattels Rights or 
Creditts in the County afores d , And the Probate of the s d will 
& power of Comitting administration of all & singuler the 
Goods Chattels Rights & Creditts of the s d deceased & also 
the hearing Examining & allowing the accompts of the same 
by virtue thereof Appertaining unto me The administration of 
all the goods Chattels Rights & Creditts of the s d deceased 
& his will in any manner Concerning is hereby Comitted unto 
John Bradford Samuel Bradford & Israel Bradford sons of the 



Major William Bradford's Will and Inventory. 147 

s d Deceased & Joynt Executors in the same Will named well 
& faithfully to Execute the s d will and to administer the 
Estate of the s d deceased according thereunto & to make a 
true & perfect Inventory of all & singnler the goods Chattels 
Rights & Creditts of the said deceased & to Exhibett the same 
into the Registry of the Court of Probate for the County 
afores d at or before the twenty third day of June next En- 
sueing, & also to Render a plain & true accompt of their s d 
administration upon oath, In testimony whereof I have here- 
unto set my hand & the Seal of the said Court of Probate, 
Dated at Piimouth afores d the day & year first above written. 
Nathaniel Thomas Register Nathaniel Thomas 

Piimouth february 28 1703 The Inventory of the Estate 
of Major William Bradford deceased taken & apprized by us 
the Subscribers. 

i 

To Wearing apparrill to Cash to a Ring to arms 06 00 00 

to Cattell 18 14 00 

to Chares & Cushings 00 13 00 

to a Chest & Cubbert & trunk 00 09 00 

to mantel 00 08 00 

to a Carpitt 00 03 00 

to Plate 67 10 00 

to pewter 01 12 00 

[P. 43] To Earthen ware 00 02 06 

to Iron ware 01 04 00 

to table Linnen 02 00 00 

to a bell 00 03 06 

to a spining wheel 00 05 00 

to a desk & two trunks 00 08 00 

to other old Lumber 00 09 00 

to bookes 15 03 00 

to beds & furniture 14 08 00 

to brass & bellmettle 01 08 00 

70 00 00 
Thomas Loring 
Elisha Wadsworth 

Memorandum that on the 10 th day of March 170^ before Nath 11 : 
Thomas Esq: Judge of the Probates &c : Major John Bradford & 
Samuel Bradford Executors to the last will & testament of their 
father Major William Bradford Deceased made oath that the above 
written is a true Inventory of the Estate of the s d deceased so far 
as they know & when they know of more that they will discover the 
same, 

Nathaniel Thomas Register 



148 The Diary of Jabcz Fitch, Jr. 



THE DIARY OF JABEZ FITCH, JR. 

{Continued from Vol. Ill, /. 243.) 

Saterday July 2 nd 1757 there was a New Piq r Mounted 
Consisting of 192 Private Properly officerd &c : this Day Serj* 
Jackson & John Ashpo Came in who we Thought Had Ben 
Lost after Putmons Fight. 

Sunday y e 3 rd after I Had Made My Morning Report I 
went into y e Fort and Rec d of M r Ginnes 1 8 s : 6 d York Money 
for y e Days work y* I Did y e 5 th of June with a Party at Droy 
Droying Timber into y e Fort In y e Afternoon it Raind Vary 
Stedy Toard Night our Party Returnd from y e Lake & 
Brought 4 French Men that Deserted from Crown Point they 
Bring in News that it is Vary Short Times for Provisions there 
— this Night I was wornd for y e Covring Party y e Next Day. 

y e 4 th In y e Morning I went to work with a Party of 49 
Men in y e Trench &c Ave were Directed By Lieu 1 Fash of y e 
Royal Amaricans About 8 oClok Gen 11 Lyman Came in from 
His Scout they Brought in News that they Found Henry 
Shuntup in y e woods Kild & Scalpt His throat Cut & His Brest 
Cut open & Hart out & Gon a Larg Pies of wood Left in y e 
Plais of it John Kennady & Jabez Jones they Didn* find But 
By what Signs they found they thought that they Had Carryed 
them off &c at Noon I Got Two Dollars Changd & Paid em 
Most of them away, at Night M r Gordon Paid Me £1 : 4 s : 
For My Self 2 Corp !s & 8 1 Men then I Paid them all off & 
Had S3 : 6 d Left for My Self &c. then Corp 1 Tho s Andrus & I 
went over to M r Bests & Drinkd Some Jenava then I Came 
Home & Found y t Most of our Company Had Listed for 
Ranging &c. In y e Evening I was at Serj* Wetss Tent where 
we Had Singing Hyms a Man Praid there &c 

ye ^th was a Stady Rainy Day we Toock an allowance Party 
in Fresh Provision — this Day I Sold My Indion Stockens to 
Joseph Kellog for 4 s — 

y e 6 th In y e Morning I Bought ij lb of Suger Si : 6 &c. then 
I went to y e Capt : Tent & Mad My Morning Report of y e 
Company Carried it to y e Adjutant He told. Me that all those 
Men that Never Joind Us were Returnd Deserters this Day 
&c — Toard Night M r Pummery our Setler Came Up with His 
Stores — I Rec d A Letter from My Father Dated June 21 st 



The Diary of Jabez Fitch, Jr. 149 

another from Brother Elisha Dated y e Same Day & another 
from Brother Rudd Dated June 23 rd 

y e 7 In y e Morning I was Orderd to Wait on y e Gen 11 again 
So I Toock My Post & Had a Laisy time on it at Noon I Got 
a Good Dinner &c. this Day Capt : Jefferys Scouters Movd and 
Picht their tents By them Selves — -at Night I Had Considrable 
Discorce with a Serj* of y e Royal Amaricans who was orderly 
for Gen 11 Webb 

ye gth j n ye Morning I was Relievd as Usual — Then after 
Breakfast I Tock a Walk over on y e Green and Wrote Some of 
y e forgoing Lines &c — Toard Night M r Lothrop Came Up 
Here &c In y e Evening I Spent Some Time with Serj 4 Coit — 
Serj* Foster & Diccason were Confind By y e Regulars for 
Deserting their Servis Some Years Past 

July y e 9 th y e Annual of Bradducks Defeat &c — John John- 
son of Capt Gallops Company Died & was Buried — A Number 
of Teems Came Up Here from Saratoge &c — M r Pummery 
Got Somthing Setled at Night John Chappel was Confind By 
y e Gen lk Orders for Geting Liquer for y e Regulars &c. Daniel 
Boge is Under Confinement again 

Sunday July y e 10 th In y e Morning I went to y e Guard 
Hous to Se Chappel Serj 1 Giles was there to Visit. Boge &c : 
this Morning I Found out James Stephens of Canaan one of y e 
Carters — Chappel was taken Exceeding Poor this Day So that 
Doc r Lord Prevaild with y e Gen 11 & Got Liberty for Him to Go 
Home to His Tent — the Stockbridg Indions Brought in a 
Prisoner who they Tock Near Crown Point &c — I Got Some 
Suger at Pummerys for Mix 

y e 1 I th In y e Morning I Wrote a Letter to Brother Elisha 
— Then I Fixd to Go to y e Lake to Escort y e Kings Stores 
about 10 oClok we Set out I went on a Flank Guard Most of y 9 
way to y e Half way Brook Eat Some Huccle Berrys &c at 
y e Brook we Refreshd our Selvs & Marchd again Near y e 
Round Pond w r e Met a Larg Scout Going over to South Bay 
&c A Little after Sunset we Got Up to y e Lake & Lodged In 
y e old Encampment this Night y e Misceters & Nats were Vary 
Troublesom to us — On this Command I Got Acquainted with 
Two of y e Boston Serj ts Viz : Spaldin & Walker — This is y e 
First time that I Se Lake Georg this Year or Since y e 1 7 th of 
Nov : last 

y e 12 th In y e Morning I was of in y e wood with a Party to 
Loock for Some Oxen we were Gon about an Hour & Found y e 
Oxen — About 7 oClok we Marcht Had Got about a Mile & 
there Came a Vary Hard Shower of Thunder & Rain which 



150 Experience Mitchells Will and Inventory. 

Lasted while we Traveld three Mile then Cleard of Extreem 
warm we Stopd at y e Half way Brook & Refreshd as Usual 
there Came Down with Us one of y e Jersy Reg 1 who was 
Going after His wife that Had Deserted from Him His Discors 
was Cheefly about Her on y e March &c — We Had another 
Shower about y e Foils then we Marchd In about 4 oClok Our 
Party was Commanded By Capt Waldo — After I Got in I 
Hered that Dan 11 Boge was Whipd 50 Lashes again — at Night 
Sold Pride a Knife Old Ashley was Whipd 15 Lashes 

y e 13 th Some Time in y e Morning we Movd our Tents 
Again which Tock Us Most of y e Day to Get Settled again — 
In y e Afternoon I went to Serf Comstocks Tent & Drinkd 
Some Grog with Him & then Discorced with Him about Home 
& old affairs 

{To be continued.} 



EXPERIENCE MITCHELL'S WILL AND INVENTORY- 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman*. 

Experience Mitchell's inventory was taken 14 May, 16S9, 
and his will was proved 4 September, 16S9, therefore the date 
of the will, 5 December, 1689, as recorded by the clerk, Samuel 
Sprague, is doubtless an error. The will must have been 
made on 5 December in the year 1688, or possibly even earlier. 
The will and inventory are recorded in the Plymouth County 
Probate Records, Volume I, pages 44 and 45. 

The wife Mary mentioned in the will was a second wife, the 
first one having been Jane 2 Cooke {Francis 1 ). 



[p. 44] These are to publish and declare to all whome it may Con- 
cerne that I Experience Mitchell now living in the Town of Bridg- 
water in the Colony of New Plimouth being through the Mercy 
of God of Sound judgment and memory do ordaine and make 
my last will and Testament in maner following viz- Into the 
hands of God I Comend my spirit believingly. Resigning up my 
soul into the everlasting Armes of Gods mercy father Son and 
Holy Spirit : My Body to be decently Interred at the discis- 
sion of my Executor and other Christian ffriends and for my 
outward estate I doe will that after all my just debts and 



Experience Mitchell 's I Fill and Inventory. 151 

funerall expences be paid my lands and other moveables be 
disposed of as followeth 

Imprimis I Give to my Son Edward Mitchell after my 
decease all my Lands both upland and meadow lying in the 
Town of duxbury at the place where I formerly dwelt as appear- 
eth by deed And if it shall please God So to order that my 
wife Mary Mitchell Shall Survive me I Require my son Edward 
to take Care of her for her Comfortable Subsistance during- her 
life provided that she will live with him at Bridgwater, but if 
she Rather Incline to live at duxbury I then order that half the 
Rent of that land at dubury shall be to my wife during her life 
And after my decease my Son Edward shall have the sole dis- 
pose of it as to the letting of it out for the house I acknowledge 
it to be his ; Also the Bed and boulster two pillows one pair of 
sheets and two Blankets which are at my Son Edward's and we 
make use of I Give them to him after our decease as for my 
. Son John I have formerly Given him his portion of land, and 
my wall is that he Rest Sattisfied therewith, which was four- 
score acres of upland and four acres of meadow lying at Nama- 
takeesit within the Township of duxbury, this is the full of 
what I Intend him as to lands onely there are Severall move- 
ables in his hand at present which are mine of which one Cowe 
a short gun a small Iron kettle I Give unto my Grandson 
Experience And the Remainder I Give unto my Son John as 
for my land Lying in the Town of Middlebury I Give it to my 
daughters Mary Shaw Sarah Haward and Hannah H award and 
to my Grandson Experience Mitchell the son of my son John 
to be Equally divided between them, farther I Give to my 
daughter Mary Shaw twenty shillings to hannah Haward forty 
shillings in Currant pay and if my Stock Stand I Give to my 
Grandson Thomas Mitchell one Cowe and to my Grand daugh- 
ter Mary Mitchell one Cow, I leave the dispose of my Grand 
daughter Mary Mitchel with my Son Edward and Joseph Bart- 
lett as for the Rest of my moveables and Chattels I bequeath 
them to my son Edward Mitchell whome I appoint and ordaine 
sole Executor of this my last will and Testament Revoaking all 
other wills and Testaments whatsoever Witness my hand and 
Seal this fifth of december 1689 : 

Signed and Sealed in the Experience Michell & a (seal) 

Presence of Thomas Hay ward 
John Haward 

Leiu 1 Thomas Hayward and Ensigne John Haward the 
within named witnesses appeared before the Magistrates of the 



152 The Deposition of Richard Church. 

County of Plimouth at Flimouth September the 4 th 1689 and 
made oath that they were present and Saw Experience Mitchell 
deceased above named Signe Seal & declare this Instrument as 
his last will & testament & that to the best of their understand- 
ings he was of disposing mind & memory when he so did : 

Attest Sam' 1 Sprague Cler 

[p. 45] A ; Inventory of the estate of Experience Mitchel of 
Bridgwater, taken by Ensigne John Haward and Thomas Hay- 
ward the 14 of May 1689 

Imprimis In Books 
In Iron vessels 
It ; vessels of wood and earth 
It , in pewter 

It , one Rimdlett 2 Glass Bottles 
It , 2 Chests one Box with Severall tooles 
It , in Bedding boulsters pillows and Covering 
It , in sheetes and other linnen 
It in 2 Cows and one mare 
It , in my Brother Johns hand one Cow > 
one short gun & a small Iron kettle ) 



Edward Mitchel made oath before the magistrates of the 
County of Plimouth September y e 4 th 1689 that the above 
written is a true Inventory : of the Estate viz 1 Goods and 
Chattels of the above named Experience Mitchell deceased as 
far as he Knows and if more shall be discovered that he will 
Bring it to this Inventory : 

Attest Sam' 1 , Sprague Clerk ; 



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THE DEPOSITION OF RICHARD CHURCH. 

The Deposition of Richard Church aged about 56 yeares 
this Deponant saith that hee being att worke about the mill the 
19 th of august hearing of a Cry that the man was killed ; hasted 
p r sently and healped to remove the earth from Thomas fnsh 
whoe being much bruised therby was gott to bedd and in four 
Dayes and an halfe Dyed ; and further saith not ; 

This deposition of Richard Church, the husband of Elizabeth 2 Warren 
(Richard*), was made at Sandwich on 25 August, 1664, and is recorded 
in the Plymouth Colony Court Orders, Volume IV, page 92. 

* The summing is in a different hand. 



r pr " p- — ----- - ."- .,. • ---. - -,.-.-. 

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BOND OF DESIRE (HWVLAND) GORHAM 



Captain J oh?i Gor/iam's Estate. 153 



CAPTAIN JOHN GORHAM'S ESTATE. 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Capt. John Gorham died at Swansea, but the exact date of 
his death is not known. The date of his burial is entered on 
the Swansea town records as follows : " Cap : John Goram was 
buryed the 5 th day of february 1675 " * This date in new 
style would be 15 February, 1676. The record of his inven- 
tory shows that he was a resident of Yarmouth at the time of 
his death. His widow Desire, the eldest daughter of John 
Howland, must have removed to Barnstable immediately, as in 
the bond of the administrators, dated 9 March, 1675/6, she is 
called " of Barnstable. " On the seventh of March she and her 
sons James and John had been appointed administrators and 
their bond is the only original paper connected with the settle- 
ment of Capt. Gorham's estate of which I have learned. It is 
preserved in the " Scrap Book " at the Registry of Deeds at 
Plymouth, and the half-tone reproduction shows that it is in 
excellent condition. It bears the autograph signatures of De- 
sire (Howland) Gorham and her sons James and John. 



[Court Orders, V : 131] 

March the 7 th 1675 
In reference unto the estate of M r Gorum Deceased The 
Court have appointed M r hinckley M r Chipman and M r huckens 
to take Care that such p r te of the said estate which belongeth 
unto his youngest Children be p r served and Disposed to them 
as they Come to be of age ; according to the agreement ; 

Lres of Adminnestration were Graunted by the Court unto 
mistris Desire Gorum, James Gorum, and John Gorum, to ad- 
minnester on the estate of Captaine John Gorum Deceased 



Bond of the Administrators. 

Know all men by these p r sents that wee Desire Gorom 
widdow of the Towne of Barnstable in the Jurisdiction of New 



* Book A, p. 147. 



154 Captain JoJin Gorham' s Estate, 

Plymouth ; and James Gorum and John Gorum planters of the 
Towne aforsaid in the Jurisdiction aforsaid Doe acknowlidge our 
selves to be bound and feirmly .oblidged unto the Gov r : and 
Court of Plymouth aforsaid in the penall sume of a eight hun- 
dred pounds, for the payment wherof well and truely to be 
made wee bind our selves our heires executors and adminnestra- 
tors ; Joyntly and severally feirmly sealled and Given this ninth 
of March Ann : Dom one thousand six hundred seaventy and 
five ; 

The Condition of the above written obligation is such that 
wheras the above bounen Desire Gorum ; James Gorum and 
John *Gorum ; have obtained Letters of Adminnestration to 
Adminnester on the estate of M r John Gorum Late Deceased ; 
if therfore the above bounden Desire Gorum James Gorum and 
John Gorum Juni r Doe pay or Cause to be payed all Due Debts 
and legacyes Due and owing to any from the said estate ; and 
keep a faire and true accoumpt of their adminnestration ; 
and be reddy to give in the same unto the Court when by them 
required ; and save and keep harmles and undamnifyed the said 
Gov r : and Court from any Damage that may acrew unto them ; 
by theire said adminnestration ; That then the above written 
obligation to be void and of non effect or otherwise to remaine 
in full force strength and vertue ; 

Signed sealed and Delivered desier gorham (Seal) 

in the p r sence of James Gorham (Seal) 

beniamen hammond John Gorham (Seal) 

Sammuell Nash 



[Plym. Col. Wills, III : I : 162-164] 

[p. 162] An Inventory of the estate of Capt : John Gorum of 

yarmouth iate Deceased taken and apprised by Willam Crocker 

Barnabas Laythorpe John Thacher and John Miller the 29 th of 

ffebruary 1675 an d exhibited to the Court held att Plymouth 

the 7 th of March 1675 on the oathes of mistris Desire Gorum 

widdow and James Gorum and John Gorum Juni r : as f olio wet h 

Imp r . 1 bed and the furniture belonging to it 

Item 1 bed and what belonges to it 

Item old beding 

Item 1 bed and what belonges to it 

Item his wearing Clothes 

Item 1 blankett with feathers in it 

Item 2 Chistes 

Item 5 Cushens 

Item to yerne fflax and Cotton woole 



07 


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15 


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Captain John G or ham's Estate. 155 

Item to Iron tooles and Cart rope 

Item 3 wheeles and Gardes 

Item 13 bushells and halfe of Corne 

Item 1 bushell of wheat 

Item an other p r sell of Iron tooies in and about the mill 

Item meate salt and the Caske the meat is in 

Item brasse 

Item pewter 

Item 2 paire of stilliyards scales and waights 

Item 4 Chaires 

Item Iron potts kettles pothangers frying pans all Iron 

Item 9 sheets 

Item table Cloth and Napkins of Diaper 

Item a smale Table Cloth and 2 Dosen of Napkins 

Item 6 pillowbeers 

Item linnine of his 

Item powder and bulletts 

Item 2 paire of sterrup Irons & Gertts 

Item twine and paper 

Item 2 Chestes and one box 

Item wooden ware and seives 

Item old barrells 

Item in earthen ware and other smale lumber 

Item 2 pound of fine Cotten yerne 

Item a feirkin of sope 

Item a brake and max 

Item bolts boards square timber and Grindstone 

sume 
Item 3 horses 1 mare 
Item 10 swine 
Item 4 oxen 
Item 8 Cowes 
Item 2 steers 2 yeers old 
Item 3 heiffers 3 yeer old 
Item 5 yeerlings 

Item 1 bull 1 heifter three yeer old 
Item 18 sheep 
Item the mills and Dwelling house land and Meddow ad- 

joyning 
[p. 163] Item 1 Caske of Tallow 
Item the ballences of accoumpt in the booke Due 
Item the Tan fatts the barke mill and the 2 houses the ) 

tooles belonging to the taning j 

Item 1 Copper 
Item 2 Gunes 

Item the barrell of a blunderbusse 
Item more Iron tooles 
Item andjrons 
Item 2 horspistoles & holsters 



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156 Captain JoJm Gorhams Estate. 

Item old Iron 

Item more Iron tooles 

Item 1 brasse kittle 

Item 4 Chaires 

Item 1 longe Table and bedsted Sz Curtaines 

Item 1 bedsted 

Item an Iron pott kettle skillett pothookes 

Item 1 Chest 

Item 1 paire of tonggs & pothangers 

Item 1 Cubberd 

Item 13 sydes of lether 

Item 1 bedsted 

Item a bed bolster Coverlidd & blanketts 

Item a bed bolster rugg and blanketts 

Item 1 settle 1 old Chaire 

Item 1 (*) att 

Item 1 Gould ringe 

Item 1 Cubbert Cushen 

Item 1 Cabbanitt 



Item a prsell of linnine 

Item 1 Chest and a Childs blankett 

Item 5 sheets 

Item 1 Chest and box 

Item old lumber 

Item Due from John Gorum Juni r for hydes hee re- ) 

ceived of his father and on his accoumpt att 3 d pr V 52 18 06 
pound ) 

Item a Cart takeling and plow tacklinge & old Grindstone 03 

Item a hatchell 

Item a horse in John Gorums hands 

Item 1 smale Table 

Item 1 Negro man 

Item more Due on the booke 

Item Due by bill in Cash 

Item in Cash 

Item in plate and a watch 

Item 2 Cards of Cloake buttons 

Item the farme that is to say the Dwelling house barne ^ 

upland and meddow and all the land in the Comon >-45o 00 00 
feild ) 

Item Due from the Country for service Done in the warr 
by Capt : Gorum about 

Item a Graunt of a p r sell of Land att Papasquash necke 

The sume Totall : is 710 04 03 

By us Willam Crocker John Thacher 

Barnabas Laythorpe John Miller 

* This item was not filled in. 



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Captain John Gorhams Estate. 157 

[p. 164] In Reference to the settleing of the estate of Captaine 
John Gorume Deceased between the Mother and the Children ; 
The Court haveing taken into Consideration and haveing re- 
spect p r tely to what hath bine the Declared minde of the said 
Captaine Gorum in his life time and p r tely to the mutuall 
Consent of the sonnes whoe are of age as well as to what of 
equitie Doth, otherwise, to this Court appeer Doe order as 
followeth : viz : 

Imp r : That Desire the Relict of the said Capt : Gorum 
have the proffitts of one third of all the Lands housing and mill 
Dureing her Naturall life ; and after all Just Debts being first 
payed out of the moveables ; shee to have one third p r te of the 
rest of the moveables, to her owne Dispose ; and libertie to 
Dwell in her Now Dwelling house ; and have Improvement of 
the Negro Dureing her life ; 

2 That James Gorum have the Dwelling house that hee 
now lives in, with the barne and halfe the upland belonging to 
the said farme 

And John Gorum to have the tan vaults barke mill ; and 
the utinsills therunto belonging and soe much stocke as may 
make the said tanvaults to amount to the vallue of fifty pounds 
and alsoe to have the other halfe of the upland belonging to the 
said farme begining next to the lands of Andrew hallott, onely 
Deducting forty acrees out of that his halfe ; To be allowed to 
Joseph Gorum ; who is to have his forty acrees lye next Joseph 
hallotts on the upersyde of the high way, and a p r sell of med- 
dow about three or four acrees ; bounded between a Creeke 
Comonly Called wells his Creeke and a smale Creeke Called 
Bacons brooke ; which with the thirty pounds hee hath alreddy 
received of his father, is vallued, att threescore pounds ; and to 
be for his p r te of the said estate att p r sent ; 

And James Gorum to have the meddow lying between the 
said Wells his Creeke ; and the place where formerly the mill 
stood ; and with the house above said a longe table bedsted and 
two Chaires belonging therunto ; and the rest of the Marsh or 
meddow to be equally Devided between the said James and 
John Gorum ; as theire respective p r tes of the said estate onely 
that p r sell of land lying att stony Cove is p r ticularly to be 
equally Devided between them and it is agreed that John 
Gorum is to have the use of one halfe of the land that lyeth 
between the said Dwelling house and the tanyard, During all 
the time hee shall keep tailing in that place, and noe longer, 
and if that prte of the land within the ffence falling to James 
his p r te shalbe Indifferently vallued worth more then soe much 



158 Captain Jo Jin GorJiam's Estate. 

of the lands without, it shalbe made up by allowing soe much of 
the Greater p r te of the lands to John without as may Counter- 
vaile the same ; 

3 That all the rest of the estate shalbe equally Devided 
between the rest of the Children viz : To Jabez Mercye Lydia 
hannah & Shubaall Gorum, in five equall p r tes, excepting fifty 
pound in Mony first Taken out of the said estate to bringe up 
Shubaall to scoole, as his mother shall see fitt over and above 
his fift equall p r te as aforsaid, provided that incase the p r tes of 
the said five Children last Named shall amount to more then 
forty pounds apeece ; which the three 3 Daughters alreddy 
Marryed have alreddy received or are to have made up to any 
of them ; then such overplusse of the estate to be equally 
Devided between those eight Children, and provided alsoe that 
incase any other lands belonging to the estate of Capt : Gorum 
by graunt from the Court or otherwise shalbe posessed, such 
lands shalbe equally Devided between the the sonnes that have 
noe lands yett assigned them, soe as incase theire respective 
Devissions therof together with what other portions they have re- 
ceived amount to more then what the other sonnes have received ; 
then such overplusse shalbe equally Devided amongst all the 
sonnes to make each of theire p r tes equall ; onely the eldest son 
James to have a Double portion of the said overplusse of lands ; 
It is alsoe ordered that Care be taken in the Devision of 
the estate that each respectively Concerned therin shall have the 
sure estate Devided equally to them, and each to have his or 
her p r te in the Desparate : 

this following relates unto the Inventory of Capt : Gorums 
estate before entered ; 

John Gorum seni r Disbursed for the souldery under his 
Comand as followeth 

ffor food att Sandwich 00 07 06 

ffor Syder att Captaine huchensons farme 00 08 06 

my selfe with horse and furniture sixteen weekes 
a horse for my son Joseph a fortnight 

Expended upon the souldiers att severall times 01 14 00 

Disbursed for three souldiers suppers att James Coles 00 01 06 

John Whetston fifteen Dayes horse bridle and saddle 
Thinges omitted to be Charged in the Inventory 
Item a paire of bootes a paire of shooes 2 sackes 1 sheete 

2 pitchforkes 00 18 00 

for Clothes left att m r Brownes 
Debtes omited to be substracted out of the estate of 

Eiisha hedge 03 03 00 

Debts att Boston not well knowne not haveing time but) „ 

by but by Discourse with my husband ) 



Jo/m Soiiles Inventory. 159 



JOHN : SOULE'S INVENTORY AND THE 
SETTLEMENT OF HIS ESTATE. 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

John 2 Soule {George 1 ) died at Duxbury, but the date of his 
death is not known. He died intestate and his widow Hester 
was appointed administratrix, on 14 November, 1707, by Na- 
thaniel Thomas, Judge of Probate. The record of this appoint- 
ment is in the Plymouth County Probate Records, Volume II, 
page $7. The inventory is on the same page. The agreement 
between the heirs is found on page 91 of the same volume. 



[p. 87] The Inventory of John Soul late of Duxbourrough 
Decease is as it was taken & apprized by us whose names 
are under written this 3 d day of December 1707. 

// s a 
Viz : one Cow & heifer • 2150 

Wareing Clothes Libery & money 5 00 o 

2 swine o 10 o 

beds & beding 810 o 

Iron Houshold stuff & tools 240 

Brass & Pewter 012 o 

two Chests with other wooden lumber 1 10 o 

flax & table linen 010 o 

to a mean Cow hide & a maire hide at y* Tanners in Plim- 

outh 056 

one wheel & bag with a Cannoe & spectacles 114 6 

The Estate of Hester Soul Widdow of John Soul aboves d 

which she Brought with her is as follows 
Viz : 2 Iron pots with some other Lumber 120 

Thomas Deleno 

Abraham Samson 

Ben : Deleno 

Memorandum on the Ninteenth day of December 1707 
before Nath 11 Thomas Judge of the Probate of wills &c : 
Appeared Hester Soul & made oath y* the above written is a 
true Inventory of the Estate of her Husband John Soul late of 
Duxborrough Deceased so far as she knoweth & when she 
knoweth of more that she will Discover the same 

Nath 11 Thomas Register 



160 John Sonlcs Inventory. 

[p. 91] Middleborrough December 5 th 1707 Whereas we 
whose names are hereunto Subscribed were desired by the 
heirs of M r John Sou! of Duxborrough Deceased, to make 
apprizement of the severall percels of land which the s d 
John Soul died seized of in the township of Middleborrough 
& which he had not in his life time disposed of, which we 
have acordingly done, according to the best of our Judgments 
as followeth ; namely we have prized 

11 s d 

i st The lot of Ceder Swamp in the six <S: twenty mens Pur- 
chase 300 
2 d The lot of land in Assawanset neck 500 
3 d The lot of the last division of upland in the sixteen ^ 
shilling Purchase & the share of Ceder Swamp at I 
Assonet Ceder Swamp & the undivided land in the [ ' 
sixteen shilling Purchase : all 
4 th The lot in the south Purchace being in Number the (*) lot 1 o o 
5 th The lot in the South Purchace being in number the (*) lot 1 5 o 

Joseph Vaughan total 17 5 o 
Jacob Tomson 

March the 5 th 1707 The settlement of the Estate in lands 
of John Soul late of Duxborrough deceased Intestate. He have 
ing in his life time settled all his sons Portions in land by deed 
& his Daughter Sarah had only one Cow of her father in his 
life time & his Daughter Rachel & Rebecka haveing had noth- 
ing of their father, & he leaveing undisposed some small parcells 
of land at Middleborrough being apprised at 17 11 5 s o d is by 
them that is to say Adam Wright in behalf of his children 
which he had by the said Sarah his wife Deceased & John Cob 
and Rachel his wife & Rebecka the wife of Edmond Weston 
Mutually agreed as followeth, That is to say the said Smal 
parcels of land as affores d prized at 17 11 5 s o d & the Cow said 
Sarah had of her father at 40 shillings makes 19 11 5 s o d which 
being devided in three parts makes 6 11 8 s 4 d to Each of them 
And that the Children of the said Sarah shall have the lot of 
the last division of upland in the sixteen shilling Purchase & the 
share of Ceder Swamp at Assonet Ceder Swamp & the unde- 
vidid land in the sixteen shilling Purchase all prized seven 
pounds to belong to the said children & their heirs the s d Adam 
Wright haveing paid & satisfied to the s d Rachel Cobb the sum 
of 2 11 11 s 8 d & that the said Rebecka Weston shall have the lot 
of land in Assawamset neck prised at five pounds & the 2 lots 
in the south Purchace to her & her heirs both prized at fourty 

*The number of the lot was omitted. 



Thomas Little s J Fill and Invctitory. 161 

five shillings she haveing paid her sister Rachel Cobb the sum 
sixteen shillings & 8 pence And the said Rachel Cobb shall 
have the lot of Ceder Swamp in the six & twenty mens Pur- 
chace to her & her heirs prized at three pounds which with the 
money she has Received make Each persons share Equall & to 
all their satisfactions In Witness wnereof they have hereunto 
set their hands & seals March the sixt 1707-8. 
In presents of us Adam Wright (Seal) 

Nath 11 Thomas Ju r : his marke 

Joseph Soul Rebecka weston (Seal) 

her marke 
John Cobb (Seal) 

Rachel Cobb (Seal) 

her marke 
Memorand : that on the sixt day of March 1707-8. all the 
persons hereunto Subscribed acknowledged this Instrument to 
be their act & deed before me 

Nathaniel Thomas J : Probates. 



THOMAS LITTLE'S WILL AND INVENTORY, AND 
THE WILL OF HIS SON THOMAS. 

Transcribed from the Original Records. 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Thomas Little married Anna 2 Warren {Richard 1 )* and 
lived at Plymouth and Marshfield. He died at the latter place 
in March, 1672. I have been unable to find the record of 
his death on the Marshfield town records, and it is probable 
that it has been lost since 1854, when a list of deaths and 
burials taken from the town records was printed in the New 
England Historical and Genealogical Register. [Vol. VIII, 
p. 192] The date of his burial, not his death as it has been 
frequently quoted, is there given as 12 March, 1671. This 
is old style, as is shown by the date of his will, 12 May, 1671, 
and the date of the inventory, 4 April, 1672. 

The son Thomas (called senior after his father's death) was 
killed in the fight at Rehoboth, 26 March, 1676. His will is 
of especial interest since it gives the names of his four sisters, 
not named in their father's will, and shows that they and his 
mother were living when it was made, 19 February, 1675/6. 

* Mayflower Descendant III : 48. 



1 62 Thomas Little s Will and Inventory. 

[Plym. Col. Wills, III : I : 46] 

[p. 46] The last Will and Testament of Thomas Little seni r 
made on the 17 th of May 1671, exhibited to the Court h olden 
att Plymouth in New England the first of July 1672 on the 
oathes of Anthony Snow and John Carver, and ordered heer 
to be Recorded as followeth 

I Thomas Little seni r : being att this time in a Competent 
measure of health and haveing understanding and memory 
p r fect ; Doe make this my last will and Testament, Comitting 
my body to the earth and my soule to God that Gave it ; and 
Doe Dispose of my outward estate as followeth ; viz : To my 
loveing wife all my housing and all my land, upland and med- 
dow on that side of the brooke ; I now dwell, except, onely 
the meddow I purchased of Thomas Tildin and Morris Trewant ; 
To my sonnes Isacke and Ephraim the land on the otherside 
of the brooke ; That is to say the land I purchased of John 
Waterman, together with the aforsaid meddow I purchased of 
Thomas Tilden and Moris Trewant ; which upland and meddow 
shalbe equally Devided between them ; And all my land att 
Namassakett upland and meddow to my two younger sonnes 
Thomas and Samuell ; except onely one single share of upland 
I purchased of Jacob Michell which I bequeath to my Grand- 
child John Jones except I doe better provide for him ; and I 
doe give unto my son Ephraim one feather bedd with all meet 
furniture belonging therunto; That is to say a bolster and 
pillowes, one paire of sheets, and one paire of blanketts, one 
paire of pillowbears and a Rugg, to be Disposed to the said 
Ephraim att the time of his Marriage ; and att our Decease I 
Doe Give to Thomas and Samuell either of them a feather bed 
with the like furniture belonging to them ; and att the Decease 
of my selfe and my wife It is my will that my whole stocke of 
Cattle of all sorts shalbe equally Devided amongst all my 
Children and for the rest of my estate that is in Moveables to 
be left to the Despose of my wife according to her Discretion 
as shee shall see occation ; and for my lands if any of my 
sonnes Die, after hee Comes to be posessed of his lands, and 
have noe Issue his p r te shall then returne to the next brother ; 
onely his wife if he have any shall enjoy the thirds of it During 
her life ; and it is my will that my two eldest sonnes Isacke 
and Ephraim shall Disburse out of theire owne estates ; either 
of them ten pounds to healp Thomas and Samuell in theire 
buildings att Namassakett, when they shall have occation ; ex- 
cept by any extreordinary providence of God, it shall evidently 
appeer that the aforesaid Isacke or Ephraim be Disabled from 



Thomas Little s Will and Inventory. 163 

p r forming the above said engagement ; and if I should sell my 
single share of land att Namassakett ; It is my will that my 
Grandchild John Jones shall have forty acrees of land out of 
the land of Thomas and Samuell ; and att my wifes Decease 
Ephraim shall enjoy my housing, But the upland and meddow 
on that syde to be equally Devided between Isacke and 
Ephraim ; onely the land the housing stands on and the or- 
chyard shall belonge to Ephraim ; and it is my will that Sarah 
Bonney shall have Convenient apparrell and a Cow att the 
time of her Departure out of her service ; 
Signed sealed and Delivered Thomas Little 

in the p r sence of us And a seal 

Anthony Snow 
John Carver ; 

[p. 47] A true Inventory of the estate of Thomas Little seni r 
exhibited to the Court held att Plymouth in New England the first 
of July 1672 on the oath of Anna Little widdow ; 
Imp r his wearing Clothes 05 00 00 

Item three feather beds and theire furniture belonging to 

them 
Item in Table linnine 
Item in brasse 

Item in Iron potts and hangers and pott hookes 1 gridjron 
Item in pewter 

Item in earthen thinges and glasses ■ 
Item a Cubbord Chists Chaires boxes table and forme 
Item for armes 

Item for a frying pan spitt and other Iron thinges < 

Item for Cherne and pailes trayes & other wooden 

thinges 
Item new Joyners worke unfmnished 
Item for spining wheeles and Cards 
Item for woole 

Item for 30 bushells of Corne 
Item Neat Cattle 
Item for a Mare 
Item for sheepe 
Item for swine 

Item two Cart wheeles plough Irons and the Chaines 
Item for wedges sawes hoes shovells florkes sickles 
Item for tooles in the shopp 
Item for other Lumber 
Marshfeild the 4 th of Aprill 1672 
Taken by us Anthony Snow 

Marke Eames 
ftrancis Crooker 

* Blotted. 



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164 Thomas Little s Will and Inventory. 

[Court Orders, V: 71, under date r4 August, 1692.] 

Libertie of Adminnestration is Graunted unto Anna Little 
widdow the Relict of Thomas Little of Marshfeild Deceased, 
to adminnester on the estate of the said Thomas Little 



[Plym. Col. Wills, III: I: 165] 

The last Will and Testament of Thomas Little seni r : made 
on the 19 th Day of february 1675. 

I Thomas Little seni r : being att this time in a Competent 
measure of health haveing understanding and memory Doe 
make this my last Will and Testament ; Comitting my Body 
to the earth and my soule to God that Gave it and Doe Dispose 
of my outward estate as followeth ; viz to my loveing brother 
Samuell ; I Doe Give all my land which is or which shall 
appeer to be mine ; and I Doe give him all the mony I have 
and that which hee Can make appeer to be Due to mee ; and 
I Doe Give him my horse which is now downe att Pokassett 
and my saddle and my bridle and I Doe Give him my feather- 
bed with furniture belonging to it ; and I Doe Give him all 
my Joyners Tooles ; which is att Taunton or elsewhere and I 
Doe Give him all the work I have begun att Taunton ; and 
I Doe give him my Chest and all my Clothes and I Doe Give 
him all my wages which is Due to mee for being a souldier 
and I Doe Give him all the Debts ; which hee can Make appeer 
to be Due to mee ; And for all the Rest of my estate, which 
is not mensioned which hee Can make appeer to be mine, I Doe 
Give it unto him ; and I Doe bind the said Samuell, to pay all 
Debts which I Doe owe unto any prson or prsons which they 
can prove or make to appeer to be Due, and it is my will that 
Samuell shall Give each of my sisters ; That is to say Ruth 
hannah Patience and Mercye each of them ten shillings in 
Mony and hee shall Give My loveing mother forty shillings in 
Mony ; and for the ten pounds which I sack and Ephraim were 
to pay unto mee by my father will ; I Doe freely Give it unto 
them signed sealed and delivered in the p r sence of the witnesses 
Witnes John Waterman Thomas Little and a seale 

Joseph Waterman 

Joseph Waterman made oath to this Will May the 31 1676 
before Josiah Winslow Gov r 

John Waterman made oath to this Will June the 1 1676 
before Josiah Winslow Gov r : 



Richard Wright's Will and Inventory. 165 

RICHARD WRIGHT'S WILL AND IIWENTORY* 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Richard Wright died at Plymouth, 9 June, 1691. His wife 
was Hester 2 Cooke (Francis 1 ). His will and inventory are 
found in the Plymouth County Probate Records, Volume I, 
pages 101-103. 

[p. 10 1 ] I Richard Wright of y e Town of Plimouth in y e County 
and Colony of New Plimouth in New England being at Present 
of Sound and disposing mind and memory under bodily weak- 
nesses not knowing when the hour of my death shall Come do 
make this my last Will and Testament in maner and forme 
following hereby Revoaking all former Wils First I comitt my 
soul to God that made it Resting on y e onely merrits of Christ 
my Redeemer for Eternall Salvation and my body to y e earth 
to be buried in a decent maner. My worldly Estate that God 
hath lent me I thus dispose : my will is that all my Estate Real 
and Personall House lands money or any moveables & Chattels 
in what kind soever be equally and faithfully divided betwixt 
my three Children Adam Esther and Mary Also my Will is 
that my daughter Mary have her living in my house During her 
Widowhoode and in as much as my son Adam hath heretofore 
had a full double portion in lands my will & desire is that my 
sd Son deal kindly in Carefull providing what in him lies for my 
daughter Mary price Also I Make my son and two daughters 
Executors of this my last Will & Testament Also I do hereby 
appoint & desire my loving friends John Nelson & Isaac Cush- 
man to be Overseers of this my Will and I Intreate their care 
to se it faithfully prformed in a just distribution of my estate to 
my Children as is above Expressed In Attestation y t this is my 
last Will and Testament I Set to my hand & seal This Eigth 
day of June 1691 I desire also & Impower John Sturtevant to 
be on of y e overseers of this my will. 
Signed Sealed & declared by The mark of 

Richard Wright to be his . Richard Wright 

last will and Testament 
In presence of 
John Cotton 
Nath 11 Southworth 
y e mark l¥2 of Martha Cobb : 



1 66 Richard Wright's Will and Inventory. 

June 24 th 1 69 1 M r John Cotton and Nath 11 Southworth two 
of y e witnesses here named made oath in Plimouth before y e 
Magistrates of y e County of Plimouth that they were present 
and Saw y e above named Richard Wright Sign & Seal & heard 
him declare this above written to be his last will & Testament 
& y 1 to y e best of y r judgment he was of a disposing mind & 
memory when he so did 

Attest Sam Sprague Clerk 

[p. 102] June y e 19 th day 1691 An Inventory of y e Estate of 
Richard Wright late dececesed taken by us whose names are 
under written. 

Iten one Bed and Boulster 

One Rugg and one Blanket 

One Pillow 

One Silkgrass Bed and Boulster 

One Curtaine & two Cushions 

One Trammill 

One pair of Tongs 

4 hooks 

One Spade 

One Ax 

More : Old Iron 

4 hinges 

2 Iron Kittles 
One Iron Skillet 
One Iron Pot and Pott hookes 
One ffrying Pan 
One Warming Pan 
One Brass Kettle 
One Gun 
One Sword 
More Wooden Dishes 
two Earthen Potts 
One Barbours Bason 
One Glass Bottle 
One Book 
One pair of sheers 
One pair of Pillowbeers 

3 sheetes 
One Pewter 
One Boul 
One Pewter Bottle 
One Pewter Pot 
1 Pewter Bason and Sawcer 
One chamber Pott 



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Richard Wright's Will and Inventory. 



167 



One Candlestick 

One Pail 

One chest 

One chest 

More old Cask 

One Box 

One Chaire 

More Cloathing 

One shirt 

One shirt 

[p. 103] One pair of Drawers 

More in Small linnen 

More in woollen Cloathing shoose & stockings & hat 

One pewter platter 

One Pewter Platter 

One Pewter Platter 

3 Porrengers 

one Pewter Bason and Sawcer 

one Bagg " 

one yearling in y e hand of Adam Wright 

one ox & one Cow in y e hand of Ephraim Tinkam 

More in y e hand of Ephraim Tinkam 

one Blanket a Box & a Band 

More in y e hand of Caleb Cooke 

More in y e hand M r Jn° Cotton sen r 

More in Silver Money 

More in y e hand of Joseph Sturtevant 

More in y e hand of John Gray 

One Table 

More in y e hand of Ephraim Tinkam 

Item the land both of upland and meadow 

Item Charge for y e ffunerall 
More due to William Shirtliff 
More due to John Sturtevant 
More due to Adam W T right 



June 24 th 1 69 1 Adam Wright made Oath in Plimouth before y e 
Magistrates of y e County of Plimouth That the before written is a 
True Inventory of y e estate of his flather Richard Wright late of 
Plimouth deceased So far as he knoweth & that if more shall come 
to his knowledge he will discover it 

Attest Sam' 1 Sprague Clerk 





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Isaac Cushman 






John Sturtevant 







1 68 



Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 



PLYMOUTH COLONY WILLS AND INVENTORIES. 

(Continued from page 82.) 

[Vol. I, fol. 44] William Swyft 1642 

Lres of Administracon graunted unto Joane the wyfe of Willm 

Swyft of Sandwich lately Deceased. 

An Inventory of all the goods and Cattells of the said Willm 
Swyft exhibited the xxix th of January Anno Dm 1642 

Inpris one feather bed two boulsters 2 pillowes 2 " 

blanketts and one rugg 
Itm five curtaines & valence & bedstead 
Itm one flock bed &: boulster 2 blanketts & a rugg 
Itm five cusheons 
Itm 12 napkins & a diaper cloth 
Itm a table cloth 

Itm 3 paire of sheets at 13 ss pr paire 
Itm 3 sheets at 5 s a peece 
Itm 3 old sheets at 
Itm 2 hand towells 
Itm one cloake 
Itm one shuite of apparell 
Itm one other shuite of apparell 
Itm one Coate 

Itm two ruff bands & 4 playne bands 
Itm a chest of Drawers 
Itm one chest 
Itm a 

Itm a prcell of bookes 
Itm two swordes 
Itm two musketts at 10 s 
Itm two paire of bandeliers 
Itm one feather bed & boulster & one pillow & 

blankett 
Itm a cupboard 
Itm 3 blew potts & a bason 
Itm 2 bras kettles 
Itm a little bras pott 

Itm 2 skelletts a chaffing dish a ladle & 2 scimmers 
Itm one iron pott & an iron kettle 
Itm two paire of hangers 
Itm 2 paire of pott hookes 
Itm 2 paire of tongues & a firefork 



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Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 169 

Itm one spitt 00 . 01 .06 

Itm a short table & two chaires 00 . 06 . 06 

Itm 2 stooles 2 cupboard clothes 00 . 02 . 00 

Itm 2 graters 00 01 . 06 

Itm a paire of littlescales i 11 & a ii 11 waight 00 . or .06 

Itm a warmeing pann 00 . 05 . 00 

27 . 12 10 

Itm 4 selves 00 . 01 . oS 

Itm 7 platters 00 . 14 . 00 

Itm 3 plates 00 . 03 . 00 

Itm 6 sawcers 3 porringers 00 . 03 . 00 

Itm a salt seller 00 . 01 .00 

Itm 2 candlesticks 00 . 02 . 00 

Itm a top for a still 00 . 02 . 00 

Itm the latten 00 . 01 .00 

Itm a cross cutt sawe 00 . 02 . 00 

Itm a long sawe 00 . 08 . 00 

Itm a halbeard 00 . 02 . 00 

Itm a french bill & a cosett 00 . 16 . 00 

Itm a bedstead 00 . 02 . 00 

Itm 4 augours 4 chessells 00 . 02 .08 

Itm i judg 00 . 00 . 04 

Itm two chests 00 . 03 . 00 

Itm an iron beame _ 00 . 02 . 00 

Itm 2 old sythes 00 . 02 . 00 

Itm a trunck 00 . 00 . 06 

Itm sechell 00 . 00 . 09 

Itm 5 bushells of Indian Corne 00 . 15 . 00 

Itm 2 bushells of winter wheate 00 . 09 . 00 

Itm 3 pecks of bins 00 . 03 . 00 



m a bushell of peas 00 . 04 . 00 

m 5 Indian basketts 00 . 01 .04 

m a sack 00 . 01 . 06 

m two chamber potts 00 . 03 . 00 

m a spout & a half pint pott 00 . 01 . 06 

m 3 milk (*) at i8 d a peec 00 . 04 . 06 

m a churne 00 . 03 . 00 

a bucking tub 4 s a milk payle 12 00 . 05 . 00 

m a pickaxe i axe i hatchett 00 . 03 . 00 

m trevett 00 . 01 .06 

m 12 1 of butter 00 . 06 . 00 

m a beere barrell 00 . 03 . 00 

m 2 firkins & a buckett 00 . 02 . 06 

m a spade i2 d a spining wheele 4 3 00 . 05 . 00 

m a prcell of pumpkins 00 . 03 . 00 

m a prcell of turneps 00 . 04 . 00 

* Left blank. 



170 



Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories. 



Itm a prcell of cabedges 

Itm a grindle stone 

Itm a prcell of earthen potts 

Itm an iron fatt 

Itm for all old lumber 

Itm for porke 

Itm two cowes 

[fol. 45] Itm 4 yeong cattell at 40 s a peec 
Itm a heifler 
Itm three calves 
Itm 8 swyne 

Itm a rick of hey at hoame 
Itm another rick at Munus casset 4 loads 
Itm 2 parts of a hide 
Itm a cheese presse 
Itm 10 pound of yarne 
Itm 7 pound of cotton woll at 9-J- 
Itm i hoe 

Itm ii little barrells 18 an old cart w A broken 
wheels & a calve rack 5 s all 



Sum tot. 



Itm the house land & meddow ground 
Itm a house & land at Sudbury in 

Massachusets bay mortgaged to one 
m T Burton to secure at debt of 20 1 10 s . 



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Debts oweing by the said Willm Swyft at his death 

/ s d 

To m r Thomas Wallis 90 . 00 . 00 

To m r John Buckley 89 . 00 . 00 

To m r John Casteele 2 1 . 00 . 00 

To m r Blackwell 06 . 00 . 00 

To a hatmaker 02 . 00 . 00 

To John Barnes 17 . 

To Thorn Dexter 01 . 10 . 00 

To John Derby 00 . 14 . 00 

To Daniell Wing 00 . 19 . 00 

To Joseph Winsor 00 . 04 . 00 

To Thorn Butler 00 . 03 . 00 

To Pvobte Allen 00 . 03 . 00 

To Thomas Gibbs 00 . 14 . 00 

To Thorns Johnson 00 . 05 . 00 

To Miles Blacke 00 . 07 . 00 



Estates of William Sherman^Jr., and Israel Holmes. 171 



To m r Water ho use 


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(7<? be continued.) 









THE ESTATES OF WILLIAM SHERMAN, JUNIOR, AND 
ISRAEL HOLMES- 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

William Sherman, Jr., of Marshfield married Desire 2 Doty 
{Edward 1 ) on 25 December, 1667 (4 January, 1688, New 
Style) ;f and the fact that his inventory was taken 30 Decem- 
ber, 1680 (9 January, 168 1, N. S.), makes it probable that 
the following entry on the Marshfield records refers to his 
burial: "(worn) Sherman Junior (worn) y e 17 of november 
i68o."t 

Desire (Doty) Sherman married, second, on 24 Novem- 
ber/4 December, 168 1, Israel Holmes of Marshfield, § who was 
drowned 24 February/6 March, 1 684/5 .*[[ After his death 
she married Alexander 2 Standish (Myles l ) y whom she survived 
many years. 

William Sherman's Inventory 

[Plym. Col. Wills, IV : 1 : 80, 81] 

[p. 80] An Inventory of all and singular e the Goods and 
Chatties of Willam Sherman Late of Marshfeild Deceased 
apprised the 30 th of December 1680 by us whoe names are 
under subscribed ; 

Imp r : his wearing apparrell 

Item his purse and Cash 

Item Guns 1 sword and Amunition 

Item 1 old horse saddle pillian and other furniture 

* Left blank. T Mfr. Deso, II : 182 ; III : 90, 91. J Ibid., II : 181. 
§ Ibid., Ill: 42. «[ Ibid., Ill: 188. — Blotted. 



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172 Estates of William Sherman, Jr., and Israel Holmes. 

Item 3 Cowes att forty five shillinges p r Cow and 2 Calves 

10 s Calf 
Item 10 sheep and lambes att 45 
Item 7 smale swine 
Item 2 Chests 2 boxes 1 Deske 

Item Cotton and sheeps woole fflax teer tow and yarne 
Item Divers smale Remnants of Cloth 
Item an old featherbed three payer of sheets and other 

beding 
Item brasse pewter and earthen ware or vessell 
Item a lookeing Glasse and Glasse bottles 
Item a Cradle and smale Table 

Item a meale seive wooden Dishes spoones and trenchers 
Item 2 old baggs smale basketts salt and white Starch 
Item 3 Iron Potts tonges Potthangers frying pan and other 

Iron 
Item Divers working tooles 
Item 7 barrells of Syder 
Item 2 spining wheeles 

Item Chaires payles old Caske and houshold lumber 
Item a smale p r sell of Cooper stuffe 
Item his bookes prised att 
Item a Syder presse 
Item about eight bushells of Indian Corne and one bushell 

of Rye 
Item porke beife and hoggs fatt 
Item butter and Cheese 

Item Sugar fruite and spice 6 s and Tobacco 8 s 
Item frlax and ffodder 
Item Debts Due to the estate from severall p r sons ; some 

wherof are Desparate Debts 29 12 01 

The estate is Indebted about 14 s 

Ephraim Little 
Samuell Sprague 
[p. 81] Debts Due to the estate of Willam Sherman Deceased 
Phillip Leanard is Debter 
John Peterson 
John Trowbridge 
Samuell hatch 
I sack Little 
Edward Stevens 
Walter Joyce 
Samuell Sherman 
John Phillips 
John Doten 

A Desparett Debt in the hands of Samuell Sherman 
and in the hands of Robert Stanford about forty shillings ; 
* Blotted. 



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Estates of William Sherman, Jr., and Israel Holmes. 173 

The Estate is endebted as followeth 
To Benjamine Phillipps 00 03 00 

To Timothy Willamson 00 03 06 

To hopestill Besbey 00 01 06 

To Ephraim Little 00 06 08 

02 14 00 



Settlement of William Sherman's Estate. 

j [Court Orders, VI : 1 : 65, under date 7 March, 168 1/2.] 

Att this Court John Sherman of Marshfeild and Israeli 
holmes appeered in reference unto the Disposall of the estate 
of Willam Sherman Juni r Deceased, The said Israeli holmes 
haveing married Desire Sherman, somtimes the wife of the 
aforsaid Willam Sherman The Court haveing heard the please 
and Discourses Concerning, the same, have settled the p r sonall 
estate unto the said Israeli holmes, his heires executors and 
Adminnestrators, provided hee his heires executors or admin- 
nestrators, Doe bringe up the Children of the said Willam 
Sherman well ; untill they Come of age ; and that hee his 
heires executors or adminnestrators Doe pay or cause to be 
payed the sume of fifteen pounds in specue when they Come 
of age, as is expressed in an obligation ; under hand and seale, 
of the said Israeli holmes, bearing Date with these p r sents 



Israel Holmes' Inventory. 

[Plym. Col. Wills IV : II : 10S] 

Inventory of y e estate of Israel Holmes late of Marshneld 
deceased taken & apprised May y e 9 th 1685. p r us who have 
under subscribed 

Imp r rnis To four steers 
To five Cowes 

To one bull 35 shillings & one two year old steer 25 shil- 
lings 
to 13 sheep & four lambs 
to one horse 4 1 ' & one mare 25 shillings 
to one halfe of a yearling Colt 
to seven smale swine & four sucking piggs 
to 27 shilling and 5 d in Cash 
to his wearing Apparell a staffe & A tobacco box 
to severall smal books . 

to three musquets one sword powder & short 
to a saddle pillion & horse furniture 
to chests boxes & a desk 



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174 Estates of William Shennan, Jr., and Israel Holmes. 

to Cotton & sheeps wool tow & yarne 

to severall remnants of linnen & woolen cloth 

to 2 meal sives flax teer & other smal things 

to several smal basketts 

to two feather beds & beding pertaining to them 

to brass &: pewter vessels 

to a looking glass & glass bottles 

to earthen vessels 

to a Table forme & table linnen 

to a smale table & a cradle 

to seven Chaires 

to trenchers spoones & dishes 

to Tubbs & pails & sundry old cask 

to a box smoothing iron & heaters 

to a pair of Andirons tongs fire slice & Tramels 

to three Iron potts A frying pan & skillet 

to two spining wheels & two pair of Cards 

to about ten bushels of Come 'not thrashed 

to about three bushels of rye & a bushel of wheat 

to two meal sacks & a smal quantity of salt 

to a Cart wheels plough & yoke 

to tools & Iron ware belonging to husbandry 

more to sythes sickles hamers & other smal things of iron 

to two weavers beames sleas & tackling 

to a ladder a sider press & trough 10 s & to a pair of 

stockings 
to a Cow hide 10 s & two deer skins 3 s 
to Cord wood cutt in y e woods 
to tanned leather & hemp 

Debts due to y e estate 

the estate is indebted 

besides a house & lands in marshfield & y e widdows bed 
not prised 

Epharim Little 
Samuel Sprague 

Desire holmes came into this court & swore that this is a 
true Inventory of y e estate of her husband late deceased so far 
as she knowes 



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Harwich, Mass., Vital Records. 175 



HARWICH, MASS., VITAL RECORDS. 

{Continued f ram Vol. HI, p. 176.) 

[p. 26] Elesabeth Snow the dafter of Thomas Snow was born the 

26th of October 1693 
Mary Snow the dafter of Thomas Snow was born y e 16th of may 

1696 
Josiah Snow the sun of Thomas Snow was born the 27 of Janeuary 

1699 
Ebenzer Snow the Son of Thomas Snow was born y e 14th of feberary 

1700 
Hanah Snow the dafter of Thomas Snow was born y e 21 of march 

172/3 
Elkenah flreeman son to John and mercy ffreeman Jun r was born 

October . 28 th : 1702 : 
Sare flreeman the darter of John flreeman jun was born the the 26 

of Janeuary =^1704 
Marcy ffreeman daughter to s d John and mercy flreeman was born 

April 24 th I'jo^worn] 
■ John freeman son to John and mercy freeman was born . 13 th . 

august 1709 
• Phebe freeman daughter to John and Mercy flreeman was born 

novemb : 2S : 17 \\7v0m~] 
\ Thanckfull flreeman daughter to John and marcy flreeman was born 

October the : 6 : day 17 14 
Elkenah ffreeman son to John and marcy flreeman was born febuary 

8 day 17 if 
Mary freeman daughter to John and marcy freeman was born oct 

13d 1719 
Benjamen Rogers the Son of John Rogers was born november the 

19th = 1704 
Judah Rogers the Son of Judah Rogers was born the 29 of desem- 

ber=r 1704 
Ebenezer Rogers the son of John Rogers was born was born in feb- 
erary y e 17th in the yeare 169! 
Thankfull Rogers the dafter of John rogers was born in octob[worn\ 

the 24th day in the yeare 1699 
John Rogers the son of John rogers was born in agust y e i[wor7i\ 

day in the yeare 1701 
Jonathan Rogers the son of John rogers was born march y e 20 in the 

yeare 1703 
I Sarah Rogers daughter to John and Prissila rogers was born July 

21 th : 1706 
Joseph rogers son to John and Priscila rogers was born septem : 20 : 

1708 



1/6 Harwich^ Mass., Vital Records. 

[p. 28] Marsy Hopkins the dafter of Judah hopkins was born the 17 

day of aprell in the yeare 1703 
John Hopkins the son of Judah hopkins was born the 23 of Septem- 
ber in the yeare = 1704 
Martha Hopkins the dafter of Judah hopkins was born the 25 of 

march in the yeare = 1705 
Rebeckah Hopkins daughter to Judah and Hanah hopkins was born 

the tenth of October 1707 : 
Judah Hopkins son to Judah and Hanah Hopkins was born October 

18 \io\jvorti\ 
Stephen Hopkins son to Judah and Hanak Hopkins was born Junu- 

ary 26 th : 1711/12 
desire hopkins daughter to Judah and. hanah hopkins was born in 

November the 17 day 17 14 
Silvanes Hopkins son to Judah and hanah Hopkins was born febary 

the 14 day 17 16/17 
hannah hopkins Daughter to Judah and hannah hopkins was born in 

June 17 day 17 19 
Samuell hopkins son to Judah hopkins and hannah hopkins his 

second wife was born in march 14 : 1720/21 
Thankfull Crosby the dafter of Ebenezer Corby was born november 

the 19th in the yeare = 17 01 
Marsy Crosby the dafter of Ebenezer Crosby was born november the 

4th =1703 
Ebenezer Crosby son to Ebenezer Crosby was born may 5 th 1706 
Thomas Croby the son of John Crosby was born Aprell the 17th in 

the yeare — 1704 
Jonathan Crosby son to John and hannah Crosby was born In 

November the 2 day 1705 
John Crosby son to John and hannah Crosby was born in august 

The 14 day 1707 
David Crosby son to John and hannah Crosby was born in April 

The 13 day 1709 
Joshua Crosby son to John and hannah Crosby was born in August 

the 4 day 17 12 
Abile Crosby son to John and hanah Crosby was born in desember 

The 3 day 17 14 

[p. 29] Jabes Snow the son of princ snow was born the 1 1 of novem- 
ber the 7th day of the week in the yeare 1699 

Hanah snow the dafter of princ snow was born the 29 of november 
the 7th day of the week in the yeare 1701 

Samwell snow the son of princ Snow was born the 16 of desember 
the 5th day of the week in the yeare 1703 

mercy snow daughter to Prence and Hanah snow was born novemb 
18 th : 1705 

Prence Snow son to Prence and hanah snow was born October 26 
1707 



Hat-ivicJiy Mass., Vital Records. iyj 

Jonathan and David snow sons to Prence and Hanah snow were 

born december : 2 2 d : 1709 
mary snow daughter to princ and hanah snow was born September 

the 10 da) 17 12 
Joseph grifeth th^ son of Stephen grifeth was born in march 15 th in 

the yeare 1699/10 
Stephen grifeth the son of Stephen grifeth was born the 15 day of 

march in the yeare 170 1/2 
Rebekah gririth the dafter of Stephen grifeth was born the 18 day of 

June in the yeare 1703 
Lazarus Griflth son to Stephen and Rebekah Grifith was born June . 

7 th . 1708 
Barnabus Griffith son to Stephen and Rebekah Griffith was born 

november 21 th 17 10 : 
Thankfull griffith daughter to Stephen and Rebekah griffith was born 

April the 3 day 17 14 
Abraham griffith son to Stephen and Rebekah griffith was born in 

July 3 1 day 1 7 1 6 

[p. 37] Elizabeth Mayo daughter To John and Hanah Mayo was 

born July . 16 . 1706 
Stephen King son to Stephen and Abegal King was Born december 

22 day 17 17 
seth banges son to samuel and mary Bangs was born July 29 : 1705 
Samuel Banges son to samuel and Mary Banges was born July 11 th 

1707 
david Banges son to samuel and mary banges was born march 29 : 

1709 : 
Mary Banges daughter to samuel and mary banges was born May 

2 d : 171 1 : 
Joseph Banges son to samuell and mary banges was born in January 

The 30 day 17 12/13 
mallatiah Banges daughter to samuell and mary Banges was born in 

march the 4 day 1 7 1 4/ 1 5 
sarah Banges daughter to samuell and mary Banges was Born in 

October the 23 day 17 16 
Lemuell Banges son to Samuell and mary Banges was Born in June 

2 day 17 19 
Abijah Bangs Sone to Samuel & Mary Bangs his Wife born July 

29 th *743 
James and Mary Makers daughter abygaile was born march 5 th 1707 

[p. ^8] Thomas Snow and Lidea Hamblen were maried . 30 th . of 

septem : 1706 
Elisha Hamblen son to Eliezer and Lidea hamblen was born January 

26 169! 
Lidea snow daughter, to s d Thomas and Lidea snow was born July 

24 : i7°7 : 



178 Harwich, Mass., Vital Records. 

Thomas snow son to Thomas and Lidea snow was born June 15 th 

1709 
Aaron snow son to Thomas and Lidea snow was born febuary 15 

Ruth Snow daughter to Thomas and lidea snow was born febuary 

23 : 1712/13 
hannah snow Daughter to samuell and mary snow his wife was Born 

in march the 9 day 1729/30 
Samuel King son to John and Bathshua King was born in June 9 th : 

day 1698 : 
Ebenezer King son to s d John King was born June 15 th day 1700 : 
Bathshua King daughter to John and Mary King was born december 

20 th : 1708 
marcy King daughter to John and mary King was born may 4 day 

1713 

[p. 40] John dillingham son to John and Lidea dillingham was born 

march 23 d : 1702 
Elizebeth daughter to s d John and Lidea dillingham was born august 

2 d : 1703 
Lidea daughter to s d John and Lidea dillingham was born June 21 th 

1705 
Hanah daughter to s d John and Lidea dillingham was born febuary 

2 d : 1706/7 
Rebekah dillingham daughter to John and Lidea dillingham was 

born 24 June : 1709 : 
Isaac dillingham son to John and Lidea dillingham was born may 

4 th 17 11 : 
Abigal dillingham daughter to John and Lidea dillingham was born 

June 9 day 17 13 
Edward dilingham son to John and Lidea dilingham was born in 

may The 17 day 17 15 
Thankfull dilingham daughter to John an Lidea dilingham was Born 

in April the 18 day 17 18 
Sarah dilingham daughter to John and Lidea dilingham was born 

febuary 10 day 1719/20 
Nathael : Hopkins and Mercy Mayo were married may 26 th 1707 
David Hopkins son to Nathanael and Mercy Hopkins was born 

July : 13 th : 1707 : 
Jeremiah Hopkins son to Nathaell and Mercy hopkins was born 

march 14 th : 1708 
Elizebeth Hopkins daughter to Nathanael and Mercy Hopkins was 

born April 21 : 171 1 : 
Nathanaell hopkins son to Nathanaell and marcy hopkins was born 

in September the 1 day 17 13 
Bethyah hopkins daughter to Nathanaell and marcy hopkins was 

Born August the 19 day 17 15 
Nathanaell hopkins son to Nathanaell and marcy hopkins was Born 

September 15 day 17 17 



Barnstable County, Mass., Probate Records. 179 

marcy hopkins Daughter To Nath 11 and marcy hopkins was Born 21 

day of febuary 1719/20 
Ruben hopkins son to nathanaell and marcy hopkins was Born in 

April 4 day 1722 
Samuell hopkins son to Nath 11 and marcy hopkins was born in 

August the 30 day 1724 
James hopkins son to Nathanaell and marcy hopkins was Born in 

march 20 day 1726/7 

{To be continued.) 



BARNSTABLE COUNTY, MASS-, PROBATE 
RECORDS. 

{Continued from Vol. Ill, page 202,) 

The Settlement of Josiah Cook's Estate.* 

[Vol. I, p. 16] An Inventory of the estate of Elizabeth Cook 
deceased the wife [worn] Josiah Cook taken the third day may 
in the year of our Lord 1687 

It to a fether Bedd 02 10 00 

It to an old fether Bed 00 15 00 

to 4 old pillowes 00 08 00 

to a peece of a Rugg and 2 old Blankits & a peece of Cloth 00 06 00 

to a Chaf Bolster 00 01 06 

to two payr of pillobers 

to 4 napkins and to towels 

to two payer of Sheetes 

to a course Small table Cloath and peece of an old Sheet 

to four old Shifts 

to a broad cloath wastcoat 

to a searge peticoate 

to an old home spun wastcoat 

to 3 under wastcoats 

to 3 peces of aprons & 3 old pathes 

to two homespun Coats 

to 2 old petticoats 

to 4 Capes 

to a small Silk hood & a silk cape and a small old Scarfe 

to a blue apron 

* Printed in full at the request of a liberal contributor to the Colonial 
Research Fund. 



00 


08 


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00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


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00 


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01 


00 


00 


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1 5 


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00 


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00 


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00 


00 


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180 Barnstable County , Mass. t Probate Records. 

to 4 white Capes 

to an old Bay apron 

to 3 old Neck Clothes 

to 6 dressings 

to 4 neck hanchirchifs 

to squares and head bands 

to io small hand Clothes and old Ruges & pinns & hair-' 

laces & a bitt or two of old cloath gloves & needls 
to a carved Box 

to 2 wastcoats &: a pair of Bodies 
to an old wainscot Chiest 
to an old Chist 

to an old Case and what was in it 
to spice 

to earthen pot and malasas & runlet & other old Lumber 
to an old Cheist & stockings 
to an hat and hatt Case 
to Chaiers and stools 
to a payer of shoos 
to Brass 
to Iron ware 
to pewter and spoones 
to earthen ware & a glass bottle 
to a Jarr & oyle & whale bone 
to an old wheel tubes 8z baggs and old Trayes & an old ) 

chiest to put meale in & other Loumber ) 

to new Cloath & yarne and wool and Curtaines & S 

vallance ) ' 

to 2 old Chamber pots oo oi oo 

to Books oo 04 co 

to one Bushel of wheat 00 04 00 

to 3 pekes of meale 00 02 03 

to money 00 01 02 

The Total Sum 15 07 07 
[worn] b[y u]s Jonathan Sparrow 

Meriam Deane debter to the estate 9 pence 

Debtes due from the Estate 01 17 * 

due from the Estate to Meriam Deane which the ) 

Court allowes her and dus app[a/0r«] to be > 09 03 00 

due to her ) 

not praized 

An old Iron pott 

the frame of an old Skillet 

an old payer of siszers and Som other trivial things 

* Worn 



00 


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01 


00 


00 


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00 


00 


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04 


00 


00 


04 


00 


00 


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00 


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00 


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02 


00 



Barnstable County, Mass., Probate Records. 181 

Meriam Deane made oath to the truth of this Inventory in 
the prerogative] Court in Bar nestable may the one and thirtith 
day 1687 

Duely Compared with the orriganal and entred the 7 th of 
November i6S[zuom] 

Attest Joseph Lothrop Depty Reg r 

[p. 17] [WJhere as there was great Contest varianc and strife 
betweene Josiah Cook Bethiah Harding and meriam deane all of 
Eastham in the County of Barnestable about tuching or Con- 
serning the Estate of Josiah Cook of Eastham deaceased that 
was Left after the death of Elizabeth the relict of sd Josiah 
Cook deceased Now all whome it may conserne that the parties 
at variance as above sd, have agreed before the prerogative 
Court held in Barnestable the 31^ of may 16S7 Clearly fairly 
and plainly as followeth, that the sd Josiah first above men- 
tioned shall pay or Cause to be paid unto Bethiah his sister the 
sd wife of Joseph Harding of Eastham aforesd out of his owne 
Estate the full Sum of fifty shillings in good merchants pay to 
her or her order on or before the last day of November Next 
Ensuing the date above mentioned : and for the estate of the sd 
Josiah Cook deceased left after the death of the sd Elizabeth 
Relict of sd Josiah Cook deceased, the sd Josiah Cook first 
above mentioned and the sd Bethiah his Sister to have the 
first Choise of fifty shillings there of at the prise as the sd estate 
is praised at and then the abovesd meriam deane to have the 
second Choise of five pounds of sd Estate as it is praized at and 
then the aforsaid Josiah Cook and sd Bethiah to have the 3 d 
Choise of fifty Shillings more of sd Estate at the prise as 
aforesd and then the sd Meriam deane to have the Choise of 
four pounds and three Shillings there of at the prise aforesd, 
and of all that of sd Estate that is left when the said meriam 
deane hath her due which is nine pounds and three Shillings 
the rest to be Equally devided between the sd Josiah Cook and 
his Sister Bethiah the wife of the sd Joseph Harding 

The parties above mentioned Acknowledged This above 
writ to be their act and deed before the Judg of the prerogative 
Court June the I st 1687 

Joseph Lothrop ; Clerk 

[To be continued) 



1 82 Chatham, Mass., Vital Records. 



CHATHAM, MASSv VITAL RECORDS. 

Transcribed from the Original Records 

By George Ernest Bowman. 

[Volume I] 

[p. 10] November y e 10=1748 Then moses Rodgers of hanvich 

and Elisebeth Smith of Chatham was mared in Chatham By 

Joseph Done Justes of Peace 
Desember y e 23 d 1748 then Edman Hall of yarmoth and Zipporah 

young of Chatham was mared at Chatham By Thomas winslo 

Justes of Pees 
Desember y e 23 1748 then Shubel nickrson and mary Hamelton of 

Chatham was mared at Chatham By Thomas winslo Justes of 

Pees 
The above Recorded per mee Daniel Sears town Clark 

[p. 11] July the 3 = 1747 thn Davied Ralf and Katrina twining was 

mared by the Reverant Joseph Lord 
August the 3 1747 then mathes tayler and Desire Harding was 

mared by the Reverant Joseph Lord 
August y e 24: 1747 then Ebneser Herd was mared to Elizebath 

wesen by the Revarant Joseph Lord 
August the 25 1747 thn Benimon Bers was mared to Anna Xickrson 

by the Reverant Joseph Lord 
September the 17= 1747 then Joseph harding and hannah howes 

was mared by the Reverant Joseph Lord 
October the 29=1747 then Zachriah Smalle was mared to Bethia 

Severanc by y e Reverant Joseph Lord 
July the 7 = 1748 then Josiah godfree and Eunis godfree both of 

Chatham was mared in Chatham by Joseph Done Justes of pees 
September the 28 = 1748 then Stephen Cally* of Plymoth and 

Catrina fiaingam of Chatham was mared In Chatham by Joseph 

Done Justes of peese 
The above Recorded per mee Daniel Sears Town Q\\icorn\ 

[p. 14] Martha Knowels the daughter of Richard and martha 

Knowls was born Janawery the 28 : 17H 
Richard Knowels the sun of Richard and martha knowels was born 

March y e 26 : 17 15 
Mercy knowels y e daughter of Richard and martha knowels was 

born agust y e : 9 : 171 7 
James knowels the sun of Richard and Martha Knowels was born 

november y e : n : 1719 

♦"Stephen Calley" and "Catherine Flanega" in Plymouth Records, I : 235. 



Chatham, Mass., Vital Records. 183 

Cornelus Knowles : y e son of Richart Knowels &: Martha Knowles 
Was born the 10 th Day of aprill : 1722 : Taken on Record : 
July y e 2 d 1722 pr Me Sam 11 Stewart Town Clark 

Rebakah Knowels y e daughter of Richard and martha Knowels was 
born the 2 day of march 172J 

hannah sears the daughter of paul and anne sears was born y e 27 
of november 1734 

Thankfull Sears y e daughter of Paul and ann Sears was born July 
ye— 27 — 1736 

ann Sears y e daughter of Paul and ann Seares was born febwery : 
ye 16=17374 

Ruth Sears the daughter of Paul and anna Sears w T as Born Novem- 
ber y e = 1 2 = 1 740 

Experans Sears y e daughter of Paul and Anna Sears was Born 
October y e = 20=1743 

Per mee Daniel Sears town Clark 

[p. 15] Mary Lumbert y e Daughter of Caleb & Elizebeth Lumbert 
born : June : y e 4 th 1705 Rec d : one Recor d March 23 year 
i722 = Recor d p r Me Sam 11 Stewart Town Cleark 

Deliverance Lumbert Daughter of Caleb & Elizebeth Lumbart born 
the 4 th day of Aprell in y e Yar of Our Lord 1710 Rec d one 
Recor d March 23 & year 1722 p r Me Samuel Stewart Town 
Clark 

Elizabeth Lumbert y e Daughter of Caleb & Elizabeth Lumbert born 
Aprill y e first 17 14 Rec d on Record M 23 : 1722 pr Me Sam 11 
Stewart Town Clark 

Caleb Lumbert y e Son of Caleb & Eizebeth Lumbert born Septem- 
ber y e 20th 17 17 E.ec d on Recor d March 22 1722 pr Mee 
Sam 11 Stewart Town Clark 

Edward Lumburt Son of Caleb Lumbert & Elizebeth Lumbert born 
March y e nth 172^- Rec d on Recor d M 23 & y e 1722 pr Me 
Sam 11 Stewart Town Clerk 

[p. 16] Judeth Nickerson Y e Daughter of Jonathan & Jane Nickerson 

Born aprill the 9 th 1720 Recor d pr Me Sam 11 Stewart Town 

C\[u'oru] 
Jane Nickerso y e Daughter of Jonathan <Sc Jane Nickerson Born y* 

9 th of Aprill 1722 Recorded p r Me Samuel Stewart Town Clark 
Edward Eldredg Y e Son of Jehoshaphat & Elizabeth Eldredg born 

July : y e 17 th 1702 Recor d pr Mee Sam 11 Stewart Town Clark 
Jonathan Nickerson Son of Jonathan & Jane Nickerson w T as born 

Junery y e 14 1723/4 
Simeon Nickerson Son of Jonthan & Jean Nickerson was born In 

Aprel y e 10 anod 1727 theis Reckar Mad In Juen y e 4 anodmi 

1727 pr Me Th° Nickson Clark 
Zipporah young y e daughter of John young and dinah young was 

born y e rift day of August 1730 



1 84 Chatham, Mass., Vital Records, 

[p. 17] Easther Smith y e Daughter of Dean : & Esther Smith Was 

Born y e : 6 : th Day of July Anodomini 172 1 Recor d pr Me 

Sam 11 Stewart Town Clark 
Mary hamultun the daughter of Samuel and bethiah hammeltun was 

born y e 4 day of march 1728 
Sarah hamultun the daughter Samuell and bethiah hamultun was 

born y e 7 day of aprill 1730 
Micheall hamulltun the son of Samuel and bethiah hamulltun was 

born y e 30 th day of aprill 1732 
Mehetabel hamultun the daughter of Samuel and bethiah hamultun 

was born y e 5 of desember 1735 
Elkanah Nickerson Son of Robert & Rebekah Nickerson Was Born 

February y e 14 th 172A- Recorded P r Me Sam 11 Stewart . Town 

Clark 

[p. 18] Kezia Tucker the Daughter of Samuel & Hannah Tucker 

Was born November ano d 1707 Recr d p r Me Sam 11 Stewart 

Clark 
John Tuker y e Son of Samuel & Hanah Tucker Born September : & 

Deceased September In y e year 1709 Recor d per Me Sam 11 

Stewart Clark 
Thankfull Tucker y e Daughter of Sam 11 & Hanah Tucker bom Sep- 
tember : In y e Year 17 10 Recor d pr Me Sam 11 Stewart Town 

Clark 
Elisabeth Tucker y e Daughter of Samuel & Hanah Tucker Born 

September Anodomini 17 12 Record pr Me Sam 11 Stewart Clark 
Hannah Tucker Y e Daughter of Sam 11 & Hanah Tucker Wass born 

September anodomini 17 14 Recor d pr Me Sam 11 Stewart Clark 
John Tucker y e Son of Sam 11 Hanah Tucker was Born March y e 20th 

& year 1 7|-f Recor d pr Me Sam 11 Stewart Clark 
Samuel Tucker y e Son of Samuel & Hanah Tucker Was born March 

y e 16th iyfg * Reord pr Me Sam 11 Stewart Clark 
Eunice . Tucker y e Daughter of Sam 11 & Hanah Tucke[worn] Born : 

June y e 12th anodomini 1722 
these taken One Recor d September Y e 15 th 1722 by Me Samuel 

Stewart town Clark 

[p. 19] Jeams Mitchel y e Son of William & Sarah Mitchel Was Born 
November y e 4th Anodomini 17 18 Record pr Mee Sam 11 Stew- 
art CI 

Tabitha Mitchell y e Daughter of William & Sarah Mitchell Was 
Born Julv y e 19 th 1720 Recor d pr Mee Sam 11 Stewart Town 
Clark 

Marcy Mitchel Y e Daughter of William & Sarah Mitchel Was Born 
May y c 4th 1722 Recorded pr Mee Sam 11 Stewart Tout. Clark 

These Taken one Record September V s 22 d 1722 By Me Samuel 
Stewart Town Clark 

* Apparently altered from " I7{f." 



TJie Purchasers of Dartmouth. 185 

William Mitchel y e Son of William and Sarah Mitchell was Born 

Juney e 3 i d 1725 
Thise taken one Rakeard May y e 2 1727 pr Me Thoma s Nickeson 

Town Clark 
Jun y e 7 th 1733 then Thomas godfree * and bethiah was maried by 

Jestice done 
October 1732 then henery wilLson and mary harding was married by 

Jestice freeman 
may y e 31 th 1733 then benjamen barce * and elizabth godfree was 

maried by Jestice doane 
Jun y e 19 th 1733 then Shuble baker * and ledia Stuard was married 

by Jestice doane 

[p. 20] Joseph Thorp the Son of thomas k. Mehetable Thorp Was 
Born aprell y e the 16th Day 1720 Recorded pr Mee Sam 11 Stew- 
art Clark 

november 1 1733 then gearg godfree and marcy knowls ware ware 
maried by Jestice doane 

June y e 19 th 1733 then Shuble backer and lediah Stuard ware maried 
by Jestice doane 

ma y >" e 3 I I 733 tnen benjame barce and elizabeth godfree ware 
maried by Jestice doan 

June y e 7 th 1733 then Thomas godfree and bethiah eldreadg ware 
marid by Jestice doan 

( To be continued. ) 



THE PURCHASERS OF DARTMOUTH. 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

[Plymouth Colony Deeds, Vol. II, Pt. I, pp. 106, 107] 
[p. 106] 1660: Prence Gov r : 

A writing appointed to bee Recorded as followeth 
Att a generall meeting of the Purchasers att Plymouth the 
seaventh of march 1652 It was ordered and fully agreed unto 
and Concluded by the whole that all that Tract and tracts of 
lands lying from the Purchassers bounds on the west side 
of Acoughcusse to a river called Accusshaneck and three miles 
to the Eastwards of the same ; with all Hands meddows woods 
waters rivers Creekes and all appurtenances therunto belonging 

* See duplicate record on next page of original. 



i86 



The Purchasers of Dartmouth. 



Should bee given to those whose names are heerunder written 
Containing thirty four shares and was then given alloted As- 
signed and sett over to them by the whole to have and to hold 
to them and their heires and Assignes for ever ; to Devide and 
Dispose of the same as they should see good ; and they are to 
Satisfy the Indians for the Purchase therof and to beare all 
other Due Charges that shall any way arise about the same 
According to their severall proportions 
Wiliam Bradford a moyety M r hickes 



Captaine Standish 
M* Colly are and Sarah 

Brewster 
mr Aldin 
mistris Warren 
Robert Bartlett 
John ffaunce 
Manasses Kemton 
Gorge Morton 
John Dunham 
Wiliam Palmer 
Thomas Morton 
Edward holman 
mistris Jeney 
Joshua Pratt 



Phillip Delanoy 
Moses Simons 
Edward Bumpas 
ffrancis Eaton ; 



Tho : Southworth 
James hurst 
Edward Doty- 
John Shaw 
ffrancis Cooke 
John Cooke 
Samuell Cutbert 
John Crackston ; 
Stephen Tracye 
ffrancis Sprague 
henery Sampson 
Peter Browne * 
Constant Southworth Wiliam Bradford to 
Gorge Soule mr John howland 



The one halfe of John 
Crackstones land which 
was m r Wiliam Bradford 
seni r : his land was 
pased over by the said 



Wheras these Purchasers whoe by agreement of the whole 
had theire proportions of Purchase land falling unto them in the 
places above mencioned whoe by agreement had theire severall 
names entered into a list (together with some other old Comers) 
under the hand of the honored Gov r : late Deceased they Did 
Desire that the list of theire Names might bee recorded ; but 
.the above written originall list of Names and the agreement 
Could not bee found in some yeares ; soe that it was Judged 
lost These purchasers notwithstanding still Desiring that what 
was theire right might bee recorded ; wherupon order was given 
by the aforsaid Gov r that it might bee Done ; in which record 
for want of the original! list ; the Names of some are entered 
Contrary to the originall graunt and agreement of the Pur- 
chasers . as appeers by it ; and alsoe by Divers other purchasers 
as w r ell as themselves ; which is an occation of some Difference 
alreddy ; and may bee of more ; Therfore it is ordered by the 
Generall Court held att Plymouth the 8 th of June 1660: that 
the abovesaid originall List should bee entered and the other to 
stand in the booke not Defaced but to bee void null and of 
none effect 

* A careful study of the Dartmouth records and the Plymouth Colony Deeds 
shows that this grant was not made to a living Peter Brown, but to the heirs of 
" Peter Browne deceased." 



The Purchasers of Dartmouth. 187 

[p. 107] 1654 

The names of those whoe by order of the Purchasers mett 
att Plymouth the seaventh Day of march 1652 whoe by Joynt 
consent and agreement of the said purchasers are to have theire 
prtes shares or proportions att the place or places commonly 
called and knowne by the names of Acushena alias acquessent 
which entereth in att the westeren end of Neckatay and to 
Coaksett alias acoakius and places adjacent ; the bounds of 
which Tract fully to extend 3 miles to the Eastward of the 
most Easterly prte of the river or Bay called Acushena afor- 
said ; and soe alonge the seaside to the river called Coaksett ; 
lying on the west side of point p r rill and to the most westermost 
side of any branch of the aforsd river and to extend eight miles 
into the woods ; The said Tract or tract [s] of Land soe bounded 
as abovesaid which is purchased of the Indians which were the 
right propriators therof ; as appeers by a Deed under theire 
hands with all the mershes meddows rivers waters woods Tim- 
bers ; and all other profitts privilidges emunities comodities and 
appurtenances belonging to the said Tract or Tracts above ex- 
pressed or any prte or prcell therof to belonge unto the prties 
whose names are underwritten (whoe are in number thirty four 
whole prtes or shares and noe more) to them and their heires 
and assignes for ever ; 

M r Willam Bradford one whole prte or share 
capt : Standish one whole prte or share 
M r John Alden one whole prte or share 
M r Collyar and Sarah Brewster one whole prte or share 
M r howland and Willam Bassett one whole prte or share 
Gorge Morton one whole prte or share 
Mannasses Kemton one whole share 
James hurst one whole share 
John Dunham seni r one whole share 
John Shaw seni r one whole share 
ffrancis Cooke one whole share 
John Cooke one whole share 
Joshua Pratt one whole share . . 

Gorge Soule one whole share 
Constant South worth one whole share 
Thomas Southworth one whole share . 
M b Jenings one whole share 
Steven Tracy e one whole share 
John ffaunce one whole share 
henery Sampson one whole share 
Phillip Delanoy one whole share 



1 88 Yarmouth, Mass., Vital Records. 

M is Warren one whole share 
Robert Bartlett one whole share 
Willam Palmer one whole share 
Edward Dotye one whole share 
Samuell hickes one whole share 
Peeter Browne * one whole share 
ffrancis Sprague one whole share 
Moses Simons one whole share 
Samuell Eaton one whole share 
Thomas Morton one whole share 
Samuell Cutbert one whole share 
Edward holman one whole share 
Edward Bumpase one whole share 
In all thirty foure prtes or shares 



YARMOUTH, MASS., VITAL RECORDS. 

{Continued from Vol. Ill, page 249.) 

[p. 16] A Regester of the Bearths and the name of [worn] of 

Zachryah and Beathiah paddock Juner : of y[wom] 
Icobod : paddock the son of the above said zz\u>orn] Beathiah : was 

Borne upon the fierst day of June : i6\worri] 
Deborah paddock the daughtuer : of the above said [worn] and 

Beathiah paddock was Borne upon the second 6\worn\ Aprell 

i6S[worn] 
Elesabeth : paddock the daughtuer of the above said Zachryah and 

Beathiah was Borne upon the eleventh d[ay] of feburary : in the 

year of our lord 1690 : 
Zachryah : paddock the son of the above said : Zachryah and 

Beathiah : was Borne upon the tenth daye of Novmbr : i6\worn\ 
James paddock the son of the said Zachryah and Beathi[ah] was 

Borne upon the : 24 : day of desember 1694 
peter : paddock y e son of Zhachryah & Bethiah padd[ock] was 

Borne : in may y e : 27 th : in y e year : 1697 : 
Bethiah : paddock y e daughtur of y e said Zachryah & [worn] was 

Borne upon y e : 25 th : day of may : in y e : year : 1699 
Marey : paddock daugtuer of Zachryah & Bethia[h] as above, was 

Borne upon y e : 10 th : day of July : 1701 
John Paddock Son of the above Said Zacharyah and Bethyah 

p3.[worn] was borne the 21 st day of May in the yeare : 1703 : 

* See foot-note on page 186. 



Reports from State Societies. 189 

daved paddock son of the above s d Zacharyah and Bethyah paddock 
was borne the 12 day of august : in the year of our lord : 
i7o[tt'0r//] 

Presillah paddock (daughter of the above said Zachariah and Be- 
thyah Paddock) She was born on the : 29 th day of february in 
the yeare : i7of- 

hanah Paddok daughter of Zachariah and Mary paddok she was 
born aboute the Middle of august in the year : 1709 : 

anthony Paddok son of the above s d Zachariah & mary paddok : he 
was born on the fifth day of febuary : 17 ji 

Charity peese the daughter of Mathew peese and hanah Marchant 
She was borne the 9 day of december in the yeare : 1696 

tabatha ieuies the daughter of hanah Marchant Shee was borne the 
13 day of march in the yeare of our lord : 1703 

(To be continued.) 



REPORTS FROM STATE SOCIETIES. 



MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY. 

The thirtieth meeting of the Massachusetts Society was held at the 
Hotel Vendome, Boston, on Thursday afternoon, April 10, 1902. 

Mr. John Howland Crandon read a paper on " Colonial and Revolu- 
tionary Social Life," and several songs were given by Mr. George 
Edmund Dwight. The usual informal reception followed. One hundred 
and eighty-nine members and guests were present. 

The committee appointed to solicit contributions from the members 
for the John Robinson Memorial Church at Gainsborough, England, has 
collected the sum of one hundred and fifty-four dollars and fifty cents. 
This amount, with the appropriation by the Society, making a total of 
two hundred and four dollars and fifty cents ($204.50), has been forwarded 
to Rev. Samuel B. Forbes of Hartford, Conn., Treasurer of the National 
Council of Congregational Churches. 

Contributions were received from : Mrs. Charles W. Abbott, George 
A. Alden, Rev. Frederick B. Allen, Mrs. Edward Anthony, Jr., L. Dow 
Baker, Mrs. Joshua Bates, Mrs. Alonzo B. Bray, Mrs. Charles R. Brayton. 
L. Loring Brooks, Charles A. Burditt, Miss Antoinette Clapp, Arthur W. 
Clapp, Mrs. Alexander Cochrane, Miss Sarah H. Crocker. Miss Maria 
S. Daniels, George A. Dary, Edwin A. DeWolf, William C. Donneil, 
Charles A. Dunham, Miss Edith Eliot, Miss Kate G. Field, Mrs. Charles 
H. Fisher, Mrs. William H. Friend, Sidney B. Gifford, Mrs. George S. 
Hale, Mrs. William P. Hammond, Hon. John F. Hill, Charles A. Hopkins, 
Harry M. Howard, Mrs. Jacob R. Huntington, Herbert Jenney, Edward 
King, Mrs. William S. Kyle, Mrs. William Lawrie, George H. Leonard, 
Miss Mary J. O. McAdoo, Mrs. James McKay, Sr., " A Member,'' Mrs. 
William Mixter, Mrs. Frank Moseley, Willard A. Nichols, David W. 



1 90 Reports from State Societies. 

Noyes, James Atkins Noyes, Edward L. Parker, Mrs. George W. Percy, 
Miss Frances A. Plimpton, Mrs. Henry R. Plimpton, 2d., V. C. Pond, 
D.M.D., "A Member," Mrs. George H. Quincy, Mrs. Henry E. Raymond, 
Daniel C. Remich, Mrs. John M. Rice, George E. Richardson, Mrs. 
George E. Richardson, Miss Mary Rivers, H. Curtis Rowley, Warren C. 
Rowley, Stephen D. Salmon, Henry S. Shaw, Miss Harriet A. Shaw, 
Mrs. James E. Shepard, Mrs. Henry M. Smith, Miss Marion A. Smith. 
Mrs. Samuel F. Smith, George H. Stevens, Franklin N. Thatcher, Rev. 
Rufus B. Tobey, Mrs. Francis E. Trafton, Edward A. Trowbridge, Mrs. 
Joseph H. Tyler, Mrs. Joel C. Walter, Francis A. Ware, Andrew G. 
Weeks, Mrs. Henry W. Wilkinson, Mrs. Horace P. Williams, Mrs. Chal- 
mers M. Williamson. 

Donations to the Library. 

"Annual Report of the Registry Department of the City of Boston, 
1900," from the Registrar, Mr. Edward Webster McGlenen. 

" Supplement No. 2 to Members and Ascendants of the Massachusetts 
Society of Colonial Dames of America," from Mrs. Francis P. Sprague. 

"The New Haven and Wallingford (Conn.) Johnsons," "The New 
Haven (Conn.) Potters" and "John Whitehead, of New Haven and 
Branford, Conn.," all three from the compiler, Mr. James Shepard. 

"An Address by Rev. Robert F. Coyle, D.D., to the Society of 
Colonial Wars " (In Colorado), from the Society. 

" Raymond, New Hampshire, Fifty Years Ago," from the author, Mr. 
David Henry Brown. 

"The First Church in Plymouth, 1 606-1 901," from Mrs. William S. 
Kyle. 

Thacher's " History of the Town of Plymouth," one copy each of the 
first edition, 1832, and the second edition, 1835, from Mr. Edwin S. 
Crandon. 

"The Indian Sagamore Samoset " and "The Topographical Terms 
Interval and Intervale," both from the author, Mr. Albert Matthews. 

"History of Marshfield," 1901, from the compiler, Mr. Lysander S. 
Richards. 

"General Society, Daughters of the Revolution, Address Book, 1898," 
from Mrs. Leslie C. Wead. 

Members Elected. 
April 25, 1902. 

711. Mrs. Edward Aspinwall, Sharon, ninth from John Alden. 

712. Alvin A. Vinal, Norweil, tenth from William Brewster. 

713. Miss Katharine Kendall Davis, Boston, eighth from William 

Brewster. 
May 28, 1902. 

714. Mrs. William Badger Lawrence, Medford, tenth from William 

Brewster. 

715. Arthur Ellsworth Linnell, Wollaston, eleventh from William 

Brewster. 

716. Lucian Bisbee Thompson, Boston, seventh from Francis Cooke. 

717. Joseph Walter Ward, San Francisco, Cal., seventh from John 

Alden. 

Supplemental Lines Filed. 
April, 1902. 
697. Joseph A. Bursley, ninth from Edward Fuller ; ninth from John 

Howland (two lines); eighth from John Howland (four lines). 



Reports from State Societies. 191 

May, 1902. 

635. Mrs. Edward H. Nichols, tenth from James Chilton, ninth from 
Mary Chilton. 

705. Mrs. Edward L. Davis, eighth from Francis Cooke. 

707. George B. Perkins, ninth from John Alden (three lines); tenth from 
John Billington, ninth from Francis Billington; tenth from Wil- 
liam Brewster (two lines), ninth from Love Brewster; tenth from 
Peter Brown; tenth from Francis Cooke (two lines); tenth from 
Stephen Hopkins; ninth from Stephen Hopkins; ninth from 
George Soule (four lines) ; ninth from Myles Standish (three 
lines); tenth from Richard Warren (two lines). 

709. Mrs. Charles B. Perkins, eighth from John Alden (two lines); ninth 
from John Billington, eighth from Francis Billington ; ninth from 
Francis Cooke; ninth from Stephen Hopkins; eighth from Ste- 
phen Hopkins; eighth from George Soule (two lines); eighth 
from Myles Standish (two lines). 



NEW YORK SOCIETY. 

Members Elected. 

January 2, 1902. 

674. Mrs. Charles Henry Brown, Baltimore, Md., seventh from John 

Alden. 
67 5. Mrs. Henry Oliver Ely, Bingham ton, ninth from William White, 

eighth from Peregrine White. 

676. Miss Helen Josephine Strickland, New York, eighth from Dr. 

Samuel Fuller- 
April 2, 1902. 

677. Henry A. Richmond, Buffalo, ninth from Thomas Rogers. 

678. Mrs. Arthur William Austin, Buffalo, ninth from Francis Cooke, 

eighth from John Cooke. 
May 5, 1902. 

679. Edward Barnes, New York, eighth from William Bradford. 

680. William Bardweli Burke, Rochester, eighth from John Howland. 
6S1. Mrs. George W. Bowers, San Francisco, Cal., eighth from William 

Bradford. 

682. Mrs. Charles Thompson Downes, New York, eighth from Myles 

Standish. 
May 19, 1902. 

683. Charles Miner Gorham, San Francisco, Cal., seventh from John 

Howland. 

684. Miss Adele Kneeland, New York, ninth from Edward Fuller. 

685. Miss Marion Jane Terry, Brooklyn, ninth from Francis Cooke. 



OHIO SOCIETY. 
Members Elected. 



April 1, 1902. 

43. Mrs. Oscar William Kuhn, Cincinnati, ninth from William Bradford. 
May 6, 1902. 

44. Benjamin DeWolf Bartlett, Glendale, eighth from Richard Warren. 



192 Pilgrim Notes a?id Queries. 

February 4, 1902. 

45. Samuel Fosdick Jones, New York, N. Y., ninth from William 
Brewster. 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SOCIETY. 

Member Elected. 
January 14, 1902. 

124. Mrs. Horace Benjamin Sarson, Omaha, Neb., eighth from William 
Brewster. 

RHODE ISLAND SOCIETY. 

Member Elected. 
January 8, 1902. 

29. \frs. Walter Howland Manchester, Providence, tenth from Francis 
Cooke, ninth from John Cooke. 



PILGRIM NOTES AND QUERIES. 
Notes. 

Finding New Mayflower Lines. Many of our readers are pur- 
chasing Ancestral Charts in order to get the benefit of the liberal cner 
made in our advertising pages. An excellent illustration of the im- 
portance of this offer to any one searching for Mayflower ancestry is 
furnished by the experience of the first person who sent in a chart for 
examination by the Editor. The sender supposed that he was a descend- 
ant of Mehitable Barrows, the second wife of Adam 3 Wright (Hester- 
Coo ke, Francis 1 ), and was greatly pleased when informed that his descent 
was from the first wife, Sarah 3 Soule (John 2 , George 1 ), giving him another 
Mayflower line. 

The Editor's investigations among the original records have made him 
familiar with many lines of Mayflower descent hitherto unknown, and he 
has frequently been ^ble to inform inquirers that they were descended 
from Mayflower passengers in lines which they had least suspected. 
Purchasers of charts on the terms stated in the advertisement will not 
only get the advantage of this familiarity with the original records, but 
will also have the satisfaction of knowing that they are helping along the 
work being done by the Massachusetts Society, since the entire proceeds 
are added to the Colonial Research Fund. 

Colonial Research Fund. The following additional contributions 
to the $2000.00 fund have been received : 

General Fund: L. Emery Holden, $100. co; Mrs. William Lawrie, 
$50.00; Charles J. North, $4.50; Edwin A. DeWolf, $2.00. 

Bradford Fund: Mrs. Lindsay Fairfax, $100.00. 

Previously acknowledged, $672.00; Total receipts to date, S92S.50. 

We are also informed that the New Jersey Society of Mayflower 
Descendants has voted to contribute $25.00 to this fund. 










' lK/ M W\«Q 



V. 



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~«r<- < 3" -~ J- 



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if*. cU t^^r^^ur.^/r ^fi;^ v / /. y 7, 
: f 4i/ &3c£k*p&&f. C &k -re^^inhr trie/? s/' ,Ml****r 

- 7 ' U / l ^ '^ T % '-2 r 

ANDREW RING'S WILL 




he Mayflower 

Descendant 



Vol. IV. OCTOBER, J 902. No. 4. 

ANDREW RING'S WILL AND INVENTORY- 

Literally Transcribe J, 
By George Ernest Bowman*. 

Andrew Ring's first wife was Deborah 2 Hopkins (Stephen 1 ) ; 
his second was Lettice ( ) Morton, widow of John 2 Mor- 
ton {George 1 ). He survived both wives, dying at Plymouth 
on Wednesday, 22 February, 1692/3. The Plymouth town 
records [Vol. I, p. 202] state that he died "22 of february 
169I", but this was an error of the town clerk, since the in- 
ventory was taken 18 March, 1692/3, and the will was probated 
22 March, 1692/3. The Plymouth First Church records con- 
tain the following entries of the deaths of Andrew and Lettice 
Ring: "Andrew Ring dyed, february, 22 : in his seventy fifth 
yeare." [Vol. I, Pt. V, p. 26, under year 1692]. " Lettice, the 
(second) wife of Andrew Ring, february, 22 : about 66 yeares 
of age." [Vol. I, Pt. V, p. 20, under year 1690]. 

Andrew Ring's will is now in possession of the Connecticut 
Historical Society, at Hartford, Conn. They have had it for 
many years and do not know from whom they received it. 
Permission to photograph it was secured through the courtesy 
of their Librarian, Mr. Albert Carlos Bates. 

The will is written on the first two pages of a four-page 
folio, seven and five-eighths by eleven and seven-eighths inches 
in size, and is very little worn. It is in the handwriting of the 
Rev. John Cotton of Plymouth. Our illustration shows the 
second page with the unusual number of ten autograph signa- 
tures, one of Andrew Ring, three of Rev. John Cotton, two 
of James Cole, two of Elizabeth Doty,* one of Major William 
Bradford and one of Samuel Sprague, the Register of Probate. 

* Daughter of Jacob 2 Cooke {Francis 1 ) and first wife of John 2 Doty {Edward 1 ). 

133 



194 Andrew Ring s Will and Inventory. 

The third page contains two more signatures of Bradford and 
two more of Sprague. 

The will and inventor}- are recorded in the Plymouth County 
Probate Records [Vol. I, pp. 163-165], but the record does not 
contain either the supplementary statement signed by the three 
witnesses or that signed by John Cotton alone. 

The copy of the will here presented was made from the 
original document ; the copy of the inventor}' was made from 
the probate record as the original has disappeared from the 
files. 



The last will & Testament of Andrew Ring of Plimouth 

I Andrew Ring being now stricken in yeares & weake in 
body, but of disposing minde & memory, not knowing how 
neere the day of my death may be, doe make this my last will 
& Testament hereby revoking all former wills. 

Imprimis, I bequeath my soule into the hands of God who 
made it, & my body to the earth by decent buriall in hopes of 
a Joyfull Resurrection to eternall life by the merits of Jesus 
Christ my only Lord & Redeemer. 

And as for the worldly estate which God hath given me, 
my will is, it be disposed of as followeth ; I give to my Elder 
son william, mv now dwelling house & the land & housing 
adjoyning thereunto, excepting that portion I have taken out 
of it to give to my son Eliezer as hereafter expressed ; Also I 
give to my son William my twelve acres of upland lying in the 
New-feilds, & rive acres lying at lout-swamp both within the 
township of Plimouth ; Also to my son william I give foure acres 
of meadow lying at Southers marsh at the East end of the 
Cedar swamp, and three acres of meadow in the Cove, and two 
acres of meadow at the oake, and one acre of meadow at 
Dotey's meadows, all which meadows are within the township 
of Plimouth ; Also I give to my son william one hundred acres 
of upland & eight acres of meadow which I have lying within 
the towneship of Midlebury, All the abovementioned lands, 
whether uplands or meadows, lying & being either in the towne 
of Plimouth or Midlebury, I doe hereby freely & absolutely 
give & bequeath to my said son william, his heires & Assignes 
for ever. Also to my son william, I .give my plow & plowirons, 
all the iron worke in the cart, Horse-geares, chaine, couples, 
staple of the coppy-oake, working tooles. Augurs, gouges, spade, 
handsaw, axes, Hoe, hammer & such like. Also to my son 
william I give all the corne & provision laid in for the yeare. 



Andrew Rings Will and Inventory. 195 

Moreover, I give to my son Eliezer, that portion of land 
adjoyning to his house containing about the third part of an 
acre, and two acres of upland & swamp lying neere thereunto ; 
Also I give to my son Eliezer foure acres of meadow lying at 
Pollapody-cove ; Also I give to my son Eliezer, my twenty 
acre lott of upland, and my five & twenty acre lott of upland 
lying in the Towneship of Midlebury, This homestead now 
exprest & the lands, uplands & meadows in the townships either 
of Plimouth or Midlebury, I doe hereby freely & [absolutely 
give & bequeath to my said son Eliezer, his heires & assignes 
for ever. Also I give my land at Midlebury, commonly called 
& knowne by the name of the sixteene-shillings purchase to 
my Grand-son John Mayo, son to my daughter Elizabeth Mayo 
late of Eastham, deceased, my will further is, that in case said 
John Mayo dye before he come of age or without lawfull issue, 
that then said land or the value of it be given to his surviving 
sisters, the daughters of my said daughter Elizabeth Mayo, by 
my Executor hereafter named. Also I give my cow, commonly 
called, short bob-taile cow to my Grand-son Andrew Ring son 
of my son Eliezer. Also I give my Heifer to my grand-daugh- 
ter Mary Morton, daughter of my daughter Mary Morton. 
Also my will is, that all my debts be paid out of my moveables 
before division of them. Further my will is, that all the rest 
of my Estate in Moveables of any sort whatsoever within doores 
or without be equally & Justly divided betwixt my son Eliezer 
and my three daughters Mary, Deborah & Susanna. Also I 
doe make & constitue my son william Ring sole Executor of 
this my last will & Testament. Also I doe hereby desire & 
appoint my loving friends Deacon Thomas Faunce and Ephraim 
Morton Junior to be overseers of this my will. 

In witnesse whereoff I have hereunto set my hand & seale 
this fourteenth day of December, one Thousand, six hundred, 
ninety and one Andrew Ring 

Signed, sealed & declared (seal) 

by Andrew Ring to be his 
last will & Testament, in 
the presence of us. 

John Cotton 

James Cole 

Elisabeth doty 

M r John Cotton and James Cole two of y e Wittnesses here 
named appeared on y e 22 th day of march 169 J Before William 
Bradford Esq r Judge &c and made oath in plimouth that they 



196 Andrew Rings Will and Inventory. 

were present and Saw & heard Andrew Ring y e Testator afore 
named Sign Seal & declare y e above & within written to be his 
last Will & Testament & that to the best of their judgment he 
was of Sound & Disposing mind & memory when he did y e 
same And ) rt they saw Elizabeth Dotey now Deceased Sub- 
scribe with them as a witness also ; 

Attest Samuel Sprague Register 

Furthermore wee the above named witnesses doe testify, 
that Andrew Ring abovenamed did at the time of signing & 
sealing his said will declare before us, that seeing his son 
william Ring had for divers yeares past taken the care of the 
family & bin the support of his old age & of his wife late 
deceased, & had also bin at considerable charge for almost a 
yeare with his daughter Elizabeth Mayo & divers of her chil- 
dren, therefore he acknowledged himselfe Justly indebted to his 
said son william the surame of fifteen pounds & that said 
fifteene pounds should be laid out for & given to said william 
by his overseers abovenamefd] before the division of his movea- 
bles betwixt his son Eliezer & his three daughters, & the 
remainder to be to them as is above willed, 
witnesse our hands the 
day & yeare above written 
John Cotton 
James Cole 
Elisabeth doty 
This next above written Testified upon oath by s d m r Cotton 
& James Cole y e 22 of march 169I before me 

William Bradford 
Justice of peace 
I underwritten doe attest, that Andrew Ring the Testator 
did divers times in September & October 1692 : call upon me 
to cancell his will, declaring that his son william should have 
his whole estate both in lands & moveables (excepting the lands 
he had given to his son Eliezer & grand son John Mayo) in 
Consideration of his loving & tender care of him & expence & 
trouble to support him in his long weaknesse : 

November witnesse my hand 

19 1692 : . John Cotton 

This Sworne to p r s d m r Cotton 22 d of march 169I 

Before me William Bradford 

Justice of peace 
William Bradford Esq r Commissionated By his Excellency 
S r William Phips Kn* Captain Generall and Govern r in Chief 



Andrew Rings Will and Inventory. 



97 



in and over their Majesties Province of y e Massachusets Bay 
in New England with the advice & consent of y e Councill for 
y e Granting probate of Wills & fetters of Administration 
within y e county of plimouth &c. 

To all to whome these presents shall come or may concern 
Greeting 

Know yee that before me at plimouth on y e 22 th day of 
march 169I The Will of Andrew Ring Late of plimouth afore- 
said to these presents annexed Was proved approved and 
allowed who having while he lived and at the [tim]e of his 
Death Goods Chattells Rights & Credits. Y e said Deceased 
and his Will in any maner concerning was Committed unto 
his Son William Ring Executor in y e Same Will named well 
& truly to Administer y e same And to make a true & perfect 
Inventory of all and Singular y e Goods Chattels Rights & 
Credits of y e said deceased and the same to Exhibit into y e 
Registers office of y e said County according to law also to 
Render a true and Plain account of his said Administration 
upon oath. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand and the seal of y e said office 

(Seal) William Bradford 

Sam 1 Sprague Register 

The Within Written Will & Probate annexed are Recorded 
in y e 163 d & 164 th pages of Plimouth Counties Book of Wils 
& Inventories : 

p r S : Sprague Regis tr 
[Plym. Co. Prob. Reds., 1 : 164] 

An Inventory of y e estate of Andrew Ring late of Plim- 
outh deceased Taken & apprised by us whose names are here- 
unto Subscribed on y e 18 th clay of March i69§. 



Imp r : In his Wearing Apparrell both linnen and *) 
Woollen ^ } 

I 1 In Books 

Item In Beds and Bedding & Table linnen 
Item In New Cloth and yarn and Plemp 
Item In Pewter and Brass 

Item In jron Pot Kettle and Pothooks & hakes & Tongs 
Item In jron Tacklin belonging to Plow & Cart and *) 
other old jron an Iron tooles y 

Item in Earthen vessels & Glass Bottles 
Item In Tables Chist Boxes Wooden vessels chairs 
Item in three Cows and two sucking Calves 
more in one heiffer one steer & two young Cartel 
Item In meal Baggs 



14 
.6 

14 
.2 

10 

10 

.6 
10 
10 

•5 
.6 





••7 


.6 


9 


• -4 


12 




••9 







19S Chatham, Mass., Vital Records. 

Item in Debts Due to y e Estate ... .5 

to a Morticing ax and Spitt & some cloth and a Sythe ... 12 

The estate Indebted 

for funerall charges & monies disbursed for Attendance 

More for Dyeting Nurses 

More in Dyet &: my attendance & wintering Cattel 

And I have Received of my fathers money . .5 10 

Ephraim Morton jun r 
Thomas ftaunce 

William Ring y e executor of y e last Will & Testament of 
his late father Andrew Ring deceased made oath Before Wil- 
liam Bradford Esq r in Plimouth y e 4 th day of Aprill 1693 that 
y e above written is a true Inventory of y e estate viz 1 goods & 
chattels of sd deceased So far as he knoweth and that if more 
shall Come to his knowledge he will discover it 

Attest Sam 1 Sprague Register 



CHATHAM, MASS,, VITAL RECORDS, 

{Contimied from page iSj.) 

[p. 21] Thomas : Nickerson Son of Thomas & Mary Nickerson was 

born December y e 24 1696 p r Recor d Sam 11 Stewart CI 
Ledea : Covil y e Daughter of Joseph & Ledea Covel was born y e 

12 th of July 1701 Recor d p r Me Sam 11 Stewart C 
Thomas Nickerson : & Ledea Covel was Married y e 16 th of May 

1 7 16 p r Joseph Doane Just of peace. Record pr me Sam 11 

Stewart Clark 
Desiar Nickerson y e Daughter of Thomas & Ledea Nickerson was 

born y e fifth Day of february 17 18 
Thomas Nickerson y e Son of Thomas & Ledea nickerson was born 

february y e 28 th 1720 
Ledea : Nickerson y e Daughter of thomas & Ledea Nickerson was 

born y e 30 th Day of March : 1722 & Deceased : one y e 15 th Day 

of August folowing In y e s d year 1722 
all Taken one Record : y e 18 th Day of Janawary 1725 p r Me Sam 11 

Stewart town Clark 
Ledea Nickerson y e Daught of thom s : Nickerson And Ledea Nicker- 
son was born y e 16 of fabary In the year of our Lord 1724 a 

tru Reckerd Mad by me thoms Nickerson Jur town Clark 
Ansel : Nickerson Son of Th° : & Ledea Nickerson was born y e 2 th 

Day of May 1727 This Rackerd Mad In Jun y e 22 Day 1727 

pr Me Thomas Nickerson Clark 



Chatham, Mass., Vital Records. 199 

prince Nickerson son of Th° : Nickerson and Ledea Nickerson was 
born y e 10 Day of augst anomi 1729 Reckord Made Apral 
y e 27 = 1730 pr Me Th° Nickerson Town Clark 

[p. 22] Jeams Stewart : y e Son of Joseph : <Sc Mary Stewarart was 
born May y e 9 th 1722 Record p r Samuel Stewart Clark 

Mery Stewart y e daughter of Joseph and Mery Stuart was born 
march y e 26 th 1724 Recortd p r Daniel Sears Clark 

Abigell Stewart y e daughter of Joseph and mary Stewar[w^r«] was 
born march y e 15 th 1726 Recorded p r Daniel Sears Clar[z^w//] 

[p. 23] Elisabeth Covel : y a Daughter of : John & Thankfull Covill 
was Born July 9th 1722 Recorded pr Me Samuel Stewartt 
Clark 

[p. 25] Ruth Collens the daughter of Joseph and Abgel Collens was 

born October the : 21 = 1739 
Joseph Collens the Sun of Joseph and Abigel Collens was born 

november the= 5= 1741 
Benaiah Collens the Sun of Joseph and Abigel Collens was Borne 

October the : 29 = 1743 
Stephen Collens the Sun of Joseph and Abigell Collens was Born 

October : the : 31 = 1745 
This Record was mede June \- 2= 1746 Daniel Sears town Clark 
Jerusha Nickson y e daughter of willam and hannah nickrson was 

born november the 21 — 1739 
Barzillai : Nickrson y e Sune of willam and hannah nickrson was born 

march y e S= 1743 
Jonathan Nickrson y e Sun of willam and hannah nickrson was Born 

aprely e 13—1747 

[p. 26] Jenewery y e 28 : 17 41 Then Elisabeth Ray and hur two 
Children was worned to depart y e town by Ebenezer Nickrson 
Constubel = per mee Daniel Sears Clark 

Samuel Crowel Sun of Jonathan and Anne Crowel was Born march 
ye 16= 174J Entred by Daniel Sears Cla[aw«] 

[p. ^^~\ Marcy Cohoon : y c Daughter of William & Sarah Cohoon 

Was Born May : y e 7th : 1757 
Sarah Cohoone : y e Daughter of William & Sarah Cohoon Was 

Born : March 4 1 " 1719/20 
Jeams Cohoon : y- Son of William & Sarah Cohoon Was Born : 

May y e 8th : 1721 
this taken one Recor 4 : March 20 th 1722/3 pr Me Sam 11 Stewart 

Clark 
Hannah Collens y e Daughter of Solomon and Eunes Collens was 

Born June y e 5= 1728 



200 Chatham, Mass., Vital Records. 

Ruben Collens y e Sun of Solomon and Eunes Collens was Born June 

y e 10 — 1730 
Enock Collens y e Sone of Solomon and Eunes Collens was Born 

desember y e 2 = 1731 
Asuba Collens y e daughter of Solomon and Eunes Collens was Borne 

Juney e 10=1733 
Cyrranas Collens y e Sone of Solomon and Eunes Collens was Born 

Juney e 26=1735 
Solomon Collens y e Sone of Solomon and Eunes Collens was Born 

march y e 23 = 1737- 
Eunes Collens y e daughter of Solomon and Eunes Collens was Born 

June y e : 2^ = 1742 
This taken one Record febwery y e 8 : 1743 pr mee Daniel Sears 

town Clark 



[p. 34] Rebekah Hamelton y e Daughter of Thomas : & Rebekah 

Hamelton was Born November y e 2i.st : anodomini 1720 
Nathaniel Hamelton y e Son of Thomas & Rebekah Hamelton was 

Born August y e 23 d anodomini 1722 Put one Reccord pr me 

Sam 11 Stuart Clark 
Simeon rider the Son of John and mehetable rider was born aprill 

y e 4 th 1720 
Mehitable rider the daughter of John and Mehitable rider was born 

Jenuary y e 27 — 17 24 s 
Zenus rider y e son of John and mehitable rider was born aprill y e 

27 — 1726 
bethiah rider y e daughter of John and mehitabl rider was born 

September y e 11 th 1728 
asaph smith the son of dean and ester smith was born february the 

18 th 1 7 28 --9 
Grace Hamelton y e daughter of Thomos and Rebak Hamelton was 

Born July y e 24= 1724 
Lidia Hamelton y e daughter of Thomos and Rebak Hamelton was 

born aprel y e 24= 1726 
Jane Hamelton y e daughter of Thomos and Rebak Hamelton was 

born aprel y e 19= 1728 
Zeruiah Hamelton y e daughter of Thomos and Rebak Hamelton was 

born aprel y e 27 = 1731 
Delilah Hamelton y e daughter of Thomos and Rebak Hamelton was 

born June y e 28 : 1734 
Thomos Hamelton y e son of Thomos and Rebak Hameltone wase 

born September y e 14 1739 

[p. 35] Meary Hopkens y e daughter of Elisha and Experans Hop- 
kins was born March y e 12 = 1726 pr mee Daniel Sears Clark 

Daved Howes The sune of Thomoes and Rebakah Howes was born 
may : y e : 9 — 1736 



Chatham, Mass., Vital Records. 20 1 

Thomos Howes the sune of Thomos and Rebakah Howes was born 

October : y e : 31 = 173S 
Richard Howes the sune of Thomos and Rebakah Howes was born 

april : y e : 14= 1742 
Desier Atkens y e daughter of Joshue and Sarah atkens was Born 

march y e 10 — 1734- 
John Atkens y e sone of Joshue and Sarah atkines was Born march 

ye 7 : 17361- 
Susana atkens y e daughter of Joshue and Sarah atkens was borne 

march y e 6 = 1738^- 
Sarah atkens y e daughter of Joshue and Sarah atkens was born June 

y e 28= 1742 
Samuel Crowel y e Sun of Johnathan and ann Crowel was Born 

march y e 16= 1742^- 
Bethia Atwod y e daughter of Joseph and Deborah atwod was born 

febwery y* 3 = 1743* 
Rebakah Crowil the daughter of Paul and Rebakah Crowel was born 

October the 18= 1742 
Paul Crowel y e sun of Paul and Rebakh Crowel was born march the 

18=174* 

[p. 42] Elizabeth adams the daughter of m r hugh and Susanah 

adams was born y e the 5 day of may 17 13 
temperence Stuard the daughter of Joseph and mary Stuard was 

born the 15 of march 17 13 

[p. 47] Darkos Done the daughter of Joseph and Darkos Done 

was Born : november the 2 = 1741 
Joseph Done the sune of Joseph and Darkos Done was Born febwery 

the 10= 1744 
Hannah Done the daughter of Joseph and Darkos Done was Born 

October the : 29 ■== 1745 
Ruth Done the daughter of Joseph and Darkos Done was Born 

march the = 25 = 1748 

[p. 55] Rebekeh Sears y e daughter of Daniel and Sarah Sears was 

born march y e = i9 = 1710 
Daniel Sears y e sone of Daniel & Sarah Sears was born June the 

furst day= 17 12 
Sarah Sears y e daughter of Daniel and Sarah Sears was born the 

1 1 day of aprel = 1 7 1 4 
Marcy Sears y e daughter of Daniel and Sarah Sears was born iuly 

the 17= 17 16 
Richard Sears y e son of Daniel and Sarah Sears was born aprel the 

26= 1718 
Daved Sears y e sone of Daniel and Sarah Sears was born aprel the 

21 ~ 1720 



202 The Will and Inventory of JoJin Bass. 

Dabrah Sears y a daughter of Daniel and Sarah Sears was born 

October the 13 = 1722 
John young the son of John and dinah young was born y c second 

day : of July 1733 
Elisebeth Kendrick y e daughter of Soloman Kendrick and Elisibeth 

Kindrick was born august y e 29 — 1736 

1 

{To be continued.) 



THE WILL AND INVENTORY OF JOHN BASS AND 

THE PETITION AGAINST THE APPROVAL 

OF THE WILL. 

Transcribed from fhe % Original Doctiments, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

John Bass made his will 25 June, 17 16, and died at Brain- 
tree, Mass., 12 September, 17 16, having survived his wife 
Ruth 2 Alden (John 1 ) nearly forty-two years. His will and 
inventory are recorded in the Suffolk County Probate Records 
at Boston,* and the original documents from which our copies 
were made, are still in the files. f With the will and inventory 
is preserved a petition from the testator's son, John Bass, and 
his son-in-law, Ephraim Thayer, praying that the will be not 
allowed on account of the undue influence of another son, John 
Bass, Jr., and his family. This petition, signed by Joseph Bass 
only, was presented 22 October, 17 16. Since the will was 
allowed on that date and the petition was not entered on the 
probate records and no record of any appeal to a higher court 
can be found, it is evident that the dissatisfied heirs decided 
to drop the matter. 



In the name of God, amen. The Twenty fifth Day of June 
Anno : Dom one thousand Seven Hundred & Sixteen, I, John 
Bass of Braintry, in the County of Suffolk, in New England, 
Wheel-wright, being of perfect minde and Memory, thanks be 
given unto God therefor ; calling to mind the Mortality of my 
body, and knowing that it is appointed for Men once to dye, 
Do make and ordaine this my Last will and Testa [ment] That 
is to Say, Principally, and first of all, I give and recomen[d] my 
Soul into the Hands of God that gave it, hoping through the 

* Vol. XIX, pp. 202, 203, 270. t Docket 37S5. 



The Will and Inventory of JoJui Bass. 203 

merits, Death & Passion of ray Saviour Jesus- Christ to have 
full and free Pardon and forgiveness of all my Sins, and to 
Inherit Everlasting Everlasting life ; and my body I commit 
to the Earth to be decently buried at the Discretion of my 
Executor hereafter named ; nothing doubting but at the Gen- 
eral Resurrection I Shall Receive the Same againe by the 
mighty Power of God. And now for the Settleing the Tem- 
poral Estate wherewith It hath pleased God to bless me far 
above my deserts, I do order, give, and dispose the Same in 
manner and forme foll[ow]ing : (That is to Say) First I Will 
that all those Debts & duties as I owe in Right or conscience 
to any Person or Persons whatsoever, shall be well and truly 
contented, and paid, or ordained to be paid in convenient time, 
after my Decease, by my Executor Hereafter named. 

Item, I Give and bequeath to my well beloved Son John 
Bass (whom I likewise constitute, make, and Ordaine my only & 
Sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament) that Piece 
of Land called the Calf -Pasture being about an acre, to him, 
his Heirs and assigns forever : Further I Give to my Said Son 
John Bass all other, my Pasture-Land, Plough-Land, Meadow, 
Salt & Fresh, Wood Land and other Estate whatsoever, not 
hereafter in this my Last Will particularly mentioned, and dis- 
posed of, to be Improved by him duri[ng] his Natural life, and 
after his Decease to his Son John Bass his Heirs and assigns 
forever, Excepting that the Said John Bass Jun r Should Dye 
without Legal Isue, in which case my will is that it pass to 
the next Heir ; also my Will is that the Said John Bass Jun r . 
should Improve Some part of the abovementioned Lands during 
his Father's life, at his Father's pleasure. And Further my 
will is that whatsoever I have heretofore given to my Said Son 
John Bass, which hath been in his Improvement, Shall be after 
his Decease Decease, for his Son Samuel & which I do herby 
confirm to the Said Samuel Bass, his Heirs and Assigns for- 
ever, Only Reserving a Liberty to my Son John Bass aforesaid 
to Will any part of what I have thus given him & his Sons, 
unto his Wife (in Case she outlives him) during her Natural 
life, not Exceeding a Fourth part thereof. 

Item I Give and bequeath to my Son Samuel Bass all my 
Lands at Stand-brook, in Salters-Farme being part of the foure- 
Score Acres (so called) be it more or less : also half my Lands 
at Rye-Island, (the whole being Ten Acres) his part to be on 
the Northern Side thereof : also a Strap of Land in the House 
Lot, in Salters Farme near Two Acres, lying between what 
he bought of his brother Joseph, and Coll : Quincey's Land, 
on the East Side of the Cart-way. Also part of the Plain-Lot 



204 The Will and Inventory of John Bass. 

(so called) so far as he hath fenced, being the Easternmost End 
of the Said Lott, all which I give to him his Heirs and Assigns 
forever. 

As to my Son Joseph Bass, 1 have already given him, his 
full part or portion out of my Estate, to which I here add five 
Shillings, to be paid by my Executor &c 

I[te]m I give and bequeath to my Two Daughters, Mary 
Copeland, and Sarah Thayer, each of 'em, an acre (be it more 
or less) of Salt Meadow (which is already in their Improve- 
ment) during their Natural life, and after their Decease to my 
Son John Bass if Surviving, (otherwise to his Son John) He, 
(and in case of his Decease, his Son John) paying five Pounds 
money, to the Children of each of my Said Daughters, that is 
in all Ten Pounds, to be distributed among them equally, Im- 
mediately after their Mother's Decease or as they come of 
age ; also I give to my Daughters aforesaid, Each of 'em, Ten 
Pounds, to be paid by my Executor, in convenient time after 
my Decease, also all my House-hold moveables to be equally 
divided between them. 

Item I Give to all my Grand-Daughters, that are the Chil- 
dren of my Two Deceased Daughters, viz Ruth, and Hannah, 
Ten Shillings, A-piece, to be paid to Each of them by my 
Executor ; in convenient Time after my Decease, to Such as 
are of age, and the Rest as they come to age. 

Item I Give to my Grandson John Bass, that Spott of 
Ground on which he hath Erected his Dwelling-House : And 
further, one half of my Barn, and Yard thereto belonging ; 
and the other half of the Barn & yard afores d , I Give to his 
Brother Samuel Bass ; these to be enjoyed by them, their 
Heirs & Assigns forever, and And I do hereby utterly disallow, 
Revoake and disannul all, and every- other former Testaments, 
Wills, and Legacies, Bequests and Execut" by me in any ways 
before this Time named Willed & bequeathed, Ratifying and 
confirming this and no other to be my Last Will and Testa- 
ment, In Wittness whereof I have hereunto Set my Hand & 
Seal, the Day & year abovewritten 
Signed, Sealed, Published, 

Pronounced and Declared John Bass (Seal) 

by the Said John Bass, as 
his last Will and Testament 
In the Presence of us the 
Subscribers, 
Susanna Webb 
Jonathan Webb 
Benjamin W T ebb 



The Will and Inventory of John Bass. 205 

Suffolk Ss By the Hon ble Samuel Sewall Esq r Judge of 
Probate &c 

The aforegoing will being presented for probate by John 
Bass the Executo r therein named. 

Susanna Webb Jonathan Webb and Benjamin Webb per- 
sonally appearing made Oath that they Saw John Bass the 
Subscriber to the within Instrument Signe Seal and heard 
him publish and Declare the Same to be his last Will and 
Testament and that when he so did he was of sound disposeing 
mind and Memory According to their best discerning and that 
they Set to their names as wittnesses of the Execution thereof 
in the Said Testators presence 
Boston Octob r : 22 d 17 16 Samuel Sewall 

Braintry November 21: 1 7 1 6 

an Inventorey of the Esteate of John Bass sener Late of 
Braintry decst 

ll s d 

to a Silver Cupp 3 01 00 

to a hetchell wheele adds two chees fatts 00 06 06 

two brass kittles & skilett 01 05 00 
one Iron pott spitt tramill tongues &: fire shovell & other ) 

small Iron things | 00 15 00 

to Severall Smale thing as hammer ax & saw 00 06 00 

old Putter two platers two bassons & old puter pott 00 16 00 

Earthen ware one platter two muggs 00 02 06 

a long table form Cubberd box & needing trough: chorn 01 10 00 

for old Lumber cheirs tubbs & pails Little table 01 04 00 

for 3 old barrels .4. wooden dishes & . 9 . trenchers 00 06 00 

three old cheests 00 06 00 

a grate bible 00 06 00 

a feather bead & bolster three coverleads beadstead & cord 07 15 00 

his wearing cloaths 04 00 00 

three shirts 3 napkins and a pilibear OI 6 00 

two old baggs ■ 00 03 00 

an old Sword 00 05 00 

two Cows 08 00 00 

To Cash in the house 00 10 10 
The land in the Pasture aboute 10 acres & half in the) 

stoney held _ } 55 °° °° 

14 acres of land in the Capt plaine ^5 00 00 

one Lott in the . Coo . acres ^ co 00 

10 acres of upland in the farm at Ry Island r 00 00 

4 acres of land in the farm on the Island IO 00 00 

2 acres & half of upland In the house iott jy IO 00 

Seven acres of Salt marsh ^ 00 00 



206 The Will and Inventory of Jo Jin Bass. 

one Share in the pine swamp 02 00 co 

Solomon vezey 
John Cleverly 
Peter Adams 

A Bill dated Jan r 24 . 1696 . obliging Joseph Bass to") r- 
pay Three pounds j ^ 

Febr. 11 th . 1716. John Bass the executor made oath that the 
foregoing is a true & perfect Inventory of the estate of his 
Father John Bass lately deceased and that if more hereafter 
apear he will cause it to be added 

Coram Samuel Sewall J. piobate. 



Petition of the Heirs. 

Suffolk wSs : To the Honourable Samuel Sewall Esq r Judge of 
probate & ra : 

Joseph Bass and Ephraim Thayer and other the Children 
of John Bass late of Braintry dece d Humbly pray that the Will 
of their said late ffather may not be proved. For the following 
reasons 

1 First because he was under great insanity of mind at 
makeing the Sd Will and Benjamin Webb one of the Witnesses 
to y e s d W r ill has declared that y e Testator acted Childish when 
he Executed the same. 

2 ] >' For that he was perswaded by his Son John Bass & 
wife to cutt off his Son Joseph by making this new will and 
being Stricken in years was much awed by his grandson John 
Bass. 

3 For that the Testator in his life time Setled some part 
of his Estate by Deed upon his Son John And by his present 
will has given it to his Grandson Samuel Bass which Evidences 
that he was non Compos Mentis at the time of making y e said 
Will 

4 ] y For that he has given his Wife but one forth part of 
his Estate when the Law of this province Sets forth one third 
to the widow. 

5 For that there is a Legacy in the Said Will uncertain 
which is given to his Grandson John Basse's Son John when 
at the same time there is no Such person in being nor any 
probability that there will be at present 

6 For that the Testator has given Legacys to the Daugh- 
ters of his Children Ruth Webb and Hannah Adams both dece d 
and has totally Excluded their Sons. 

Boston Octo r 22 d 1 7 16 Joseph Basse 



Harwich^ Mass., Vital Records. 207 



HARWICH, MASS., VITAL RECORDS, 

{Continued from page ijg.) 

[p. 41] Nicolas Snow and Lidea Shaw was Meryed April 4 th : 16S9 
Jonathan son to s d Nicolas and Lidea snow was born January : 30 th : 

1691/2 
Mark son to s d Nicolas and Lidea snow was born : April 30 th 1695 
Nathanael son to s d Nicolas and Lidea snow was born October : 16 th : 

1697 
Joshua son to s d Nicolas and Lidea snow was born August 18 th : 

1700 
Thankful! daughter to Nicolas and Lidea snow was born febuary . 

7 . 1 701/2 
Sarah daughter to Nicolas and Lidea snow was born march . 20 . 

1 7°3/4 

phebe daughter to Nicolas and Lidea snow was born November : 

17 : 1705 
Prence son to Nicolas and Lidea snow was born december . 26 . 

1707 ^ ■_ 

Richard Hopkins son to samuel and Lidea Hopkins was born 

November . 26 . 1707 : 
Reliance Hopkins daughter to samuel and Lidea Hopkins was born 

November 17 th : 1709 
Lidea hopkins daughter to Samuell and Lidea hopkins was born 

In June The 1 day 17 13 
sarah hopkins daughter to samuell and Lidea hopkins was Born 

July 25 day 17 17 
susanna Hopkins daughter to Samuell and Lidea Hopkins was Born 

in July the 7 day 17 19 
moses hopkins hopkins son to samuell and lidea hopkins was Born 

in march 172 1/2 
Theodosius son to samuell and lidea hopkins was Born in ninth day 

of november 1726 
Nathan hopkins son to samuell and Lidea hopkins was born in June 

the 16 day 1729 
samuel Cole son to James and Hanah Cole was born decemb 122: 

1695 
Ruth Cole daughter to s d James and Hanah Cole was born : no- 

vemb 16 : 1698 
Martha Cole daughter to s d James and hanah Cole was born July 1 : 

1700 

[p. 42] Stephen Merrick and Deborah Snow were Married on 
November 21 th : 1706 : 



208 Harwich, Mass., Vital Records. 

Joshua Merrick son to Stephen and Debora.h merrick was born in 

April . 17 th : 170S : 
snow myrick son to Stephen and deborah myrick was born January 

the 15 day 1709/10 
deborah myrick daughter to Stephen and deborah myrick was born 

in June 20 day 17 12 
samuell myrick son to Stephen and deborah myrick was born in 

January the 5 day 17 14/15 
Olever myrick son to Stephen and Deborah myrick was born in 

december the 14 day 1716 
Thomas myrick son to Stephen and Deborah myrick was born in de- 
cember the 12 day 17 18 
simmeon myrick son to Stephen and Deborah myrick was bom in 

April 172 1 
Jabez myrick son to Stephen and Deborah myrick was born in feb- 

ruary 1722/3 
Jethro myrick son to Stephen and Debroah myrick was born in 

Augst 1725 
Relianc Hinckely daughter to Samuell and mary hinckely was born 

November 21 day 17 14 
seth Hinkly son to samuel and mary Hinkly was born decemb : 25 

1707 
shubel hinckley son to Samuell and mary hinckley was born march 

samuell hinckley son to Samuell and mary hinckley was born In 
febuary 12 day 17 10/ n 

mary hinckley daughter to Samuell and mary hinckley was born In 
febuary the 12 day 17 10/ n 

mary hinckley daughter to Samuell and maty hinckley died in march : 
1710/11 

Edmond hinckley son to Samuell and mary hinckley was born No- 
vember 20 day 17 12 

Judah Rogers son to Judah and Patience Rogers was born december 
29 th : 1704 

mary rogers daughter to Judah and Patience rogers was born Octo- 
ber : 1 : 1706 

Patiance Rogers daughter to Judah and Patience Rogers was born 
November 9 th : 1 7 1 o 

[p. 45] Keziah daughter to Eliezer and Patience Crosby was born 
may 15 th : 1708 

Rebekah daughter to Eliezer and Patience Crosby was born may : 
12 th : 1709 : 

Elezer Crosby son to Elezer and Patience Crosby was born January 
5 th 1710/11 

Silvanes Crosby son to Elezer and Patience Crosby was born No- 
vember The 15 day 1712 : 

Phebe Crosby daughter to Elezer and Patience Crosby was born in 
december the 18 day 17 14 



Harwich, Mass., Vital Records. 209 

Sarah Crosby daughter to Elezer and Patience Crosby was Born in 

december the S day 17 16 
Isaac Crosby son to Elezer and Patance Crosby was Born in October 

18 day 1 7 19 

Mary Crosby daughter to Elezer and patence Crosby was Born in 

November 28 day 1722 
Sarah Crosby daughter to Elezer and patence Crosby was Born in 

in march the 1 8 day 1725 / 6 
patence crosby daughter to Elezer and patence crosby was Born 

October the 29 day 1728 
mehitabel Gray daughter to John and susana Gray was born The 7 th 

day of April in the year 1706 
Andrew Gray son to John and susana Gray was born 29 th day of 

September : 1707 : 
Anna Gray daughter to John and susana Gray was born in August . 

31 . day in the year 1709 
Elisha gray son John and susanah gray was born in november the 

29 day 171 1 
Joshua gray son to John and susanah gray was born in October the 

19 day 1713 

Anna gray daughter to John and susanah gray was born in novembr 

the 30 day 17 14 
Ebenezer Nickerson son to william and Mar)- Nickerson was born : 

13 th : day of June : 1697 
Jane Nickerson daughter to William and mary Nickerson was born . 

6 . day Aprile : 1699 : 
Mary Nickerson daughter to William and mary Nickerson w r as born 

augnst 13 th : 1701 : 
Thankfull Nickerson daughter to William and mary Nickerson was 

born July. 26 th : 1705 

[p. 49] Joseph Paine and Patience Sparrow were Married togather : 

May 27 th 169 1 : 
Ebenezer Paine son to s d Joseph and Patience was born April The 

eighth : 1692 : 
Hanah Paine daughter to the above s d Paine was born July fift . 

1694. 
Joseph Paine son to the above s d Paine was born March . 29 th . 

1697 : 
Richard Paine son to The above s d Pame was born March 25 th 

: 1699 : 
dorcus Faine daughter to s d Paine was born may . 27 th . 1701 : 
Phebe Paine daughter to s d Paine was born July 30 th 1703 : 
Reliance Paine daughter to s d Joseph Paine was born January 27 th : 

1705/6 
Thomas and mar}* paine son and daughter to Joseph and Patience 

Paine were born . december . 1 th . 1708 : 
Jonathan son to Joseph and Patience Paine was born december 10 th 

1710 



210 Two Bills of Sale of a Negro Slave. 

Experan paine daughter to Joseph and patience paine was born in 

may 27 day 17 13 
John vincent and hanah seirs were married novemb 2 d : 17 10 : 
samuel seirs and Ruth mirrick were married Novemb : 2 d 17 10 : 
Abigail seirs daughter to samuel and Ruth seirs was born november 

23 d 1711 
marcy sears daughter to Samuell and Ruth seirs was born October 

2i d : 1713 
Ruth sears daughter to Samuell and Ruth sers was born July 4 : 

desire sears daughter to Samuell and Ruth sears was Born march 

9 r 7*f 

Mary sears . daughter to samuell and Ruth sears was born in August 

the 9 day 17 18 

(To be continued.) 



TWO BILLS OF SALE OF A NEGRO SLAVE. 

The following bills of sale of the negro slave London have 
been transcribed from the original document loaned by Mr. 
Everett I. Nye. 



To all people to whome these presents Shall Come Greeting 
Know ye that I Ralph Smith of Eastham In the County of 
Barnstable in the province of the Massachusets Bay in New 
England yeoman Gardian to the orphins of John Mulford of 
Sd Eastham Deceased for and in Consideration of the Sum of 
fifty pounds passable money on Sd province to me In hand 
paid by Nath 11 ffreeman of Sd Eastham in the County and 
province above Sd Esqr. where of I Do here by acknowledge 
the receipt and my self there with fully and Intirely Satisfied 
and in the Capacity as above Sd Have borgained Sold Set over 
and Delivered and by these presents in plain and open Market 
acording to the Due form of law in that Case made and pro- 
vided Do Bargain Set over and Deliver unto the Sd Nath 11 
ffreeman London a Negro Man belonging to the Estate of the 
Sd mulford Deceased to gather with his wearing Cloaths 
the Sd London Negro man with his apparill to Have and to 
hold to the proper use and behoof to him the Sd Nath 11 ffree- 
man His Heirs Exec trs Admi trs and asigns for Ever, and I the 



Two Bills of Sale of a Xcgro Slave. 211 

Sd Ralph Smith for my Self my heirs Execu ra Admi r5 the Said 
Bargained premises unto the Sd Nath 11 ffreeman his Heirs 
Exec 1 ^ Admi rs and asigns against all and all manner of persons 
Shall warrant and for Ever Defend by these presents in witness 
where of I have here unto set to my hand and Seal this Second 
Day of Jenuary and In the year of our Lord one thousand 
Seven houndreud and thirty Six alies Seven 

Note the words Interlined between the third and fourth 
line from the top which words (viz) of Sd Eastham and the 
words Interlined between the fourteenth and fifteenth Lines 
from the top (viz) belonging to the Estate of the Sd mulford 
Deceased were before the signing and sealling here of 
Signed Sealed and Delivered Ralph. Smith (Seal) 

In presence of : 
Phebe Higgins 
Abigail myrick 

[On the other side of the paper.'] 

These presents witnesseth that I the within named Nathan 11 
ffreeman For & In consideration of the Sum of twenty & five 
pounds passable money to me In hand paid by Thomas Molford 
Junior of the Town of Trurow in the county & province within 
mentioned yeoman : have therefore : Bargained Solde Sett over 
& Confirmed : & by these presents do for my self my heirs 
executors & administrators : Bargaine Sell Sett over confirm 
& deliver unto him the Sd Thomas Molford the negro Slave 
with In named called Looon together with all the Right prop- 
erty & Interest which I have or of Right ought to have to the 
person & Service of the within named Lonon neegro by vertue 
of the with In written Instrument together with his wearing 
cloathes & ether appurtenances to him any ways belonging or 
appertaining : To have ami To hold to him the Said Thomas 
molford Junior his heirs & assigns forever by these presents : 
In witness where off I the Said Nath 11 ffreeman do here unto 
Sett my hand & Seall the day of march In the fourteenth year 



ommi : i 



4 o 

( 4 1" 



of his majesties = Reign anno D 

Signed Sealled & delivered Nathan 11 ffreeman (seal) 

In presence of 
Zacheus Rich 
Mulfford Eldred^ 



212 Plymouth First Church Records. 



PLYMOUTH FIRST CHURCH RECORDS. 

Transcribed from the Original, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

The First Book of the Plymouth First Church Records 
consists of five parts, paged independently. The first part is 
an Ecclesiastical History of the Plymouth Church in the hand- 
writing of Nathaniel Morton, for many years Secretary of the 
Colony. Much of it was taken bodily from Bradford's History, 
consequently it seems best to begin this transcript with the 
second part, in order that the important genealogical data scat- 
tered through this and the remaining parts may become access- 
ible as early as possible. 

In the second part there are thirty-six pages, twenty-nine in 
the handwriting of Rev. John Cotton, covering the thirty years, 
1667 to 1697, during which he was pastor of the church. Of 
the remaining seven pages five are in a hand which I have not 
yet identified and cover the period from the departure of Mr. 
Cotton to the arrival of the Rev. Ephraim Little ; the other 
two pages are blank. 



[PART II.] 

[p. 1] A further account of matters in & relating to the church 
at Plymouth from the yeare 1667 : untill 1697, inclusively. 

It being desired in page 59 * : in the conclusion of the Ecle- 
siasticall History of this church, by that Godly Brother, M r 
Nathaniel Morton, that Elders & Bretheren suceeding would 
be carefull to commit to writing what might occurre in their 
day for the Glory of God & good of aftertimes, these following 
Pages shall truly & faithfully upon certaine knowledge declare 
what was transacted in this chh for the space of about Thirty 
yeares soe far as may be Judged meet for edification. 

M r Morton in his foregoing Narrative truly declares, that 
after the departure of that blessed Man of God M r Reyner from 
them whom he had faithfully served for the space of about 
eighteen yeares in the office of a Teacher, & the chh remaining 
sundry yeares destitute of a Teaching Elder looking up to God 
constantly in ordinary & extraordinary prayer to send in a suta- 

* Of Part I. 



Plymouth First Church Records. 213 

ble supply for their soules, in which time sundry desireable 
ministers spent some time successively in preaching the word 
of God to them, but divine providence favoured not the settle- 
ment of any one of them, It pleased God soe to dispose in Sep- 
tember 1666, that the church gave a call to M r John Cotton to 
come & preach to them, who by reason of his then engagement 
to another people, could not at present accept of that call, but 
the chh continuing destitute of setled ministry, they did in the 
yeare following in July, renew their former call to him, to which 
He gave his consent & accordingly removed himself e & family 
to Plymouth, where they arrived on November, 30 : 1667 : 

1667: There were then resident in the Place forty seven 
chh-membe[rs] in full communion, besides divers that were re- 
moved to other places, who upon the setlement of the ministry 
were called upon by the Elders to take their dismissions respec- 
tively to the severall ches where their setled abode was, this 
chh declaring it to be the duty of christians to be under the 
watch of those ches where they live, this motion was readily 
complyed with by all concerned. 

Now inasmuch as the death of saints is pretious in the 
eyes of God, & God hath said, the Righteous shall be had in 
everlasting remembrance an account shall be given of the deaths 
of such espetially who were of good esteem in the chh of God : 

The first breach God made in the chh within the time above- 
said was the death of Gabriel Fallowell, aged above 80 yeares, 
a very pretious, lively christian, one who maintained much com- 
munion with God day & night, he dyed, December, 28 : 1667 : 

In 1668: two members were admitted into the chh: & all 
that was transacted in the chh in this yeare was their discourse 
& conclusion to renew their call of M r Cotton & to declare to 
him their purpose to establish him in office in the spring, the 
Lord disposing all our hearts to unite therein. 

on the first of March dyed, John Dunham, the godly '& well 
esteemed Deacon of the chh, one of 80 yeares old. 

1669 The chh appointed, April,* 7: 1669: & kept it as a 
day of Fasting & Prayer, wherein to beg Gods prescence to be 
with them in directing to & in the choice of their Teaching offi- 
cer. Immediately after which the church voted to set apart a 
day to elect & ordaine M r Cotton to be their Pastor, & agreed 
that June, 30 : should be the day, which was attended, He being 
dismissed from Boston old church & Joyned to this chh some 
weekes before; The ches present at this ordination (by the 

* On the margin is written : " In this April dyed blessed Mr Reyner, then Pas- 
tor of the chh at Dover." 



214 Plymouth First Church Records. 

desire of this chh) by the Elders & messengers were Barnstable, 
Marshfeild, Weymouth & Duxbufry;] Elder Thomas Cushman 
gave the charge & the aged M r [p. 2] John Howland was ap- 
pointed by the chh to Joyne in imposition of hands ; the Rev- 
erend M r Walley made a solemne Prayer before ordination & 
the Revd M r Torrey gave the right hand of fellowship in the 
Name of the dies, after.. 

The Ruling Elder with the Pastor made it their first spetiall 
worke together to passe through the whole towne from family 
to family to enquire into the state of soules & according as they 
found the frames either of the children of the chh or others, see 
they applyed counsells, admonitions, exhortations & incourage- 
ments, which service was attended with a blessing, for in divers 
with whom God had begun his work, it prevailed to stirre them 
up to lay hold of the Covenant, & others were awakened more 
seriously to attend upon the meanes of grace & to minde the 
concernments of their soules, & practice family-prayer more 
constantly, the worke of God seemed in those dayes to have a 
considerable reviving. The chh Having not then a Deacon, the 
Elders called upon them to choose some to that office ; Accord- 
ingly, after a chh-meeting in Private some being Nominated, 
every brother speaking his minde man by man, on August, 1 : 
Robert Finney & Ephraim Morton were chosen Deacons in the 
publick Assembly on the Sabbath, & then ordained by the 
Elders. In January, the chh agreed to begin monethly church- 
meetings for conference, which were constantly attended for 
many yeares, & much good attended that exersise ; Also in 
November, began the Catechizing of the children by the Pastor, 
(the Elder also accompanying him therein constantly) once a 
fortnight, the Males at one time & the females at the other : 
the catechisme then used was M r : Perkins. The members ad- 
mitted to full Communion in this yeare were twenty & seven ; 
the practice was for men orally to make confession of faith & 
a declaration of their experiences of a worke of grace in the 
prescence of the whole congregation, having bin examined & 
heard before by the Elders in private & then stood propounded 
in publick for 2 or 3 weekes ordinarily ; & the relations of the 
woemen being written in private from their mouths, were read 
in publick by the Pastor & the Elders gave Testimony that 
their knowledge was competent, this was the ordinary way of 
Admission of members at their first entrance, but if any mem- 
bers came from other places & had letters of Dismission they 
were accepted by us upon that Testimoniall & nothing further 
required of them. 



Plymouth First Church Records. 215 

The v Lords Supper was administred 4 times in this yeare, 
the first of which was on August, 29 : 

The children Baptized this yeare, 48 : 

It pleased God heavily to afflict this chh & people by the 
Death of Capt Thomas Southworth, of whom Honourable men- 
tion is made in the foregoing Narrative, & that most deserv- 
edly ; He was a great Pillar in this chh, & in the dayes of 
blessed M r Reyner, after the death of Elder Brewster (whose 
Name is here very pretious & ever will be soe) [p. 3] when the 
chh had agitations about the choice of a Ruling Elder, this M r 
Southworth was Judged by many of the chh a very sutable man 
for that place, yet it was wisely foresoon by Govr Bradford that 
the necessity of the Commonwealth would doubtlesse call for 
the improovment of his Talent in the Magistracy, & soe it 
prooved, for immediately upon the death of that Honourable 
Govr, he was chosen a magistrate- & soe continued to his death, 
There were other Bretheren that did exersise their gifts for 
edification of the chh in the vacancy of the ministry, yet such 
was the desireablenesse & excelling of his Gifts & graces that 
for divers yeares together he was espetially singled out by the 
chh to carry on the publick worship, one part of the Sabbath, 
Elder Cushman ordinarily spending the forenoone & M r South- 
worth the afternoone ; His Death was on December, 8 : (about 

5 3 -yeares old) after a moneths sicknesse ; His death was much 
lamented & is to this day, he was loved & feared & of such a 
conversation as commanded both. The chh kept a day of 
prayer for his life, Dec : 1 : but his time was come to dye. 

In 1670 fourteen members were admitted into the chh, 39 
children were baptized, & the Lords supper was 8 times In 
the spring the chh set apart & observed a day of Thanksgiving 
for the setlement of Gods ordinances after soe long a vacancy, 

6 the good successe of the Gospel amongst the[m.] A child 
of this chh who had bin here baptized, removing to Swanzey 
was rebaptized by the Pastor there, which the chh being in- 
formed of, did unanimously declare it to be matter of offence, 
& sent letters to those concerned in that action to signify that 
such a practice would be a barre to our Eclesiasticall commun- 
ion, & desired they would doe soe noe more. 

Some persons, a brother & 2 sisters that had formerly 
walked with this chh being now removed & not owning their 
chh-relation, the chh agreed & it was openly declared by the 
Elder in the name of the chh, that wee esteemed them noe 
longer to be members of us 

In this yeare, 70 : M r Richard Bourne of Sandwich sent to 



216 Plymouth First Church Records. 

the chh for messengers to take notice of the fittnesse of sundry 
Indians to gather into a chh, at Mashpau, the Pastor, Elder & 
Secretary Morton were sent thither, Elders & messengers of 
many other ches were there also, the Indians after confessions 
&c were gathered into a chh, M r Bourne chosen & ordained 
their Pastor, all the ches present approoving thereoff. old M r 
Eliot & our Pastor laid on hands.* 

In 1 67 1 seventeen members were admitted, 25 children bap- 
tized, the Lords supper was 10 times. Some viz, a brother & 
sister having sold liquors to the Indians were Admonished, & 
also a child of the chh for morall scandall, this chh ever prac- 
tising discipline to the chh-seed when adult. 

in 1672, six members were admitted, 13 children Baptized, 
the Lords supper was 8 times. 

on February, 24 : dyed M r John Howland in his eightieth 
yeare, he was a good old disciple & had bin sometime a Magis- 
trate here, a plaine-hearted christian 

In 1673 : was a very awfull frowne of God upon this chh & 
colony in the death of M r Thomas Prince the Governour in the 
73d yeare of his Age ; when this Colony was in a hazardous 
condition upon the death of Gov r Bradford, the lott was cast 
upon M r Princ[e] [p. 4] to be his successour, God made him a 
repairer of breaches & a meanes to setle those shakings that 
were then threatning, he was excellently qualifyed for the office 
of a Governour, he had a countenance full of majesty & therein 
as well as otherwise was a Terrour to evill doers, he was very 
amiable & pleasant in his whole conversation & highly esteemed 
of the saints & acknowledged by all ; In the time of his sick- 
nesse the chh sought God by Fasting & Prayer, but God would 
not be intreated any longer to spare him, but he dyed on March, 
29 : & was honourably interred, April, 8 : 

Six more chh-members dyed in this yeare.f 

The Lords supper in this yeare was seven times, but one 
member admitted, 14 children baptized. 

In 1674: the Lords supper was 11 times, one member ad- 
mitted, 1 7 children baptized : 

Discipline viz Admonition was administred to a chh-child for 
sin & two in full communion upon confession of what was offen- 
sive were forgiven without any censure. 

In March, 1675 : the church of Eastham sent to our chh for 
messengers to be with them at their ordination of M r Samuel 

* This paragraph is on the margin of the page. 
t On the margin of the page. 



Desire {Howland) Gorhavis Estate. 217 

Treat to be their Pastor, the chh sent the Pastor, Elder & 
Deacon Finney, who attended that service, March, 17: 

Lords supper was six times ; 8 children were baptized. 

Warr with the Indians breaking forth, the chh set apart 
July, 21 : to be kept as a day of Humiliation, Another on Jan- 
uary, 5 : Another, February, 2 : because of war & sicknesse. 

[To be continued.') 



DESIRE (ROWLAND) GORHAM'S ESTATE- 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

Desire (Howland) Gorham, eldest daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland, died at Barnstable and her death 
is entered on the town records [Volume I, page 414] as fol- 
lows : " M re Desire Gorham Relict of Cap John Gorham Sen r 
Late of Barnstable Deceas d Departed this Life y e 13 Day of 
Octo r 1683." According to the probate records her inventory 
was taken 3 August, 16S3, more than two months earlier, and 
it is evident that one of these entries is incorrect. The probate 
record was copied from the original inventory and the town 
record was copied, in 1736, from the original volume now lost.* 



[Plym. Col. Wills, IV: II: 63] 

An Inventory of the estate of Desire Gorum taken the 3 
of August 1683 and exhibited to the Court of his Mat ie : held 

att Plymouth the sixt Day of March i6f-| on the oathes of 
James Gorum and John Gorum as followeth ; 

Imp r : 1 third of the Mill & lands meddowes and tooles 

belonging to the said Mill 25 00 o 

Item 1 yoak of oxen 07 00 o 

Item 5 Cowes 10 00 o 

Item 2 steers of two veers old and vantage 03 00 o 

Item 1 yeerling 01 00 o 

Item 3 Calves 01 00 o 

Item 1 horse 01 10 o 

Item 7 growne swine 03 00 o 

Item 5 piggs 00 12 6 

* Mavflower Descendant, II: 212. 



218 Desire (Howland) Gorhams Estate, 

Item in turkes & other foules oo 15 o 

Item Cart wheeles and yoakes and Copes 10 s plow tak- 

lings & Copes 4 s 00 14 o 

Item 1 Chaine and horse gear : 2 hoes & one axe 00 08 o 

Item 1 pitchforke i s and one spitt 3 s 6 d ; 2 pothangers 

one five s & one 3 shillings 00 12 o 

Item 1 Iron pot and pot hookes 7 s one frying pan 3 s 6 d 

and 1 2 s 6 d 00 13 o 

Item 1 Iron pot 3 s 1 Iron skillett 3 s one Iron kettle 7 s 00 13 o 

Item 1 morter &: pestle 4 s 2 brasse skilletts 2 3 brasse 

kettle i s 00 07 o 

Item Scales & waights 6 s a paire of stilliyards 6 s a warm- 
ing pan 5 s 00 17 o 
Item a skimer 2 s 6 d 1 rundelett i s 1 rundelett 6 d 00 04 o 
Item 2 milke pailes i 3 6 d one beer Caske 1 Copper 2 11 15 s 02 17 6 
Item 1 hogshed a barrell a butter tubb 5 s a washing tubb 

4 s a round measure 9 00 09 9 

Item 1 Chern 1 old paile 00 01 o 

Item 1 Gun i 1! ; 1 smoothing Iron 1 heater i s 6 d one 

Linnin wheel and reel 5 s 01 06 6 

Item in wooden trayes 7 s 2 Chaire one six shill ; one 4 s 

1 Chaire 2 s 00 19 00 

Item a sifting trough 4 s ; 1 Chest with a rope att the 

end 4 s 00 08 00 

Item pewter 12 3 shillings 1 Chist 2 s and old bible and 

Tillinhasts book 2 s 00 16 00 

Item 2 glasse bottles i s 3 d stone Juggs 6 d 2 gaily potts 

1 brush & a viall 00 02 3 

Item an Iron Candle stick 9 d 1 wicker baskett & other 

basketts i s 00 02 9 

Item 1 bed bolster and 2 smale pillowes, in the Cham- 
ber 3 11 
Item 1 bed bolster 1 pillow bedsted and Cord 
Item 1 Coverlid i 11 2 white blanketts home made, i 11 2 s 
Item 1 speckled blankett 9 s 1 Coverlid i u 1 green rugg 
Item 1 sale blankett 6 s & 7 pound of max 7 
Item 2 old blanketts 3 s 1 new sheet 12 s 6 d & 1 Course 

2 silver spoones and a Dram Cup i 11 1 silver beaker 3 11 04 00 
Item 1 Cokernutt 6 d some smale thinges in a Capp i 3 
Item 1 whiske 4 s 1 hood 6 s a black Cape and an old hood i 3 
Item 1 green apron i 3 6 d a paire of Sieves i s 6 d a silke 

lase 3 d 3 d 00 03 5 

item 1 paire of red stockens 6 s 1 white apron 5 s 6 d 

1 apron 3 s 6 d 
Item 1 paire of white Gloves 3 s twisted yarne 9 d 
Item a p r sell of white linnine that is marked ; 



°3 


00 





°3 


10 





02 


02 





01 


1 7 





00 


13 





01 


01 


6 


04 


00 





00 


01 


6 


00 


11 






00 


09 


6 


00 


°3 


9 


01 


02 


5 


0128 


16 


11 



r ; 



Desire (H&wland) Gorhanis Estate. 219 

Item to a womans black Cloake and Claspes 01 60 00 

Item 1 old Cloth hood 4 s 1 old sarge Samar 18 s 1 serge 

Coat iS s _ 02 00 00 

Item 1 New Samar i n iS s : 1 Moheare Coate 12 s 02 10 00 

Item Curtaines and vallence 15 s an under wastcoate 1 

shilling i s 00 16 00 

Item Indian Corn 31 bushells att 2 s 6 d pr bushell & two 

towells i s 03 18 06 

Item a paire of shooes 2 s 1 hat Case 2 s some Indian 

> Basketts 5 s 00 09 00 

Item to beding & sheets that tota makes use of 02 00 00 

Item to a paire of wast silver buttons 3 s in mony 13 s io d 00 16 10 
Item 5 bushells of Rye att 3 s a bushell 15 s : the wheat 

Not threshed 6 s 01 01 00 

Item rye not threshed 18 s one shovell & peel i s 3 d earthen 

ware & trenchers 6 d 00 19 09 

Item seaming pillow Coate 3 s 6 d ; one i s 6 d , one 2 6 d a 

small table Cloth 00 n 00 

Item 1 sheet 5 s 6 d , 1 sheet 10, 2 twowells 1 6 d one towell 6 d 00 17 09 
Item 2 pillow Coates 6 s 1 sheet 10 1 sheet 5 s 1 sheet 10 s 01 n 00 
Item 1 sheet 5-6 1 sheet 10 tow towells i s 6 d 1 towell 9 d 00 17 09 
Item 1 twowell io d a single Neckcloth 2 s : 3 Capps 00 04 07 

[p. 64] Item one small bundle of old thinges i s 1 handker 

Chiffe one &: sixpence &: 1 twowell 6 d 00 03 o 

Item 1 Diaper Napkin i s one striped neckcloth 9 d a blew 

Apron i s 6 d 00 03 3 

Item 1 shift 6 s one 2 s 1 paire of stockens i s 6 d 00 09 6 

Item 1 bundle of old aprones i s 1 bedstead 15 s 00 16 o 

Item 1 barrill att mill r s 6 d one straw hatt 3 s 00 04 6 

Item 1 woolen wheel and Iron spindle 3 s 6 d and bridle & 

Crooper i s 6 d 00 05 o 

Item 2 yards of Lutestringe in a scraff 00 10 o 

Item 1 wiker Baskett 3 s ; 4 Napkins six shillings 1 smale 

pillow Coate ; 6 d 00 1 o 6 

Item 1 shooing horn 3 d 1 powder bar 6 d six shift 6 d 00 02 09 

one thing I Can not read * 
Item 2 Cushens i? 6 d 1 sheet 6 s ; one sheet 8 shilling 

1 sheet 6 s 01 02 06 

Item 1 sheet 6 s ; and 1 sheet 7 s 1 Towell two and 6 d a 

Diaper table Cloth S s 1 03 6 

Item 1 Diaper table Cloth 12 s 1 paire of holland sheets 2 11 02 12 o 
Item 1 pillow Coate 8 s , 2 more att 12 s one Napkin Diaper 

9 d 01 00 09 

Item 1 winestcott Chist io s shilling 3 plates a porringer 

and sawser 4 00 14 00 

Item 6 trenchers 6 d 1 looking Grasse 8 s : 3 earthen 

Dishes i s 00 09 09 

* Interlined in original. 



oo 


06 


06 


oo 


*5 


00 


oo 


1 1 


06 


oo 


00 


06 


3° 


*5 


1 1 


123 


16 


11 


40 


00 


00 


// 






oq 


00 


00 



220 Desire (Howiaftd) Gorhams Estate. 

Item' 1 trunk i s 6 d : one box 5 s 

Item 3 acrees of land bought of Sowashan 

Item more 1 shift 3 s 6 d som old Clothing 8 s 

Item 1 pitcher 6 d 

Item Due upon bill 40 11 



Item Due upon bill as before 

Debts Due to the estate ; 

Item silver mony lent to John hawes 

silver mony Lent to Joseph whilden 02 00 00 

Debts Due from the estate as wee Doe apprehend 05 00 00 

Taken and apprised by us John Thacher 

John Miller 

[Court Orders, VI : II : 2, under date of 5 March, 1683/4.] 

In reference unto the settlement of the Estate of Desire 
Gorum of Yarmouth Deceased amonge the Children ; It was 
agreed and Determined by Gov r hinckley Major Bradford 
Deputy Gov r : m r ffreeman m r Laythorp & m r Thacher 
Asistants alsoe with the mutuall Consent of the Children then 
appeering viz : James Gorum John Gorum Joseph Gorum ; 
with the Consent likewise of the sonnes in Law as followeth ; 
That James Gorum have a Dubble portion of the whole 
estate Debts being first payed out and all the rest of the 
Children both sonnes and Daughters to have an equall portion ; 
of the aforsaid estate that is John Joseph Jabez : and Shuball ; 
Desire Temperance Elizabeth Deseased, Marsy Lidia and 
hannah, as Elizabeth Deceased wee Doe agree and Consent 
that her Children shall have an equall p r te that Did belong to 
theire Mother as to Shuball the youngest son wheras there 
was fifty pound in Mony Given to his Mother to bestow upon 
him in Learning, wherof wee find upon account a great p r te 
of it bestowed on him, yet wee Doe Consent and agree that 
hee shall have forty pound in silver mony mad up to him when 
hee Cometh to age out of the aforsaid estate besides his equall 
p r te ; and alsoe five pounds of his equall p r te, which, to be in 
silver mony ; which makes his 40 n to be 45 pounds in mony; 



Barnstable, Mass., Vital Records. 221 



BARNSTABLE, MASS., VITAL RECORDS. 

{Continued /rem page 122.) 

[p. 406] James Coleman his Son Edward born y e 25 of Octo r 1695 

his Daughter Martha born y e 4 of March 169S 

his Daughter Thankful born y e 7 th of Feb : 1699 

a Son born y e 26 of Feb^' & Died that Day 1702 

James his Son born y e 1 1 of April 1704 

John'y e 26 of Sept r 1706 

Patence Coleman y e 6 of May 1709 

Ebenezer y e 15 of August 171 1 

Nathan Crocker his Son Jabez born 10. June 1709 

& Benoni his Son 24 Feb 17 11/ 12 

John Clark and Mary Benjamin were Married 16 Aug : 1695 

Their son John Born 16 of Nov* 1697 

Elkanah Hamlin and Abigail Hamlin Married pr Justice Gorham 

13 April 171 1 
his Son Sylvanus Hamlin Born 20 July 17 12 
his Son Reuben Born 13 March 17 14 
his Daughter Abigail 27 October 171 5 
his Son John y e 2 Nov r 1 7 1 7 

his Daughter Rachel 7 Day of Sep 1720 She Died 1722 
patience born 12 June 1721 
Tabitha Hamlin Born 14 April 1723 
Abigail y e wife of Elkanah Hamlin Decea^ May 29 1733 

[p. 407] Shobal Dimock & Joann Bursley Married in April 1653 

his Son Thomas born In April 1654 

John born In January 1656 

Timothy born In March 165S 

Shobal born In Feb 1663 

Joseph born In Sept* 1665 

Benjamin born In March 1670 

Joanna born March 1672 

Thankful born Nov r 1674 

These Records perhaps 10 year too old * 

Cap Thomas Dimock his Daughter Mehitable born Octo r 16S6 

Temporance born In June 16S9 

his Son Edward born 5 of July 1692 

Thomas 25 of Decern 1694 

Desire born In Feb 1696 

John Dimock & Elizabeth Lumber Married Nov. 1689 

* This entry is on the margin, opposite the preceding family. 



222 Barnstable , Mass., Vita! Records. 

his Daughter Sarah born In Decern 1690 

Anna born In July 1693 

Mary June 1695 

his son Theophilus In Sept 1696 

his Son Timothy born In July 169S 

his Son Ebenezer born In Feb 1700 

Thankful 5 april 1702 

Elizabeth 20 april 1704 

Shobal Dimock & Tabitha Lothrop Marriecl 

his Son Samuel Dimock born y e 17* of May 1702 

his Daughter Joannah 24 Decern 1708 & Deceasd about 3 weeks 

after 
his Daughter Mehitable June 20 171 1 
Joseph Dimock & Lydia Fuller Married 12 of May 1699 
Their Son Thomas Dimock born 26 January -J-fff 
Bethiah Born 3 rd of February 1702 
Mehitable Born 22 of March 1707 
Ensign Dimmock born 8 th Day of March 1709 
Ichabod born 8 th Day of March 171 1 
Abigail born 31 June 1714 
Pharoh born Sept r 2 17 17 
David born 22 Day Decern 1 " 172 1 
Daniel North y e Son of Daniel & Hannah North born 21 of Sep 

1716 
his Daughter Mary born y e 25 of January 17 19 
James born Feb 10 1720 
his Son John North born Jan r >' 10 1722 
Hannah Born Sep 3 1725 
Winifred y r Daughter born Nov 7 th 1727 
Dorothy Dun y e Daughter of John & Experience Dun was born y e 

5 of January in y e year 1726 
Nathan Davis & Elizabeth Phinny were married y e 25 of Nov 17 14 

pr Justice Parker 
his Son Jabez born 7 of Octo r 17 15 

Sarah born August 12 17 17 & Deceasd 23 of sd August 
his Daughter Elizabeth born 15 Sep 17 18 
his Son Isaac Born [illegible] January 1720 

[p. 408] Robert Davis his Children their Births 

his Daughter Deborah Born January 1645 

Mary May 16 48 

his Son Andrew born In May 1650 

John 1 of March 1652 

Robert In August 1654 

Josiah Septem r 1656 

Hannah Sept 1 " 1658 

Sarah In Octo r 1660 

* Altered in different ink to " 07." 



Barnstable, Mass., Vital Records. 223 

fosiah Davis and Ann Tayler Married June 25 1679 

Their son John born 2 Sept 16S1 

Their Daughter Hannah born In April 16S3 

Their son Josiah born In August 16S7 

Their Son Seth In Octo r 1692 

Ruth born In Feb 1694. 

Sarah born In Feb 1696 

Jonathan Davis born About 1698 

Stephen 12 of Decem r 1700 

Anna 5 of April 1702 

Joseph Davis & Hannah Cob Married March 1695 pr M r Thacher 

his Son Robert born 7 of March 1696/7 

his Son Joseph born 23 of March 1698/9 

James July 30 1700 

Gershom 5 Sep* 1702 

Hannah 5 of March 1705 

Mary 4 of June 1707 

Lydia 12 of Feb 1709 

Daniel Born Sep 1 28 17 13 

William Dexter & Sarah Vinsen Married In July 1653 

his Daghter Mary born In January 1654 

Stephen Dexter Born In May 1657 

his Son Phillip Dexter born In Sept 1659 

James Dexter his Son born In May 1662 

his Son Thomas Dexter born In July 1665 

his Son John Dexter born In August 1668 

his Son Benjamin born In Feb 1670 

John Dunham & Mary Smith Married 1 of March 1679 ^° 

Their Son Thomas born y e 25 of Decern 1 " 1680 

his Son John Born y e iS of May 1682 

his Son Ebenezer born y e 17 of April 1684 

his Daughter Desire born y e 10 of Decern 1685 

his Son Elisha born y e i st of Sept r 1687 

his Daughter Mercy bom 10 of June 1689 

his Son Benjamin born 20 June 1691 

John Dunham Deceasd 2 January 1696 Aged In his 48 th year 

[p. 409] John Davis & Hannah Lynnel Married 15 of March 1648 

his Son John born About y e Midst January 1649 

Samuel Midst Decern 1- 165 1 

twins Hannah & Mary 3 of January 1653 

twins Joseph & Benjamin June 1656 

Simon Midst July 1658 

Doler beginning Octo r 1660 

Jabez 

Doller Davis & Hannah Linnel Married 3 of August 1681 

Shobal Born 23 of April 1635 

Thomas In August 1687 



224 Barnstable, Mass., Vital Records. 

Hannah In Decern 1 " 1689 

Stephen In Sep 1 1690 

Thankful In march 1696 

Daniel In July 1698 

Job born In July 1700 

Noah Born In Sept 1702 

Remember Mercy 15 of Octo r 1704 

Joseph Davis & Mary Claghorn Married March 28. 1682 

their Son Simon Born 19 January 16S3 

Mary y e 19 of June 1685 

Their Son Joseph born Last of April 1687 

Robert Davis 13 June 1689 

James Cahoon Son of wid Mary Davis born 25 octo r 1696 

Jabez Davis &: Experience Linnel Married 20 Augus 1689 

Their Son Nathan born 2 March 1690 

Samuel born 25 September 1692 

his Daughter Bathsheba born 16 January 1694 

his Son Isaac born 23 April 1696 

his Daughter Abigail 26 april 1698 

his Son Jacob born Last octo r 1699 

Mercy born y e 16 of Feb : 1701 

John Davis Ju r & Ruth Goodspeed Married 2 nd Feb in y e year 1674 

Their son John Born y e Last of Nov r 1675 & Died About y e Middle 

of August 1 68 1 
Their son Benjamin Born y e 8 of Septem 1679 
Their son John Born y e 17 of March 1684 
Their son Nathaniel born y e 17 of July 1686 
John Davis Ju r his Second Wife Mary Hamlin they were Married 

y e 22 of Feb 1692 
his Son Shobal born 10 of July 1694 
James born 24 of March 1696 
Ebenezer born 13 of May 1697 

his Aboves d Wife Mary Hamlin Deceas d About y e Last of Nov 1698 
John Davis Ju r & y e Widdow Hannah Bacon Married [illegible] 1699 

pr M r Russel 
& their Son Nicholas Born 12 March 1699 1700 

[p. 410] Stephen Dexter &■ Anna Sanders Married 27 of April 1696 

Their Daughter Mary born 24 August 1696 

Their Son Born 22 Decern 1698 & Died y e January following 169S 

Their Daughter Abigail born 13 of May 1699 

Their Daughter Content born 5 February 1701 

Their Daughter Anna born 9 of March 1702/3 

Sarah Dexter born y e 1 of June 1705 

Stephen born 26 July 1707 

Mercy born 5 of July 1709 

his Daughter Miriam born 8 of March 17 12 

his Son Cornelius born 21 of March 1713/14 

The Marriage of William Dier & Mary Tayler Decern 1 " 1686 



Barnstable, Mass., Vital Records. 225 

Their Daughter Lydia born y e 30 of March 16SS 

his Son William born y e 30 of Octo 1690 

his Son Jonathan Born Feb 1692 

Henry Born 11 of April 1693 

Their Daughter Isabel born In July 1695 

Ebenezer born 3 of April 1697 

Sam 11 born 30 October 1698 

& Judah his Son born In April 1701 

Edward Davis y e Son of Josiah Davis & Mehitable his Wife born 

y e 19 of June 17 13 
& their Daughter Mary born y e 8 th of August 17 14 
their Son Josiah Was born 2 Aug 17 18 

[p. 411] John Ewer and Elizabeth Lumbart Married. 

Their Son Shobal born 

Their Son Joseph born 

Their son Benjamin Ewer Born Sept r 5 1721 

Shobal Ewer his Daughter Rebekah was born y e 27 April 17 15 

Shobal Ewer Deceas d y e 6 th of August 17 15 

Thomas Ewer y e Son of Thomas Ewer born Decern 1 " 1673 

Thomas Ewer Married with Elizabeth Lovell Octo 1684 

his Son Thomas born In January 1688 

Shobal born 1690 

John In Feb 1692 

Mehitable born Octo r 1694 &: Died Nov T 1694. 

Nath 11 Born in Nov r 1695 

Jonathan born July 1696 & Died Nov r 1696. 

Hezekiah Born Sep r 1697. 

thankful born Latter end of Xov r 1701. 

His Wife Died y e 20 day of May 17 17 

[p. 412] Edward Fitts Randies Children 
his Daughter Hannah born In April 1649 
Mary y e Last of May 1651 
his Son John y e 7 of Octo r 1653 
Joseph y e first of March 1656 
Tho s y e 16 of August 1659 
Hope y e 2 of April 1661 

Nath^Fittsrandle & Mary Holley Married Nov r 1662 
his Son John Born y e first of Feb 1662 
his Son Isaac born about y e 7 of Decern' 1664 
Mary Daughter of Richard Foxwel born 17 August 1635 
Martha y e 24 of March 1638 
Ruth y e 25 of March 1641 

D r John Fuller his Daughter Bethiah born Decern 1687 
his Son John Fuller born Octo r 1689 ■ 
Reliance Fuller born Sep 1 8 1691 

John Fuller and Thankful Gorharn Married June 16 17 10 pr M r 
Russel 



226 Barnstable, Mass., Vital Records. 

his Daughter Hannah born i of april 1711 

his Son John Born 3 of August 1 7 1 2 

Mary & Bethia twins born i st of Septemb .1715 

his Son Nathaniel born 10 Decern : 17 16 

Thankful bom 19 Sep 17 18 

Joseph Foster his Son Joseph Born 19 of Sep t 1698 

his Son Benjamin 16 Nov r 1699 

Joseph Fuller Ju r his Daughter Rebekah Born Decern 29 1709 

his Daughter Bethiah Born March 2 17 12 

[p. 413] Tho s Son of Sam 11 Fuller Sen r born 18 of May /50 

his Daughter Sarah 14 of December 1654 

a Child born 8 th of Feb 58 & buried 15 Days after 

Thomas Fuller & Elizabeth Lothrop Married 29 of Decem r 1680 

Their Daughter Hannah bom y e 17 of Nov r 1681 

Their son Joseph Bom y e 12. of July 1683 

Their Daughter Mar}- born y e 6 th of Aug : 1685 

Their Son Benjamin Born y e 6 of Aug 1690 

Their Daughter Elizabeth born y e 3 of Sep. 1692 

Their Son Samuel Born y e 12 of april 1694 

Their Daughter Abigail born y e 9 th of January 1695/6 

Jabez Fuller his Son Samuel born 23 Feb : 1687 

his Son Jonathan born 10 March 1692 

his Daughter Mercy born 1 April 1696 

his Daughter 23 Sep 1 1704 Named Lois born 1704 

his Son Ebenezer born 20 Feb 1708 

his Daughter Mary Born 

Matthew Fuller and Patience Young Married by Justice Skifi 25 

Feb 1692 
Their Daughter Anne Bom in Nov 1693 
his Son Jonathan Octo r 1696 
his Daughter Content born y e 19 of Feb 1698/9 
Jean born in y e year 1704 & Died 1708 
his Son David born Feb 1706/7 1706/7 
his Son Young Born 1708 
Cornelius 17 10 

Barnabas fuller & Elizabeth Young Married 25 of Feb 1680 
Their son Samuel born In Nov r 1681 
& Isaac born August 1684 
& Hannah Born In Sep. 1688 
his Son Ebenezer Born Latter End of April 1699 
his Son Josiah born February 1709 1709 
Sam 11 Fuller his Daughter Sarah was born 16 April 17 19 
Joseph Fuller his Daughter Remember born 26 of May 1701 
his Son Seth Fuller born (*) of Sept r 1705 

*The original entry was "5." In its present condition it is doubtful whether 
an attempt was made to change it to " 1 " or it was blotted accidentally. There 
are two blots near it. 



The Records of Wellflcct. 227 

Thankful 4 of August 170S 

Benjamin Fuller his Daugher Temperance born 7 of March 1702 

& his Daughter Hannah Born 20 of May 1704 

John born 25 Decern 1706 

& his Son James born 1 of May 171 1 

{To be continued!) 



THE RECORDS OF \7ELIJFLEET, FORMERLY THE 
NORTH PRECINCT OF EASTHAM, MASS. 

Literally Transcribed, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

The northerly part of Eastham was originally called " Bil- 
lingsgate " and in 1723 it was organized as the " North Precinct " 
of the town. In 1763 it was incorporated as the "District of 
Wellfleet " and in 1775 became an independent town. 

The records of the town begin with the organization of the 
North Precinct in 1723, the oldest volume ' containing sixty 
pages of precinct records, ninety-six pages of births, marriages 
and deaths and four pages of ear-marks. 



[On fly leaf.] 

A Book of Records for the North Precinct of Eastham 
Called Billinsga[te] Begining July 29 1723 

[p. 1] July y e 29 1723 

Billinsgate Precinct Meeting — Wherein it is voted that y e 
Revr nd Josiah Oakes Shall Continue in y e work of y e Ministry 
as formerly in this Precinct, for y e Salery of Eighty pounds a 
year in order for a Setlement 

Billinsgate alias North Eastham Precinct — 

Pursuant to what has been proposed and voted for my Setle- 
ment in the Ministry in this Precin[ct] I made y e following 
answer this 31 of March in y e year 1724 viz : 

1 I accept of both your former and your latter Call together 
with your former and latter proposals Since you were a legal 
Precinct 

2 And accordingly Shall continue in y e work of the Minis- 



228 The Records of Wellfleet. 

try in the S d Precinct in order to a Setlement among you in the 
Ministry agreable to your vote on July 29 1723 

I vote that Such my answer be witness my hand Recorded 
by your Clark 

March 31 1724 A precinct meeting at Billinsgate Voted 
that John Doane aEsqir : be moderator for this meeting : also 
voted that John Rich be clarke and Treasurer for this year. 
voted also that John Doane Eqr Isaac Baker and Ebenezer 
Freeman be Select men or assessors 

Voted also that John Doane Eqr : Isaac Baker Ebenezer 
Freeman and Thomas Groose and John atwood be a Comitte to 
Call meetings in y e Precinct as y e Law requires as also what 
Else y e Law directs to be done 

This March meeting is ajourned until y e first munday in 
June next at nine of y e Clock in y e forenoon 

[p. 2] June y e 1 1 724 

A Precinct meeting Legally Called and mett Wherein the 
meeting was ajourned to y e first monday in August, Except y e 
Comitte order it otherwise by Setting up their warrant 

i 
At a Precinct meeting warned and mett on y e 22 of June 

1724 wherein John Doane Esq: was moderator: y e following 
proposals being read and voted at a precinct meeting in y e ham- 
let of Billinsgate in Eastham on y e 1 1 day of March 1720 We 
y e Comitte nominated and Sent out by y e whole body of their 
assembly to consider of Sum Proposals for y e encouragement 
and Setlement of of Mr Josiah Oakes in y e work of y e Ministry 
of the word to dispence y e Same among us — Have concluded 
as follows : 

In Prime we do propose To give him y e afores d Josiah 
Oakes his heirs and assygns forever : provided he Shall build 
on s d land and Setle among us 20 years or during life in the 
work of y e Ministry; or bue a house in this Place: four acres 
of upland in y e place where it may be obtained at a reasonable 
rate, where He and we may judge most convenient 

Item we propose to give to s d oak's one hundred and 20 
pounds of Such mony as Shall pass between man and man or 
with y e Merchant at time of Payment in y e provence : y e one 
half to be paid at y e end of y e year 1724 y e other half at y e end 
of y e year 1725. 

Item that his Salary from y e first of June 1722 Shall be 
eighty pounds a year Yearly, So long as he y e S d Oakes Shall 



The Records of Welljleet. 229 

Continue In y e Ministry among us, and S d eighty Pounds is to 
be understood to be in Such money or pay as is aboves d : and it 
is to be understood That If mr Oakes does not continue in s d 
work Then s d Setlement to be returned or Such part as y e 
major part shall order 

[p. 3] June y e 22 1724 

At a precinct Meeting leagaly warned and mett for y e pur- 
pose above mentioned the above written Proposals where voted 
by the major part hereof asembled In order to confirm the rev- 
erend mr Josiah Oakes in The work of the ministry among us 
in this north precin of Eastham . and also to confirm y e pro- 
posals made to y e s d mr Oakes and Setle the Same on him and 
also to order y e assessors to assess his Salary and Setlement 
according to y e proposals . and monies to defry other charges 
risen or rising in this precinct, and that y e Treasurer pay S d 
monies to them it Belongs to and take reciets for what they do 
pay out 

For y e intent above mentioned June 22 1724 At a precinct 
meeting duly warned and mett y e abovewritten being voted by 
y e major part and Israel Young was chosen to Sweep the meet- 
inghouse for eighteen Shillings y e ensuing year 

at y e precinct meeting aforementioned on June y e 22 1724 
The persons hereafter named entred there denial against mr 
Josiah Oakes any Longer continuing in y e work of y e ministry 
in this precinct and also against y e assessors raising any asses- 
ment for s d Oakes Salary or Setlement this year ensuing — 
John Treat Nathaniel Treat Elisha Eldrige Sen: Samuel 
Brown Elisha Cole Benjamin Sweat John Young Moses Wile 
Samuel Smith George Williamson Benjamin Hamblin Eleazer 
Hamblin James Cohoon Benjamin Young Jonathan Young 
Barnabas Young Daniel Mayo Ebenezer Eldrige Ebenezer 
Freeman Jeremiah Mayo [p. 4] William Cole Samuel Mayo 
Elisha Eldrige jun Thomas Brown Elisha Mayo Bryent Mor- 
ton Israel Young Elisha Hamblin two men at this Meeting 
stood neutors Charles pain and Joseph Atkins 

Entred per John Rich Clerke 

Febr : 26 172-f- 

The Inhabitants of y e North precinct of y e North Precinct 
of Eastham being duly warned mett Togather made Choice of 
Jonathan Young Moderator 

Voted at S d meeting that Isaac Baker be imployed To build 
a pound in S d precinct 



230 The Records of Wellfleet. 

March y e 29 1725 

Then y e Inhabitants of y e North precinct in Eastham Being 
legaly warned asembled and mett together, to make choice of 
Precinct officers as y e Law directs and made Choice of Samuel 
Brown Moderator for the Meeting and made Choice of Jonathan 
Young Clerk and Samuel Smith Treasurer, and Samuel Smith 
Jonathan Young Elisha Eldrige assessors for the year ensuing. 
and at y e above s d meeting made choice of George Williamson 
Eliezer Hamblin Samuel Smith Jonathan Young Elisha Eldrige 
jun : a Comitte to warn precinct Meetings for y e year ensuing 
when there Shall be occasion 

May y e 19 1725 

The y e Inhabitants of y e north Precinct in Eastham being 
Legally notified . assembled and mett togather to reconsider 
and reasume the votes that was Supposed to be passed on y e 
22 of June 1724 in this Precinct relating to mr Josiah Oakeses 
entring in y e work of y e Ministry for twenty years in this pre- 
cinct or during life and made choice of Samuel Brown for mod- 
erator for y e meeting [p. 5] And it was concluded and voted at 
S d meeting that those votes that was Supposed to be passed on 
June 22 1724 above S d Relating to mr Josiah Oakes continuing 
in y e work of y e ministry among us twenty years or during life 
as also those votes proposed Relating to y e assessors Raising S d 
oakes Salary and Setlement Shall be void and of none Effect 
and at y e above s d meeting made choice of George Williamson 
and Elisha Eldrige Jun : as agents to forbid mr Oakes any more 
preaching in y e meeting house in y e precinct. 

and also at S d meeting mad choice of Samuel Brown and 
Samuel Smith Agents ; to advise with our neighbouring Minis- 
ters Relating to y e ill circumstances of y e ministry in this pre- 
cinct and also to Seek for and procure a Minister to Suply y e 
precinct 

and it was also agreed upon and voted at y e meeting above 
s d that about ninety pounds Shall be assessed on y e poles and 
Eastates of y e Precinct for y e Support of y e Ministry and other 
necessary charges among us for y e year ensuing. The one half 
to be gathered in at or before y e first day of July next and y e 
other half to be gathered in at or before y e first day of March 
following 

July y e 21 1725 

Then y e inhabitants of y e North precinct of Eastham being 
legally notified assembled and mett to make choice of some per- 



The Records of Wcllflcct. 23 1 

son or persons for agents in behalf of y e precinct to make answer 
to a petition of Josiah Oakes Clark laid before The Honarable 
his majesties Justices of y e Court of General Sessions of y e 
Peace holden at Barnstable '. and also S d Agents to make an- 
swer to a Petition of John Doane and fifteen others of y e inhab- 
itants laid before the Same Court Relating to y e j 11 managing 
of an affair in this Precinct. Whereof they made choice of 
Samuel Brown and Samuel Smith agents. And s d agents or 
either of them Impowered in Behalf of S d Precinct to make 
answer to y e Petition above mentioned 

[p. 6] August y e 21 1725 

The Inhabitants of y e North Precinct of Eastham being 
leagally notified assembled and mett to consider of and do what 
might then be Thought proper upon the advice of y e Court 
Relating to y e petition of mr Josiah Okes against the inhabitants 
of S d Precinct, and made choyce of Samuel Brown for moder- 
ator for y e meeting 

March y e 1 1726 

The Inhabitants of y e North Precinct of Eastham Being 
Leagally notified . assembled and mett To make choice of pre- 
cinct officers as y e Law directs and made choice of Jonathan 
Young for precinct Clarke ; and made choice of John Rich 
Samuel Smith and Jonathan Young for assessors for y e Year 
ensuing, and made choice of Samuel Brown for precinct treas- 
urer, and also made choice of Samuel Smith George Williamson 
Jonathan Young Samuel Brown and Eleazer Hamblin for a 
Comitte to Call Precinct meetings y e year ensuing 

April y e 18 1726 

The Inhabitants of y e North precinct of Eastham being 
Leagally notified, assembled and mett and made choice of 
Samuel Brown Moderator for the meeting and at s d meeting 
made choice of Samuel Brown and Samuel Smith Agents in 
behalf of S d precinct to make answer to a petition of mr Josiah 
Oakes of Eastham laid before y e Judges of y e Superior Court 
to be holden. at Plimouth on y e last tuesday of this instant 
April. S d petition brought by an appeal from y e judgment of y e 
Court of y e Quarter Sessions holden at Barnstable in October. 
1725 and S d agents or either of them are impowered to make 
answer to y e petition above mentioned and also S d Agents are 
Impowered [p. 7] To make Some agreement with y e S d mr 
Oakes if they See Cause, it was also agreed upon and voted at 



232 The Records of Wcllflcet. 

s d meeting that about one hundred pounds money Should be 
raised upon y e poles and Eastates of y e Inhabitants of S d pre- 
cinct this year for y e Support of y e ministry and defray other 
necessary Charges risen or arising within S d precinct 

June y e 14 1726 

The inhabitants of y e north precinct of Eastham being 
Leagally notified . assembled and mett and made choice of 
Samuel Brown Moderator for y e meeting and at S d meeting 
made choice of Samuel Smith John Rich Samuel Brown Jona- 
than Young and Eleazer Hamblin a Comitte to discourse mr 
Josiah Oakes, in order for an agreement of those differences 
that has hapned among us in s d precinct . and then by the 
major vote of y e Inhabitants then assembled the meeting was 
ajourned to munday the twenty Seventh day of this instant 
June at ten of y e Clock in the' forenoon. 

June y e 2j 1726 m&m 

The Inhabitants of y e North precinct in Eastham assembled 
and mett upon an ajournment afores d and made choice of Isaac 
Baker and John Atwood to add to the comitte afores d in order 
to discourse mr Oakes relating to y e differences aforementioned 
and then by the major vote y e meeting was ajourned to monday 
y e Eleventh day of July next at ten of the clock in y e forenoon 

July y e n 1726 

The Inhabitants of y e North precinct of Eastham assembled 
and mett upon y e ajournment afores d and agreed upon and 
voted that if y e Comitte and mr Oakes have no fair prospect of 
an agreement Relating to y e s d Oakeses proceeding in the min- 
istry in this precinct Contrary to y e minds of y e major part of 
y e inhabitants . [p. 8] Then y e afores d Samuel Smith John 
Rich Samuel Brown Jonathan Young Eleazer Hamblin Isaac 
Baker and John Atwood be Agents in behalf of s d Precinct to 
Call in the help of a Councel consisting of y e Elders and mes- 
sengers of y e Neighbouring Churches to consider and advise 
whither it will not be more for the glory of God and y e interest 
of religion for mr Oakes to desist then to continue preaching in 
this precinct and s d agents to provide for y e entertainments of 
y e Council at y e charge of y e precinct 

{To be continued?) 



Thomas Dotys Will cmd Inventoiy. 233 



THOMAS 3 DOTY'S WILL AND INVENTORY. 

7'ranscribed from Ike Original Records, 
Bv George Ernest Bowman. 

Thomas 2 Doty (EdwarcP) died at Plymouth on the fourth 
or fifth of December, 167 8. His nuncupative will was made 
on the fourth and " Comitted to writing December the 5 th 
within 24 houres after the Death of the said Thomas Dotey." 
His widow, Mary, made oath to the inventory 3 March, 1678/9, 
the day the will was probated. The will and inventory are 
recorded in the Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories, Volume 
IV, Part I, page 33, and a torn copy of the will, possibly the 
original, is on page 132 of the Scrap Book. 



Thomas Dotey of Plymouth being very sicke yett haveing 
the use of his sences and reason Did on the fourth Day of 
December 1678 Declare these following words To be his last 
will Namly that all his estate hee Gave absolutely to his wife 
Mary Dotey to be wholly att her Dispose and left it all with 
her to Improve and make use of as shee should see best ; This 
hee Declared to be his will as above written ; In the p r sence of 
Edward Dotey and Samuell Eaton and Anne Sa.v[alotted]* ; 
And it was Comitted to writing December the 5 th within 24 
houres after the Death of the said Thomas Dotey ; 

An Inventory of the estate of Thomas Doten Deceased 
taken the 28 th Day of January by us whose Names are under 
written 

Item 2 Cowes 1 Calfe 4 swine 

Item his wearing Clothes 

Item pewter and brasse and Iron ware 

Item 2 Chests and a box 

Item earthen ware trenchers and spoones & Glasses 

Item Armes and amunition 

Item bookes 

Item 25 pound of sheeps woole and 19 pound and an halfe 

of Cotton woole 
Item lines and ledds and hookes and spliting kniife 

* " Savoury " in the copy in the Scrap Book. 



°5 


12 





03 


l6 





02 


02 





00 


14 





00 


07 





01 


1 S 





00 


04 





01 


°5 


2 


QO 


08 






234 The Diary of Jabcz Fitch, Jr. 

Item a butt & old Caske payels & tubbs oo 15 o 
Item 1 shees and Napkins and blankett and other old 

linnine 01 01 o 

Item 1 paire of boots 00 12 o 
Item 1 spade 1 axe 1 paire of pitchforke tynes & other old 

Iron 00 06 o 

Item 3 old baggs one paire of Cards 1 looking Glasse 00 03 o 

Item 10 pond of feathers 00 10 o 

17 16 8 



Debts Dew from the estate 
Item att Boston to John Poole 01 04 o 

Item To ffrancis Douce 00 12 o 

Item To John Winge 00 13 06 

Item To Mary flarnum 00 16 o 

Debts Due from the estate att Plymouth 
To m r Thomas Clarke 01 10 o 

To Grge Watson 01 10 o 

To John Churchill 00 10 o 

To John Bryant seni r : 00 07 o 

To Abraham Jackson 00 16 00 

Ephram Morton 

Willam harlow 

These abovewritten Will and Inventory were exhibitted to the 

Court held att Plymouth the third of March 1678 : 79, the Inventory 

on the oath of Marey Dotey widdow ; 



THE DIARY OF JABEZ FITCH, JR. 

{Continued from page JJO-) 

Fort Edward Wednsday July 13 th 1757 This Day there 
was 24 Cannon Fired In y e Evening I was at Serf Comsticks 
Tent Hered Several Songs there &c To Day Capt : Fitch also 
Movd His Tent & Capt : Jefferys Ranging Company Movd out 
of y e Lines Serf Jackson Left Us &c — 

y e 14 th I Did Considrable Writing 

ye f £th j n ye Morning I Exercised with y e Serj t again then 
went to Pummerys and was Treted By those Delinquents Some 
time after y e Guards were Relieved I was Warnd to Go Imme- 
diately & Relieve y e Gen Us Orderly Serf accordingly I went as 
Soon as Possable — at Noon they Gave Me a Vary Good Dinner 
among other Varietyies a Fig Pudden in y e Afternoon there was 
Several Showers — this Day there was a Gen 11 Revue of y e 



The Diary of Jabez Fitch, Jr. 235 

Women in y e army to Examen Whether they Had the &c or 
Not. 

ye j 5th j n ye Morning I Got a, Treat of M r Pummery Vary 
Comacolly — then I went to y e Gen 1Is again It Raind I Set in 
y e Gen 113 Markke & there Thought of our Way of Living Here 
and also at Home — I was Vary Much Pestred to Keep awake 
But at 9 oClok was Relieved as Usual then I went Home & 
Slep out My Nap &c — In y e Evening I went to a Tent & 
Heard A Hymn Sung and a Man went to Prayer — I also Hered 
Serj t Mack of Capt : Wellss Company Argu Vary Strangly 
Upon y e Soul of Man Saying it Slept after Death till y e Gen 11 
Reserection — Yesterday there was a Boston Man Died Vary 
Suddenly Soposd to Be well & Dead in a Minit as He was 
Playing at Ball. 

Sunday y e 17 th It was Vary Showery weather a Vary warm 
Tolk about Peas &c : In y e Evening John Bennet of y e Regu- 
lar Troops Came to our Tent again Staid Some time In y e 
Night Told us of y e Circumstances of His Coming away and 
His Business at Home &c. 

y e 18 th In y e Morning I Exercisd as Usual — Some time 
Before Noon Bennet Came & Brought y e History of Cynthia 
&c : this Day We Made our Selvs Much Sport with Som acts 
of our own in y e tent — Tho s Andrus Vary Sick &c : 

ye j^th j n ye Morning Exercisd as Usual — Doc r Clevland 
was Soon Confind for Some Misbehaviour &c : Toard Night 
Cleavland was Whipd 75 Lashes according to y e Sentence of 
a Cort-Mareschal — I was Warnd for y e Piq 1 accordingly I went 
Capt : Bailey was officer of y e Guard — Serj t Plumer of y e Rhod 
Island Reg* was with Me & Corp 1 Enos Bartholamew of y e Bos- 
ton Reg 1 who Belongd to woodSock I Had Considrable Conver- 
sation with Each of them in y e Evening I Hered From My 
Relatives In Providence By Serjt Plumer y e Corp 1 Told Me 
Considrable of y e Afairs of y e People at WoodStock &c : after 
10 oClok Capt : Bailey Sent Me into y e Camp For y e Parole 
then after I Came Back He told Me to Stay in ye Tent with 
Him and Keep time while y e Officers Slept then I Set Down 
& ye Capt : & I Discorsd about Every thing till -I after 1 1 then 
we went y e Rounds & then Rel d & I Turned In & Slept till 
Day — 

y e 20 th In y e Morning I Found out one W m Bell of Capt 
Bellow Compy in y e 35 Reg* who is a Recruit Lately arrivd 
Here — I Got Some acquaintance with Him finding His Con- 
% versation to Suit Me He tels Me He Spent 3 Years in y e Uni- 
versity of Oxford in England But Since that He Has Bin Vary 



236 T/ie Diary of Jabez Fitch, Jr. 

Unfortunate Has Rovd abroad in y e world Ben Many Years in 
y e Kings Servis Befor He Inlisted into this Reg 1 But Has 
Lately Kept a Scool in Merryland about 3 years — Most of this 
Day I Spent in Conversation with Him Toard Night I went 
with a Party of 1 $ Men with Lieu 1 Brown to Look Some Lime 
Ston &c : In this Party I Got Some acquaintance with one 
Mackhollester of y e Indipendants who Came from Penselvane 
He Gives Me Considrable Account of affairs in His Cuntry & 
y e Caus of His Listing &c — at Night We was Reliev d as 
Usual — I found Serj fc Comstock Connnd — In y e Evening I 
went to y e Capt ns Tent & they Told Me of y e Contlusion of y e 
Late Gen 11 Cortmareschal one of y e Ragulars was to Be Shot 
y e Next Morning — Ens n Lewis is Cashierd and to Depart 
Tomorrow they tell Me — Some other officers of y e Massachu- 
setts & Rhod-Island Reg ts Here are Cashierd — a Number of 
Men to Be Whipd &c. 

y e 21 st In y e Morning I Made My Daily Report of y e 
Compay then I went out to Se y e Execution Just as y e Guard 
was Marching into y e Fort to Aid y e Prisoner out af I Had 
Waited at y e Gail Near \ an Hour they Came out with y e 
Prisoner — He was in His Proper Dress only Had on a White 
Cap Tied at y e Top with a Black Ribben His Countinance 
was Vary Pail as He Marchd Very Slow He was Reading in a 
Small Book Some Times I Observd Him to Shut Up His Book 
& Fold His Hands Mannifesting Great Consern of Mind when 
He Came to y e Plais of Execution there was about 1000 Men 
Drawn up in Two Lines then y e Prisoner was orderd to y e 
Spot where He was Executed and y e Guard Parted y e Granno- 
dears Marchd Up Before y e Crimenal After He Had Stripd of 
His Coat & Kneeld Down Faising of them — then after Some 
Stand y e Grannodears Fired Upon Him He Emmediately Fell 
Down on His Fais Partly on one Side after Some time He 
Made Som Motion with one Hand then a Number of them Run 
Up Near Him a Fired Upon Him while He was Quite Dead — 
When y e Grannodears First Fired they were about 10 Yards 
Distance &c — y e Man Executed was a Dutchman His Name 
was Peck &c. 

Fort Edward July 2i 5t 1757 In y e Morning after y e Execu- 
tion Before Mentioned in y e former Pamphlet I Se Two Men 
that Came In from a Scout that Had Ben atacted as they Said 
y e Scout Had Ben out 2 Days Consisting of a Lieu c & 30 Men 
But before Night we was Informd y* Non of y e Scout was Kild 
Except the Lieu 1 & when They all Shamefully Retreted and 
Ran In — y e Lieu 1 Belongd to y e Massachusets Reg fc : Then I 



The Diary of Jabcz Fitch, Jr. 237 

Had Opportunity to Spend Some time with My New Friend 
M r Bell He & I Walkd over to y e Garden & Had Som Pleasing 
Discors Some Time afternoon He Gave Me a Coppy of Verses 
&c — This Day Serj* Comstock was Reduced to y e Ranks By 
y e Gen n s orders for Being Confedret with John Chappel in Sup- 
plying y e Regulars with Rhum &c : at Night Oxford Negro of 
Capt Wellss Compy I Se Whipd 75 Lashes — In y e Evening 
I Spent Some time with John Bennet of y e Regulars an ac- 
quaintant &c. He Told Me that He was Going off y e Next 
Morning — Now John Chappel is Confind & Sick this Day He 
was Tried By y e Cort Mareschal — 

July 22 nd In y e Morning a Detachment From y e Whol Line 
was Sent to Relieve y e Forts at Still waters & Saratoge From 
our Company Moses Cleavland Amasa Mix & Benj n Hopkins 
went off. — Tho s Andrus Remains Vary Poor — This Day John 
Thomas of y e Rhod Island Reg 1 was Whipd 300 Lashes they 
Tell Me For Counterfiting Dollars &c. In y e Evening I went 
to Lieu 1 Durkees Tent Se y e News Paper &c — 

July 23 rd In y e Morning we Exercisd as Usual — Just as y e 
Troop Beet to Relieve y e Guard We Was Alarmd By A Smart 
Fireing in y e Woods where our Carpenters were at work — The 
Firing Lasted Near 1/2 an Hour as Soon as Possable Gen 11 Ly- 
man Got orders to Go out with a Party But there was a Larg 
Number went out Before — I went with y e Gen 11 But Before 
we Got to y e Party Attacted y e Enimy were Drawn off & Carryd 
off their Dead if they Lost any as was Soposd they Did — We 
all Returnd in again about in about an Hour & Brought in our 
Dead & wounded Men — In y e Whol Engagement was Kild of 
y e 35 th Reg 1 Serj 1 Felton Corp 1 Wiley of y e Independants 2 
Privats of y e Massachusetts 7 D° of y e Connecticutts 1 D° 
Totall I s i c 10P 

Lieu 1 Harden & Corp 1 John Ames were Wounded — one of 
y e Rhod Islanders was Wounded y e Connecticutt Man Kild was 
Amos Bibens of Capt Slapps Company He Livd till Night He 
was Buried y e Next Morning &c. one of Cap 1 Jeffery Men Miss- 
ing 

There was Several Partys Sent after y e Enimy But None 
Discoverd em — in y e Afternoon I went out with Capt Gallop I 
was Gon about 2 Hours & Got Lost from y e Capt Party & Re- 
turnd in again at Night I was Warnd for y e Fort Guard — 

Sunday y e 24 th Corp 1 Tho s Andrus was Exceeding Poor 
Vary Much Shatterd This Morning He Chappel Peter Button 
& Toba Negro Were over to y e Hospital on y e Island &c. I 
Mounted y e Fort Guard It Fell to My Lot to take the Ravaleen 



238 The Diary of Jabez Fitch, Jr. 

Guard without y e Draw Bridg — I Made a Corp 1 of a Dutchman 
of y e Indipendants — From 7 oClok to 10 I Spent Cheefly in 
Walking y e Draw Bridg Considering y e Conserns of Life &c. 

About Midnight there Came Two Men with an Express from 
Fort W* Henry to Gen 11 Webb —after I Had Sent to y e Officer 
of y e Fort Guard I Opend y e Gait & Let them In & Askd them 
what News they Told Me y* Col Parker with 350 Men went 
Down y e Lake Saturday Morning Sunday In y e afternoon Col 
Parker Capt Ogden & 60 Men Got in in y e Morning they were 
attacted at y e Narrows & Most of them Distroyd — This is all 
y e Information we Can Get at Present &c We Had a Comfort- 
able Night I Slep Considrable 

July y e 25 th In y e Morning Gen 11 Webb Marchd off for y e 
Lake &c — I was Reliev d at y e Usual time after I Had Made 
Report to y e Officer of y e Fort Guard In y e Following Form 

Fort Edward July 25 th 1757 A Report of y e Ravelleen Guard 
Parole Pembrookshire — Sentries By Day 2 Sentries By Night 
2 Nothing Extraordinary Has Hapend Sence I mounted — all 
is Well p r Jabez Fitch Serj* 

About 2 oClok I Went over to y e Hospitall to Se our Sick 
Men there Found Andrus Poorer than Ever Seeming to Have 
But Little Time To Live — y e Rest of them Not Much wors — 
on y e Island I Accidentally Lit of M r Bell My New friend 
He was Lame in one Les: — 

y e 26 th I was Not well Some time this Morning there Was a 
Man of y e Massachusetts Reg 1 Shot threw y e Hart and Kild in 
an Instant By a Gun Going off accidentally in annother Tent — 
About Noon I went over onto y e Green with M r Langley Then 
He Treated Me with a Bool of Punch &c : Toard Night there 
was a Hard Shower of Rain one of Capt Jeffarys Men was 
Whip 1 50 Lashes for Sleeping on His Post &c — About Mid- 
night y e Night Following there was a Larrem Made By a Sentry 
of y e Piqts Firing a Gun But it is Soposd to Be a Fals alarrem 

ye 27th About 4 oClok in y e Afternoon Sam 11 Hoscott Died — 
This Day a Detachment was Sent off to Relieve y e Detachment 
at Half Moon — John Button & Josiah Fullar of our Company 
Went off &c. at Night I Could By No Means Furnish Men ac- 
cording to y e Details Deliverd to Me — I went to y e Adjutant 
and Got it olterd &c. 

ye 28 th y e Annuel of our March to y e Lake from this Fort 
This Day I was Warnd to Wait on Gen 11 Lyman But was 
Excusd Because there was No Other Serj 1 or Corp 11 in y e Com- 
pany of from Duty — In y e Forenoon Some time I went with 
Ens n Howard Down about 4 Miles Below y e Brick Kils To 



Adafn Wright's Will and Inventory. 239 

Look Col Pasons Hors there we Found Him with Several other 
Horses — -Going & Coming I Marchd in y e Rear Stopd Several 
times and Eat Rass Berrys & Black Berrys we Got Back about 
2 oClok in y e Afternoon — at Night I Se Several of y e Indepen- 
dants whip 1 among others a Man was YVhipt for Loosing His 
Blanket & He Said y l He Never Rec d any However He Rec d 
10 Lashes & Had Rec d 100 y e Night before on y e Same account 
they were Laid on Vary S [blotted] too — 

{To be continued.) 



ADAM WRIGHT'S WILL AND INVENTORY.* 

Transcribed by George Ernest Bowman. 

Adam Wright, the son of Richard and Hester (Cooke) 
Wright, and the grandson of Francis Cooke of the Mayflower, 
died at Plympton, Mass., 20 September, 1724.! His first wife 
was Sarah 3 Soule (John 2 , George 1 ) ; his second was Mehitable 
the daughter of Robert Barrows of Plymouth. The descend- 
ants of the first wife have, therefore, two Mayflower lines and 
the children of the second wife but one. 

Adam Wright's will and inventory are recorded in the 
Plymouth County Probate Records, Volume V, pages 26-29. 
The copy of the will here presented was made from the records, 
as the original has disappeared from the files, but the inventory 
was copied from the original document. The will was probated 
on 2 November, 1724, before Isaac 3 Winslow (Gov. Josiah 2 , 
Gov. Edward 1 ), Judge of Probate. 



[p. 26] Know all men by these Presents y l I Adam Wright of 
Plympton in y e County of Plym th , in new : England : being 
grown to old age altho by y e Blessing of God I am in perfect 
health & of Sound mind & memory & being minded to Settle 
my Estate do make & ordain this my last Will & Testament as 
foiloweth that is to Say : Imprimis I give & Bequeath unto my 
Son John Wright (besides what I gave Him in y e Land whereon 
he now dwelleth) y e Sum of five Shillings money . as also all 
my Rights of Land where Ever they may be found which are 

* Printed in full by request of a liberal contributor to the Colonial Research 
Fund. 

v t Mayflower Descendant, I : 178. 



240 Adam Wright 's Will and Inventory. 

not otherwise disposed of in this Will or otherwise by Deeds. 
Item [p. 27] Item : I have already given by deeds unto my two 
Sons Isaac Wright & Samuel Wright y e lands whereon they & 
I now dwell which I Esteem to be their full Part & Portion of 
my Estate : Item : I have already given unto my Son Moses 
Wright by Deed all my Lands Lying in Winnatuxitt neck 
which I Esteem to be his full Part & Portion of my Estate. 
Item : I give & Bequeath unto my two Grand : Children : viz : 
Joshua Pratt & Sarah his sister children of my Daughter Esther 
Pratt dec d y e Sum of five Shillings a Peice money which with 
what I gave unto their s d mother in her Life time I Esteem to 
be their full Part & Portion of my Estate. Item. I have given 
by Deed bearing Date with these Presents unto my Daughter 
Sarah Fuller y e wife of Seth Fuller all my Lands lying upon y e 
neck on y e northerly side of Colchester Brook which together 
with what moveable Estate She hath already Had I Esteem to 
be Her full Part & Portion of my Estate. Item : I give & 
bequeath unto my two Sons viz : James Wright & Nathan 
Wright y e Sum of one Hundred Pounds in money a Peice to be 
Paid unto them by my Executrix out of my Estate when they 
shall arrive to y e age of twenty one years old. Item : I give & 
bequeath unto my daughter Mary Gifferd y e wife y e wife of 
Jeremiah Giffered y e Sum of twenty Pounds to be Paid by my 
Executrix out of my moveable Estate at my decease. Item : 
I give & bequeath unto my Daughter Rachel Barlow y e wife of 
Ebenezer Barlow y e sum of twenty Pounds to be Paid by my 
Executrix out of my moveable Estate at my decease Item : I 
give & Bequeath unto my True & Loving wife mehitable Wright 
(whom I Likewise Constitute make & ordain to be Sole Execu- 
trix of this my Last Will & Testament) all y e Remaining Part 
of my Estate (my Just Debts & Funeral Charges being first 
Paid) to be for Her Support & Comfort So long as She Re- 
mains my widdow & to be by Her disposed of to any of my 
Children which She Seeth Cause but If it Should So Happen 
after my decease that She Shall marry then my Will is that 
She Shall have y e Sum of Twenty Pounds out of my Estate & 
that She dispose of y e Rest to my Children as aboves d In Wit- 
ness whereof I have hereunto Set my Hand & Seal this ninth 
day of aprill one thousand seven Hundred twenty three 1723 
Signed Sealed & declared to be Adam Wright (seal) 

His last Will & Testament His mark 

In Presence of us 
Joseph Thomas 
Nathaniel Fuller 
Isaac Cushman Jun r 



Adam Wright's Will and Inventory. 241 

[From the Original Inventory.] 

A True Inventory of the personal Estate of Adam Wright 
Late of Plimpton deceased prised at Plimpton the octo r y e 10 th : 
1724 by us y e subscribers. 

Imprimis his books apparel and bonds 332 9 6 

Item Neat Cattle and swine 9 15 o 

Indian & English Corn flax & flax seed 316 o 

Item to hoops boxes and old Iron . 270 

Item sheeps wool & Cotton wool & wheels & Cards 1 1 1 10 

Item Lumber in y e hous 1 10 08 

Item Iron ware in y e house and brass 320 

Item Earthen ware spoons Glasses & & one Grindstone 014 6 

Item peuter & Cotton & Linen yarn 310 

Item to beds and beding; and bedsteds 26 10 



o 



debts due to the Estate 00 6 o 

debts due from the Estate 15 18 9 

Isaac Cushman Ju 
Joseph Thomas 
James Soul 

November the 2 d : 1724 

The above named Jsaac Cushman Jun r and Joseph Thomas 
made oath th[worn] above written is a just and equall apprise- 
ment of the personall Estate of Adam Wright of Plimpton in 
the County of Plimoth according to the best of their Judgment 

Before Isaac Winslow Judge of Probate 

November the 2 : 1724 

Mehetable Wright Executor named in the last Will and 
Testemen[t] of her husband Adam Wright of Plimpton in the 
County of Plimoth made oath that the above written is a tru 
and perfect Inventory of the Estate of her sd husband Adam 
Wright deceased as far as is Come to her knowledg and if more 
hereafter appears she will also give it in 

Before Isaac Winslow Judge of Probate 

January the 5 : 1724 

James Soul made oath that the above written is a Just and 
equall apprisement of the PZstate of Addam Wright late of 
Plimpton deceased according to the best of his Judgment. 

Before Isaac Winslow Judge of Probate 



242 Records of the First Parish in Brewster. 



RECORDS OF THE FIRST PARISH IN BREWSTER, 

FORMERLY THE FIRST PARISH IN 

HARWICH, MASS. 

Transcribed from the Original Records, 
By George Ernest Bowman. 

The original township of Harwich, Mass., extending across 
Cape Cod from north to south, was incorporated in 1694. The 
first church gathered within its limits was organized in 1700, 
in the northern part of the town, and in 1747 another church 
was established in the southern part. In 1S03 the town was 
divided, the southern half retaining the name Harwich and 
the northern half being incorporated as the town of Brewster, 
so named in honor of Elder William Brewster. Since the 
division of the town the First Parish in Harwich has become 
the First Parish in Brewster. 

The records of this church for the forty-eight years from 
its organization on October 16, 1700, to and including October 
23, 1748, were kept by the first pastor, Rev. Nathaniel Stone. 
The second pastor, Rev. Isaiah Dunster, then kept the record 
for forty-two years, his first entry (near the bottom of page 
121) being dated October 30, 1748, and his last November 
14, 1790. The record for these ninety years was kept in a 
little book of five and seven-eighths by three and three-fourths 
inches in size, bound in leather-covered boards. The book 
originally contained two hundred and twenty pages, and twenty 
pages loosely stitched together were laid in at the back by Mr. 
Dunster whose record covers part of them. Pages 207 to 216 
inclusive have been torn out, but pages 213-216, containing 
the beginning of Mr. Stone's account of admissions and 
baptisms, are still preserved with the book. With these four 
pages inserted in their proper place chronologically Mr. Stone's 
record appears to be complete. Pages 207-212 are missing. 
They were torn out before December S, 1776, or were written 
upon before that date, since Mr. Dunster's record for the year 
1776, found on pages 204-206 and then skipping to page 217, 
appears to be complete. The third pastor, Rev. John Simp- 
kins, took up the record in 1791, beginning in the middle of 
page 237, and doubtless wrote the remaining three and one 



Records of the First Parish in Brezvster. 243 

half pages of the book, but the last two pages, 239 and 240, 
have been lost. 

The leaves of the book are very badly water-stained, and 
in a few the ink has eaten through the paper, but there are 
very few places where the writing is not legible and the edges 
of the leaves are very little worn. 

Permission to copy these records has been secured through 
the courtesy of the present pastor, the Rev. Thomas Dawes, 
and Mr. J. Henry Sears, a member of the parish committee. 



[p. 1] On Oct 16 . 1700 . the church in Harwich consisting 
of eight persons, was gathered, wh[ose] Chh covenant, with 
their names therunto subscribed, is as followeth. 

We who are by nature children of wrath, even as others, 
and at best but unprofitable Servants of y e Lord [illegible] 
being Sensible of our own inability eith[er] to make or keep 
Covenant, ^[illegible] all confidence in ourselves, and looking 
up to God in X for y e help of his holy Spirit, in this Solemn 
work, without which, we can doe nothing as we o[worn] We 
doe here in y e presence of y e [worn] high God, his holy Angels 
and this as[sem]bly, with Solemnity, fear and rever[ence] at 
this time make, or renew our Covenant with the Lord our 
God, and with one an other, and (1) We take (y e ) true God, 
Father, Son and holy Ghost one God in three persons to be 
our God, & promiss y*, through his grace we will be his people. 
We give up our Selves and ours unto y e Lord Jehovah to be 
his only, wholly and forever. (2) We promiss, Jesus X will- 
ing y 1 while [p. 2] we live together we will be carefull to 
observe y e rules of distributive justice, rendering each to other 
y l honour respect and love which y e gospell of Christ requires 
of us, according to y e relations in which we Stand as an 
Eclesiastick Society, and y fc we will Seek to preserve and 
promote y e peace and grouth of this Church of Christ, and 
carefully avoid whatever may tend to obstruct or hinder y e 
Same. (3) we also promiss, Christ assisting, y l we will attend 
y e rule in watching over one another, exhorting and admonish- 
ing one another as y e rule requireth, and [a]s occasion Shall 
be. We further promiss, Still depending on y e grace and 
strength of X, to indeavour y* there may be a faithfull and 
through exercise of discipline, according to w* Christ has 
appointed to be observed in his House from time to time 
without respect to persons. (4) And Sumarily, we Covenant 
I y* we will in all things indeavour to walk, both toward God 



244 Records of the Firs: Parish in Brewster. 

and one toward another in Sincerity, in love and in peace as 
becometh y e gospell : Seeking and indeavouring y e good each 
of other, y e restraint of Sin, y e furtherance of y e work and 
cause of X amongue us ; indeavouring by our good conversa- 
tions to [p. 3] allure those y* are without, to a love to, & 
choice of ) rt way of holiness which we profess to walk in. 

This Covenant we make y s day w th willing minds, and we 
bow our knees to the God and father of our Lord Jesus X, 
y* by his grace inabling us we may not only make, but keep 
Covenant and be steadfast with him therin, unto his glory and 
y e good of us and ours with and after us, Amen. 

Nath 11 Stone. Tho : Freeman 

Tho : Crosbey. Edw : Bangs. 

W m Marick Simon Crosbie 

John Freeman. Joseph Pain. 

This following Confession of faith was at the Same time 
made and Subscribed. 

We whose names are under-written being, by y e good and 
gracious providence of God So far favoured y t we are brougfht] 
to y e day and time Set apart for our Solemn entring into Chh 
estate : And the Church of X, being a City Set upon an hill, 
which cannot be hid : We are desirous y* our Lights may So 
Shine before men, y* our heavenly Father may [p. 4] be 
glorified ; And particularly at this time y* the Light of Gospell- 
doctrine may Shine forth in our Solemn profession of y e Same ; 
We doe declare our full ascent and consent unto, and firm 
belief and persuasion of y e truth and certainty of y e Articles 
of the Christian Religion according to y e word of God, and 
as it is laid down in y e Shorter Chatechisme, comonly called 
the Assemblies Chatechisme, and as it has been professed and 
held in the Churches which we have been heretofore joyned 
unto ; And, by y e grace of God inabling of us doe promiss 
to continue therin firm unto y e End. 

Nath 11 Stone. Tho : Freeman. 

Thomas Crosbie. Edw: Bangs. 

W m Marick. Simon Crosbie 

John Freeman. Joseph Pain. 

After these tilings, on y e Same Day, Nathanaell Stone was 
Ordained Pastor of this Church in Harwich. 

On Novem 128. 1700 . the Church made choice of M r 
Thomas Freeman to the office of a Deacon. 



Records of the First Parish in Brewster. 245 

[p. 213]* An Account of the names of all y e persons either 
admited into, or baptized in y e Church of Harwich ever-since 
it was first founded. 

Uxor mea Reliance Stone admissa est Decern : 15. 1700. 

Lieu 1 Bangs was Admited on the 2 nd of Febru : 17 01. 

Tho : Snow's Son Ebenezer, baptised on March 30. 1701. 

M rs Sarai Crosbie, Mary Bangs, & y e widow jane Snow were admited 

on Apr : 1701. 
Filia (meat) nostra Kezia Stone bap[t]izata fuit Apr : 13. 1701.- 
Simon Crosbies 1 Son John baptized on Aprill 13. 1701. 
Thomas Clark & his Wife admited June 8. 17 01. 
Mercy Sears Admited June 15. 1701. 
Rebecca Freeman ; Patience Pain ; Ruth Bangs ; Suzannah Grey ; 

Mary Crosbey; &: Hannah Snow, all admited on June 22. 

1701. 
Dorcas Pain baptized June 22. 1701. 

;[p. 214] The Wife of Andrew Clark admited on Aug : 3. 1701. 
Martha Cole baptized Aug : 17. 17 01. 
John, y e Son of Samuel Seers baptized Aug : 24. 1701. 
Elkanah y e Son of Stephen Hopkins junior baptized Aug 31. 1701. 
The Wives of John Freeman Sen r , of Stephen Hopkins Sen r and 

jun r , as also of John King, all admited on Sept : 14. 17 01. 
Samuell y e Son of John & Suzanna Grey, baptized Decern : 14. 

1701. 
Ebenezer, y e Son of Edward & Ruth Bangs baptized Feb : 8. 1702. 
Sarai the daughter of Thomas and Sarai Clark baptized Sept : 27. 

1702. 
Nath 11 , the Son of John and Bathsheba King baptized on Octo : n. 

1702. 
Hannah y e daughter of Tho. & Hannah Snow baptised on Apr : 25 

1703. 
Filia nostra Reliance Stone baptisata fuit May 2. 1703. 
Lydia, the Daughter of John & Susanna Grey baptised on July 

4- i7°3- 
Seth, the Son of Samuel! & Mercy Seers baptised on July 18. 1703. 
[p. 215] [Ph]ebe the daughter of Joseph and Pati[e]nce Pain 

baptized on Aug : 1. 1703. 
[HJannah y e daughter of Simon and Mary Crosbey baptized on 

Jan : 30. 1703/4 
Rouland the Son of Thomas and Sarai Clar[k] baptised on Apr : 

9. 1704. 

♦Pages 213-216 inclusive are printed here in order to preserve the chrono- 
logical order of the entries. See the note at the end of original page 216 and 
that at the beginning of original page 5 which immediately follows in this 
transcript. 

t Crossed out in original. 



246 Records of the First Pans It in Brewster. 

Nath 11 the Son of John & Bathsheba King baptised on Apr : 23. 

1704. 
Thomas Crosbey & his Wife admited, & also their children Sarah 

& Hannah baptized on June 4. 1704. 
Thomas, y e Son of Stephen Hopkins jun : baptized on July 9. 1704. 
Lidea y e daughter of Joseph Crosbey of Yarmouth baptized (by 

virtue of comunion of churches) on Sept : 3. 1704. 
James y e Son of Silas Seers of Yarmouth, baptised (by virtue of 

comunion of chhes) on Sep 117. 1704. 
M r Winslow admited Sep 117. 1704. 
&: his wife y* day fortnight after. 
[Rjuth, y e daughter of Edw : and Ruth Bangs baptized on Feb : 4. 

I704/5- 
Sarah, y e daughter of John & Susanna Grey baptised on Feb. 18. 

1704/5- 
Deborah y e daughter of Paul Seers of Yarmouth baptized (by virtue 

of comunion of Chhes) on May 6. 1705. 
Thomas, y e Son of Thomas and Hannah Crosbey baptized en Aug : 

19. 1705. 
Filius noster, Heman Stone baptizatus fuit Sept : 9. 1705. 
A Son of Zech : Paddock of Yarmouth, baptized by virtue of com- 
union of chhs on Nov : 4. 1705. 
Daniell, the Son of Simon Crosby ; & Suzanna the Daughter of 

Thomas Clark Baptised on Dec : 9-1705. 
Reliance, y e Daughter of Ensigne Pain baptized on Feb : 3. 17 [05/6] 
[p. 216] Mehittabell y e daughter of John & Suzanna Gr[eyj 

baptized on June 2. 1706 
Elizabeth Mayo baptized (by virtue of comunio[n] of chhs on July 

28. 1706. 
Lieut : Seers, his Son Benjamin baptized on Aug : 18. 1706. 
Eodem Die Joseph Crosbies son Josiah, by virtue of comunion of 

churches. 
Thomas Lincolns Daughter Mary baptized by virtue of comunion 

of chhs, Sep : 15. 1706 
Thomas Clarks Daughter Thankfull baptized on Jan : 26. 1707. 
Ensigne Maricks Wife admited on Feb : 9. 1707. 
Paul Seers his Daughter Ann baptized, by virtue of comunion of 

Chhs, Feb : 16. 1707. 
Stephen Hopkins's Son Ebenezer baptized on Feb : 23. 1707. 
Edw : Bangs's Son, Jonathan, Baptized, Mar : 23. 1707. 
Simon Crosbeys Daughter Mercy, baptized. May 4. 17 [07] 
Lydia, the wife of Tho Snow admited July 2[*] [1707] 
Thomas Snowes Daughter Lydia baptized Aug 117. i7o[7] 
Mary, y e Daughter of Canelm Winslow bap[tiz]ed (by virtue of 

comunion of chhs) on Sep : 21. 1707 



This must be either 20 or 27. 



Records of the First Paris/* in Brewster. 247 

Edw : Snowes Wife admitted on Oct : 12. 1707. and their children 
Thomas, Jabez. Rebeckka, and Martha baptized on the 
Sabbath next following. 

Rome here failing, turn back to Page 5. where the Account pro- 
ceedeth. 

[P* 5] ®t all Persons hithertoe admited into, or baptized in this 
Chh, See Page 213, and forward; Oct : 12. 1707. 

Edward Snow admitted on Xov : 30. 1707. 

John Gray's Son Andrew baptized on Feb : 8. 1708. 

Filius noster, Nathan Stone, aqua Sacramentali lavatus, Feb : 22. 

1708. 
The Wife of Joseph Seers of Yarmouth admited on March 21. 1708. 
and on y e Same day Tho : Linckhorn with his Wife & M r - Mayo 

received in from other Chhs. 
Zecharia Paddocks Daughter Priscilla baptised, by virtue of corn- 
union of Chhs, on Apr : 11. 1708 
Joseph Seers's Children, Zechariah, Joseph, Priscilla and Hannah 

baptized on May 2. 1708. 
Lieutenant Nicorsons Wife of Monomoit admited on Xov : 14. 170S. 
Thomas and Mary y e Son and Daughter of Ensigne Pain baptised 

on Dec : 5. 1708. 
John Crosbey and his Wife admited on Decern : 12. 1708. 
M r Hopkins admited on Dec : 26. 1708. 
M r Hopkins ; John Crosbies children viz Thomas, John & Jonathan ; 

as also John Kings Daughter Bathsheba, all baptised on Jan 

2. 1708 
[p. 6] Simon Crosbies son Ebenezer, and Tho : Lincolns Son 

Sam 11 baptized on Feb : 20. 1708/9. 
Prince Snow's Wife admited, and Filia nostra Thankfull baptizata, 

March 6. 1708/9. 
Prence Snowes children, viz Jabez, Samuell, Prence, Hannah & 

Mercy baptized on March 20. 1708/9. 
Joseph Seers his Wife dismissed from this Chh, to that in Yar- 
mouth on Apr : 24-1709. 
And at y e Same time the Wife of John Smith admited into this 

Church. 
Thomas Clarks Son, Seth baptized on May 15. 1709. 
John Crosbies Son Daved baptized on May 22. 1709. 
Chillingsworth Foster admited ; his two Sons James, & Chillins- 

worth; with Tho Crosbies Son Edward baptized, all on May 

29. 1709. 
Thomas Snow's Son Thomas baptized on June 19. 1709. 
Lieutenant Tho : Nicorson of Monomoit, his Nine Children, viz, 

Jonathan, Mercy, Thomas, William, Ebenezer, Edward Nath 11 , 

Mary, Thankfull, all baptized on Oct : 9. 1709. 
John Gray's Daughter Anna, baptised on Oct. 23. 1709. 



248 Records of tlie First Parish in Brewster. 

[J]ohn Harskall of Rochester, his son John baptis[ed] on Nov : 20. 

1709. 
[p. 7] Edw : Snowes Son Nath 11 and Chillings worth Fosters Daugh- 
ter Man* both baptized on Jan : S. 1709/10. 
Prince Snowes two Sons Jonathan and Daved baptized on Jan : 22. 

1709/10. 
Edw. Bangs Rebeckkah baptised on March 12. 1709/10 
Israeli Coles Wife dismissed from this Chh in Aprill 1710. 
Simon Crosbies Son Moses baptised on June 11. 1710. 
Thomas Clarkes Son Isaac baptized on Aug : 13. 17 10. 
Sam 11 Hopkinss Wife admited, and she with her Son Richard 

baptised on Oct : 29. 17 10. 
Joseph Pains son Jonathan baptised on Dec : 10. 17 10. 
Thomas Lincolns Daughter Mercy baptised on Dec : 31. 17 10. 
John Kings Wife Admitted on Jan : 14. 1710/11 
Tho : Snowes Son Aaron Baptised on March 18. 1710/n. 
Tho Hinckleys Widow admited . and her Sons Joshua and Thomas 

baptized Apr : 22. 17 11. 
Sam 11 Hopkins & Stephen Griffiths Wife admited on May 6. 171 1. 
Stephen Griffiths Children, Joseph, Stephen, Lazarus, Barnabas, & 

Rebekka baptized May 20. 171 1. 
Charels Clarks Wife admited on June 3. 1711. 
Her children John and Frances Baptized on Jue 10-17 11. 
Then Also Sam 11 Hynckley & his Wife admited and He baptized. 
[p. 8] Sam 11 Hyncklies children Seth, Sam 11 & Shubael baptized on 

June 17. 1711. 
Unice Stone, filia nostra, Baptizata fuit June 24. 171 1. 
Sam 11 Bangs and his wife admited on July 1. & She, with their 

children Seth, Sam 11 , David and Man-, baptized on July 8. 17 11. 
Stephen Hopkins's Daughter Phebe, baptized on Aug : 12. 1711. 
Kanelm Winslow's Daughter Hannah baptized on Sept : 9-1711. 
Sam 11 Hopkins's Son Moses baptized on Dec : 30. 17 11. 
Simon Crosbeys son Increase baptized on Feb : 24. 1711/12. 
John Gray Son Elisha baptized on March 9. 1711/12. & Chiillings- 

worth Fosters Son Thomas on y e 1 6 of y e Same moneth. 
John Crosbies Son Joshua baptized on Sept : 7. 1712. 
William Nicorsons Wife, admited, on her dismission from Eastham 

Chh on y e Sabbath imediately preceeding. 
Prince Snowes Daughter Mary baptized on Oct : 19. 17 12. 
Thomas Crosbies Daughter Abigail baptized Nov : 16. 17 12. 
Sam 11 Flynkleys son Edmund Baptized on Jan : 18. 171 2/3 
Thomas Lincolnes Daughter Margaret baptized on Jan : 25. 1712/13. 
Thomas Snowes Daughter Ruth; & Sam 11 Bangs's son Josoph 

baptized on March 1. 17 12/13 
John Kings E>aughter Mercy baptized on May 17. 17 13. 
[p. 9] Sam 11 Tucker of Chatham admited on May 17. 17 13. 
The Widow Pains Daughter Experience baptized on June 7. 1713. 
Sam 11 Hopkinses Daughter Lidia baptized on June 14. 17 13. 



Records of the First Parish in Brewster. 249 

John Grayes Son Joshua baptized Oct : 25. 17 13. 

Andrew Clarks Wife admited Nov : S. 17 13. 

Andrew Clarks Daughter Mehetabell baptized on Nov : 15. 17 13. 

Nathan 11 Stone Filius Noster baptizatus fuit Nov. 29. 17 13. 

John Freeman jun : his wife admited Mar : 14. 17 13/14 

his. children Sarah, Mercy, John and Phebe baptized March 28. 

I7I3/I4. 

Stephen Griffith's child Baptized May 16. 171 4. 

Thomas Snow admited on June 13. 1714. 

John Freeman jun : admited July 11. 1714. 

Andrew Clarks child Elizabeth baptized July iS. 17 14. 

Lieutenant Clarks Elizabeth Baptized Aug : 1. 17 14. 

Mercy Smith admited on Aug. 29. 17 14. 

John Freemans Thankfull Baptised on Oct : 10. 17 14. 

Stephen Hopkins's Hanna baptized Nov : 7. 17 14. 

Sam 11 Hynckleys Reliance baptised on Jan : 23. 17 14/15 

John Grayes Anna baptized Feb : 20. 17 14/15. 

And Widow Crosbies Abia at y e Same time. 

Sam 11 Bangs's Melatia baptised March 6. 17 14/15. 

Debora Weeks and Rachell Whing admited and baptised on May 1. 

John Whings Wife admited on June 12. 17 15 

[p. 10] Chillingsworth Foster Son Nathan baptised June 12. 17 15. 

Sam 11 Halls Wife admited on June 19. 1 715. 

Sam 11 Tuckers children viz Kezia Elizabeth and Thankfull all 

baptised on July 3. 17 15. 
Sam 11 Hopkins's Daughter Reliance baptized on July 24. 17 15. 
Achsah Stone filia nostra baptizata Sept : 4. 1715. 
Sam 11 Seers jun : and his Wife admited on Sept : 18. 17 15. 
Sam 11 Sers's children Abigail, Ruth and Mercy Baptized Oct : 16. 

1715 

And at y e same time George Weeks's Daughter Abigail. 

John Whings Daughter Bethia baptised on March ir. 1715/16. 

On March 25. 17 16. after the Death of Deacon Freeman, Mr 
Thomas Crosbey and Mr Thomas Lincoln were chosen by y e 
Chh, with y e concurrence of their Pastor to Succeed in that 
office. 

Deacon Lincolns Daughter Thankfull baptised on May 13. 17 16. 

At Deacon Freemans death was seven pounds overplus of y e con- 
tributions for y* Sacrament, the one half of which was returned 
to y e Chh, and the other given by them to his family. 

(To be continued.) 



250 Cape Cod Pi/grim Memorial Association. 



CAPE COD PILGRIM MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION. 
To Every Patriotic American : 

It is proposed to erect upon the highest point in Province- 
town, Mass., a suitable monument to commemorate the first 
landing of the Pilgrim fathers upon Cape Cod soil and the 
adoption by them of the immortal Compact of Civil Govern- 
ment in the cabin of the Mayflower. 

This is an object which should appeal to every patriotic 
citizen. In this cause the people of Cape Cod have already 
contributed nearly $5000.00. The Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts by its last Legislature endorsed by unqualified approval 
this effort to erect such a memorial by appropriating the sum 
of $25,000.00, provided the same amount should be procured 
by the Association within three years. 

The scope of its meaning and the breadth of its support are 
limited only by the confines of the nation, at the basis of whose 
strength lie the eternal principles which the Pilgrims assisted 
to place there. 

Never was it more necessary than today that their truth 
should be remembered by us and impressed on others. In an 
essentially commercial age, when men are too often absorbed in 
the eager struggle for wealth ; when industrial prosperity is 
advancing by leaps and bounds ; when combinations of the 
wealth so created wield unprecedented power, it cannot be too 
often or too strongly emphasized that true national power and 
stability do not consist in the mere prizes of commercial su- 
premacy but in those great underlying principles of civil and 
religious liberty laid down in their hour of distress and poverty, 
by the Pilgrims one winter day in Provincetown harbor so many 
years ago. 

In thus honoring the Pilgrims we honor and proclaim to the 
nation the value of the real elements of its great prosperity. 
Therefore, according to your individual ability and conscience, 
we trust that you will aid us in this effort. 

Let us all then unite in erecting an appropriate memorial 
to the Pilgrims as rugged and as lofty as befits their work and 
character, at the place where their feet touched the land whose 
life and history they have so greatly moulded. 

It is desirable that these contributions may be so prompt 



Reports from State Societies. 251 

and substantial that within the ensuing year the sum of $20,000 
may be secured, which will enable the Association to take ad- 
vantage of the wise generosity of the Commonwealth, which 
has not only cordially endorsed the undertaking but has insisted 
on the reasonable co-operation and self help of a powerful and 
grateful people. 

Is it too much to expect that those of us upon whom 
"Dame Fortune" has smiled should and will contribute to this 
noble undertaking a goodly amount and those of us less fortu- 
nate the sum of one dollar which will entitle the donor to 
become a member ? 

J. HENRY SEARS, President, Brewster, Mass. 

R. C. NICKERSON, Chairman, East Brewster, Mass. 

THOMAS C. THACHER, Boston, Mass. 

WILLIAM B. LAWRENCE, Medford, Mass. 

HENRY H. BAKER, Hyannis, Mass. 

MARSHALL L. ADAMS, Provincetown, Mass. 

EVERETT I. NYE, Wellfleet, Mass. 

HENRY H. SEARS, East Dennis, Mass. 

OSBORN NICKERSON, Chathamport, Mass. 

Directors of Cape Cod Pilgrim Memorial Association. 

[Contributions should be sent to Howard F. Hopkins, 
Treasurer, Provincetown, Mass.] 



REPORTS FROM STATE SOCIETIES. 



MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY. 
Donations to the Library and Cabinet. 

"John Allen and Phoebe Deuel of Cambridge and Peru, N. Y.," from 
the-oompiler, Mr. Charles J. North. 

" History of the British Dominions in North America," (London, 
1773), from Miss Elizabeth Cowing. 

" Samuel E. Sewail, A Memoir," from Mr. George A. Dary. 

"John Hall of Wallingford, Conn.," from the compiler, Mr. James 
Shepard. 

"Loss of the Sparrow-Hawk in 1626" ; "The Wreck of the Somerset, 
British Man-of-\Var " : and a Piece of a Pear Tree said to have been 
planted in Eastham by Gov. Thomas Prence and blown down in 1879, all 
from Mr. Everett Irving Nye. 



252 Reports from State Soeietics. 

Members Elected. 
June 30, 1902. 

718. Mrs. Charles Francis Washburn, Worcester, seventh from John 

Alden. 

719. Miss Miriam Washburn, Worcester, eighth from William Bradford. 

720. George Ulysses Grant Holman, New York, N. Y., tenth from 

William Brewster. 

721. Rev. George Madison Bodge, Westwood, eighth from John How- 

land. 

722. Edward Eugene Clapp, Atlanta, Ga., seventh from John Alden. 

Supplemental Lines Filed. 

July, 1902. 

708. Charles Brooks Perkins, ninth from John Alden (three lines) ; tenth 
from John Billington, ninth from Francis Billington ; tenth from 
William Brewster (two lines), ninth from Love Brewster ; tenth 
from Peter Brown ; tenth from Francis Cooke (two lines) ; tenth 
from Stephen Hopkins ; ninth from Stephen Hopkins ; ninth from 
George Soule (four lines) ; ninth from Myles Standish (three lines) ; 
tenth from Richard Warren (two lines). 

August, 1902. 

635. Mrs. Edward H. Nichols, ninth from John Alden, ninth from 
Richard Warren. 



NEW YORK SOCIETY. 

Member Elected. 
June 6, 1902. 

686. Mrs. William Rice Donaghe, Morristown, N. J., seventh from John 
Howland. 



CONNECTICUT SOCIETY. 

Members Elected. 
July 14, 1902. 

227. Mrs. Robert James Johnston, Humboldt, Iowa, ninth from William 

Brewster. 

228. Mrs. William Henry Osborn, New London, ninth from John How- 

land. 



PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY. 

Members Elected. 
June 18, 1902. 

137. Mrs. Andrew Thompson, Hinesdale, eighth from Edward Fuller, 

seventh from Samuel- Fuller. 

138. Mrs. George Dallas Dixon, Rosemont, ninth from John Howland. 

139. Mrs. John Marshall, Philadelphia, eighth from William Bradford. 

140. Robert Alexander, Philadelphia, tenth from Francis Cooke, ninth 

from John Cooke. 



Reports from State Societies, 253 

141. James Frederick Fahnestock, Jr., Philadelphia, ninth from William 

Brewster. 

142. Lincoln Godfrey, Radnor, tenth from Thomas Rogers. 



ILLINOIS SOCIETY. 

Members Elected. 

July 8, 1902. 

90. Mrs. Marvin Ansel Dean, Evanston, ninth from John Alden. 

91. Myron Day Downs, Chicago, eighth from William Bradford. 

92. Frederick Gale Davis, Chicago, ninth from William Brewster. 

Supplemental Lines Filed. 
July, 1902. 

83. Glenn Wood, M.D., eighth from John Alden; ninth from William 
Brewster ; seventh from John Howland. 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA SOCIETY. 

Members Elected. 
June 14, 1902. 

125. Mrs. Edward Orr Stafford, Marquette, Mich., eighth from William 

Bradford. 

126. Horace Albert Baker, Brooklyn, N. Y., seventh from John Alden. 

127. Miss Flora Louise Priscilla Johnson, Washington, eighth from John 

Alden. 

128. Mrs. George F. Elliott, Norfolk, Va., ninth from William Bradford. 

129. Axel Hayford Reed, Glencoe, Minn., eighth from William Bradford. 

130. Chauncey Otis Howard, Mt. Holly, N. J., ninth from Francis Cooke. 

131. Charles Harris Hopkins, Santa Barbara, Cal., seventh from Stephen 

Hopkins, sixth from Gyles Hopkins. 

132. Rev. George Brinckerhoff Richards, Buffalo, N. Y., eighth from John 

Howland. 

133. Joshua Freeman Grozier, Denver, Col., eighth from Stephen Hopkins, 

seventh from Gyles Hopkins. 

134. Charles Tufts Caldwell, M.D., Washington, eighth from Isaac Aller- 

ton, seventh from Mary Allerton. 

135. Miss Maybelle Raymond, Washington, eighth from Edward Doty. 

136. Mrs. Price Colby Clafliri, Washington, ninth from John Alden. 

137. Mrs. Amherst Willoughby Barber, Washington, eighth from John 

Howland. 

138. Edmund Southard Parker, Washington, seventh from Edward Doty. 

139. Bascom Johnson, Philadelphia, Pa., eighth from John Alden. 

140. Mrs. Henry Sewall Hall, Washington, seventh from John Alden. 

141. Mrs. John C. Dent, Manilla, P. I., eighth from William Bradford. 

142. Mrs. John G. McMillan, Hoquiam, Wash., seventh from George 

Soule. 

143. Mrs. Lewis Randolph Bryan, Houston, Texas, eighth from William 

Brewster. 



2 $4 Pilgrim Notes and Queries. 

144. Miss Ellen Geer, Norwich, Conn., eighth from William Bradford. 

145. Mrs. Arthur Bertram Skelding, Wilmington, N. C, ninth from 

Richard Warren. 



NEW JERSEY SOCIETY. 

Members Elected. 
April II, 1902. 

28. Amor}- Thompson Skerry, Jr., Montclair, ninth from Myles Standish. 

29. William Maxson Stillman, Plainfield, eighth from William Brewster. 

30. Mrs. Pern- Haight Bradshaw, Orange, ninth from William Brewster. 

31. William Seymour Tyler, Plainfield, ninth from William Bradford. 

32. Boardman Wright, Plainfield, ninth from William Bradford. 

33. William George Wright, Plainfield, ninth from William Bradford. 

34. Mrs. William George Wright, Plainfield, ninth from William Brad- 

ford. 



PILGRIM NOTES AND QUERIES. 
Notes. 

Peter Brown's Children. In the January, 1903, number the Editor 
will present evidence, discovered by him in the original records, which 
seems to prove that only one child of Peter Brown's second wife survived, 
and that this child was Rebecca, the wife of William Snow of Duxbury 
and Bridgewater. 

The children by the first wife were Mary, who married Ephraim Tink- 
ham of Plymouth, and Priscilla, who became the wife of William Allen of 
Sandwich. 

Stephen Hopkins and His Descendants. This section of The 
Mayflower Genealogies will begin in the next number, January, 1903. 
The delay has been unavoidable, and has been caused by the necessity 
for devoting the time to the work of bringing the magazine up to date. 

Colonial Research Fund. Additional Contributions received to 
September 1, 1902: George Ernest Bowman, $100.00 (Received from 
sales of Bowman's Ancestral Charts and Freeman Genealogies, as adver- 
tised) ; New Jersey Society of Mayflower Descendants, 525.00: Joseph 
H. Goodspeed, S2.00 ; Previously acknowledged, $928.50; Total, $1055.50. 

Holiday Gifts. We beg to remind our readers that a subscription 
to "The Mayflower Descendant" for the coming year will prove an 
exceedingly interesting and valuable holiday present for any one descended 
from a Mayflower passenger, even if the recipient is not a member of 
the Society of Mayflower Descendants. The giver will also have the 
satisfaction of knowing that the money expended for the gift will help 
along the important work of collecting information about the Pilgrims and 
their descendants. 



Pilgrim Notes a?id Queries. 255 

The Later Generations of the Mayflower Genealogies. We 
are now ready to begin collecting the data required for compiling the later 
generations of the Mayflower Genealogies. A great deal of this material 
must necessarily be secured from living' descendants of the different May- 
flower passengers and special blanks have been prepared for this purpose. 
These blanks, with complete directions for filling them out, will be sent to 
every living descendant whose name and address can be secured, and we 
beg to urge upon our readers the importance of sending to us as early as 
possible the address of every person claiming descent from a Mayflower 
passenger. There are many thousands of descendants whose names can 
be obtained in no other way and a prompt compliance with this request 
will greatly facilitate the work. 

We would repeat here what has been so often stated, that the May- 
flower Genealogies are intended to include every- descendant, in all male 
and female branches, of every one of the Mayflower passengers. 

The success of this immense undertaking will depend entirely upon 
the intelligent co-operation and support of those most vitally interested in 
the result - — the descendants living at the present time If they neglect 
or refuse to furnish the facts about their own immediate families they 
alone will be to blame if these facts do not appear in the printed genealogies. 

Correspondents in sending us addresses of descendants should be 
particular to specify the ancestor from whom each person is descended. 
This will enable us to classify the names at once and will save a great 
deal of unnecessary time and labor. Correspondents should also remem- 
ber to give their own addresses on every letter. The Editor receives many 
letters during the year which do not observe this important rule, and a 
great deal of valuable time is wasted in trying to find the proper address, 
and in a number of cases the search has been in vain. 

Private Family Records. Many of our readers have in their pos- 
session old family bibles, diaries, almanacs, account books or other docu- 
ments containing records of births, marriages or deaths not to be found 
on any public record; also unrecorded deeds and agreements of heirs 
which contain the only known proofs of various lines of descent from 
Mayflower passengers. It is of the utmost importance that such docu- 
ments should be preserved and the facts contained therein made available 
for use in compiling " The Mayflower Genealogies." Many hundreds of 
such documents have already been destroyed by fire or by frequent and 
careless handling. To prevent the, loss of those still in existence they 
should at once be deposited in fireproof safes or vaults. The entries 
should also be photographed or literal copies should be made by an expert. 
The expense of photographing is exceedingly small compared with the 
importance of having an exact facsimile of the document if by any acci- 
dent the original is destroyed. 

Owners of old documents of any kind containing genealogical data 
relating to lines of descent from any of the Pilgrim families are urged to 
deposit them with the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants 
for safe keeping. This Society's office is located in a modern fireproof 
building and a very large fireproof safe has been provided expressly for 
the protection of valuable documents donated to it or deposited with it. 
Those who are not willing to deposit their documents are requested to 
allow the Editor to have copies made for use in " The Mayflower Gene- 
alogies." 

A number of private records have already been printed and it is much 
to be desired that many more should be preserved in this way. 



256 TJic Mayflower Dcsce?ida?it i?i IpOJ. 



THE MAYFLOWER DESCENDANT IN J903. 

Our fifth volume will unquestionably be of greater interest and value 
than any yet published. The present number (October, 1902) will be 
issued on time and important articles which have been held back because 
it has seemed best to devote our efforts to bringing the magazine up to 
date can now be taken up. The initial article on " Stephen Hopkins and 
His Descendants " will certainly appear in the January number and will 
contain important new material. The article on Peter Brown's children 
will prove of exceptional interest to the great number of persons claiming 
descent from him. 

The letter written in 1631 by Gov. Bradford to Gov. Winthrop of 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, bearing the autograph signatures of William 
Bradford, Thomas Prence, Myles Standish, John Alden and Dr. Samuel 
Fuller, will be printed from the original document, which will also be 
reproduced in half-tone. 

An illustrated article on the name "Mayflower" will be of especial 
importance since it will relieve the minds of those who have been misled 
by the statements of careless writers to the effect that there exists no 
contemporary authority for the use of the name " Mayflower " as applied 
to the vessel in which the Pilgrims reached Plymouth in 1620. 

An article on Autographs of Mayflower Passengers will be illustrated 
by half-tone reproductions of the exact size of the originals. 

We shall begin to reprint Gov. Bradford's " Letter Book," a document 
with which very few persons seem to be familiar. It will prove of great 
interest to every Mayflower descendant. 

Some important discoveries by the Editor, opening new lines of descent 
from Mayflower passengers, will be published. 

The "Brewster Book" contains a great deal of very interesting material 
not yet published and in the January number will begin a transcript of the 
earliest entries. 

Plymouth First Church Records and Brewster P^irst Parish Records 
will be continued and other church records will be started. 

The Records of the following towns will be continued: Barnstable, 
Bridgewater, Chatham, Dartmouth, Eastham and Orleans, Halifax, Harwich, 
Marshfield, Middleborough, Plymouth, Plympton, Scituate, Weilfleet, Yar- 
mouth. 

The printing of the Wills and Inventories of the Second and Third 
Generations will be continued, the order in which they are taken up being 
determined by the preferences of contributors to the Colonial Research 
Fund, as announced in the issue for January, 1902. Among the Second 
Generation wills not yet printed are those of the following persons: David 2 
Alden, Joseph 2 Alden, Jonathan 2 Alden, William Pabodie, Thomas Delano, 
Moses Maverick, Edward- Doty, John 2 Doty, Rev. Samuel 2 Fuller, Isaac 2 
Howland, Jabez 2 Howland, John 2 Howland, Joseph 2 Howland, James 
Brown, John 2 Rogers, Stephen" 2 Samson, Thomas Bonney, Robert Sprout, 
George 2 Soule, Nathaniel 2 Soule, John Haskell, Alexander 2 Standish, 
Richard Church, Anthony Snow, Gov. Josiah 2 Winslow. 

The Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories, the Plymouth Colony 
Deeds, the Barnstable County Probate Records and the Diary of Jabez 
Fitch, Jr., will be continued. A number of Private Family Records and 
important Depositions will be printed. The Pilgrim Notes and Queries 
and Reports from State Societies will appear as usual in each number. 



INDEX OF PERSONS, 















Abbott, mrs. Charles W., 1S9 
Aberdecest, indian, 134 
Adadourian, Haig, 127 
Adams, Charles Francis, 55 

Edward Milton, 51 

Elizabeth, 201 

Hannah, 204, 206 

Harriet Lawrence, 46 

Hugh, 201 

Marshall L., 251 

Peter, 206 

Susanna, 201 
Agry, mrs. George, Jr., 56 
Alde.v )_ 
Aldin J °~ 

Amy \V., 56 

David, 256 

Elizabeth, 65, 9S 

George A., 189 

John, 45, 46, 56-59, 62, 65. 82, 98, 
126-12S, 1S6, 187, 190, 191, 202, 
252, 253, 256 

Jonathan, 256 

Joseph, 256 

Ruth, 202 
Alderson, Victor Clifton, 52, 58 

Aldworth, , 109 

Alexander, Robert, 252 

ALEf} Abb y LOTi ".5< 

Francis Olcott, 51, 58 

Frederick Baylies, 3, 55, 126, 189 

J. Weston, 51, 55, 126 

Prisciila, 254 

Rebecca, 139 

Robert, 170 

Walter, 139 

William, 254 
Allerton ) Isaac, 35, 37, 45, 62, 95, 
Olerton ) 109, no, 128, 253 

Mary, 37, 253 

Sarah, 136 
Ames, see also Eames 

Fisher, 55, 57 

John, 217 
Andrews ) d . , , r#M , Trn 
Andrews I Rlchard ' I0 9' 110 
Andros ( -p, 
Andrus ^benezer, 114 

Joanna, 114 
John, 1 14 
Mary, 114 



I- 



Andros 

Andrus J> Sarah, 114 

cont'd 

Thomas, 14S, 235, 237, 238 
Anthony, mrs. Edward, Jr., 1S9 
Antisdel, mrs. Albert, 59 
Appleton, Mary, 126 

Armitage, , 171 

Armstrong ) ~ 

ARMESTRONG \ G ^ ^ 97 

Arnold, -— — , 38 

mrs. George F., 62 

Samuel, 126 
Arthur, Bradford, 64 

Hannah, 64 

John, 2 

Richard, 64 

Ashley, , 150 

Ashpo, John. 14S 
Aspinwall, Algernon A., 51 

mrs. Edward, 190 
Atkins ) 

Atkines > Desire, 201 
Atkens ) 

John, 2or 

Joseph, 229 

Joshua, 201 

Sarah, 201 

Susanna, 2CI 
Atwood ) 

Attwood > , 82 

Atwod ) 

Anna, 141 

Anne, 141 

Benjamin, 141 

Bethiah, 201 

Deborah, 141, 201 

Ebenezer, 141 

Edward S., 51 

Eldad, 141 

Hannah, 140 

John, 141, 228, 232 

Joseph, 201 

Mary, 141 

Sarah, 141 
Austin, mrs. Arthur William, 191 
Ayer, mrs. Monroe, 56 

BA[~a/orti], Samuel, 126 
Babcock, Augustus Hatch, Co 
Backus, J. Bayard, 57 
Bacon, Francis, 107 



257 



258 



Index of Persons. 



/ Gorham, 57 



Bacon 
cont'd 

Hannah, 224 
Bailey, capt., 235 
Bailhache, mrs*. Preston H., 51 
Baker ) T ,. 
Backer \ L > -dia ' l8 5 

Eleanor, 126 

George F., 62 

Henry H., 251 

Horace Albert, 253 

Isaac, 228, 229, 232 

Josiah, 126 

Lorenzo D., 52, 1S9 

Patience, 31, 126 

Samuel, 31, 126 

Sarah, 145 

Shubael, 185 
Balcom, Henry, 140 
Baldwin, rnrs. Lyman Hayden, 60 
Ball, mrs. John Henry, 56 
Bancroft, George, ic6 

£JSLJA"JA.»77 

Apphia, 142 

David, 177, 248 

Ebenezer, 245 

Edward, 29, 119, 244-246, 248 

Elizabeth, 30 

Hannah, 29, 32 

Jonathan, 29, 30, 246 

Joseph, 177, 24S 

Joshua, 32 

Lydia, 30 

Lemuel, 177 

lieutenant, 245 

Mary, 29, 177, 245, 248 

Melatiah, 177, 249 

Mercy, 30, 140 

Rebecca, 29, 248 

Ruth, 245, 246 

Samuel, 30, 177, 248, 249 

Sarah, 30, 177 

Setb, 177, 248 

Tamsen, 29 

Barb ar ( mrs " Amherst Willoughby,253 

Thomas, 136 
Barden, Content, 73 
Barker, Anna, 138 

Desire, 125 

Eben Francis, 51, 58 

Edward T., 51 

mrs. Edward T., 51, 52, 55 

John, 125, 138 

Samuel, 125 
Barlow, Ebenezer, 240 

Joanna, 70 

Rachel, 240 

William, 70 
Barnard, George Edward, 56 



Joan, 99 

John, 96-100, 170 

Jonathan, 99 

Lydia, 99 
Barney, Rufus, 20 

Sarah, 20 
Barret, James, 72 

Mary, 72 
Barrows ) t., 
Barrow J Ebenezer, 70 

Francis, 74 
Hannah, 112 
Henry, 106 
Jemima, 20 
John, 112 

Mehitable, 192, 239 
Mercy, 74 
Peleg, 20 
Robert, 239 
Ruth, 112 
Samuel, 70, 74, 112 
Sarah, 70, 112 
Susanna, 70 



Will 



1am, 70 



Enos, 



191 



58, 62 



Bartholomew v 
Bartholamew ^ nos ' 2 35 

BARTLETT I ,,, tt £„ 

Bartlet }AbbyH.,62 

Abigail, jii 

Benjamin, in, 113 

Benjamin De Wolf 

Charles, 59 

James, 11 1 

Jean, 113 

Joanna, in 

Joseph, 151 

Robert, 186, 18S 

Sarah S., 127 

Solomon, 111 
Bartol, George E 

BASs S E | Hannah ' 2 °4, 2 °6 
John, 202-206 
Joseph, 202-204, 206 
Joseph Parker, 60 
Mary, 204 
Ruth, 202, 204, 206 
Samuel, 203, 204, 206 
Sarah, 204 

Batchelder, Lydia, 18 
Batcheller, Joanna, 21 
William, 21 

Bate 5 \ Albert CarIos ' I93 

elder, 131 

Joanna, 68 

Joseph, 6S 

mrs. Joshua, 189 

Mercy, 6S 
Baylies, Francis, 101 
Beal, Boylston A., 55, 127 



Index of Persons. 



259 



> Aims 



Bearce 

Bers \ Anna, 1S2 

Barce 

Benjamin, 1S2, 1S5 

Elizabeth, 1S5 

Ruth, 22 
Beauchamp ) T . c „ „„ TTrt 
Beachamp } John, 87, 109, ho 

Beck, James M., 57 
Beecher, Henry Ward, 106 
Beedell ) t , « 

BIDDLE } Joseph, 2, 82 

Bell, William, 255, 237, 23S 
Bellow, capt., 235 
Benjamin, Mary, 221 
Bennet, Elizabeth, 72 

John, 235, 237 

Joseph, 73 

Lydia, 72 

Mercy, 72 

Nehemjah, 72 

Thankful, 73 
Benson, Martha, 20 

i™ }**«** 

Besbey, Hopestill, 173 

Best, , 14S 

BlBENS, Amos, 237 
Biddle, see Beedell 
Bigelow, Adeline Amelia, 127 
Billington, Eleanor, 95 

Francis, 56, 57, 95, 127, 191, 252 

John, 45, 56, 57, 62, 127, 191, 252 
Bird \ , r , rvmn „ 
Byrd f fhomas ' 8 3 
Birdsall, Sarah, 64 
Bishop, Louis Brackett, 59 
Blacke, Miles, 170 
Blackwell, — — , 170 
Blanchard, Joseph, 137 

Thomas, 137 
Blatchkord, mrs. E. W., ci 

Paul, 58 
Blish, James Knox, 56, 62 
Bodge, George Madison, 252 
Boge, Daniel, 149, 150 
Bolton, Gamaliel, 20 

Susanna, 20 
Bonney, Sarah, 163 

Thomas, 256 
Bonum, George, 119 
Bosworth, Deborah, 20 

Hannah, 73 

Joseph, 20 
Bourne, Joseph Baker, 58 

Richard, 215, 216 

Thomas, 2 
Bowers, mrs. George W., 191 
Bowman, George Ernest, 14, 22, 37, 43, 
52, 55, 98. 114. 122, 143, 150, 153, 
159, 161, 165, 171, 182, 185, 193, 
202, 212, 217, 227, 233, 239, 242, 
254 



?£™**\ mrs. Justice H., 127 

SSSS5J ™™*> *» 

Bradford, Alice, 93, 145 
David, 143-145 
Ephraim, 143-145 
Gamaliel, 55 
Hannah, 21, 64, 145 
Hezekiah, 143-145 
Israel, 144-146 
John, 144-147 
Joseph, 38, 144 
Mary, 143, 145 
Mary Win slow, 44 
Melatiah, 145 
Mercy, 15, 145 
Samuel, 144-147 
Sarah, 64, 145 
Thomas, 64, 144 
"William, 3, 7, 11-13, 16, 25, 27, 29, 

35» 36, 4i> 45. 47. 5 2 » 56, 5S-60, 
62, 64, 82, 84, 85, 87-90, 92, 93, 
97, 101-104, 107, 127, 129, I43~ 1 47i 
186,187, *9h 193- 1 93> 215, 216, 
220, 252-254, 256 
Bradley, mrs. J. Payson, 55 
Bradshaw, mrs. Perry Haight, 254 
Bramble, Catherine A. D., 51 
Branch, John, 3 
Bray, mrs. Alonzo B., 45, 189 
Brayton, mrs. Charles R M 62, 189 
Breed, mrs. Frank Melville, 56 
Brett, William, 82 
Brewster, Flora L., 65 

Jonathan, 82 

Love, 56, 57, 65, 128, 191, 252 

Lyman Denison, 51, 53, 57, 62, 100, 
126 

Mary, 18 

Sarah, 64, 128, 186, 187 

Seabury, 64 

William, 6, 7, 18, 45, 56, 57, 59, 62, 
65, 100, 101, 103, 105-1097 126, 
190-192, 215, 242, 252-254 

Wrestling, 65-67 
Briggs, Charles, 106 

Clement, 35, 131 

David, 131 

Eunice, 21 

Remember, 131 
Brinley, Charles A., 58 
Brooke, Stopford W., 1 
Brooks, L. Loring, 55, 1S9 

Phillips, 106 
Brown { t .o 

Browne f ' I55 

mrs. Charles Henry, 191 

David Henry, 190 

James, 84, 256 

James Crosby, 5S 

John, 8, 83-S6, 103 

lieutenant, 236 



26o 



Index of Persons. 



Brown ) 

Browne > Mary, 122, 12S, 254 

confd ) 

Orlando, 52 

Peter, 45, 57, 62, 122, 12S, 1S6, iSS, 
191, 252, 254, 256 

Priscilla, 254 

Rebecca, 254 

Samuel, 229-232 

Thomas, 229 
Bryan, mrs. Lewis Randolph, 253 
Bryant, Deborah, 20 

John, 234 
Buckley, James M., 57 

John, 170 
Buell, Edward Wyllys, 59 
Bull, William Lanman, 57 
Bumpus ) 

Bum pas > Edward, 3, 71, 1S6, 1S8 
Bumpase ) 

Martha, 71 

Penelope, 71 
Bunker, George, 132, 133 
Bunting, Thomas, 97 
Burditt, Charles A., 51, 1S9 
Burke, William Bardwell, 191 
BursleY, Joanna, 221 

Joseph Aldrich, 127, 190 

Burton, , 170 

Bush, Ella Agnes, 127 
Bush — Brown, H. K., 51 
Bushnf.LL, Horace, 106 
Butler, Lucy Palmer, 51 

Thomas, 170 
Button, John, 238 

Peter, 237 

Cadman, Phebe, 19 

Cady, mrs. David D., 60 

Cahoon ) 

Cohoon > James, 199, 224, 229 

Cohoone) 

Mercy, 199 

Sarah, 199 

William, 199 
Caldwell, Charles Tufts, 253 
Calkins ) AU 1 
Colkins \ Absalom, 19 

Amos, 19 
Anna, 19 
Asa, 19 
Daniel, 19 
Elijah, 19 
Elisha, 19 
Elizabeth. 18, 19 
Eunice, 19 
Hannah, 19 
Jemima, 19 
Jonathan, 18 
Lucy 18, 19 
Matthew, 19 
Mercv, 19 
Phebe, 19 



Calkins 

Colkins ^ Rebecca, 19 

confd j 

Sarah, 18, 19 

Seabury, 19 

Stephen, 17-19 

Turner, 19 

William, 19 

Zurviah, 19 
Call, John, 137 

CAL^ Catherine ' lS2 

Stephen, 182 
Canedy, see Kanady 
Carter, Thomas, 133 

Walter Steuben, 50, 52 
Carver, Eleazer, 71 

Elizabeth, 125, 126 

Hannah, 113 

John, 89, 101, 102, 113, 125. 162, 
163 

Josiah, 126 

Katherine, 71 

Mary, 113 

Robert, 113 

William, 125, 126 
Casteele, John, 170 
Castle, William H., 58 
Chamberlin, mrs. Emma B., 51, 52 
Chany, mrs. William H., 51 
Chapman, Abigail, 120 

Hannah, 120 

Isaac, 120, 121 

James, 120 

John, 120 

Lydia, 120 

Ralph, 121 

Rebecca, 120, 121 
Chappel, John, 149, 237 
Charles, king, 135 
Chase, Desire, 31 

Ellen, 55 
Chatfield, mrs. Albert H., 59 
Chauncy, Charles, 85 
Cheney, Charles Edward, 58 
Childs, Ebenezer, 120 

Elizabeth, 120 

Hannah, 120 

James, 120 

Joseph, 120 

Mercy, 120 

Richard, 120 

Samuel, 120 

Thankful, 120 

Thomas, 120 

Timothy, 120 
Chilton, James, 44, 45» 57. 62, 
191 

Mary, 1, 44, 57, *9i 
Chipman, Abigail, 121 

Barnabas, 121 

Bethiah, 121 

Desire, 121 



. 



Index of Persons. 



261 






CHIPMANl 

com rd ) ' 

Hope, 121 

Jacob, 121 

John, 121, 153 

Joseph, 121 

Lydia, 121 

Mercy, 121 

Ruth, 120, 121 

Samuel, 121 

Sarah, 121 

Seth, 121 

Thomas, 121 
Chittenden, mrs. W. J., 60 
Church, Benjamin, 23. 29 

Elizabeth, 152 

Joseph, 113 

Judith, 113 

Richard, 152, 256 

Sarah, 113 
Churchill, John, 234 

Sarah, 73 
Claflin, mrs. Price Colby, 253 
Claghorn, Abiah, 121 

Benjamin, 122 

Ebenezer, 122 

Elizabeth, 121 

James, 121, 122 

Jane, 122 

Joseph, 122 

Mary, 121, 122, 224 

Nathaniel, 122 

Robert, 121, 122 

Samuel, 122 

Sarah, 121 

Shubael, 121, 122 

Thankful, 122 

Thomas, 122 

^[Antoinette, 189 

• Arthur W., 189 

Chanty, 120 

Edward Eugene, 252 

Elizabeth, 120 

Increase, 120 

John, 120 

Thomas, 120 
Clark } . , . ., 
Clarke (Abigail, 114 

Andrew, 245, 249 
mrs. C Peter, 55 
Charles, 248 
Charles A., 62 
Edward Lord, 52, 55 
Elizabeth, 249 
Frances, 248 
Isaac, 24S 
James, 114 
John, 114, 221, 248 
lieutenant, 249 
Mary, 221 
Meh'itable, 249 
Roland, 245 



Clark } 

Clarke > Sarah, 245 

cont'd ) 

Seth, 247 

Susanna, 114, 246 

Thankful, 246 

Thurston, 95 

Thomas, 95, 234, 245-24S 

Tristram, 95 

William, 23, 28 
Cleaveland ) 
Cleavland > doctor, 235 
Clevland ) 

Moses, 237 
Cleverly, John, 206 

Clew, , 135 

Cluffe, Richard, 95 

g°fJEHsha,ui 

Gershom, 69, 112 

Hannah, 112, 223 

Hurst, 112 

Jabez, 112 

James, 69, 71, 112 

Joanna, 75, 112 

John, 73, 75, 112, 160, 161 

Joseph, 69 

Lemuel, 112 

Lydia, 111, 112 

Martha, 112, 165 

Mary, 73 

Melatiah, 69, 112 

Patience, 70, 112 

Rachel, 73, 160, 161 

Sarah, 121 

Sylvanus, 112 

Thankful, 69, 71 
Cochrane, mrs. Alexander, 189 
Coe, mrs. Henry T., 57 
CoiT, sergeant, '149 
Colbron, Henry, 2 
Cole, Elisha, 229 

Hannah, 207 

Israel, 248 

James, 158, 193, 195, 196, 207 

Martha, 207, 245 

Ruth, 142, 207 

Samuel, 207 

William, 229 
Coleman, Ebenezer, 221 

Edward, 221 

James, 221 

John, 221 

Martha, 221 

Patience, 221 

Thankful, 221 
Collier ] 
Collyer l c , , « 
Collyar [Sarah, 128 

COLLYARE J 

William, 82, 186, 187 



262 



Index of Persons, 



6S 



Ann, in 



Collins ) 

Collens > Asuba, 200 

cont'd ) 

Benajah, 199 

Cyrenius, 200 

Enoch, 200 

Eunice, 199, 200 

Hannah. 199 

Joseph, 199 

Reuben, 200 

Ruth, 199 

Solomon, 199, 200 

Stephen, 199 
Columbus, Christopher, 102 

ComSkk I ser S eant > W 234, ?3$, 237 

Jerusha, 63 

Joseph, 68 

Josiah, 6S 

Mary, 6S, 73 

Prudence, 63 

Susanna, 63 
Cooke ) 
Cook ( 

Bethiah, 181 

Caleb, nr, 167 

Charles S., 12S 

Elizabeth, in, 179, 1S1, 193 

Francis, 22, 45, 47, 56, 57, 59, 62, 
94, 97, 114", 1 28, 150, 165, 1S6, 
187, 190-193. 239. 252, 253" 

Hester, 128, 165, 192, 239 

Jacob, 114, 118, 119, 193 

James, in 

Jane, in, 150 

John, 95, 97, in, 129, 130, 
187, 191, 192, 252 

Joseph, in 

Josiah, 179, 181 

Mary, 22, in 

Mercy, 111 

Miriam, 181 
Coombs 
Coomes 

COOMBE 

Combe 

Come 

Copeland, Mary, 204 

Cornelius, Lawrence, 84 

Cotton, John, 9, 165-167, 193-196, 

212, 213 
Covill } 
Covil > Elizabeth 

COVEL ) 

John, 199 

Joseph, 19S 

Lydia, 193 

Thankful, 199 
Cowing, Elizabeth, 251 
Cox, Hannah, 72 

John, 72 



186, 



" J° lin > 95-97 



199 



Crackston, John, 1S6 

Crandon, Edwin S., 45, 62, izS, 190 

John Howland, 1S9 
Crane, Warren C, 51 
Crapo-Smith, mrs. H. H. H., 60 
Croade, Deborah, 126 

John, 126 
Crocker, Abel, 120 

mrs. Adams, 56 

Benoni, 120, 221 

Bethiah, 120 

Daniel, 120 

Eleazer, 120 

Elizabeth, 120 

mrs. George Herbert, 56 

Jabez, 221 

Nathan, 120, 221 

Rebecca, 120 

Ruth, 120 

Sarah, 120 

Sarah H., 55, 189 

Theophilus, 120 

William, 154, 156 
Cromwell, Oliver, 107 
Crooker, Francis, 163 

Crosby 
Crosses 

Crosbie L 

Crosbe r > 2 & 

Croby 
Corby 

Abiah, 249 

Abial, 176 

Abigail, 24S 

Anne, 31 

Daniel, 246 

David, 176, 247 

Ebenezer, 31, 176, 247 

Edward, 247 

Eliezer, 31, 20S, 209 

Hannah, 176, 245, 246 

Increase, 31, 24S 

Isaac, 209 

John, 31, 176, 245, 247, 24S 

Jonathan, 176, 247 

Joseph, 30, 246 

Joshua, 176, 248 

Josiah, 246 

Keziah, 208 

Lydia, 246 

Mary, 209, 245 

Mercy, 31, 176, 246 

Moses, 24S 

Patience, 208, 209 

Phebe, 20S 

Rebecca, 20S 

Sarah, 30, 209, 245, 246 

Simon, 30, 244-248 

Sylvanus, 20S 

Thankful, 176 

Thomas, 30, 31, 176, 244, 246-249 

William, 31 



Index of Persons. 



263 



Crowell ) 

C rowel ? Anne, 199, 201 

Crowil ) 

Bathshua, 121 

Benjamin, 121 

Edward, 121 

Jonathan, 199, 201 

Joseph, 121 

Mary, 121 

Paul, 201 

Rebecca, 201 

Samuel, 199, 201 

Yelverton, 121 
Curtis ) 
Curtice > Elizabeth, no 

CORTIS ) 

Frances, no 

Hannah, no 

mrs. Henry M., 59 

mrs. Isaac, 44 

John, no 

Jonathan, 21 

Joshua, 20 

Molly, 21 

Pheb'e, 20 
Cushing, John, 16 
Cuskman > ,, . ... 
CobfiBMA }AbiB«». ."i 

Charles Livingston, 60 

mrs. Charles Livingston, 60 

Daniel, 44, 57, 127 

Eleazer, 39-41 

Elkanah, 39, 41 

Fear, 21 

Hannah, lit 

Isaac, 39-42, 16?, 167, 240, 241 

Jonathan, m 

Joshua, in 

Lydia, 39-41 

Mary, 22, 37-42 

Persis, in 

Robert, in 

Ruth, in 

Sarah, 39-41 

Thomas, 35-42, 95, ico, 101, nr, 
130, 214, 215 

CUTEERT i 

Cudeerte > Godbert, 94, 96, 136 

GoDBERTSON ) 

Samuel, 129, 130, 136, 186, 18S 
Sarah, 94, 136 

DANFORTH, Jonathan, 134 

Thoma?, 140 
Daniels, John A., 57 

Maria S., 57, 189 
Darling, Jemima, 7r 

John, 71, 72 

Margaret, 71 
Dary, George A., 127, 189, 251 
Davidson, William, 102 
Davie, — -, 137 
Davis, Abigail, 224 



l*™\ Andrew, 2 « 

Ann, 223 

Anna, 223 

Bathsheba, 224 

Benjamin, 223, 224 

Daniel, 223, 224 

Deborah, 222 

Doler, 223 

Ebenezer, 224 

Edward, 225 

mrs. Edward Livingstone, 127, 191 

Elizabeth, 222 

Experience, 224 

Frederick Gale, 253 

Gershom, 223 

Hannah, 222-224 

Howl and, 50, 52 

Isaac, 222, 224 

Jabez, 222-224 

Jacob, 224 

James, 223, 224 

Job, 224 

John, 222-224 

Jonathan, 223 

Joseph, 223, 224 

Josiah, 222, 223, 225 

Katharine Kendall, 190 

Lydia, 223 

Mary, 222-225 

Mehitable, 225 

Mercy, 224 

Nathan, 222, 224 

Nathaniel, 224 

Nicholas, 224 

Noah, 224 

Remember Mercy, 224 

Robert, 222-224 

Ruth, 223, 224 

Samuel, 223, 224 

Sarah, 222, 223 

Seth, 223 

Shobal, 223, 224 

Simon, 223, 224 

Stephen, 223. 224 

Thankful, 224 

Thomas, 223 

William T., 51, 52 
Dawes, Thomas, 243 
Deacon, John, 95 

Deane I mrs ' Marvin AnssI > 2 53 

Miriam, 180, 181 
Deitz, Lewis, 51 
Delano ) 

Delanoy > Benjamin, 159 
Deleno ) 

Joshua, 44 

Philip, 186, 1S7 

Thomas, 159, 256 
Dent, mrs. John C, 253 
De Rasiere, Isaac, 103 
Derey, John, 170 



264 



Index of Persons. 



ft™/ l Richard, 96 

De Wolf, Almon, iS 

Austin, 17, iS 

Edwin A., iS, 1S9, 192 

Elisha, iS 

Elvira, 18 

Frances Ophelia (Oviatt), iS 

John Oviatt, 17 

Lucy, 18 

Lydia, iS 

Simon, 18 
Dexter, Abigail, 224 

Anna, 224 

Benjamin, 223 

Content, 224 

Cornelius, 224 

Henry M., 102, 106, 10S 

James, 223 

John, 223 

Mary, 223, 224 

Mercy, 224 

Miriam, 224 

Morton, 55 

Philip, 223 

Sarah, 223, 224 

Stephen, 223, 224 

Thomas, 170, 223 

William, 223 

DlCCASON, , I49 

Dillingham ) a k;^;i t -,<? 

DlLINGHAM } Abigail, I 7 o 

Elizabeth, 17S 

Edward, 17S 

Hannah, 178 

Isaac, 17S 

John, 17S 

Lydia, 17S 

Rebecca, 178 

Sarah, 178 

Thankful!, 178 

DlMMOCK ) ., • ., 

DIMOCK J Abigail, 223 

Anna, 222 
Benjamin, 221 
Bethiah, 222 
David, 222 
Desire, 221 
Ebenezer, 222 
Edward, 221 
Elizabeth, 221, 222 
Ensign, 222 
Ichabod, 222 
Joanna, 221, 222 
John, 221 
Joseph, 221, 222 
Lydia, 222 
Mary, 222 
Mehitable, 221, 222 
Pharaoh, 222 
Samuel, 222 
Sarah, 222 
Shobal, 221, 222 



Dimmock ) 

Dimock > Tabitha, 222 

cont'd ) 

Temperance, 221 

Thankful, 221, 222 

Theophiius, 222 

Thomas, 221, 222 

Timothy, 221, 222 
Dingley, Abigail, 126 

Elizabech, 126 

Jacob, 126 
Dixon, mrs. George Dallas, 252 

DOANE ) 

Doan > Dorcas, 201 
Done ) 

Hannah, 201 

Ida F., 51, 59 

John, 94, 118, 22S, 231 

Joseph, 31, 1S2, 198, 201 

justice, 185 

Marguerite T., 51 

Ruth, 140, 201 

William Howard, 51, 52, 59 
Doggett I », „(■ 

DOGETT P° hn > 126 

Mary, 125 

Mehitable, 126 

Samuel, 125 
Donaghe, mrs. William Rice, 252 
Donnell, William Cushing, 60, 189 
Doty ] 

DOTEN J 

Edward, 45, 59, 62, 65, 95, 96, 171, 
1S6, i8Sfi93, 233, 253, 256 

Elizabeth, 112, 193, 195, 196 

John, 65-67, 172, 193. -5 6 

Mary, 233, 234 

Paul A. L., 60 

Thomas, 112, 233 
Douce \ -^ 
Dowce \ Francis ' 2 ^ 

Lawrence, 140 

•pv ' \ mrs * Charles Thompson, 191 

Frances W. B., 51 

Myron Day, 253 
Drew, Elizabeth, 20, 114 

Ezra, 20 

Hannah, 113 

James, 113, 114 

Jemima, 20 

Lucy, 21 

Lydia, 114 

Mary, 113, 114 

Priscilla, 114 

Sarah, 113 

Thomas, 21 

Thomas Bradford, 47 

William, 113 

Druillette, , 13 

Dun, Dorothy, 222 



Index of Persons. 



265 



fo V Jw [Experience, 222 

John, 222 
Dunbar, Benjamin, 21 

Hannah, 21 

Joseph, 21 

Ruth, 21 

Benjamin, 223 

Charles A., 1S9 

Desire, 223 

Ebenezer, 69, 71, 223 

Elisha, 223 

Elizabeth, 69, no 

John, 186, 187, 213, 223 

Joseph, no 

Joshua, no 

Lemuel, 69 

Mary, 223 

Mercy, 223 

Mica j ah, no 

Sylvester C, 51 

Thomas, 223 
Dunkin, Bethiah, 112 

Jabez, 112 

Samuel, 112 
Dunster, Isaiah, 242 

Durkee, lieutenant, 237 

D wight, George Edmund, 1S9 

%™\ Ebenezer, »j 

Hannah, 32 
Henry, 225 
Isabel, 225 
Jonathan, 225 
Judah, 225 
Lydia, 225 
Mary, 224 
Samuel, 225 
William, 32, 224, 225 

Eames, Anthony, 125, 126 

Hannah, 125 

John, 125 

Jonathan, 125 

Mark, 163 

Mercy, 125, 126 
Eaton, Francis, 45, 56, 57, 62, 186 

Samuel, 56, 57, 74, 188, 233 
Edwards, Edward, 96, 97 

Jonathan. ic6 
Eggleston, Percy Coe, 51 
Eldridge 1 

Eldrige ^ Bethiah)l8 - 
Eldredg j 3 

Eldreadg J 

Ebenezer, 229 

Edward, 183 

Elisha, 229, 230 

Elizabeth, 183 



Eldridge 

Eldrige 

Eldredg \- Jehoshaphat, 183 

Eldreadg | 

cont'd j 

Mulford, 211 
Elizabeth, queen, 4 

mrs. George F., 253 
John, 216 

mrs. Frank R., 59 

Joel, 114 

John, 114 
Elmes, Katherine, 71 

Mary, 70 
Ely, mrs. Henry Oliver, 191 

John Hugh, 59 

Rheumah, 64 
Emerson, mrs. J. E., 60 
Ensigne, Thomas, S5, 86 
Everson, Eunice, 21 

Levi, 21 

Penelope, 71 

Richard, 71 
Ewer, Benjamin, 225 

Elizabeth, 225 

Hezekiah, 225 

John, 225 

Jonathan, 225 

Joseph, 225 

Mehitable, 225 

Nathaniel, 225 

Rebecca, 225 

Shobal, 225 

Thankful, 225 

Thomas, 225 

Fahnestock, James Frederick, 253 
Fairbanks, Henry Nathaniel, 60 

mrs. Henry Nathaniel, 60 

Nora Lucy, 60 
Fairfax, mrs. Lindsay, 192 
Fallowell, Gabriel, 213 
Farnum i.u-.«i »i 
FFARNUM f Mar >' ^ 

Farwell, Henry, 137 

mrs. Walter M., 55 
Fash, lieutenant, 14S 

FAUNCE ) *.w_-;i ,,„ 

James, 22 
Jane, 113 

John, 113, 186, 187 
Joseph, 72 
Martha, 72 
Mary, 22 
Mercy, 113 
Nathaniel, 113 
Patience, 113 
Priscilla, 14 



266 



Index of Persons. 





Faunce ) 

ffaunce > Thomas, 16, 17, 29, 40, 42 

cont'd ) 


SSS.J'tiS 17 * *■*■«• 




cont'd ) 2 ^ 2 W 




125, 195, 19s 


justice, 185 




Faxon, Molly, 21 


Mary, 175 




™H ian '=3.=9 


Mercy, 175, 249 
Nathaniel, 31, 33, 210, 211 




Felton, sergeant, 237 


Phebe, 175,^249 




Field, Kate G., 189 


Rebecca, 245 




Finney ) 


Sarah, 175, 249 




Phinney > Elizabeth, 222 


Thankful, 175, 249 




Phinny ) 


Thomas, ^ 2 44> 2 49 




Robert, 214, 217 


French, Solon Tenney, 59 




JE£}w«M.-.s. 


Friend, mrs. William H., 189 




Frothingham, Richard, 134 




Fisher, mrs. Charles H., 51, 189 
Fitch, Alice, 145 


%£S*\ Ahi ^" 6 




captain, 234 


Anne, 226 




Elisha, 149 


Barnabas, 226 




Jabez, 148, 234, 23S 


Benjamin, 226, 227 




Fittsrandle, Edward, 225 


Bethiah, 225, 226 




Hannah, 225 


Bridget, 35 




Hope, 225 


Content, 226 




Isaac, 225 


Cornelius, 226 




John, 225 


David, 226 




Joseph, 225 


Ebenezer, 226 




Mary, 225 


• Edward, 45, 58, 62, 127, 190, 191, 




Nathaniel, 225 


252 




Thomas, 225 


mrs. Edward M., 60 




SjgSUc-tafa** 


Elinor, 68 
Elizabeth, 226 




Fletcher, Daniel, 137, 138 


Hannah, 71, 226, 227 




1™™A R^hard, 2 

FFLOYDE ) ' 


Isaac, 226 
Jabez, 226 




Forbes, Henry D., 55 


Jane, 226 




Samuel B., 1S9 


James, 227 




Ford ) 


John, 71, 225-227 




fford > Bethiah, 125 


Jonathan, 6S, 226 




Foord ) 


Joseph, 226 




Deborah, 125 


Josiah, 226, 238 




John, 57 


Linus E., 51 




Michael, 125 


Lois, 226 




Foster, Benjamin, 226 


Lydia, 222 




Chillingsworth, 247-249 


Mary, 226 




F. Apthorp, 55 


Mary Goddard, 127 




Freeman, 44 


Matthew, 226 




James, 247 


Mercy, 72, 226 




Joseph, 226 


Nathaniel, 226, 240 




Mary, 248 


Patience, 226 




Nathan, 249 


Rebecca, 226 




sergeant, 149 


Reliance, 225 




Thomas, 248 


Remember, 226 




Foxwell, Martha, 225 


Samuel, 39, 45. 56-5S, 62, 127, 191 




Mary, 225 


226, 252, 256 




Richard, 225 


Sarah, 226, 240 




Ruth, 225 


Seth, 226, 240 




Freedley, mrs. A. T., 62 


Shirley, 60 




Freeman \ 

ffreeman ) ' ~* 


Temperance, 227 




Thankful, 225-227 




Bathsheba, 33 , 


Thomas, 226 




Ebenezer, 228, 229 


Timothy, 68 




Edmund, 35 


Young, 226 




Elkanah, 175 


Fyfe, mrs. R. H., 60 



Index of Persons. 



267 



Gallop, captain, 149, 237 
Gaylokd, mrs. John F., 51 
Gayvvard, Anna, 70 

Francis, 70 
Geer, Ellen, 254 
Giebs, , S8 

mrs. E. B., 60 

Elizabeth, 113 

Job, 113 

Judith, 113 

Thomas, 170 
GlFFORD ) 

Gifferd > Jeremiah, 240 
Giffered ; 

Mary, 240 

Sidney B., 1S9 
Giles, sergeant, 149 
Gilkey, mrs. Alphonso Livingston, 56 

GlNNES, , I4S 

GODBERTSON, See CUTBERT 

Godfrey 

Godfree 

Godfrie ^-Bethiah, 1S5 

GodfrAie ' 

Godfray 

Elizabeth, 30, 1S5 

Eunice, 1S2 

George, 30, 1S5 

Hannah, 30 

Jonathan, 30 

Josiah, 182 

Lincoln, 253 

Mary, 30 

Mercy, 1S5 

Moses, 30 

Richard, ^o 

Ruth, 30 

Samuel, 30 

Thomas, 185 
Goodhue, Harry, 126 
Goodrich, William Winton, 57 
Goodspeed, Elizabeth, 120 



Joseph H., 55, 254 
Nathaniel, 120 



Ruth, 224 
Gordon, , 14S 

Go P.HAM ] 

Goram j 

Gorom J- Charles Miner, 191 

Gorum j 

GORUME J 

Desire, 153, 154, 157, 217, 220 

Elizabeth, 220 

Hannah, 15S, 220 

Jabez, 158, 220 

James, 153, 154, 157,158, 217, 220 

John, 153, 154, 156-153. 217, 220 

Joseph, 157, 158, 220 

justice, 221 

Lydia, 1 58, 220 

Mercv, 1 ;S, 220 

Shubael/158, 220 

Temperance, 220 

Thankful, 225 



Gray ) A , 

Grey \ Andrew > 2 °9> ^7 

Anna, 209, 247, 249 

Elisha, 209, 24S 

John, 167, 209, 245-249 

Joshua, 2C9, 249 

Lydia, 245 

Mfehitable, 209, 246 

Samuel, 245 

Sarah, 126, 246 

Susanna, 209, 245, 246 
Green { T „„ ■. T „^ 
Greene \ J acob > x 3° 

John, 132, 133 

John Richard, 5 

Marshall VY\, 51, 52 

Richard, 90 

mrs. R. H., 51 

Richard Henry, 50, 52-54, 57 

Gregory, , 105-107 

Gridley, mrs. Nelson C., 59 

Griffis, , 103 

Griffith ) 

Grifith > Abraham, 177 

Grifeth ) 

Barnabas, 177, 248 

Joseph, 177, 248 

Lazarus, 177, 248 

Rebecca, 177, 248 

Stephen, 177, 24S, 249 

Thankful, 177 
Grinnell, William Milne, 50 
Groesbeck, Herman J., 59 
Groose, Thomas, 22S 
Grozier, Joshua Freeman, 253 

Hacket, Edward, 74 

George,. 73 

Hannah, 74 

John, 75 

Lydia, 73 

Mercy, 71 

Thankful, 75 

Hackstaff, , 64 

Hale, mrs. George S., 189 
Hall, Edmund, 182 

mrs. Henry Sewall, 253 

James M. W., 55, 56 

mrs. Nathaniel B., 44 

Samuel, 249 

Zipporah, 182 
Hallett ) At ,j„ ot ^ ,.„ 

HALLOTTf^^' 1 ^ 7 

Joseph, 157 
Hamdin, , 92 

Hamilton } 
Hamelton I 
Hammeltun }-Bethiah, 184 
Hamultun 
Hamulltun 

Daniel, 30 

Delilah, 200 

Grace, 200 

Jane, 200 



263 



Index of Persons. 



1 

I 

\ Lydia, 200 



Hamilton* 
Hamelton 
; Hammeltun 
,Hamultun 
; Hamulltun 
\cont'd 

Mary, iS2,~iS4 

Mehitable, 1S4 

Michael, 1S4 

Nathaniel, 200 

Rebecca, 200 

Samuel, 1S4 

Sarah, 30, 1S4 

Thomas, 200 

Zeruiah, 200 
Hamlin ) 

Hamblin > Abigail, 221 
Hamblen ) 

Benjamin, 229 

Eliezer, 177, 229-232 

Elisha, 177, 229 

Elkanah, 221 

John, 221 

Lydia, 177 

Mary, 224 

Patience, 221 

Rachel, 221 

Reuben, 221 

SylvanuSj 221 

Tabitha, 221 
Hammond, Benjamin, 154 

mrs. William P., 189 
Hanbury / c „ nm 

Hanberry \ ' b2 ' 97 

Harden, lieutenant, 237 
Harding, Abiah, 142 

Bethiah, iSi 

Desire, 182 

Hannah, 182 

Joseph, 1S1, 182 

Mary, 185 

Rebecca, 142 
Harlow, Arthur, 

Lydia, 39-41 

Submit, 20 

William, 234 
Harper, mrs. Corwin Dewey, 60 
Hart, Albert Bushnell, 55 

mrs. Donald Purple, 127 
Haskell } 

Hascol > John, 248, 256 
Harskall ) 

Josiah, 71 

Sarah, 71 
Haskins, Charles Waldo, 57 
Hatch, Samuel, 172 
Hathaway, Hannah, 21 
Hatherley, Timothy, 85, 86, 109, no 
Hawks ) 

Hauks > Edward C, 62 
Hoaks ) 

James Dudley, 60, 62 

Sarah, 39-41 



27 



HAWXH1.TR ST, , 64 

Hawes, John, 220 

Ebenezer, 70 

Jacob, 67 

James, 70 

John, 67 

Lydia, 67, 73 

Mary, 70 

Samuel, 21, 67 
Hayman, John, 135 
Hayward I Hinti , Tr . T 
Haward [ Hannah > W 

John, 151, 152 

Sarah, 151 

Thomas, 151, 152 
Hedge, Elisha, 158 
Heil, Charles E., 46 
Herd, Ebenezer, 182 

Elizabeth, 182 



Joanna, 33 



Robert, 186 

Samuel, 188 
Higgins, mrs. Frank Albert, 56 

Hannah, 142 

John, 142 

Phebe, 211 
Higginson, Francis, 5 
Hill, Edwin A., 50, 51 

John, 82 

John Fremont, 55, 60, 189 

Thomas, 97 
Hinckley 
Hinckely 

Hyncklie 
Hynkley J 

Joshua, 24S 

Mary, 208 

Reliance, 208, 249 

Samuel, 20S, 248, 249 

Seth, 20-8, 248 

Shubael, 208, 248 

Thomas, 153, 220, 24S 
Hoadly, mrs. George, Jr., 59 
Hoar, George F., 13 
Hodge, Mary Russell, 51 
Hodges, George, 55 
Holden, L. Emery, 51, 52, 192 
Holley, Mary, 225 
Hollingsworth, Jane, 12S 

Richard, 128 
Holman, Edward, 1S6, iSS 

George Ulysses Grant, 252 

SSf }**-*».* 

Desire, 173, 174 
Elisha, no 
Elizabeth, 20, no 



Index of Persons. 



269 






Holmes 

Holme } Elnathan, no 

cont'd 

Eunice, 20 

Israel, 171, 173 

Jabez, no 

John, no, 125 

Joseph, no 

Lydia, 21, 72 

Mary, 125 

Mercy, no 

Nathaniel, no 

Oliver, 21 

Peleg, 20 

Rebecca, no 

Samuel, 125 

Sarah, 20, no 

Susanna, no 
Hooper, John, 2 

Hopkins \ 

Hopkens \ ' ~ 47 

Abigail, 142 

Benjamin, 237 

Bethiah, 17S 

Caleb, 114-117 

Charles Augustus, 55, 126, 189 

Charles Harris, 253 

Constance, 58, 59 

Damaris, 114, 115 

David, 17S 

Deborah, 114, 115, 193 

Desire, 176 

Ebenezer, 246 

Elisha, 200 

Elizabeth, 1 14-119, 17S 

Elkanah, 245 

Experience, 200 

Franklin Whetstone, 5S 

mrs. F. \V., 51 

Gyles, 56, 116, 119, 253 

Hannah, 176, 249 

Howard F., 251 

James, 179 

Jeremiah, 178 

John, 176 

Judah, 176 

Lydia, 207, 24S 

Martha, 176 

Mary, 200 

Mercy, 176, 17S, 179 

Moses, 207, 24S 

Nathan, 207 

Nathaniel, 17S, 179 

Phebe, 24S 

Rebecca, 176 

Reliance, 207, 249 

Richard, 207, 24S 

Reuben, 179 

Ruth, n 4-1 1 7 

Samuel, 176, 179, 207, 24S. 249 

Sarah, 207 

Stephen, 45' S^S9, G2, 94, 114, 
115, 117, 127, 12S, 17G, 191, 193, 
245, 246, 24.3, 249, 252-254, 256 



Hopkins ) 

Hopkens > Susanna, 207 

cont'd ) 

Sylvanus, 176 

Theodosius, 207 

Thomas, 246 
Hoscott, Samuel, 23S 
Hoskins, William, 95, 124 
Howard, Chauncey Otis, 253 

ensign, 23$ 

Harry M., 1S9 

Harry Stinson, 59 

Samuel, 133 
Howes, David, 200 

Hannah, 1S2 

Rebecca, 200, 201 

Richard, 201 

Thomas, 200, 201 
Howland, Abigail, in 

Consider, 112 

Desire, 74, 153, 217 

Elizabeth, III, 112, 217 

Experience, 112 

Frances, 74 

Hannah, 70, ill, 112 

Henry E., 51. 53 

Isaac, 256 

Jabez, 256 

James, in 

Joanna, 112 

John, 44, 45, 56-59, 62, 97, in, 
127, 12S, 153, 1S6, 1S7, 190, 191, 
214, 216, 217, 252, 253, 256 

Joseph, 112, 256 

Mary, in 

Nathan, 74 

Thankful, in 

Thomas, 112 

Walter Morton, J2, 5S 

mrs. Walter Morton, 5S 
Hubbell, Anne Law, 51 
Huckens, Thomas, 153 
Huling, Ray Greene, 55 
Hunt, Christian, 128 

Mary, 145 

Samuel, 99, 10c 
Huntington, mrs. Jacob R., 1S9 
Hurst, James, 186, 187 
Hutchinson }„ nT , f • TOI TP <? 

HUTCHENSON} Ca P tam ' 101 ' X S 8 

Mary, 39 
Hyde, James Nevins, 58 
William Waldo, 51-53 

Inglee, Deborah, y^ 

Jonathan, 73 
Irish, John, 23 
Ives, Marie E., 57 

Jackson, Abraham, 234 

Deborah, 20 

sergeant, 14S, 234 
Jacob, John, 131 



2^0 



Index of Persons. 



James, D. Melancthon, 52 
king, 4, 5. *3> io 5> ^34 

Jenney I 

Jeney [Herbert, 51,59, 189 

JeningsJ 

John, 95 

Sarah, 1S6, 1S7 
Johnson, Alfred S., 51 

Bascom, 253 

Flora Louise Priscilla, 253 

James Gibson, 51, 52 

John, 149 

Thomas, 170 

Zachariah, 135 
Johnston, mrs. Robert James, 252 
Jones, Charles D., 59 

Emma C. B., 12S 

Frances L'H., 59 

mrs. Frank J., 59 

Jabez, 148 

John, 162, 163 

Joseph Davis, 44 

Samuel P'osdick, 192 
Joyce, Walter, 172 

Kanady 1 -n.,. « .v 

KANNAD Y } EIlZabeth '7I 

Sarah, 71 
Karr, mrs. William W., 62 
Keely, mrs. Thomas E., 44 
Keith, mrs. Ira Bliss, 56 
Kellog, Joseph, 14S 
Kelton, D wight H., 56 

William, 75, S2 
Kempton ) , r , Q £. o 

Kemton J^nasseh, 1S6, 187 

Kendall, Henry Myron, 59 
Kendrick ( T7,-' 1 -t. 
Kindrick \ E^abeth, 202 

Solomon, 202 
Kennady, John, 148 
King, Abigail, 177 

Bathsheba, 245-247 

Bathshua, 17S 

Caleb, 68 

Ebenezer, 17S 

Edward, 189 

George, 69 

Hannah, 72 

Ichabod, 68, 69 

John, 178, 245-248 

Joseph, 24, 2;, 27 

Judith, 68, 69 

Mary, 178 

Mercy, 178, 248 

Nathaniel, 245, 246 

Samuel, 178 

Stephen, 177 

Thankful, 68 



Knapp, mrs. Frederick N., 5r 
Kneeland, Adele, 191 
Knowles ) 

Knowls > Apphia, 142 
Knowels ) 

Cornelius, 1S3 

Edward, 142 

James, 182 

John, 142 

Martha, 182, 1S3 

Mercy, 182, 1S5 

Rebecca, 142, 1S3 

Richard, 1S2, 1S3 
Kuhn, mrs. Oscar William, 19 1 
Kyle, mrs. William S. f 51, 189, 190 

Ladue, mrs. Austin Yates, 60 
Langley, — — , 23S 
Lapham, mrs. Samuel, 62 
Lathrop ] 
Lothrop I 
Laythorp [ ' ^ 

Laythorpe J 

Barnabas, 23, 28, 154, 156, 220 

Elizabeth, 226 

Joseph, 23, 2S, 1S1 

Mary, 121 

Tabitha, 222 
Lawrence, Benjamin, 133 

William Badger, 251 

mrs. William Badger, 190 

William M., 5S 
Lawrie, mrs. William, 55, 189, 192 
Lay, lord, 9 
Lazell, Theodore S., 55 

mrs. Theodore S., 56, 57 
Leach, Anne, 72 

Content, 73 

Deborah, 20 

Giles, 20 

Josiah Granville, 51-53, 5S 

Samuel, 73 
Le Baron [ ,-. , . , ,^ 
Laearon \ Frederick N., 51 

James, 6S 

Martha, 68 
Lechford, Thomas, no 
Lee, , 97 

Edward Clinton, 58 
Lennig, Lucretia C, 51 

Philip, 172 

Rebecca, 120 
Levett, Christopher, 90 
Lewis ] 

Luis J 

Benjamin, 141 
ensign, 236 
George, 141 
Joan, 141 
Jemima, 71 



Index of Persons. 



271 






Lewis ^ 

Lewes j 

Leuies [-Nathaniel, 141 

Luis 

contd J 

Rebecca, 141 

Sarah, 141 

Tabitha, 189 

Thomas, 141 
Libeie, Frederick James, 127 
Lincoln ) *#-;«--—♦ <,<<* 
Linckhorn \ Mar S aret > 2 4S 

Mary, 246 

Mercy, 248 

Samuel, 247 

Thankful, 249 

Thomas, 246-249 



Linnell ) 

Linn el > 
Lynn el ) 



Arthur Ellsworth, 190 



- Abiah, 121 



Experience, 224 

Hannah, 223 
LiPPiNCOTT, Craige, 58 
Litchfield, Wilford L, 127 
Little, Amos R., 62 

Anna, 161, 163, 164 

Ephraim, 146, 162-164, 172-174, 212 

Hannah, 164 

Isaac, 162-164, 172 

John Mason, 55 

Mercy, 164 

Patience, 164 

Ruth, 164 

Samuel, 126, 162-164 

Sarah, 126 

Thomas, 161-164 
LOMRARD 
LUMBARD 
LUMBART 
LUMBERT 
LU M.BURT 

Lumber 

Caleb, 1S3 

Deliverance, 183 

Edward, 183 

Elizabeth, 183, 221, 225 

Isaac Gross, 59 

Josiah Lewis, 50, 51, 53, ^4 

Mary, 183 
London, negro, 210, 211 
Lord, , 149 

Joseph, 182 
Loring, Abigail, 21 

Ignatius, 21 

Thomas, 146, 147 
Lothrop, see Lathrop- 
Lovell ) 
Louell > Anna, 74 

LOVEL ) 

Elizabeth, 225 
James, 74, 131 
John, 74 
Mary, 74 
Peter, 74 



Lowell, James Russell, 4 

Bethiah, 112 

Elisha, 112 

Joanna, 112 

Mary, 112 

Repentance, 112 

Samuel, 112 

Sarah, 112 
Ludlow, George McMurtry, 59 
Lunt, Cornelia Gray, 59 
Luther, Martin, 107 
Lyman, general, 148, 237, 238 
Lyon, Asahel, 21 

Fear, 21 

Macdonough, Rodney, 52, 53, 55, 64, 

87 

Thomas, 64 
•Mack, sergeant, 235 
Mackfun, Joanna, 72 

Robert, 72 
Madill, mrs. Charles Grant, 127 
Mahuren, David, 21 

Ruth, 21 
Maker, Abigail, 177 

James, 177 

Mary, 177 
Manchester, W alter Howland, 192 
Manning, mrs. H. C, 51 
March, Thomas, 137 
Marchant, Hannah, 1S9 
Marsh, William Lowrey, 51, 53, 54 
Marshall, John, 99, 100 

mrs. John, 252 
Mason, George Champlin, ;8 

John, 8S 
Matthews, Albert, 190 
Maverick, Moses, 256 
Mayo, , 247 

Abigail, 140 

Alice, 32 

Bathsheba, 32, 33 

Daniel, 229 

Ebenezer, 32. 33 

Elisha, 33, 229 

Elizabeth, 32, y, 140, 177, 195, 196, 
246 

Hannah, 33, 142, 177 

Henry, 30 

James, 30 

Jeremiah, 229 

Joanna, 32 

John, 30, 177, 195, 196 

Mary, 29 

Mercy, 33, 178 

Nathaniel, 32, 33, 140 

Robert, 33 

Ruth, 140 

Samuel, 229 

Sarah, 30 
McAdoo, Mary J. O., 1S9 
McCartney, mrs. William H., 51 



272 



Index of Persons. 



236 



McCOLLESTER ) 
MACKHOLLESTER ) ' 

L. S., 60 

McGlenen, Edward Webster, 190 

McKay, mrs. James, 1S9 

McKinlay, mrs. James M., 51 

McLAURIN, John L., 57 

MqMillan, mrs. John G., 253 

Merrick ] 

Merick 

Mirrick }• Abigail, 2U 

Myrick I 

Marick J 

Deborah, 207, 208 

ensign, 246 

Jabez, 20S 

Jethro, 20S 

Joshua, 208 

Mercy, 140 

Oliver, 20S 

Ruth, 210 

Samuel, 208 

Simeon, 20S 

Snow, 208 

Stephen, 140, 207, 20S 

Thomas, 20S 

William, 244 
Mighell, Thomas, 126 
Millard, James Fitch, 59 
Miller, Elias, 70 

John, 154, 156, 220 

Sarah, 70 
Mills, William S to well, 5S 
Mitchell ) 

Mitchel > Deborah, 73 
Michell ) 

Edward, 151, 152 

Experience, 83, 84, 150-152 

Hannah, 151 

Jacob, 162 

James, 184 

Jane, 150 

John, 151, 152 

Mary, 150, 151 

Mercy, 184 

Sarah, 151, 184, 185 

Tabitha, 184 

Thomas, 151 

Timothy, 73 

William, 1S4, 185 
Mix, , 149 

Amasa, 237 
Mixter, Samuel Jason, 55 

mrs. William, 189 
More, Christian, 128 

Jane, 128 

Lydia, 18 

Richard, 12S 
Morison, mrs. John Holmes, 55 
Morris, mrs. Seymour, 59 

Mary, 73 



Morse, Elizabeth, 73 

Mary, 73 
Morton, Bryant, 229 

Deborah, 73 

Ephraim, 16, 17, 100, 195, 19S, 214, 

234 

George, 186, 1S7, 193 

John, 23, 28, 119, 193 

Lettice, 193 

Marcus, 55 

Mary, 195 

Nathaniel, 1, 92, 100, 212, 216 

Thomas, 186, iSS 
Moseley, mrs. Frank, 1S9 
Mott, Henry Elliott, 57 

Thomas, 211 
Munro, Abigail, 21 
Benjamin, 21 
Lucy Josling, 21 
Wilfred H., 55 

Nash, Samuel, 154 

Nason, Emma Huntington, 60 

Nelson, Hannah, 71 

John, 165 

Lois, 73 
Newell, , 135 

John, 136 
Newton, Charles H., 59 

Clara Chipman, 59 

Elvira, 18 

N™sK- EdwardH - 191 ' 252 
Randall, 135 
Wiliard A., 189 

Nickerson " 

NlCKERSO 

NlCKRSON 

Nickeson ]■ Anna, 182 

NlCKSON 

NlCORSON 

NlCHERSON 

Ansel, 193 

Barzillai, 199 

Desire, 198 

Ebenezer, 199, 209, 247 

Edward, 247 

Elkanah, 184 

Hannah, 199 

Jane, 183, 209 

Jerusha, 199 

Jonathan, 183, 199, 247 

Judith, 183 

lieutenant, 247 

Lydia, 19S. 199 

Mary, 33, 182, 19S, 209, 247 

Mercy, 33, 247 

Nathaniel, 247 

Nicholas, 33 

Osborn, 251 

Prince, 199 



Index of Persons. 



273 






Rebecca, 184 



Nickerson ' 

NlCKERSO 
NlCKRSON 
NlCKESON 
NlCKSON [ 

NlCORSON 

NlCHERSON 

cont'd 

R. C, 251 

Robert, 1S4 

Shubael, 1S2 

Simeon, 1S3 

Thankful, 209, 247 

Thomas, 1S3, 1S5, 19S, 199, 



Paddock ) 

Paddok > James, 1S8 

confd ) 

John, iSS 

Mary, iSS, 1S9 

Peter, iSS 

Priscilla, 1S9, 247 

Zachariah, iSS, 1S9, 246, 247 
Paddy ' 



Pady 

Paget, 

Paine 



William, 



-37, 117, 130 



247 



William, 33. 199, 209, 247, 248 
Nightingale, George C, 51 
Noble, John, 56 
Norris, Mary, 37 
North, Charles J., 62, 192, 251 

Daniel, 222 

Hannah, 222 

James, 222 

John, 222 

Ma™, 222 

Winifred, 222 
Norton, Peter, 72 

Rozilla, 72 
Noyes 
Noyce 

David W., 190 

James Atkins, 190 
Nye, Everett I., 210, 251 

Ores } Josiah, 227-232 

Ogden, captain, 23S 
Oglesby, mrs. J. H., 51 
ORTON, Thomas, 137 
OSBORN ) c 
OSBOURN'( SuSanna ' 20 

mrs. William Henry, 252 
Otis, Dorothy, 126 

Joseph, 126 
Oviatt, Frances Ophelia, 18 
Oxford, negro, 237 

Pabodie, Elizabeth, 65, 98 
Martha, 9S 



Priscilla, 65 
William, 256 
William II., 



, 106 

PAIN 1 >** 

Abigail, 31, 34 

Barnabas, 32 

Charles, 229 

Cyrus F., 51 

Dorcas, 209. 245 

Ebenezer, 209 

Elkanah, 31 

ensign, 246, 247 

Experience, 210, 24S 

Hannah, 31-34, 209 

Hugh, 31 

Jonathan, 31, 209, 24S 

Joseph, 209, 210, 244, 245, 248 

Joshua, 32 

Lois, 34 

Lydia, 32 
• Mary, 209, 247 

Moses, 32 

Nicholas, 33, 34 
. Patience, 209, 210, 245 

Phebe, 31, 32, 209, 245 

Philip, 34 

Priscilla, 23 

Reliance, 209, 246 

Richard, 209 

Thankful, 33 

Thomas, 31, 32, 209, 247 
Palmer, Elizabeth, 74 

Priscilla, 20 

Sarah, 74 

Thomas, 74 

William, 1S6, 1S8 

Zurishaddai, 74 
Parke, Richard, 12S 

Sarah, 12S 
Parker, , 135 



59 



Packard, Abigail, 73 
Anne, 72 
Deborah, 73 
Jonathan, 73 
Samuel, 72 

K?Hho„ y ,,8 9 

Bethiah, iSS, 1S9 
David, 189 
Deborah, 188 
Elizabeth, 1S8 
Hannah, 189 
Ichabod, 188 



Edmund Southard, 

Edward L., 190 

Frederick Wesley, 50 

justice, 222 
Parlour, Abigail, 72 

Deliverance, 71 

Hannah, 72 

Thomas, 72 
Parris, Benjamin, 20 

Sarah, 20 
Parsons, Willis Ellis, 60 
Partridge ) 

Partrich > , 81, 82 

Partich ) 

Georce, o- 



55 



274 



Index of Persons. 



Pason, colonel, 239 
Pearmain, Sumner Bass, 55 

^ I Chanty, .S 9 

Matthew, 1S9 

Peck, , 236 

Peirce, see Pierce 

Percy, mrs. George W.j 190 

Perkins, — — , 214 

Charles Brooks, 127, 252 
mrs. Charles Brooks, 127, 191 
George Batcheller, 127, 191 

Perry, Mary J., 52 
James, 13S 
John B., 52 

Peterson, John, 172 

g££, }*.]—. .73 

Eleazer, 136 
John, 172 
Phinney, see Finney 

Solomon, 137 
William, 196 
Pichon, Hiram Leander, 60 

Jonathan, 63 

Naomi, 65 

Thomas, 6S 
Pitkin, mrs. Albert H., 51 
Plimpton, Frances A., 190 

mrs. Henry R., 190 
Plummer I a __ ~q t ,q 
Plumer J Ann, 9 S, 12S 

sergeant, 235 
Pond, V. C, 190 

Poole, John, 234 
Porter, mrs. Burr, 55, 12S 

mrs. Henry Hobart, 127 

Powicke, , 106 

Pratt 1 
Prat ! 
Pratte [ 
Prate J 

Aaron, 13S 

Anna, 138 

Daniel, 138 

Dorcas, 137 

Esther, 240 

Hannah, 73 

John, 64, 73, 138 

Joseph, 133, 137-139 

Joshua, 93, 96, 1S6, 1S7, 240 

Mary, 64, 94, 95, 132, 136-140 

Mercy, 138 

Peter, 13S 

Phineas, 64, 87-98, 129-139 

Samuel, 138 

Sarah, 240 
Prence ) Thomas, 35, 82, S6, 94, 96, 97, 
Prince f 118, 119, 129, 130, 185, 216, 
251, 256 



64 



Price, Margaret, 27 
Mary, 165 

Pride, , 150 

Priest, Degory, 45, 62, 64, 94, 136 



Prince, see also Prence 

John, 85 

Mercy (Hinckley), 127 

Samuel, 73 

Thomas, I 
PUMMERY, , I4S, I49, 234, 235 

Purmort, mrs. Henry C, 59 

PUTMON, ,I4S 

IS™] J** '34. 135 

mrs. George H., 190 

Rainey, Samuel Mitchell, 59 
Ralf, David, 1S2 

Katrina, 1S2 
Randal, Rozilla, 72 
Rawlins, Thomas, 8^ 
Ray, Elizabeth, 199 
Raymond ) r-,.,, ., „. 
Rayment \ E1 ^ abeth ' 70 

mrs. Henry E., 190 

Ithamar, 70 

James, 70 

Joshua, 70 

Martha, 71 

Maybelle, 253 

Mercy, 70 

g^j Axel Hayford, 253 

Esther, 22, 24 

James, 74 

Mary, 74 

mrs. Sylvanus, 51 

William, 22, 27 

William Howell, 127 
Remich, Daniel C, 190 
Remick, mrs. John A., 51, 55 
Reyner, John, 212, 215 

Dorothy, 69 

Elizabeth, 69 

Hannah, 72 

Isaac, 69 

Mary, 69 
Rhodes, James Mauran, 52, 53, 128 
Rice, mrs. John M., 190 
Rich, Anne, 34 

Huldah, 34 

John, 228, 229, 231. 232 

Joseph, 34 

Obadiah, 34 

Priscilla, 34 

Rebecca, 34 

Richard, 34 



Index of Persons. 



275 



25 J*** 34 

Sylvanus, 34 

Zaccheus, 34, 211 
Richards, George Brinckerhoff, 253 

Jeremiah, 52 

Lysander S., 190 
Richardson, George E., 190 

mrs. George E., 190 
Richmond, Henry A., 191 

John, 69 

Sarah, 69 
Rickard \ T . .. 
Ricket father, 100 

James, 114 

John, 114 

Sarah, 114 
Rider, see also Ryder 

Bethiah, 200 

John, 200 

Mehitable, 200 

Simeon, 200 

Zenas, 200 
Ridley, — —, 30 

Mar}*, 30 

R™c F jAndrew, 118,110-, 193-19S 

Deborah, 193, 195 
Eliezer, 194-196 
Elizabeth, 195, 196 
Lettice, 193 
Mary, 195 
Susanna, 195 
William, 194-198 

||£ff Hannah, 21, 73,145 

William, 73 
Rivers, Mary, 190 
Rob bins ) r . 
Robins \ Desire > 3* 

■Nicholas, 82 

Samuel, 31 
Robinson, John, 6-12, 101, 106-10S, 

126, 189 
Rodgers, see Rogers 
RoEkling, mrs. Washington A., 56 
Rogers \ __ Rq 
Rodgeks ( ' ° 5 

Benjamin, 175 

Ebenezer, 175 

Elizabeth, 182 

John, 06, 126, 146, 175, 256 

Jonathan, 175 

Joseph, 95, 175 

Judah, 175, 208 

Mary, 20S 

Moses, 1S2 

Patience, 20S 

Priscilla, 175 

Sarah, 175 

Thankful, 175 

Thomas, 45, 57, 58, 62, 191, 253 
Rowley, H. Curtis, 190 

Warren C., 190 



Rudd, , 149 

Edward Huntting, 55, 56 
Rumhigin, indian, SS 
Runk, Louis Barcroft, 58 
Russell, , 224, 225" 

Alfred, 60 

mrs. Alfred, 60 
Ryder, see also Rider 

mrs. Godfrey, 127 



Salmon, Stephen D., 128, 190 
Samson ) 

Sampson > Abraham, 159 
Samso ) 

Ann, 98, 99, 128 

Henry, 45, 57, 6o, 62, 98, 99, 127, 
128, 186, 187 

Martha, 70 

Mar^*, 70 

Obadiah, 70 

Stephen, 256 
Sanders, Anna, 224 

John, 90 
Sargent, John Smith, 59 
Sarson, mrs. Horace Benjamin, 192 
Sauyeur, mrs. Albert, 57 
Savoury, Anne, 233 
Sawyer, John, 126 

Mercy, 126 

Rebecca, 126 
Scott, George R. W., 126 
Scudder ) u„ mm , mm 
Skuder f Hannah, 32 

lltVill \ Frederick C, 62 
Saberry ) ' 

Martha, 98 

Samuel, 9S-100 

Sears ] 

Seares I 

Seers )■ Abigail, 210, 249 

Seirs J 

Sers J 

Ann, 183, 246 

Ann M., 62 

Anna, 183 

Anne, 1S3 

Benjamin, 246 

Daniel, 1S2, 1S3, 199-202 

David, 201 

Deborah, 202, 246 

Desire, 210 

Experience, 183 

Hannah, 183, 210, 247 

Henry H., 251 

James, 246 

J. Henry, 55, 56, 243, 25 1 

John, 245 

Joseph, 247 

lieutenant, 246 

Mary, 210 

Mercy, 201, 210, 245, 249 

Paul, 183, 246 



2 76 



Index of Persons. 



Sears ] 
Shares | 

Sers 

COJlfd J 

Rebecca, 201 

Richard, 201 

Ruth, 1S3, 210, 249 

Samuel, 210, 245, 249 

Sarah, 201, 202 

Seth, 245 

Silas, 246 

Thankful, 1S3 

Zachariah, 247 
Seekens ) . 
Seekins \ Aaron > 73 

Damaris, 70 

Lydia, 73 

Moses, 70 
Severance ) 
Severanc > Bethiah, 1S2 
Severence ) 

Ebenezer, 31 
Seyvall, Samuel, 205, 206 
Shaler, , 64 

Harriet A,, 55, 190 

Henry Southworth, 55, 190 

John," 96, 132, 1S6, 187 

Jonathan, 24, 25, 41, 124 

Lydia, 207 

Mary, 151 

Persis, 41 
Shepard, James, 190, 251 

mrs. James E., 190 
Sherman, Deborah, 126 

Desire, 171, 173 

mrs. James E., 51 

Jane, 125, 126 

John, 125, 126, 173 

Samuel, 125, 172 

William, 171-173 

Shuntup, Henry, 148 

Shurtleff ( w .,,. ~ 

Shirtltff P^i»™,i67 
Simmons { M - M tQ ^ tQ<5 
Simons \ Moses ' l86 ' lSS 

William Stearns, 127 
Simpkins, John, 242 
Simpson, John, 137 
SKELDING, mrs. Arthur Bertram, 254 
Skerry, Amory Thompson, 254 

justice, 226 
SLAPP, captain, 237 
Small, Warren W., 52 
SMALLE, Bethiah, 182 

Zachariah, 1S2 



Smith, Abigail, 71, 140 

Asaph, 200 

David, 141 

Dean, 1S4, 200 

Elizabeth, 23^ 1S2 

Esther, 1S4, 200 

Gold win, 105 

Hannah, 23, 7 2 > l A°> *4* 

mrs. Henry M., 190 

Isaac, 142 

mrs. James, 44 

Jeremiah, 140, 141 

Jesse, 142 

Joanna, 32 

John, 33, 88, 137, 247 

Jonathan, 73, 74, 142 

Marion A., 190 

Mary, 141, 142, 223 

Mercy, 140, 249 

Nathan Holt, 51, 58 

Nathaniel, 71 

Ralph, 141, 210, 211 

Rebecca, 141 

Samuel, 229-232 

mrs. Samuel F., 190 

Sarah, 33, 73 

Susanna, 71, 74 

Thomas, 32, 135, 141, 142 
Snow, Aaron, 17S, 24S 

Anna, 141 

Anthony, 162, 163, 256 

David, 177, 248 

Deborah, 207 

Ebenezer, 175, 245 

Edward, 32, 247, 248 

Elizabeth, 175 

Grace, 32 

Hannah, 175-17S, 245, 247 

Isaac Burrows, 5S 

Jabez, 32, 176, 247 

Jane, 245 

Jonathan, 177, 207, 24S 

Joshua, 207 

Josiah, 125, 175 

Lydia, 177, 17S, 207, 246 

Mark, 207 

Martha, 247 

Mary, 33, 175, 177, 178, 248 

Mercy, 176, 247 

Nathaniel, 207, 248 

Nicholas, 207 

Phebe, 207 

Prence, 176, 177, 207, 247, 24S 

Rebecca, 125, 126, 247, 254 

Ruth, 17S, 248 

Samuel, 176, 17S, 247 

Sarah, 3c, 32, 207 

Thankful, 207 

Thomas, 32, 175, 177, 17S, 245~ 2 49 

Wflliam, 254 
SOULE I AV ~ail 21 

Soul \ A -s a "» 2I 
Benjamin, 113 



Index of Persons. 



277 



SOULE ) 

Soul > Deborah, 11 3 

com : a ) 

George, 45, 56, 62, 63. 9S, 100, J 27, 
12S, 159, ib6, 1S7, 191, 192, 239, 

25 2 » 2 53« 256 
Hannah, 113 
Hester, 159 
Horace Homer, 51, 55 
James, 27, 241 

John, 27, 29, 159, 160, 192, 239 
Joseph, 161 
Julius E., 62 
Lvdia, 24, 27 
Martha, 72 
Nathan, 64 
Nathaniel, 256 
Rachel, 160 
Rebecca, 160 

Sarah, 21, 64, 113, 160. 192, 239, 
Zachariah, 113 
Zeruah, 44 

Southworth, Constant, 132, 1S6, 1S7 

Nathaniel, 125, 165, I £6 

Thomas, 119, 186, 1S7, 215 
Sowashan, indian, 220 
Spaj.din, sergeant, 149 
Sparrow, , 116 

Jonathan, 1S0 

Patience, 209 

Richard, 116, 117 
Sprague, Francis, 1S6, 18S 

mrs. Francis P., 56, 190 

Grace, 72 

Samuel, 16, 17, 25, 29, 40-42, 67, 
150, i>2, 166, 167, 172, 174, 193, 
194. 196-19S 
Sprout, Robert, 256 

Thankful, 73 
Stafford, mrs. Edward Orr, 253 
Stan-dish, Alexander, 171, 256 

Barbara, 119 

Charles Dana, 60 

Ichabod, 69 

Mary, 69 

Moses, 73 

M t ]e V' *!• 5I ~ 53 ' 55. 57, 62, 82, 
53, 55, bo, 92, 93, 102, 114-117, 
127, 171, 1S6, 187, 191, 2;2, 254, 
256 
Phebe, 69 
Rachel, 73 
Stanford. Robert, 172 
Staples, Marv, 71 
Stark, William M., 58 
Starr, Comfort, 82 

^ TEELF iAshbel, 101 
Steel ) 

Melatiah, 145 

Mercy, 145 

Thomas Sedgwick, 127 



Stephens \ ., ■ ., 
Stevens \ Abl S aiI « 3 2 

Benjamin F., 55 

Edward, 113. 172 

George H., 190 

James, 149 

Phebe, 113 

Richard, 32 

William Burdick, 56 

mrs. George R., 62 
Robert, 132 
Stevens, see Stephens 

Stewart 

Stewartt 

Stewarart \ Abigail, 199 

Stuart 

Stuard 

James, 199 

Joseph, 199, 201 

Lydia, 1S5 

Mary, 199, 201 

Samuel, 1S3-185, 19S-200 

Temperance, 201 
Stillman, William Maxson, 254 
Stone, Achsah, 249 
' Eunice, 248 

Heman, 246 

Kezia, 245 

Nathan, 247 

Nathaniel, 242, 244, 249 

Ralph, 60 

Reliance, 245 

Thankful, 247 

Strauss, , 107 

Strickland, Helen Josephine, 191 
Strong, William J. H., 60 
Strout, Hannah, 32 

Mary, 30 

Sarah, 140 
Stuart, see Stewart 
Sturmey, Dennis, 114 

Elizabeth, 114 

Rebecca, 114 

Thomas, 114 
Sturtevant, Charles, 22 

John, 165, 167 

Joseph, 167 

Lucy, 20 

Prisciila, 20 

Ruth, 22 

Samuel Stafford, 20 

Sarah, 20, 21 

Thomas, 21 
Sumers, Elizabeth. 125 

John, 125 

Swain, , 135 

Swan, Robert T., 56 

William, 13S 
Swann, Josephine Ward, 57 
Sweat, Benjamin, 229 



27S 



Index of Persons. 



f^^jmrs. Edward Y.,i 28 

Elizabeth, 24, 27 
Joane, 16S 
Thomas, 24 
William, i6S, 170 

Thomas, 22, 27 
?^ E o°?r} ^chie Lee, 60 
Peter, 95 

Ann, 223 

Daniel, 69 

Desire, 1S2 

Elizabeth, 67, 69 

John, 67, 69, 142 

Mary, 224 

Mathes, 1S2 

Robert, 67 
Terry, mrs. Charles H., 51 

John Taylor, 50 

Marion Jane, 191 

Roderick, 52, 53, 57 

Thatcher \ 

Thacher S 3 

Franklin N., 190 

John, 154, 156, 220 

Peter, 71-73 

Thomas C, 251 
Thayer, Deliverance, 71 

Ephraim, 202, 206 

Isaac, 71 

Sarah, 204 
Thomas, Abigail, 72 

David, 44, 71 

Deborah, 126 

Dorothy, 126 

Edward, 72 

Elisha, 69 

Elizabeth, 69, 71, 72 

Ephraim, 69 

Hannah, 71, 72 

Israel, 69 

Jedediah, 73 

Jeremiah, 71 

John, 3, 237 

Joseph, 240, 241 

Lois, 73 

Lydia, 73 

Mary, 71, 126 

Mercy, 125 

Miriam, 71 

Nathaniel, 126, 146, 147, 159, 161 

Samuel, 125 

Sarah, 69 

Thankful, 71 

William, 69, 72, 13S 
Thompson I AK • ., 



Thompson 

Tomson ^ Amasa, 68 

cont'd 

mrs. Andrew, 252 

Elizabeth, 24, 70, 72 

Esther, 22, 24 

Huldah, 20 

Isaac, 20 

Jacob, 23-27, 29, 70, 72, 73, 160 

James, in 

John, 22-29, 7 2 

Joseph, in 

Lucian Bisbee, 190 

Lucy, 20, 21 

Lydia, 21, 24, 27 

Mary, 22, 24, 27, 68, 123 

Mercy, 24, 27, 72 

Peter, 23-27, 29, in 

Sarah, 24, 27, in 

Thomas, 23-27, 29, 6S 
Thorp, Joseph, 185 

Mehitable, 185 

Thomas, 185 
Thrasher, Darnaris, 70 

Thomas, 162 
Tilley, Elizabeth, 217 
Tilson, Edward, 82, 8^ 
Tinker, Joseph Wescot, 127 
Tinkham " 
Tinkam 
Tinkcom 

TlNCOM 
TlNCOME 

Tin cum 

Bathsheba, 21 

Caleb, in 

Ebenezer, 73, 74, in, 123 

Elizabeth, 74 

Elkiah, see Helkiah 

Ephraim, 122-124, l &7t 2 54 

Hannah, 69, 70, no 

Helkiah, no, in, 123 

Isaac, 65, 70, 123 

Jacob, no, in 

Jeremiah, 74 

Joanna, 72 

John, 69, 70, ill, 123 

Lydia, no 

Martha, 69 

Mary, 69-71, no, in, 122, 123, 254 

Mercy, 70 

Noah, 6S 

Patience, 70, 74 

Peter, 69, in, 123 

Priscilla, 74 

Ruth, no, in 

Samuel, 69-71 

Sarah, in 
Titus, mrs. Nelson V., 51 
Toba, negro, 237 
Todey, Rufus B., 190 



• Abijah, 6S f 70 



Index of Persons. 



279 



—.31 

Hamilton B., 
214 



5* 



190 



Tom lin, - 
Tompkins, 
Torrey, 

Anna, II: 
" Joseph, 112 

Mary, 112 

William, 112, 134, 135 
Tota, indian, 219 
Tower, Charlemagne, 58 
Tracy ) 

Tracye > John, 27, 29 
Trasie ) 

Stephen, 95, 1S6, 187 
Trafto'n, mrs. Francis E., 190 
Treat, Abigail, 32 

Joanna, 32 

John, 229 

Nathaniel, 229 

Samuel, 30, 32, 140, 142, 217 
Tkewant, Mehitable, 126 

Morris, 126 
Trow, Mary, 127 
Trowbridge, Edward A. 

John, 172 
Tucker J -o • 
Tuker } Benjamin, 70 ■ 

Elizabeth, 184, 249 

Eunice, 1S4 

Hannah, 184 

John, 1S4 

Keziah, 184, 249 

Samuel, 184, 248, 249 

Sarah, 70 

Thankful, 184, 249 
Turner, Charles Peaslee, 58 

Elizabeth, 73 

Ezekiel, 18 

Frederic Alonzo, 45 

mrs. Frederic A., 55 

Hannah, 72, 73 

Japheth, 73 

John, 18 

Mary, 18 

Philip Foster, 60 

Sarah, 18 
Tup.rell, mrs. Herbert, 58 
Tuspaquin, indian, 29 
Twining J ., . ., 
Twinning \ Abigail, 34 

Barnabas, 142 

Eleaz'er, 34 

Elizabeth, 142 

Hannah, 142 

John, 34 

Katrina, 182 

Mercy, 34, 142 

Nathaniel, 34 

Ruth, 142 

Stephen, 34 

Thankful, 142 

William, 142 
Tyler, mrs. Joseph H., 190 

William Seymour, 254 



Usher, Gerard, 2 

Vaill, Charlotte F. S., 60 

Edward Griswold, 60 

Frederick Sturdivant, 51, 60 

Julia Cornelia, 60 
Van Dyke, Harry Weston, 52 
Vassall twir c< 
Varssall P lluam ' S6 
Vaughan, Deborah, 63 

Ebenezer, 6S 

Elisha, 75 

Faithful, 68 

George, 68, 74 

Huldah, 20 

Jabez, 68 

Jerusha, 70 

John, 70 

Joseph, 72, 75, 160 

Mercy, 72 

Nathan, 6S 

Rebecca, 74 

Samuel, 20 

Thomas, 75 
Venables, colonel, 2 
Vezey, Solomon, 206 
Vickery, Joanna, 32 
Vinal, Alvin A., 190 
Vincent, Hannah, 210 

John, 210 



66 



Vinsen, Sarah, 223 

Wadsworth ) _ 
Waddesworth ) 

Christopher, 82 

Elisha, 147 

John, 67 
Waldo, captain, 150 
Walker, sergeant, 149 

W ALLEY, , 214 

Wallis, Thomas, 170 
Walter, mrs. Joel C, 190 
Walton, John Whittlesey, 50 
Ward, mrs. Charles Albert, 59 

Joseph Walter, 190 
Ware, Francis A., 190 
Warner, Charles Dudley, 51, 53 
Warren, Abigail, 113 

Anna, 161 

Benjamin, 15, 16 

Caroline B., 51 

Daniel Frederick, 50-53, 57 

Eleanor, 68 

Elizabeth, 16, 152, 1S6, 188 

Hannah, 113 

James, 40 

John, 113 

Joseph, 14-17, 100 

Mercy, 15 

Nathaniel, 113 

Patience, 16 

Priscilla, 14-17 



2 80 



Index of Persons. 



Warren \ ^ . , , -. 

cont'd \ Richard > M, 45. 47, 56. 

60, 62, 12S, 152, 161, 191, 252, 

Ruth, 113 

Samuel, 68 

Sarah. 6S, 113 

Susanna, 113 

Winslow, 1, 51, 52, 55 
Washburn, mrs. Charles Francis, : 

Henry S., 126 

Maryj 70 

Miriam, 252 

Nehemiah, 70 

William Sherman, 59 

Waterhouse, , 171 

Waterman, Anne, 24, 25 

Deborah, 20 

Elisha, 20 

Hannah, 21 

Jabez, 21 

Joanna, 21 

John, 162, 164 

Joseph, 21, 70, 164 

Joshua, 70 

Lucy, 21 

Martha, 20 

Patience, 70 

Phebe, 20 

Sarah, 21 

William, 20 
Watson, George, 234 
Wead, mrs. Leslie Clark, 127, 190 
Webb, Benjamin, 204-206 

general, 149, 23S 

Jonathan, 204, 205 

Ruth, 204, 2c6 

Susanna, 204, 205 
Webber, Maria G., 51 

Richard, 140 

mrs. Samuel G., 51 

Sarah, 140 

Sarah S., 51 
Weeks, Abigail, 249 

Andrew G., 190 

Deborah, 249 

George, 249 
Welch, A. R., 51 

Ashbel, 51, 52, 58 

Weld, , 126 

Wells, captain, 235, 237 
Wescoat ' ) n .. , 

Hannah, 72 

James, 69 

Joanna, 69 

Mary, 69 

Richard, 69 

Thomas, 72 
Wesen, Elizabeth., 182 
Weston, Edmund, 160 

Rebecca, 160, 161 

Thomas, 87-90, 92 
Wetkerhead, see Witherhead 



2 54 



Wets, sergeant, 14S 
Wh eatox, mrs. Loyd, 58 
Whelden { T . 
Whilden fJ^eph, 220 

Whetston, John, 15S 
Whitaker, Ann, 71" 

Richard, 71 
Whitcomb, Lawrence, 127 
White, Peregrine, 1, So, 191 

Resolved, S6 

mrs. Stephen V. C, 31, 52 

William, 45, 62, 191 
Whitman, Joslah, 20 

Samuel, 21 

Sarah, 20, 21 
Whitmarsh, John, 131 
Whitney, Thomas, 97 
Whoory, Ralph, 130 
Wicker, Cassius M., 51 
Wight, Charles Henry, 51 

Martha Cobb, 60 ' 
Wile, Moses, 229 
Wiley, corporal, 237 
Wilkinson, mrs. Henry W., 190 
Willard, James Le Baron, 50 

Susan Barker, 51 

WlLLETT \ A , to „£ 

Willet ( Maf y»36 

Thomas, 35-37, S3, 84, 86, 117, 
11S, 130 
Williams, Anna, 13S 

Hannah, 33 

mrs. Horace P., 190 

Joseph, 71 

Margaret, 71 

mrs. Robert A., 60 

Roger, 13, 101, 106, 107 
Williamson, mrs. Chalmers Meek, 127 
190 

George, 229-231 

Timothy, 173 
•Willis, John, 82 

sss»j =*»?■*' 

Henry, 185 

Mary, 185 
Wing 5 

Winge / Bethiah, 249 
Whing ) 

Daniel, 170 

John, 234, 249 

Rachel, 249 
Winpenny, mrs. J. Bolton, 62 
Winslow ) 
Winslowe > , 246 

•WlNSLO ) 

Edward, 1-3, 12, 45, 48, 57, 62, 63, 

82, 87, SS, 90, 92, 93, 102, 239 
Elizabeth, 2 
Hannah, 248 
Isaac, 239, 241 
John, 97 
Josiah, 2, 164, 239, 256 



Index of Persons. 



281 



Win slow \ 

Winslo ^Kcneim, 246, 248 
cont'd J 

Mary, 1, 44, 246 

Mary Russell, 44 

Thomas, 1S2 
WlNSOR, Joseph, 170 

Justin, 102 
Winter, Christopher, 35 
WlNTHROP, John, 6, 256 
WlSWALL ) 

Wisewall > Ichabod, 65, 67 

WlSEWALLE ) 

Priscilla, 65, 67 
Witherhead, John, 20 

Submit, 20 
Wixam, Elizabeth, 32 
Wood ) ,, . . ^ T 
Woods f AbiaI > * l 

Abijah, 70 

Ann, 71 

Elnathan, 6S 

Ephraim, 6S 

Esther, 74 

Eunice, 20 

Glenn, 253 

Hannah, 70, 71 

Henry, 29, 70, 74 

Jabez, 71 

Jedediah, 63 

Jemima, 68 

Jerusha, 70 

Lydia, 63 

Mary, 6S, 70, 74 

Mercy, 71 

Rebecca, 74 

Samuel, 74, 123 

Susanna, 71 

Thomas, 70 

Zephaniah, 70 
Woodcock, Charles W., 60 



Woodward, Theron Royal, 58 
Wormall, Grace, 72 

Josiah, 72 

Mary, 72 
Worthington, Harry Cushman, 58 
Wright, Adam, 160, 161, 165, 167, 192, 
239-241 

Boardman, 254 

Esther or Hester, 165, 192, 239, 
240 

Isaac, 240 

James, 240 

John, 239 

Mary, 165, 24c 

Mehitable, 192, 239-241 

Moses, 240 

Nathan, 240 

Rachel, 240 

Richard, 165-167, 239 

Samuel, 240 

Sarah, 160, 192, 239, 240 

William George, 254 

mrs. William George, 254 

Yergason, Henry C, 59 

?oSo E [Abigan,34 

Barnabas, 229 
Benjamin, 229 
Dinah, 183, 202 
Elizabeth, 226 
Israel, 229 
Jennet, 33 
Joanna, 33 
John, 1S3, 202, 229 
Jonathan, 229-232 
Lydia, 33 
Mercy, 33 
Patience, 226 
Rebecca, 142 
Robert, 33 
Zipporah, 182, 183 



INDEX OF PLACES. 



ACUSHENA, 187 

Aggawam, 15 

America, 5-7, 12, 84, ico-102, 107 

ASSAWAMSETT, 23, 29, l6o 
ASSONET, l60 

Atlanta, Ga., 252 
Augusta, Me., 60 

Bacon's Brook, 157 

Baltimore, Md., 191 

Barnstable, Mass., 44, 48, 120, 153, 

181, 214, 217, 221, 231, 256 
Barnstable County, Mass., 48, 61-63, 

179. 256 
Bedford, Eng., 103 
Beloit, Wis., 60 
Billerica, Mass., 133 
Billingsgate, 227, 22S 
Binghamton, N. Y., 191 
Boston, Mass., i, 3, 4, 9, 13. 35» 3^» 

43-46, 55, 56, 64, 82, 100, 126, 127, 

134, 1 58, 189, 190, 202, 205, 2C6, 

213, 234, 235, 251 

Braintree, Mass., 202, 205, 2c6 
Brewster, Mass., 242, 251, 256 
Bridgewater, Mass., 15, 20, 21, 48, 
56, 70, 72, 73, 131, 150-152, 254, 256 
Bristol, Eng., 109 
Bristol County, Mass., 48, 61-63 
British Columbia, 44 
Brookline, Mass., 127 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 58, 191, 253 
Buffalo, N. Y., 191, 253 
Burlington, Vt., 59 

Canaan, Conn., 149 

California, 43 

Cambridge, Eng., 102 

Cambridge, Mass., 44, 138 

Cape Ann, 88 

Cape Cod, 3, 144, 242, 250 

Carver, Mass., 20 

Charles River, 133 

Charlestown, 64, 67, 94, 129, 132, 133, 

135-140 
Chatham, Mass., 182, 198, 24S, 256 
Chathamport, Mass., 251 
Chicago, III., 58, 59, 253 
Cincinnati, O., 59, 191 
Clark's Island, 3, 52 
Cleveland, O., 59 
Coaksett, 187 



Colchester Brook, 40, 41, 240 
Colorado, 44 
Connecticut, 44, 237 
Corn Hill, 52 
Crown Point, N. Y., 148, 149 

Damaris Cove, 88, 89 

Dartmouth, Mass., 4S, 122, 123, 125, 

185, 1S6, 256 
Dedham, Mass., 56 
Deerfield, Mass., 18 
Denver, Col., 253 
Detroit, Mich., 60 
Dighton, 72 

District of Columbia, 44 
Dorchester, Mass., 93 
Doty's Meadows, 41, 194 
Dover, N. H., 213 
Droit wich, Eng., i 
Duxbury, Mass., 25, 28, 39, 45. 48, 

52, 65, 66, 72, 75, 91, 95, 103, 144, 

151, 159, 160, 214, 256 

East Brewster, Mass., 251 

East Dennis, Mass., 251 

Eastham, Mass., 29, 30, 32-34, 48, 

140-142, 181, 195, 210, 211, 216, 

227-232, 24S, 251, 256 
E aston, Mass., 21 
Edinburgh, Scot., 105 
Eel River, 97 
England, i, 2, 5, 10, 13, 93, 101-103, 

106-109, 135 
Europe, 6 
Evanston, III., 59, 253 

Fitchburg, Mass., 56 

Florida, 44 

Fort Christina, New Sweden, 85 

Fort Edward, N. Y., 234, 236, 238 

Fort Wayne, Ind., 127 

Fort William Henry, X. Y., 238 

Freetown, Mass., 71 

Gainsborough, Eng., 126, 189 
Gettysburg, Pa., 105 
Glencoe, Minn., 253 
Glendale, O., 191 
Groton, Conn., 64 

Half Moon, 23S 

Halifax, Mass., 20-22, 48, 256 



282 



Lid ex of Places. 



28 



Hanover, Mass., 21 
Hardwick, Mass., 21 
Hartford, Conn., 1S9, 193 
Harwich, Mass., 48, 175, 1S2, 207, 

242, 245, 256 
Hawaii, 44 
Herring Pond, 24, 2S 
Hillsdale District, N. Y., 18 
Hinesdale, Pa., 252 
H Ingham, Mass., 131 
Hispaniola, \V. I., 1, 2 
Holland, i, 6, 12, 100, 102-105, 107, 

10S, 136 
Hoop Place Field, 15 
Hoquiam, Wash., 253 
Houston, Tex., 253 
Hudson, N. Y., 59 
Humboldt, Iowa, 252 
Hvannis, Mass., 44, 251 

Illinois, 43 
Indiana, 44 
Iowa, 43 
Ipswich, 93 
Isles of Shoals, 88 

Jackson, Miss., 127 

Jamaica, W. L, i 

Jersey, 150 

Jones River, 35, 3S, 66, 91, 96, 97, 11S, 

Kentucky, 44 

Kingston, Mass., 21, 44, 45, 47, 52, 53, 
65 

Lake Champlain, 64 

Lake George, 149 

Lawrence, N. Y., 127 

Leyden, i, 6, 11, 101, 102, 108, 136 

London, Eng., i, 2, 7, 87, 89, 101, 109 

Lout Swamp, 194 

Lyme, Conn., 18 

Lynn, Mass., 39, 44, 56 

Madison, Wis., 60 

Maine, 43, 60 

Major's Purchase, 23, 28 

Manila, P. L, 58, 253 

Manomet, 15, 127 

Marion, Ind., 17 

Marquette, Mich., 253 

Marshfield, Mass., 2, 48, 52, 86, 125, 

161, 163, 164; 171, 173, i 74 , 214, 256 
Maryland, 44, 236 
Mashpee, 216 
Massachusetts, i, 4, 6-9, 13, 43, 88, 

92, 93, 104, 131, 133, 134, i 97 , 

236-23S, 250, 256 
Mattapoiset, S3, 84, 86 
Medford, Mass., 190, 231 
Merrimac River, 133 
Michigan, 43, 54 



Middleborough, Mass., 15, 20-22, 2;, 
27, 2S, 39, 4S, 67, 70-73, 122, 123, 
125, 13S, 151, 16c, 194, 195, 256 

Milton, Mass., 21 

Milwaukee, Wis., 60 

Minnesota, 44, 54 

Missouri, 44 

Monhegan, SS, 92, 93 

Monomoy, 247 

Monponset, 24, 123 

Montclair, N. J.. 2>4 

Montville, Conn., 64 

Morris, Conn., iS 

Morristown, X. J., 252 

Ml Holly, N. J., 253 

Munuscasset, 170 

Mystic River, 133, 137 

Nacooke Brook, 133 

Namasket, 39 

Namassaket, 162, 163 

Namatakeeset, 151 

Neckatay, 1S7 

New England, i, 2, 4, 5, S7, SS, 90, 

99, 102, 105-109, 133, 135 
New Hampshire, 43 
New Jersey, 44 
New London, Conn., 58, 252 
New Sweden, 84, 85 
New York, 43 
New York, N. Y., 50, 57, 58, 191, 192, 

252 
Nine Partners, N. Y., 64 
Norfolk, Va., 253 
North Carolina, 44 
North River, S3 
Norwell, Mass., 190 
Norwich, Conn., 64, 144, 254 
Nova Scotia, 44 



Oblong, N. Y., 64 

Ogdensburg, N, Y.. 127 

Ohio, 43 

Omaha, Neb., 192 

Orange, N. J., 254 

Oregon, 44 

Orleans, Mass., 29, 48, 140, 256 

Oshkosh, Wis., 60 

Oxford. Eng., 235 

Oyster Bay, L. I., 64 

Papasquash Neck, i 56 

Pennsylvania, 43, 236, 

Philadelphia, Pa., 5S, 59, 128, 252, 

Piscataqua, 93 

Plainfield, N. J., 254 

Plymouth, Mass., 2-4, 9, 12-17, 
25, 35-42, 45. 47, 48, 5°. 5 2 - 53. 
65, 67, 7 h 82, 83, 85-110, 
117-119,122-125,128-130, 132, 
136, 143, 144, 146, 147, if - "5*" 
159, 161-163, 165-167, 182, 1S5- 
I 93- I 95» J 97, 19^ 212, 213, 
23 1 . 2 j3> 2 34, 239, 254, 256 



20, 
64, 
114. 
i53> 
1541 
1S7, 
2i7» 



284 



Index of Places. 



Plymouth Colony, i, 6, S, 12, 35. 

47-49, 61, 62, 75, 82, roi, 103, 105, 
109 
Plymouth County, 16, 4S, 61-63 
Plympton, Mass., 20, 21, 4S, 71-73, 

239, 241, 256 
Poc asset, 164 
Point Peril, 1S7 
Pollapody Cove, 195 
Portland, Me., 56 
Princeton, N. J., 57 
Providence, R* I., 192, 235 
Provincetown, Mass., 3, 250, 251 



Radnor, Pa., 253 
Raynham. Mass., 20 
Rehoeoth, Mass., 71, S3, 161 
Rhode Island, 43, 54, S;, 99, 107, 

235- 2 37 

Rochester, Mass., 22, 71, 24S 
Rochester, N. Y., 191 
Rocky Nook, 130 
Rome, Italy, 5 
Rosemont, Pa., 252 
Round Pond, 149 
Russia, 44 

Salem, Mass., 5, 107, 12S 

San Domingo, W. I., 1 

Sandwich, Mass., 15, 3;, 152, 15S, 16S, 

215,254 
San Francisco, Cal., 190, 191 
Santa Barbara, Cal., 253 
Saratoga, X. Y., 149, 237 
Scituate, Mass., 35. 4S, $3, 85, 256 
Scotland, ioi, irS 
Scrooby, Eng., 6, 100, 102 
Secunk, 36 

Sharon, Mass., 127, 190 
Sixteen Shilling Purchase, 23, 29, 

39, 160 
Smith's Islands, SS 



Snipetltt Pond, 23, 29 
South Bay, 149 
South Purchase, 160 
Sowamset, 36, S3, S4, S6 
Spain, 6 

Squantum, Mass., 45 
Stillwater. X. Y., 237 
St. Louis, Mo., iS 
Stockbridge, Mass., 149 
Stony Brook, 144 
Stony Cove, 157 
Sudbury, Mass., 170, 171 
Swansea, Mass., 153, 215 
Sweden, S4 
Switzerland, 44 

Taunton, Mass., 20, 70, S5, 164 

Texas, 44 

Toledo, O., 127 

Truro, Mass., 52, 211 

Twenty-Six Men's Purchase, 160, 161 

Vermont, 44 
Virginia, 13, 44 

Washington, D. C, 59, 253 
Wellfleet, Mass., 227, 251, 256 
Wellingsly, 96. 97 
Wells' Creek, 157 
Wessagusset, S7, "90-93 
Westwood, Mass., 252 
Weymouth, Mass., 131, 132, 214 
Whetstone Vineyard Brook, 123 
Wilmington, X". C, 254 

WlNNATUXET, 26, 2S, 39, 54, 24O 

Wisconsin, 43 
Wollaston, Mass., 190 
Woodstock, Conn., 235 
Worcester, Mass., 252 

Yarmouth, Mass., 48, 116, 153, 1 ;4, 

1S2, iSS, 220, 246, 247, 256 " 
Yorktown, Va., 105 



Gbe jfl&agficwer £>escenc>ant. 



500 SETS 

...OF... 

Bowman's Ancestral Charts 



HAVE BEEN PRESENTED TO THE 



Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants 

TO BE SOLD FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE 

COLONIAL RESEARCH FUND 

For conditions of sale, see next page. 



[reduced facsimile of a completed chart] 
•D ownvrs- Ancestral.- Charts-" •• N? 16 256 N<nharfel s . 





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Zbc d&avflowet ©esceneant. 



Bowman's Ancestral Charts 



TN order to make the gift announced on the preceding page 
immediately available for the benefit of the 

Colonial Research Fund 

it has been decided to make the following 

Remarkably Liberal Offer 

to those who purchase before October i, 1902. 

Any one who purchases $2.00 worth of Charts at one time will 
have the privilege of filling in a part of them with his ancestral lines 
and sending them, before January 1, 1903, to the Editor to 
be examined free of charge for indications of Mayflower descent. 
The result of the examination will be reported to the sender. 

The Charts are printed on the best quality of linen record paper, 
and are 84- x 1 1 inches in size. One set of seventeen Charts covers 
nine generations, having blank spaces for 511 names, and 1,532 
spaces for residences and dates of births, marriages and deaths. 

One Set (17 charts) , postage prepaid - - BO cents. 
Three Sets (51 chai'ts), postage prepaid - - $1.00 
Six Sets (102 charts), postage prepaid - - 2,00 



Freeman Genealogy 

Ten copies of this valuable genealogy have been presented, to 
be sold for the benefit of the Colonial Research Fund. In order 
to sell them quickly the Committee on Historical Research has 
fixed the Very Low Price of $3.00. Early application will be 
necessary to secure one. 

Address, for Charts or Genealogy, 

GEORGE ERNEST BOWMAN, Editor, 
623 Tremont Building Boston, Mass. 



XLbc /foavjfiowcr Besccnoant. 



Duplicates for Sale or Exchange 
By Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants. 

Story of a Pilgrim Family (Alden) .■ 
Ancient Estate of Governor Bradford 
Freeman Genealogy ...... 

Sears Genealogy 

Hanover, Mass., Birth, Marriage and Death Records 

Deane's History of Scituate, Mass. (2d Ed.) 

General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1901 

Munsell's Genealogical Index (1895) 

Munsell's American Genealogist (1897) . 

Macdonough-Hackstaff Ancestry 

Old Times at North Yarmouth 

Putnam's Monthly Historical Magazine . 

Spirit of '76 . . . . 

Photographs of Brewster Book (10 views, each of two pages), 

Wills, Deeds, etc 50 cents each 

(Freeman Genealogy and "Ancient Estate" are sold for the benefit of the 
Colonial Research Fund. The others for the Library Fund.) 



$5.00 
1. 00 
3.00 

• 5-°° 
2.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
3.00 
5.00 

Odd numbers, 

send for list. 



Address, GEORGE ERNEST BOWMAN, Secretary, 



623 Tremont Building 



Boston, Mass. 



DEANE'S HISTORY OF SCITUATE. 

Many Mayflower Descendants trace their ancestry through some of Scituate's 
300 Pilgrim families recorded in this book. Cloth, $3.00. Leather, £5.00. 

Descendants of Lawrence Litchfield. 

A chart for framing, containing the names of 1 ,000 descendants of Lawrence 
Litchfield, 9 generations. Every Litchfield should have this reference work. 
Price, $2.00. 

Address : The Historical Publishing Co., Accord, Plymouth Co., Mass. 

PHOTOGRAPHS 

George Soule's Autograph (exact size of original) . 50 cents 

Thomas Little's Autograph (exact size of original) . 50 cents 
Samuel Seabury's Autograph (exact size of original) . 50 cents 
Phineas Pratt's Gravestones (Headstone and Footstone, 

each, 8 x 10) . . . . . . 50 cents each 



Address, GEORGE ERNEST BOWMAN, Editor, 
623 Tremont Building ..... Boston. Mass. 



Please mention " The Mayjlovcir Descendant" when writing to advertisers. 



Zbc /foa^flcwcr JDescei^ant. 



The "Old Northwest" Genealogical Quarterly 

Is the organ of The " Old Northwest " Genealogical Society, and is 
now the oldest periodical of its kind west of the Atlantic States. 

Price, $3.00 per Annum. 80 Cents per Number. 

(Vol. I, in paper covers, $4.00; cloth, £5.00 : half morocco, $5.50; Vols. II, 
- Ill and IV, each, in paper covers, 53.00; cloth, 54.00 ; 
half morocco, S4.50.) 

FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS OR ADVERTISING, ADDRESS 

Dr. L. C. HERRICK, Secretary, Room 14, Dispatch Building, 
COLUMBUS, OHIO. 

GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH 
IN THE OLD COLONY . . . 



PLYMOUTH AND BRISTOL COUNTIES. 

JOHN ELLIOT BOWMAN, A.B., 
Bridgewater, Mass. 



REFERENCES. 



REASONABLE TERMS. 





The 

Brewster 
Book 

An Ancient Record 
Plymouth Colony 

Is one of the many priceless records we have 
recently RESTORED and PRESERVED by the 

EMERY PROCESS. 

\ ~\ TE do expert work in repairing, restoring and mounting all kinds of docu- 
* * ments. Collections of papers of different sizes neatly collated by the 
EMERY PROCESS in uniform pages, and securely bound in a pleasing 
fonn. 

EMERY RECORD PRESERVING CO. 
Taunton, Mass. 

Please mention " The Mayflower Descendant" when writing to advertisers. 



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